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NEW AND GENERAL
TEATH (BENJAMIN), a lawyer of eminence, and town
clerk of Exeter, was a celebrated scholar and an author, He wrote, I. “ An Essay towards a demonstrative Proof of the Divine Existence, Unity; and:Attributes to which is premised, a short Defence of the Argument commonly called, à priori, 1740." This pamphlet was dedicated to Dr. Oliver of Bath, and is to be ranked amongst the ableft defences of Dr. Clarke's, or rather Mr. Howe's, hypothelis 3; for it appears to be taken from Howe's " Living Texiple:"2" The Case of the County of Devon with respect to the Confequences of the new Excise Duty on Cyder and Perry. Published by the direction of the Committee appointed at a General Meeting of that County to superintend the Application for the Repeal of that Duty, 1763,” 4to. To this representation of the Circuma stances peculiar to Devonshire, the repeal of the act is greatly to be ascribed. The piece indeed was considered as so welltimed a service to the public, that Mr. Heath received some honourable notice on account of it at a general meeting of the county. 3. “ Notæ sive Lectiones ad Tragicorum Græcorum veterum, Æschyli, &c. 1752,” 4to; a work which places the author's learning and critical skill in a very conspicuous light: a principal object of which was to restore the metre of the Grecian tragic poets. It is highly valued iby all found critics of our own and foreign countries. The same folidity of judges ment apparent in the preceding, distinguished the author's last production ; 4.“ A Revisal of Shakspeare's Text, wherein the alterations introduced into it by the more inodern editors and critics are particularly considered, 1765," 8vo. It appears from the list of Oxford graduates, that Mr. Benjamin Heath was created D. C. L. by diploma, March 31, 1762. The brother of VOL, VIII, В.
this author, Mr. Thomas Heath, an alderman of Exeter, pub.
HEBENSTRÉIT (JOHN ERNEST), a celebrated physician
HECHT (CHRISTIAN); a pagive.of: Hall, and minister of Effen in East Friezelarid, died in:19:48; 2 the age of 52. His principal works are, L. Commentatio philogico-critico-exegetica;" &c. 2. “ Antigoitas Hariorum inter Judæos in Polonia," &e. Besides.thele, he wrote Teveral sinaller works in German. He had a biodies: Godfrey Hecht, who was the author of several very I, arned differtations:
HECQUET (PHILIP), a French physician of singular merit and skill, but a strong partizan of the use of warm water and of bleeding; for which reason he was ridiculed by Le Sage in his Gil Blas, under the name of Dr. Sangrado. He was born as Abbeville, in 1661, and practised first in that city, then at Portroyal, and lastly, at Paris. He was not properly san grado, for he took the degree of doctor in 1697; and in 1698 had more business than he could attend. Though attached to the most simple mode of life, he was obliged to keep his carriage, in which he studied with as much attention as in his closet. In 1712, he was appointed dean of the faculty of medicine, and fuperintended the publication of a sort of difpenfary, called,
The New Code of Pharmacy,” which was published some tiine afterwards. Hecquet was no less zealous in religious matters than studious in his own profellion, and is said never to have prescribed in doubtful cases, without having a previous recourse to prayer. He lived in the most abstemious manner, and in 1727 retired to a convent of Carmelites in Paris, where he continued accessible only to the poor, to whom he was a friend, a comforter, and a father. He died in 1737, at the age of 76.
This able physician published several works, none of them devoid of merit. They are thus enumerated. 1. “On the indecency of men-midwives, and the obligation of women to nurse their own children,” 12mo, 1728. The reasons he adduces on these subjects are both moral and physical. 2. “ A Treatise on the dispensations allowed in Lent," 2 vols. 1 2mo. 1705 and 1715. His own abstemious system inclined him very little to allow the necessity of any indulgence. 3. “On Digestion, and the Disorders of the Stoinach,” 2 vols. 1 2mo. 4.
« Treatise on the Plague," 12mo. 5.“ Novus Medicinæ conspectus," two vols. 12mo. 6. “ Theological Medicine,” two vols. 12mo, 9. “ Natural Medicine," ditto. 8. “ De purganda Medicina a curarum fordibus," 12mo. 9. “ Observations on Bleeding in the Foot," 12ino.
10. “ The Virtues of common Water," two vols. I2mo. This is the work in which he chiefly supports the doctrines ridiculed by Le Sage. II.“ The abuse of Purgatives," 12mo. 12. “ The roguery of Medicine,” in three parts, 12mo. 13. “ The Medicine, Surgery, and Pharmacy of the Poor," 3 vols. 12mo; the best edition is in 174.2. 14. Natural History of the Convulsions," in which he very sagaciously referred the origin of those disorders to roguery in some, a depraved imagination in others, or the consequence of some fecret malady. The life of this illustrious phylician has been written at large by M. le Fevre de St. Marc, and is no less edifying to Christians than instructive to medical students.
HEDELIN (FRANCIS), at first an advocate, afterwards an ecclesiastic, and abbé of Aubignac and Meimac; was born at Paris in 1604. Cardinal Richelieu, whose nephew he educated, gave him his two abbeys, and the protection of that minister gave him consequence both as a man of the world and as an author. He figured by turns as a grammarian, a classical scholar, a poet, an antiquary, a preacher, and a writer of romances; but he was most known by his book entitled, “ Pra. tique du Theatre," and by the quarrels in which his haughty and presumptuous temper engaged himn, with some of the most eminent authors of his time. The great Corneille was one of these, whose disgust first arose from the entire omission of his name in the celebrated book above-mentioned. He was also embroiled, on different accounts, with madame Scuderi, Menage. and Richelet. The warmth of his temper exceeded that of his imagination, which was considerable; and yet he lived at court a good deal in the style of a philosopher, rifing early to his studies, solliciting no favours, and affociating chiefly with a few friends, as unambitious as himself. He describes himself as of a slender constitution, not capable of taking much exercise, or even of applying very intensely to study, without suffering from it in his health; yet not attached to any kind of play. “It is,'
says he, "too fatiguing for the feebleness of my body, or too indolent for the activity of my mind." The abbé d'Aubignaç lived to the age of 72, and died at Nemours in 1676. His works are, 1. « Pratique du Theatre," Amsterdam, 1717, two vols, 8vo'; also in a 4to edition published at Paris; a book of considerable learning, but little calculated to inspire or form a genius. 2. " Zenobie," a tragedy, in prose, composed accorda ing to the rules laid down in his “ Pratique,” and a complete proof of the total inefficacy of rules to produce an interesting drama, being the most dull and fatiguing performance that was ever reprefented. The prince of Condé said, on the subject of this tragedy, “ We give great credit to the abbé d'Aubignac for having so exactly followed the rules of Aristotle, but owe no thanks to the rules of Aristotle for having made the abbé produce so vile a tragedy. He wrote a few other tragedies also, which are worse, if possible, than Zenobia. 3. Macaride; or the Queen of the Fortunate Islands," a novel. Paris, 1666, 2 vols.
4. “ Conseils d'Ariste à Celimene," 12mo. 5. toire du tems, ou Relation du Royaume de Coqueterie," 12mo. 6. "Terence justifié," inserted in some editions of his “ Prą. tique.” 7: “Apologie de Spectacles," a work of no value. A curious book on fatyrs, brutes, and monsters, has been attributed to him ; but though the author's name was Hedelin, he does not appear to have been the same.
HEDERICUS, or HEDERICH (BENJAMIN), of Hain, or Grossen-hayn, in Misnia, was born in 1675. His first public cation was an edition of Empedocles de Sphæra, with his own notes, and the Latin version of Septimius Florens, in 1711, Dresden, 4to. He then published, a “ Notitia Auctorum, in 8vo, 1714. His celebrated manual lexicon was published, first at Leiplic, in 8vo, 1722, and has been republithed here with many additions, by Young and Patrick ; but it has since been much more improved by Ernesti, and republished at Leipfic, in 1767. Hederich published other lexicons on different subjects, and died in 1748. Ernesti says of him, that he was a good man, and very laborious, but not a profound fcholar in Greek, nor well qualified for compiling a lexicon for the illustration of Greek authors.
HEEMSKIRK. See HEMSKIRK.
HEIDEGGER (John Henry), a protestant divine of Switzerland, born at Ursevellon, a village near Zurich, in 1633. He was first a teacher of Hebrew and philosophy at Heidelberg, then of divinity and ecclesiastical history at Steinfurt; and lastly, of morality and divinity at Zurich, where he died in 1698 He published, 1. “ Exercitationes fele&tæ de Historiâ facrâ Patriarcharum,” in two volumes, 4to, the first of which at Amsterdam, in 1667, the latter in 1671. 2. “ De ratione 3
ludicrum opuscula aurea,” &c. 12mo, Zurich, 1670. 3. “Tumulus Tridentini Concilii," Zurich, 1690, 4to. 4. "Historia Papatûs,” Amft. 1698, 4to. There is also ascribed to him, 5. 'A tract, “ De peregrinationibus religioíis," in 8yo, 1670 And, 6. “ A System of Divinity," folio, 1700.
HEIDEGGÉR (JOHN JAMES), was the son of a clergyman, and a native of Zurich in Switzerland, where he married, but left his country in consequence of an intrigue. Having had an opportunity of visiting the principal cities of Europe, he acquired a taste for elegant and refined pleasures, which, united to a strong inclination for voluptuousness, by degrees qualified him for the management of public amusements." In 1708, when he was near 50 years old, he came to England on a negotiation from the Swiss at Zurich ; but, failing in his embasly, he entered as a private soldier in the guards for protection. By his sprightly, engaging conversation, and infinuating address, he foon worked himself into the good graces of our young people of fashion ; from whom he obtained the appellation of “ the Swiss count [A].” He had the address to procure a fubscription, with which in 1709 he was enabled to furnish out the operå of Thomyris (B],” which was written in English, and performed at the queen's theatre in the Haymarket. The music, however, was Italian ; that is to say, airs selected from several operas by Bononcini, Scarlatti, Steffani, Gasparini, and Albinoni. Most of the songs in “ Thomyris” were excellent, those by Bonon: eini especially: Valentini, Margarita, and Mrs. Tofts sung in it; and Heidegger by this performance alone was a gainer of 500 guineas [c]. The judicious remarks he made on several defects in the conduct of our operas in general, and the hints he threw out for improving the entertainments of the royal theatre, foon established his character as a good critic. Appeals were made to his judgement; and some very magnificent and elegant decorations, introduced upon the ftage in consequence of his advice, gave such fatisfaction to George II. who was fond of operas, that, upon being informed to whose genius he was indebted for these improvements, his majesty was pleased from that time to countenance him, and he soon obtained the chief management of the Opera-house in the Haymarket. He then undertook to improve another fpecies of diversion, not less agreeable to the king, which was the masquerades, and over these he always presided at the king's theatre. He was like,
FA] He is twice noticed under this title Count.” in the “ Tatler," Nos. 12, and 18; and [B] There was another opera of the in Mr. Duncombe's “ Collection of Let: lame name, by Peter Motteux, in 1719:31 ters of feveral eminent Persons deceased," [c] « Thomyris” and “ Camilla, is a humorous dedication of Mr. Hughes's were both revived in 1726; but neither * Vifion of Chaucer," to “ the Swiss then fucceeded,