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be made out in pursuance of this Act to such Services as shall by the Com. then have been voted by the Commons of the United Kingdom mons. of Great Britain and Ireland in this present Session of Parliament.

VIII. The Principal Sum or Sums of Money to be con- Exchequer tained in all such Exchequer Bills to be made forth by virtue Bills made of this Act, together with the Interest that may become due upon the growthereon, shall be and the same are hereby made chargeable ing Produce of and charged upon the growing Produce of the Consolidated the Consoli

dated Fuad. Fund of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the next succeeding Quarter to that in which the said Exchequer Bills have been issued; and it shall be lawful for the said Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury for the Time being, and they are hereby authorized, from Time to Time, by Warrant under their Hands, to direct the Comptroller General of the Receipt of the Exchequer at Westminster, in such Manner as they shall think necessary, to grant a Credit on the Exchequer Funds in the Bank of England unto such Person or Persons as shall be named in the said Warrant, which Credit shall be chargeable on and paid out of the growing Produce of the said Consolidated Fund of the next succeeding Quarter to that in which the said Exchequer Bills have been issued, for any Sum or Sums of Money not exceeding in the whole a Sum sufficient to discharge and pay off the Principal Sum or Sums of Money contained in such Exchequer Bills then outstanding, and which may have been made out and issued by virtue of this Act, together with all such Interest as may be due thereupon.

CAP. VII.
An Act for the Regulation of Her Majesty's Royal

Marine Forces while on shore. [26th March 1858.]
WHEREAS it is judged necessary for the

Safety of the United Kingdom, and the Defence of the Possessions of this Realm, that a Body of Royal Marine Forces should

be employed in Her Majesty's Fleet and Naval Service, « under the Direction of the Lord High Admiral of the United

Kingdom, or the Commissioners for executing the Office of • Lord High Admiral aforesaid: And whereas the said Forces

may frequently be quartered or be on shore, or sent to do • Duty or be on board Transport Ships or Merchant Ships or Vessels

, or Ships or Vessels of Her Majesty, or other Ships or Vessels, or they may be under other Circumstances in 6 which they will not be subject to the Laws relating to the

Government of Her Majesty's Forces by Sea: Aud whereas no Man can be forejudged of Life or Limb, or subjected in

Time of Peace to any Kind of Punishment within this • Realm, by Martial Law, or in any other Manner than by

the Judgment of his Peers, and according to the known and • established Laws of this Realm; yet nevertheless it being

' requisite

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requisite for the retaining of such Forces in their Duty that an exact Discipline be observed, and that Marines who shall

mutiny or stir up Sedition, or shall desert Her Majesty's • Service, or be guilty of any other Crime or Offence in breach • of or to the Prejudice of good Order and Discipline, be • brought to a more exemplary and speedy Punishment than • the usual Forms of the Law will allow :' Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:

I. It shall be lawful for the said Lord High Admiral, or the Lord High Admiral, &c.

Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High Admiral may make

aforesaid, to make, ordain, and establish Rules and Articles of Articles for

War, under the Hand of the said Lord High Admiral, or under the Punishment of Mutiny, De- the Hands of any Two or more of the said Commissioners, for sertion, &c. the better Government of Her Majesty's Royal Marine Forces,

and for the Punishment of Mutiny, Desertion, Immorality, Breach of Discipline, Misbehaviour, Neglect of Duty, and any other Offence or Misconduct of which they shall be guilty, in any Place on shore or afloat in or out of Her Majesty's Dominions, or at any Time when or under any Circumstances in which they shall not be amenable to the Laws for the Government of Her Majesty's Ships, Vessels, and Forces by Sea, which Rules and Articles shall be judicially taken notice of by all Judges and in all Courts whatsoever; and Copies of the same shall, as soon as conveniently may be after the same shall have been made, be transmitted by the Secretary of the Admiralty for the Time being (certified under his Hand) to the Judges of Her Majesty's Superior Courts at Wesiminster, Dublin, and Edinburgh respectively, and also to the Governors of Her Majesty's Dominions abroad; provided that no Person within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland or within the British Isles shall by such Articles be subject to be kept in Penal Servitude, or to suffer any Punishment extending to Life or Limb, except for Crimes which are by this Act expressly made liable to Penal Servitude, or to such Punishment as aforesaid, or shall be subject, with reference to any Crimes made punishable by this Act, to be punished in any Manner which shall not accord with the Provisions of this

Act. Offences

II. All Crimes and Offences committed against any former against former Act made for the Regulation of the Royal Marine Forces Mutiny Acts

while on shore, or against any of the Rules, Regulations, or of War. Articles of War made and established by virtue of the same

may, during the Continuance of this Act, be tried, inquired of, and punished in like Manner as if they had been committed against this Act; and every Warrant for holding any Courtmartial under any former Act shall remain in full Force notwithstanding the Expiration of such Act; and all Proceedings of any Court-martial upon any Trial begun under

the

and Articles

no

the Authority of such former Act shall not be discontinued

Limitation as by the Expiration of the same: Provided always, that

to Time. Person shall be liable to be tried and punished for any

Offence against any of the said Acts or Articles of War which shall appear to have been committed more than Three Years before the Date of the Commission or Warrant for such Trial, unless the Person accused, by reason of his having absented himself, or of some other manifest Impediment, shall not have been amenable to Justice within that Period, in which Case such Person shall be liable to be tried at any Time not exceeding Two Years after the Impediment shall have ceased; and provided also, that if any Officer or Marine in any Place beyond the Seas shall commit any of the Offences punishable by Court-martial under this Act, and shall escape and come or be brought into this Realm before he be tried for the same, he shall, when apprehended, be tried for the same as if such Offence had been committed within this Realm.

III. This Act shall extend to the Islands of Jersey, Guernsey, Provisions Alderney, Sark, and Man, and the Islands thereto belonging, of this Act

to extend to as to the Provisions herein contained for enlisting of Recruits,

Jersey, &c. whether Minors or of full Age, and swearing and attesting such Recruits and for mustering and paying, and to the Provisions for Trial and Punishment of Officers and Marines who shall be charged with Mutiny and Desertion or any other of the Offences which are by this Act declared to be punishable by the Sentence of a Court-martial, and also to the Provisions which relate to the Punishment of Persons who shall fraudulently confess themselves to be Deserters, or who shall conceal Deserters, or shall knowingly buy, exchange, or otherwise receive any Arms, Medals for Good Conduct or for distinguished or other Service, Clothes, Military Furniture or Regiinental Necessaries from any Marine or Deserter, or who shall cause the Colour of any such Clothes to be changed ; and also to the Provisions for exempting Marines from being taken out of Her Majesty's Service for not supporting or for leaving chargeable to any Parish any Wife or Child or Children, or on account of Breach of Contract to serve or work for any Employer, or on account of any Debts under Thirty Pounds in the said Islands.

IV. Nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to The Ordinary extend to exempt any Officer or Marine from being proceeded Course of Law against by the ordinary Course of Law when accused of Felony terfered with. or Misdemeanor, or of any Misdemeanor other than the Misdemeanor of refusing to comply with an Order of Justices for the Payment of Money; and any Commanding Officer who shall neglect or refuse, when due Application shall be made to him for that Purpose, to deliver over to the Civil Magistrate any Officer or Marine, or who shall wilfully obstruct, neglect, or refuse to assist any Peace Officer in apprehending any such Offender, shall, upon Conviction thereof in any of Her Majesty's Courts at Westminster, Dublin, or Edinburgh, be deemed to be

thereupon

any

Power to be

for same Offence

thereupon cashiered, and shall be utterly disabled to hold any Civil or Military Office or Employment in Her Majesty's Service; and a Certificate of such Conviction shall be trans

mitted to the Secretary of the Admiralty. No Person V. No Person subject to this Act having been acquitted or tried by Civil convicted of any Crime or Offence by the Civil Magistrate or punished by

by the Verdict of a Jury, shall be liable to be again tried Court-martial

for the same Crime or Offence by a Court-martial, or to be punished for the same otherwise than by cashiering in the Case

of a Commissioned Officer, or in the Case of a Warrant except by cashiering, &c. Officer by Reduction to an inferior Class, or to the Rank of a

Private Marine by Order of the Lord High Admiral, or the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High Admiral, or in the Case of a Non-commissioned Officer, by Reduction to the Ranks, by Order of the Commandant of the Division, to which such Non-commissioned Officer may belong; and whenever any Officer or Marine shall have been tried before a Court of ordinary Criminal Jurisdiction, the Clerk of the Court or other Officer having the Custody of the Records of such Court, or the Deputy of such Clerk, shall, if required by the Officer commanding the Division to which such Officer or Marine belongs, transmit to him a Certificate containing the Substance and Effect only, omitting the formal Part, of the Indictment, Conviction, and Entry of Judgment thereon or Acquittal of such Officer or Marine, and shall be allowed for

such Certificate a Fee of Three Shillings. Marines to be

VI. All of Her Majesty's Royal Marine Forces shall, during subject to the the Time they shall be respectively borne on the Books of any Discipline of

of Her Majesty's Ships or Vessels in Commission, either as the Navy while Part of the Complement or as Supernumeraries, or otherwise,

be subject and liable in every respect to the Laws for the Government of Her Majesty's Forces by Sea, and to the Rules and Discipline of the Royal Navy, and shall and may be proceeded against and punished for Offences committed by them whilst so borne, in the same Manner as the Officers and Seamen employed in the Royal Navy may be tried or punished; except when and so long as any Marine Officers or Marines shall be landed from any of Her Majesty's Ships, and be employed in Military Operations on shore, and when on such Occasions the senior Naval Officer present shall deem it expedient to issue an Order declaring that such Marine Officers and Marines shall during such Employment on shore be subject to the Regulations of this Act, in which Cases, and while such Order shall remain in force, they shall be subject to such Regulations, and be tried and punished under this Act accordingly, for any Offences to be committed by them while so on shore: Provided always, that if any Marine Officer or Marine so borne on the Books of any of Her Majesty's Ships or otherwise shall commit any Offence for which he shall not be amenable to a Naval Court-martial, he may be tried and punished for the same in the same Manner as other Officers or

Marines

Marines may be tried and punished for the like Offences under the Authority of this Act; or if the Commissioners for execating the Office of Lord High Admiral aforesaid so direct, he may be so tried and punished for any Offence committed by hini on shore, whether he be or be not amenable to a Naval Court-martial for the same.

VII. It shall be lawful for the said Lord High Admiral, Lord High Ador the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord High miral

, &c, may Admiral aforesaid, from Time to Time to grant Commissions sions for boldor Warrants under the Hand of the said Lord High Admiral, ing General or under the Hands of any Two or more of the said Commis: Courts-marsioners, for the holding of General and other Courts-martial tial, &c. within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and elsewhere out of the same, in like Manner as has been here. tofore used, and for bringing Offenders against this Act and the Articles of War to Justice, and to erect and constitute Courts-martial, as well within the said United Kingdom and the British Isles as in any of Her Majesty's Garrisons or Dominions or elsewhere beyond the Seas, and to grant Commissions or Warrants to the Officer or Officers commanding in chief or commanding for the Time being any of Her Majesty's Royal Marine Forces, as well within the said United Kingdom as Her Majesty's other Dominions, and in any Foreign Parts out of the same Dominions, for convening, as well as for authorizing any Officer to convene, Courts-martial, as Occasion may require, for the Trial of Offences committed by any of the Royal Marine Forces, whether the same shall have been committed before or after such Officer shall have taken upon himself such Command, provided that the Officer so authorized be not below the Degree of a Field Officer, except in detached Situations beyond Seas, where a Captain may be authorized to convene District or Garrison Courts-martial; and any Person subject to this Act who shall, in any of Her Majesty's Dominions or elsewhere, commit any of the Offences for which he may be liable to be tried by Court-martial by virtue of this Act or of the Articles of War, may be tried and punished for the same in any Part of Her Majesty's Dominions, or other Place where he may have come or be after the Commission of the Offence, as if the Offence had been committed where such Trial shall take place. VIII. A General Court-martial convened in Saint Helena, As to General

Courts-martial. the Settlements on the Western Coast of Africa, Honduras, New Zealand, the Australian Colonies, Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Island, Singapore, and Malacca, or the Settlements on the Coast of China, shall consist of not less than Five Commissioned Officers; if convened in Jamaica, the Windward and Leeward Islands, British Guiana, Newfoundland, Bermuda, the Bahamas, the Cape of Good Hope or other Settlements in Southern Africa, or in any Place out of the Queen's Dominions, excepting the Ionian Islands and the Places herein-before mentioned, it shall consist of not less than Seven; and if

convened

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