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Vol. 11.

deficient in harmony; a defect, he adds, which the author, by retouching and correcting, is capable of removing. Mr. Kheraskof has not in the present reign failed of acquiring the rewards due to his extraordinary talents ; having been successively appointed vice-president of the college of mines,

counsellor of state, and curator of the university of Moscow. Coxc's Tra- KHILKOF (PRINCE), a Ruffian nobleman, descended vels into from a very antient family, had distinguished himself as emRusia,

bassador to several foreign courts, before he was sent in 1700 p. 191.

to Stockholm in that capacity. He accompanied Charles
XII. in his descent upon the Hile of Zealand, and upon the
ensuing truce of Travendal between Sweden and Denmark
returned to Stockholm, Sept. 17, at the eve of the rupture
which broke out between the Swedish and Russian monarchs.
His character of embassador, deemed sacred by the law of
nations, could not protect him from the resentment of
Charles XII.; and, on the 20th of the same month, he was
arrested and imprisoned. As an amusement during his cap-
tivity, which was long and for some time extreniely rigorous,
and at the request of his fellow-prisoner prince Trubetskoi,
he began an abridgement of the Russian History?''from its
carliest period to his own time; which he completed before
he was restored to liberty. Hitherto, though Ruffia abound-
ed in chronicles and annals relative to detached periods, yet,
excepting a dry detail of facts compiled for the use of Alexey
Michaelovitch, it poffefed no regular and connected history.
The first attempt towards such a work was undertaken by
prince Khilkof. After a confineinent of 18 years, he ex-
pired in his prison of Westeras, in the moment when he
was upon the point of being released. His work, called
“ The Kernel of the Ruffian History,” is a' mere abridge-
ment, and was published in 1970 by Mr. Muller. It forms
only one volume in 8vo, and contains seven books: the first
commences with the creation of the world, and ends with
the erection of the Ruíñian empire under Ruric; the remain-
ing fix carry down the history from that period to the year
1713. During some part of his confinement, he was per-
mitted to receive from Moscow books, extracts from chro-

nicles, and a few tate-papers ; but as he could not obtain . the necessary documents so well as if he had been upon the spot, his performance unavoidably contains occasional errors, many of which the judicious editor has pointed out and corrected. About the time of Khilkof's death, another native commenced a similar work upon a much larger scale, and


who had more opportunities of obtaining information. This. · person was Vasili Tatisichef; of whom some memoirs will

be given in Vol. XII.

KOENIG (DANIEL), by birth a Swiss, died at Rotter- Dictiondam, at the age of 22, in consequence of a severe drubbing naire Histos he had received at Franeker. The populace, overhearing rique, Caeng him talk in French, took it into their head that he was a French spy, and would have demolished him on the spot, if the academicians had not rescued him from their fury: but the wounds which he received hurried him to the grave in a few months. He translated into Latin Dr. Arbuthnot's " Tables of Ancient Coins," which remained in MS. till 1756, when it was published at Utrecht, with a curious and useful preface, by profeffor Reitz.

o by profetior at Utrechmained in Thut

KOENIG (SAMUEL), brother to the preceding, came Dictionearly into eminence by his mathematical abilities. He re- naire Histoa fided two years, at the castle of Cirey, with the illustrious rique, Caeng marchioness du Chatelet, who profited highly by his instruc-"

1783. tions. He afterwards became professor of philosophy and natural law at Franeker; when he went to the Hague as librarian to the Stadtholder and to the princess of Orange. The academy of Berlin enrolled him amongst her members, and afterwards expelled him on an occasion well known to the learned world, and which we have related in another Art. MAU: . place. All Europe was interested in the quarrel which this PERTUIS., occasioned between Koenig and Maupertuis. Koenig appealed to the public; and his “ Appeal," written with the animation of resentment, procured him many friends. He was author of some other works; and died in 1757, with the character of being one of the best mathematicians of the age. Voltaire, in a letter to Helvetius, says, “ Koenig " n'a de l'imagination en aucun fens, mais il est ce qu'on " appelle grand metaphysicien. Il est très-bon géomètre, 45 &, ce qui vaut mieux, très-bon garçon.”

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LEATH, Thomas | Herbert, Edward
- Benjamin ib.

Heidegger, John James 2
Heineccius, John-Gotlieb 6

- Thomas
Heinsius, Daniel . ib. Herinas Pastor

8 Hermes

9 Herodian
Helmont, John Baptist van 10 Herodotus

15 Herring, archbishop
Helvetius, Adrian

19 Hervey, James
John Claude , ib.

Auguftus John
Helvicus, Christopher ib. Hesiod
Hemelar, John

Hemikirk, Martin 22 Hevelius, John
Henault, Charles John Fr. ib. Heurnius, John
Henaut, John d'

Heylin, Dr. Peter
Henley, Anthony 28 Heywood, John
- John

á Jasper
Henry, Philip

37 -

— Matthew

Hickes, George
40 Hierocles

Heraldus, Desiderius 41
Herbelot, Bartholomew d' ib, Hieronymus

Herbert, Mary · 43 Higgons, Sir Thomas 105



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Higgons, Bevil
107 Horapollo

Highmore, Josephi 108 Horatius, Quintus Flaccus ib.

113 Horneck, Dr. Anthony 233
115 Hornius, George

Hildesley, Mark 117 Horrox, Jeremiah ib.
Hill, Aaron
118 Horstius, James

Sir John

Hilliard, Nicholas 125 Hofpinian Rodolphus
Hinckley, John

ib. Hospital, Wm. Fr. Anth. 241

127 Hotman, Francis 242

128 Hottinger, John-Henry 244

138 Hough, John
Hire, Philip de la 134 Houlieres, Antoinetta de la
Hoadly, bishop

136 Garde des
Dr. Benjamin 140 Howard, Sir Robert
- Dr. John 141

Hobbes, Thomas 143 Howe, John .
Hodges, Nathaniel 157

Hodgson, John

158 Howell, James
Hody, Humphrey 160 Huarte, John
Hoeichelius, David 164 Hudson, Capt. Henry 262
Hoffman, Maurice ib.

Dr. John 264
John Maurice 166 Huet, Peter-Daniel

Frederic ib. Hughes, John
Hogarth, William
167 mm Jabez

Holbein, John

Holder, William

187 Hume, David
Holdsworth, Edward ib. Humphrey, Lawrence 280
Holiday, Barten

138 Hunter, William, M. D. 282
Holinihed, Raphael 189 Huntington, Robert
Hollar, Wentzel 191 Huntorit, Gerard
Follis, Thomas

196 Huss, John
Holmes, George

199 Hutcheson, Dr. Francis
Holstenius, Lucas

Hutchins, John

Holt, Sir Jchn. 201 Hutchinsori, John 303
Holyoake, Francis

Hutten, Ulric de 307

204 Huygens, Christian
Hoogstraten, David van 209 Hyde, Edward

Hooke, Robert

- Dr. Thomas 329
- Nathaniel


Hooker, Richard

Hyginus, Caius-Julius - 334
Hooper, Dr. George
221 Hypatia

- John

Hoornbeeck, John 225 Jaaphar Ebn Tophail' 339
Hopkins, Ezekiel : 226 Jablonski, Daniel-Ernest 340

Theodore ib.
228 Jactius, Francis de Catareis ib.









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