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Superintendent Calloway. If you will just ask him how many years he has been working in coal mines I think he will answer you.
Senator GOODING. Well, tell us that.
Senator GOODING. I thought he said he had formerly been a farmer. Then he said something about being a farmer for two months and afterwards coming to the mines. Mr. HERRICK. I have been in the mines a number of
years. (Thereupon the committee continued on down the porch of the bunk house until they reached the end. Entering a room, larger than the bunk rooms, and with a couple of tables and several benches and a stove in it, they found three men. Some one said it was a sort of a rest room or card room. Two of the men were interrogated without securing their names, so they are termed Miner No.1 and Miner No. 2:)
STATEMENT OF MINER NO. 1
Senator WHEELER. What is your name?
MINER No. 2. Oh, sometimes 10 and then 11 and 12, and other times 6 and 3.
Senator WHEELER. What is your average per month?
Senator WHEELER. After you paid for your bunk and your board, how much did you have left in your pay check?
MINER No. 2. $30.
MINER No. 2. Yes, sir.
SENATOR WHEELER. After you have paid your board you say you
about $30 left? Senator WHEELER. That is what your pay check showed? MINER No. 2. Yes, sir; for two weeks. Senator WHEELER. How much did you earn during the last two weeks?
MINER No. 1. Nothing.
Senator WHEELER. Who keeps track of the amount of tonnage that you produce? Do you figure it out yourself? MINER No. 3. Yes, sir.
Senator WHEELER. The company gives you a slip and tells you how much you make?
MINER No. 3. Yes, sir.
MINER No. 3. They just cost us one time. When I start out to work I buy tools. Then we have them for a year.
Senator WHEELER. That is what I am trying to get at.
Senator WHEELER. And you pay for the powder and caps that you use in mining coal?
MINER No. 3. Yes, sir.
MINER No. 3. No; more whites.
MINER No. 3. I don't know. Some are married and some are single.
Senator WHEELER. Are the most of the negroes experienced miners?
MINER No. 3. Not very much experience in the case of the negroes.
Senator WHEELER. All right.
(Thereupon, the subcommittee left the rest room or community room or card
whatever it was termed, and were shown the dining rooms, being a room for the whites on one side of the kitchen and a room for the blacks on the other side of the kitchen. The superintendent showed to the committee that the tables in the colored dining room were set for 72 persons, and that the tables in the white dining room were set for 196 whites. Thereupon the subcommittee visited the colored bunk houses, and there were some negro miners on the porch. Approaching a party of four negro miners, the following occurred :)
STATEMENT OF NEGRO MINER NO. 1
Senator WHEELER. Do you boys work in the mines?
MINER No. 1. I averages around $80 in two weeks.
MINER No. 1. They takes out $21.15 and $22.85 when I was boarding
Senator WHEELER. That is, you mean that about $40 comes out of your $80?
Miner No. 1. No; I means $20 comes out of $80.
MINER No. 1. Well, it has been a little better than that, but that is the average.
Senator WHEELER. Where are you from?
Miner No. 1. No, sir; I works in coal mines in Kentucky seven and a half years.
Senator WHEELER. What were you doing in Ohio?
MINER No. 1. I works in the steel mills.
Senator WHEELER. How is your work on an average as compared with the men generally in the mines?
MINER No. 1. As far as my part of it is concerned I have had it
Senator WHEELER. Has yours been better than the average?
Senator GOODING. Are there any questions that any members of the committee want to ask these other men?
Senator WAGNER. I would like to ask some of the others some questions.
STATEMENT OF RALPH JOHNSON
Senator WAGNER. How long have you been here?
RALPH JOHNSON. Sure; more than 14 years, in Kentucky and
RALPH JOHNSON. I is to get a statement this evenin’ for two weeks, and they holds out you know.
Senator WAGNER. Then, in order for you to get paid, you have to work four weeks?
RALPH JOHNSON. You have to work two weeks before you get any pay. Senator WAGNER. They hold out the first two weeks? RALPH JOHNSON. Yes, sir. Senator WAGNER. Have you no idea as to how much you are going RALPH Johnson. Oh, I knows about what it is. It is around $35 somewhere that I make. Senator WAGNER. For two weeks? Ralph JOHNSON. Yes, sir. Senator WAGNER How much do they take out for your board?
RALPH JOHNSON. Something like $21 and $22, and I don't know which it is. It is about $10 a week. You know in one two weeks it is 13 days and some two weeks it is 12 days.
Senator WAGNER. How much do you have to pay for tools?
Ralph JOHNSON. Tools run all the way from $7 to $8.50. Depends on what you get. If you get supplies it is about $8.50.
. Senator WAGNER. Do you live in these barracks here? RALPH JOHNSON. Yes, sir.
Senator WAGNER. How many men sleep in this room besides yourself?
RALPH JOHNSON. There are 32 what stays where I is, in that car over yonder.
Senator WAGNER. Thirty-two sleep in one place, do you mean?
RALPH JOHNSON. We is in those railroad cars over yonder on the track. If a man makes one place he can get in those cars, and the next pay you have to move around.
Senator Gooding. You have about $35 for yourself, after you pay all expenses, for two weeks' work?
RALPH JOHNSON. No, sir; that includes it all together, $35.
Senator GOODING. Then do you have to pay your expenses out of that for board and lodging and tools? If so, how much does that leave yourself for your two weeks' work?
Ralph Johnson. Oh, $10 or $15.
Senator Gooding. That is what we are trying to get at. We want to know what you make. Do you work every day?
RALPH JOHNSON. No; I was taken sick and aint worked since Sunday.
Senator GOODING. Let us ask this next man.
STATEMENT OF JESSE DANIELS
Senator GOODING. What is your name?
Senator Gooding. How much money did you get on your last pay day?
JESSE DANIELS. $5.85.
Senator GOODING. How much have you cleared on an average since you have been here?
JESSE DANIELS. $13.65.
Senator GOODING. Was that the average, or was that the highest amount?
JESSE DANIELS. That was the highest.