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DESIGNED FOR USE IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES,
AND FOR PRIVATE STUDY.
BY REV. E. O. HAVEN, D.D., LL.D.,
PRESIDENT OF THE NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY AT EVANSTON, ILLINOIS, LATE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN.
Imago Animi Sermo est.-SENECA.
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1869, by
HARPER & BROTHERS,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the
FIGURES OF SPEECH AND THOUGHT.
HIS work may be said to have grown, rather than to have been written for the purpose of making a book. Having used in the class-room, in academy and college, many of the text-books on Rhetoric, ancient and modern, foreign and American, and having instructed some classes without using a text-book, I have been most satisfied with the result when the method herein presented has been pursued. This book is therefore the result of actual experiment.
Abstruse arguments about style and oratory, about the conflicting theories of taste and beauty, about conviction and persuasion, and the laws of mind, and the philosophy of language, are all good and valuable in their place; but a student may read and repeat them with but little more effect on his own habits of speaking or power to write well, than he would receive. from an equal amount of study in mathematics, medicine, or law, or any other subject.
At the same time, mere exercises in composition, on a series of topics presented, with a few outlines and directions, are too superficial to produce the desired result.
What the student needs is an orderly and perspicu