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(probably by Dr. William Barlow.)
by Dr. Richard Cox.
Goodman. The Archbishop employed other critics also to compare this Bible with the original languages, and with the former translations; one of whom was LAWRENCE, a man of great fame, at that period, for his knowledge of Greek, whose corrections were followed exactly. His Grace also sent instructions about the method which his translators, or rather revisers, were to observe; and advised that some short marginal notes should be added for the illustration or correction of the text, and corresponded with them respecting their views of the most prudent measures to be adopted for the perfection of the work. Extracts from this correspondence may be seen in Strype's Life of Archbishop Parker, Newcome's Historical View of English Biblical Translations, and Lewis's History of the English Translations of the Bible.'
In the Bishops' Bible the several additions from the Vulgate, which had been inserted in the Great Bible, in a small letter, were all omitted, particularly the three verses added to Psalm xiv.; and 1 John v. 7. which had been formerly distinguished by being printed with a different type, was printed without any distinction ; though in some cases, where supplementary words or phrases were deemed necessary, there were insertions between brackets, and in a smaller character.
book of Wisdom, from which it is supposed that Dr. Barlow translated to the end of that book. See Sir E. Brydges' Censura Literaria, VI. P. 49; and Chalmers' Biog. Dict. III, p. 489, (7) Newcome, pp, 78–80.
Lewis, ch. iv. pp. 235-237, (8) Lewis, ch. iv. p. 252.
Newcome, p. 277.
The Archbishop prefixed Prefaces to the Old and New Testaments. The following historical extracts, relating to the veneration of the Jews for the Sacred Volume, and the preservation of the Scriptures, are made from the preface to the Old Testament:
“Some of the Jewes - - - used such diligence that they could number precisely, not onely every verse, but every word and syllable, how oft every letter of the alphabet was repeated in the whole Scriptures. They had some of them such reverence to that book, that they would not suffer in a great heap of books, any other to lay over them; they would not suffer the book to fal to the ground; as nigh as they could, they would costly bind the books and Holy Scriptures, and cause them to be exquisitely and accurately written."
“And here, good reader, great cause we have to extol the wondrous wisdome of God, and with great thanks to his providence, considering how he hath preserved and renewed from age to age, by special miracle, the incomparable treasure of his church. It must needs signify some great thing to our understanding, that Alinighty God hath had such care to prescribe these books thus unto us. I say, not prescribe them onely, but to maintain them, and defend them against the malignity of the devil and his ministers, who alway went about to destroy them. And could these never be destroyed, but that he would have them continue whole and perfect unto this day, to our singular comfort and instruction, where other books of mortal wise men have perished in great numbers. It is recorded that Ptolomeus Philadelphus, king of Egypt, had gathered together in one library, at Alexandria, by his great cost and diligence, 700,000 books, whereof the principal were the Books of Moses ; which reserved not much more than by the space of 200 years, were al brent and consumed in that battail, where Cæsar restored Cleopatra again after her expulsion. At Constantinople perisht under Zenon, by one common fire, a hundred and twenty thousand books. At Rome, when Lucius Aurel. Antonius did raign, his notable library, by a lightning from heaven was quite consumed. Yea, it is recorded, that Gregory the first did cause a library of Rome, containing only Painims' (pagans'] works to be burned, to th' intent the Scriptures of God should be more read and studied. What other great libraries have there been consumed, but of late dayes ? And what libraries have of old throughout this realme, almost in every abbey of the same, been destroyed at sundry ages, besides the loss of other men's private studies, it were too long to reherse. [Yet] Almighty God by his divine providence hath preserved these books of the Scriptures safe and sound, and that in their native languages they were first written in."9
A second edition of this Bible was published in 1569, the year after its first publication. It was printed by Richard Jugg, the queen's printer, in a thick quarto, with a small black letter, in two columns, and the number of the verses intermixed. It had an emblematical engraved border on the title page. Another edition was published in folio, on fine paper, with a large blackletter type. The Psalter of this edition was printed in two columns, that on the right hand containing this new translation or revision in the Roman letter; the other containing the translation of the Great Bible, in the English or black letter; the reason of which seems to have been, that at this time, the Psalter was not printed with the Book of Common Prayer,. &c. as it is now, but was read out of the Bible.10
MATTHEW PARKER, D. D. the patron and director of the Bishops' Bible, was the second Protestant archbishop of Canterbury. He was born at Norwich, August 6th,
(9) Strype's Life of Archbishop Parker, App. No. 83. pp. 130, 131. (10) Lewis, pp, 253, 254, 257, 258.
1504; and educated at Corpus Christi, or Bene't College, Cambridge, where he became fellow in 1527, being chosen for his regular and studious behaviour. Having acquired a knowledge of the liberal sciences, he studied the Scriptures, the Fathers, and the ecclesiastical writers, with uncommon assiduity. In 1533, Archbishop Cranmer granted him a license to preach through his province; as the king did a patent for the same throughout the kingdom; and in the same year, he was sent for to the court, and made chaplain to Queen Anne Boleyn, who, a short time before her death, gave him a particular charge to guard and counsel her daughter Elizabeth. la July 1535, he was preferred by the queen to the deanery of the college of Stoke-Clare, in Suffolk. On the death of the queen, in 1537, he was appointed chaplain to King Henry VIII.
After receiving several other ecclesiastical preferments, he was chosen master of Corpus Christi College, in 1544, by the recommendation of the king; and, in 1545, was elected vice-chancellor of the university. In 1547, he married Margaret, the daughter of Robert Harlstone, gent. of Mattishall, in Norfolk, a lady of most amiable disposition, to whom he had been attached for about seven years, but had been prevented from marrying by statute of the late King Henry VIII., which made the marriage of the clergy felony. Edward VI. presented him, in 1552, to the canonry and prebend of Covingham, in the church of Lincoln, where he was soon after elected dean. The accession of Queen Mary changed the scene, and as he refused to be separated from his virtuous and excellent wife, he was stript of all his ecclesiastical honours, and obliged to seek safety in privacy. During his seclusion, he employed himself in Biblical and antiquarian studies, and in particular versified the Psalter, which was afterwards printed by Day, the archbishop's printer, in 4to. but in what year is uncertain, unless in 1567, as minuted with a pen in the copy which is in the college library. This
rare book is divided into three Quinquagenes, or parts, of fifty Psalms each, with the argument of each Psalm in metre, placed before it, and a suitable collect, full of devotion and piety, at the end. Some copies of verses, and transcripts from the Fathers and others, on the use of the Psalms, are prefixed to it, with a table dividing them into Prophetici, Eruditorii, Consolatorii, &c.; and at the end are added eight several tunes, with alphabetical tables to the whole. He thus characterizes
“THE NATURE OF THE EYGHT Tunes."
The eyghte goeth milde in modest pace.” The following versification of part of the 23rd Psalm, may serve as a specimen of the whole version:
To feede my neede: he will me lea de
To pastures greene and fat:
To waters delicate.
To me he shewth the path :
His name such vertue hath,
His vale and shadow wyde:
With rod and staffe to guide.
For me against theyr spite :
My cup is fully dight.”