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those peaceful effects, which were expected. The peace was too loosely patched up, to be of any long duration. His adversaries began to worry him afresh; and, just as measures were bringing on the carpet, for a new and more lasting compromise, our divines received an invitation to the church of Chiavenna, situate on the borders of Italy, and in the territory of the Grisons.
Augustine Mainard, pastor of that place, was lately dead; and a messenger arrived, to let Zanchius know that he was chosen to succeed him. Having very slender prospect of peace at Strasburg, he obtained the consent of the se. nate to resign his canonry of St Thomas, and professorship of divinity. Whilst the above debates were depending, he had received separate invitations to Zurich, Geneva, Leyden, Heidelberg, Marpurg, and Lausanne : But, till he had seen the result of things at Strasburg, he did not judge any of these calls sufficiently providential to determine his removal.
He left Strasburgh in November, 1563, and entered on his pastoral charge at Chiavenna, the beginning of January following. But he had not long been there, before the town was visited by a dismal pestilence, which, within the space of seven months, carried off twelve hundred of the inhabitants. Zanchius, however, continued to exercise his ministry, as long as there was an assembly to preach to. At length, the far greater part of the towns-men being swept away, he retreated for a while, with his family, to an adjoining mountain. His own account is this (tom. vii. part 1. col. 36, 37.) “ Mainard, my pious ~ predecessor, had often foretold the calamity, with which " the town of Chiavenna has been since visited. All the « inhabitants have been too well convinced, that that holy “ man of GOD did not prophesy at random.- When “ the plague actually began to make havock, I enforced “ repentance and faith, while I had a place to preach in, s or any congregation to hear... Many being dead, and 6 others having fled the town (like ship-wrecked mari“ ners, who, to avoid instant destruction, make toward « what coast they can ;) but very few remained : And, 6 of these remaining few, some were almost terrified to " death, others were solely employed in taking care of the “ sick, and others in guarding the walls. They con« curred in advising me to consult my own safety, by “ withdrawing, for a time, till the indignation should “ be overpast. I betook myself, therefore, with all my “ family, to an high mountain, not a vast way from the
“ town, yet remote from human converse, and peculiarly « formed for contemplation and unmolested retirement. “ Here we led a solitary life for three months and a « half. I devoted my time, chiefly to meditation and « writing ; to prayer, and reading the scriptures. I never “ was happier in ny own soul, nor enjoyed a better share “ of health.” Afterwards, the plague beginning to abate, he quitted his retreat, and resumed the public exercise of his function.
After four years continuance at Chiavenna, Frederic III. elector palatine, prevailed with him to accept a divinity professorship, in the university of Heidelberg, upon the decease of the famous Zachary Ursin. In the beginning of the year 1568, Zanchius entered on his new situation ; and, shortly after, opened the chair, with an admirable oration, De conservando in ecclesiâ puto puro verbo Dei. In the same year, he received his doctor's degree: The elector palatine, and his son, prince Casimir, honouring the ceremony with their presence.
He had not been long settled in the palatinate, when the elector, (one of the most amiable and religious princes of that age) strongly solicited him to confirm and elucidate the doctrine of the Trinity, by writing a professed treatise on that most important subject: Desiring him, moreover, to be very particular and explicit, in canvassing the arguments made use of by the Socinians; who had then fixed their head-quarters in Poland and Transylvania, and were exhausting every artifice of sophistry and subterfuge, to degrade the Son and Spirit of GOD to the level of mere creatures. Zanchius accordingly employed his leisure hours in obeying this pious command. His masterly and elaborate treatise, De Dei naturá; and that De tribus Elohim uno eodemque Jehová; were written on this occasion : Treatises fraught with the most solid learning and argument; breathing, at the same time, the ble spirit of genuine candour and transparent piety. Among a variety of interesting particulars, he does not omit to inform his Readers, that Lælius Socinus, and other favourers of the Servetian hypothesis, had spared neither pains nor art, to pervert his judgment, and win him over to their party : But that, finding him inflexible, they had broke off all intercourse with him ; and from artful adulators, commenced his determined enemies. An event this, which he even looked upon as a blessing, and for which he conceived himself bound to render his best thanks to the supreme head of the church, Christ Jesus.
He retained his professorship at Heidelberg ten years ; when the elector Frederic being dead, he removed to Newstadt, the residence of prince John Casimir, count palatine.' Here he chose to fix his station for the present, in preference to two invitations he had just received ; one from the university of Leyden, then lately opened ; the other from the Protestant church at Antwerp.-The conduct of Divine Providence, respecting Zanchius's frequent removals, is very observable. He was a lover of peace, and passionately fond of retirement. But he was too bright a luminary to be always continued in one place. The salt of the earth must be sprinkled here and there, in order to be extensively useful, and to season the church throughout. Hence GOD's faithful ministers, like the officers in a monarch's army, are quartered in various places ; stationed and remanded hither and thither, as may inost conduce to their Master's service.
The church of Newstadt enjoyed our Author upwards of seven years. Being, by that time, far advanced in life, and the infirmities of age coming on him very fast, he found himself obliged to cease from that constant series of labour and intenseness of application, which he had, so long, and so indefarigably, undergone. He was, at his own request, dismissed, from public service, at Newstadt, by the elector Casimir; receiving, at the same time, substantial marks of favour and respect from that religious and generous prince.
From Newstadt, he repaired, once more; to Heidelberg; chiefly with a view to see some of his old friends. This proved his last removal on earth: For, shortly after, his soul, now ripe for glory, dropt the body, and ascended to heaven, about six in the morning of November 19, 1990, in the seventy-fifth year of his age.
His remains were interred at Heidelberg, in the college-chapel of St Peter ; where a small monumental stone was set up to his memory, with this inscription :
HIERONYMI hic sunt condita ossa ZANCHII,
Here ZANCHY rests, whom love of truth constrain'd
He departed hence in the year 1590, and on the nineteenth day of November.
One cannot help lamenting, that no more is to be collected concerning to is incomparable man, than a few outlines of his life; comprising little else but a dry detail of dates and removals.
Some very old and scarce prints, struck from engravings on wood, represent him as extremely corpulent, even to unwieldiness ; And yet, from the astonishing extent, profoundness, and exquisite activity, of his learning, judgment, and genius, one might well n gh be induced to imagine, that he consisted entirely of soul, without any dead weight of body at all. By the favour of Dr Gifford, of the British Museum, we can present our Readers with a fine print taken from an ancient, and, we believe, original painting. But, however, of his mind, his writings present us with the loveliest image. He seems to have been possessed, in a very superior degree, of those graces, virtues, and abilities, which ennoble and exalt human nature to the highest elevation it is capable of below. His clear insight i!ito the truths of the gospel, is wonderful; especially, considering that the church of GOD was but just emerging from the long and dismal night of popish darkness, and himself, previous to his conversion, as deeply 'plunged in the shades as any.' It is a blessing, which but few are favoured with, to step, almost at once, out of midnight into meridian day. He w thoroughly experienced in the divine life of the soul; and an happy subject of that internal kingdom of GOD, which lies in righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. This enabled him to sust in that violercy of opposition, which he almost constantly met with.
Few persons have, ordinarily, borne a larger share of the cross ; and, perhaps, none were enabled to sustain it better. In him were happily centred all the meek benevolence of cliarity, and all the adamantine firmness of intrepidity: Qualities, alas! not constantly united in men of orthodoxy and learning
He was intimately conversant with the writings of the fathers, and of the philosophers of that and the preceding times. His modesty and humility were singular. No man was ever more studious to preserve peace in the church of Christ, nor more highly relished the pleasures of learned and religious friendship. For some time before his decease, it pleased GOD to deprive him of his eye-sight : For it seems to be the meaning of the excellent Melchior Adam ; from whom is borrowed much of the preceding account.
His Works, which, with his Letters and some other small pieces included, are divided into 9 tomes, were collected and published, by his executors, some years after his death; and are usually bound together in 3 vols. folio. His admirable treatise on Predestination has been translated into English by Mr Toplady. He was twice married, and had several children ; none of which appear to have survived him.
JAMES ANDR E AS.
THIS famous Lutheran divine, of the sixteenth cen
tury, was born at Waibling, in the Duchy of Wirtemberg, on the twenty-fifth of March, 1528.' His parents, being poor, intended to bring him up to some mechanical business, and had agreed with a carpenter for that purpose; but several persons of distinction, having discovered in him the marks of a promising genius, contributed to support him in the prosecution of his studies : He was accordingly educated under Alexander Marcoleon, and in a short space acquired a competent knowledge of the Latin and Greek, together with logic and rhetoric. In 1541, he was sent to Tubing, where he took his degree of bachelor of arts two years after; and, having finished his course of philosophy in 1545, he became master of arts. In 1546, he was appointed minister of the church of Stutgard, the metropolis of the duchy of Wirtemberg ; but, upon the publication of the Interim, he was obliged to return to Tubing, where he performed the duty of minister. In 1553, he took his degree of doctor in divinity,