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4to. 1613. Dedicated to K. James. The said apology was printed three years before, with the true name of its jesuitical author, as may be seen in the life of Sir Walter Raleigh, before the last edition of his history. 8. De gratiâ & perseverantiâ Sanctorum, Exercitationes habitæ in Academia Oxoniensi. Lond. 4to. 1618, & Franc. 8vo. 1619. Dedicated to prince Charles. 9. In Ricardi Thomsoni, Angli-Belgici, Diatribam, de omissione & intercessione Justificationis & Gratia, animadversio brevis : Also printed after his death; London, 4to. 1618: For he finished this book the last day of his life ; and then, his brother the archbishop directed Dr Featley, the bishop's domestic chaplain, to draw up, from his Grace's notes, the attestation which is affixed to it. 10. De supremá Potestate Regia, exercitationes habitæ in Academia Oxoniensi, contra Rob. Bellarmine & Franc. Suarez. Lond. 4to. 1619. Dedicated by his son, to George, archbishop of Canterbury.”

He also left behind many compositions in manuscript, as his Sermon at St Mary's in Vindication of the Geneva Bible from Judaism and Arianism; which Dr Howson opposed, till K. James turned his edge from Geneva to Rome; and then, he as fiercely declared against the pope;

That he'd loosen him from his chair, though he were • fastened thereto with a tenpenny nail.' Our Author also left other Sermons, which he had preached at Paul's Cross, and at Worcester; and some in Latin, at Oxford, &c. Lectures on St Matthew. Examination of Mr Bishop's Reproof of his Dedication, &c. to the Answer of his Epistle to the King Preface to be inserted after the dedication of his book De Antichristo: Besides Commentaries on some parts of the Old Testament. And a Commentary in Latin, upon the whole Epistle to the Romans ; which is called an accurate work, in large Sermons upon every text; in which he has handled all the controverted points of religion, and enclosed the whole magazine of his learning : And it is regretted, that the church should be deprived of such a treasure, particularly that of Worcester; to which he seems to have bequeathed it, in his Epistle to the sermons he dedicated to bishop Babington: This work, in four volumes folio, was given by Dr Corbet before-mentioned, to the Bodleian library, where it remains. To conclude with the words of our last quoted Author; • If all he wrote on the history of Christ's Pas"sion, the prophet Esay, and the Epistle to the Romans, • had seen the light; he had come near unto, if not over• taken, the three prime worthies of our university, Jewel, • Bilson, and Reynolds.'

JOHN

JOHN JAMES GRYNÆUS.

We gave some account of the lives of two excellent

persons of this family in our last volume: And we have here the satisfaction to relate some chief memoirs of a third, not less eminent for learning and piety.

John James Grynæus, descended from a family of husbandmen, was born at Bern in Switzerland, in the year 1540. His father, who was possessed of a pastoral charge at Rontela, and died of the plague in the year 1564, and his mother, Adelheida Stuberin; were godly persons. He had his school education at Basil, and in the year 1551, was admitted into the university. The next year he fell sick of the plague; but it pleased GOD to restore him again ; and he applied himself most diligently to his stu

In the year 1559, he began to preach, and was ordained deacon. In 1563, he went to Tubing, and the year after was made doctor in divinity: And the year

following was sent for to succeed his father in the pastoral charge at Rontela ; where, besides his ordinary labours, he read twice a-week privately to the deacons, which work of faith, and labour of love, GOD was pleased abundantly to own and bless.

In the year 1564, he married, and lived happily with his wife forty years, by whom he had seven children. About the same time the • Form of Concord' (between the Lutheran and Zuinglian parties, touching the corporeal presence of Christ's body in the Lord's supper) was much insisted on, which set Grynæus upon reading the scriptures, and the divines, ancient and modern, upon that subject; for hitherto he had been a Lutheran; but now, having studied the matter, he declared his opinion in favour of Zuinglius, which lost him many friends of the contrary party. But in the year 1575, he was sent for to Basil, to be a professor in interpreting the Old Testament; and, beginning with an exposition of the book of Genesis, the Psalms, and the Prophets, was made exceedingly profitable to the people, and happily instrumental in healing the differences and uniting the Lutheran and Zuinglian churches. Many roblemen and gentlemen came from other countries and boarded with him ; for the sake of his agreeable and

boarded

profitable conversation. After the death of Lewis, prince elector Palatine, prince Cassimire sent for him to Heidelberg, where he read divinity and history almost two years; when he was recalled to succeed Sculcer in his pastoral office at Basil ; which cure he discharged with great fidelity and success for the remainder of his life.

In the latter part of his life, he was almost blind, and often tormented with the cholic ; and besides the infirmities of old age, he lost his wife and all his children, except one daughter, and his son-in-law Polanus, and also most of his friends; but he bore all with admirable patience, and in the midst of his afflictions and pains would say, -"

.“ To die in Christ is sweet, but to rise in “ Him is sweeter. Christ is sufficient both in life and 6 death. On earth are troubles : In the grave is rest. “ At the last day we shall have lasting joys.” Writing to his friend Chytræus, he said, “ If we never see one “ another again in this world, yet we shall meet in that « place, where Luther and Zuinglius agree very well to“ gether.” In his last sickness, he gave himself up wholly to prayer, experiencing many sweet foretastes of the joys of heaven, and wishing much to be dissolved, and to be with Christ. His wishes were at length gratified, and the Lord took him to himself on the thirtieth of August, in the year 1617, aged seventy-seven, after having been a preacher at Basil twenty years. He used to be up at his study, winter and summer, before sun-rising; and to spend the day in prayer, writing, reading, and visiting the sick. A little before his departure, he declared to doctor Meier, that he died in the same faith which he had taught to others; that he had earnestly besought GOD to provide his people with an able and faithful pastor, &c. concluding, (almost in the words of Tully) “ O happy

day, when I shall depart out of this troublesome and “ sinful world, to go to heaven, to those blessed souls al

ready departed !”

He was ever a most affectionate friend and relation to his family and all good men, and of the strictest temperance with respect to himself. His great learning and worth was well understood by his contemporaries; and travellers from all parts, who had any concern for religion and science, constantly visited him. He had great wit, tempered with an amiable gravity. This rendered his company not less pleasant than profitable. He was remarkably patient under wrongs, which he revenged only

by

by Christian silence, and regarded not the reproaches of men, if his Master could by any means be glorified in his sermons and writings.

His WORKS. 1. A Summary of the Old Testament. 2. Erıxypce@ice Theologia, or, An Outline of Divinity. 3. The Character of Christians. 4. An Explication of certain Psalms, and some of the Minor Prophets. 5. An Exposition of the ten first Chapters of St Matthew. 6. An Illustration of the Epistles to the Romans, Colossians, Hebrews, and of the first and second of St John. 7. The ological Propositions and Difficulties, in three parts. 8. The Demonstrations afforded by the Evangelists, that Jesus is the Christ, and that Believers have Life in his Name. 9. Theological Theses and Disputations held at Basil. 10. A Commentary upon Irenæus. 11. An Ec. clesiastical History. 12. Chronology of the Gospel-History. 13. An Apology upon the Lord's Supper. 14. His Letters to his Friends, which Melchior Adam extols very highly.

WILLIAM

COW PER,

BISHOP OF GALLOWAY.

WE
E cannot better gratify our Readers, respecting

an account of this excellent person, than by giving them a memoir of his life, written by his own hand, in January, 1616, about three years before his death, and found among the papers in his study.

« My life hath not been such, that I am ashamed to \ live longer, if my gracious God have any further service to employ me withal in his church : Neither am I so desirous to live; but yet I am willing, and heartily content to remove out of this body, that I may be with my Lord, freed from those restless temptations, which on every side have sore pressed, but, through his grace, never oppressed

me.

“ In my younger years I was trained up with the wrestlings of God; from my youth I have borne his yoke, exercised with his terrors; yet so, that many a time his sweet consolations have refreshed my soul. In

my

old VOL. II.

вь

days

with me.

days men have risen against me, but not without a cause : Betwixt these two my days are spent: My witness is in heaven; he knoweth that in every state of life my heart was ever toward the Lord ; it was my joy to serve him, and my grief when I sinned against him.

“ Being of the age of eight years, about Martinmas I was carried by my father from Edinburgh to Dunbar school ; I could not write, nor read any Latin then. I tarried there till my twelfth year; even then did the Lord begin to acquaint my heart to seek him: We went two and two to the church; he put then this prayer with my heart every day in the way, “Lord, bow mine ear, “ that I may hear thy word.” In the school many a time have I turned on my face, seeking from God knowledge and understanding. ' In the space of four years and less, I learned the whole course of grammar, wherein God made me to prosper, not inferior to others in the company

“ From thence I was called by my parents to Edinburgh, and, in the entry of my thirteenth year, sent over to St Andrews, and passed in course of philosophy there in the sixteenth year : There made I not such progress in knowledge, as I had done before in my other studies, either mine age not being capable of it, or my wise and merciful Father not thinking it expedient for me; yet even there was the seed of grace still working in me, inclining me to a careful hearing and penning of sermons, and theological lessons, as I could have occasion to hear them. And here Satan, working in corrupt nature, sought many a time to trap me in his snares, intending in my young years to give me that wound, that might have been a mark' of shame to me in my

old
age;

when the Lord should call me to do his work : But as on the one part I felt my weakness compared with the strength of corrupt nature; so, though then I could not discern it, afterward I had proof it was the Lord's preventing mercy that kept me from being an offence unto his Church. It is his mercy that he pardoned the vanities and ignorances of my youth, and his mercy also that he preserved me in all my life from any that could make me a shame to his saints, or a scorn and reproach to his enemies.

“ Having passed my course in St Andrews, at the age of sixteen years, I returned to my parents in Edinburgh: I was pressed by them to enter into sundry sorts of life I liked not ; for my heart still inclined to the study of the boly scriptures : Whereupon I resolved to go into England,

where

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