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No, V. of the funds thereof, or in matters relative to any benefit or friendly so57 Geo. III. transfer

of any of the funds thereof.

cieties, or for the better security or for the application receipt payment or c. 39.

c. 54.

[ No. VI. ] 59 Geo. III. c. 128.–An Act for the further

Protection and Encouragement of Friendly Societies, and for preventing Frauds and Abuses therein.—[12th

July 1819.] 59 Geo. 111. WHEREAS the habitual reliance of poor persons upon parochial relief 6. 128.

rather than upon their own industry tends to the moral deterioration of the people and to the accumulation of heavy burthens upon parishes; and it is desirable, with a view as well to the reduction of the assessments made for the relief of the poor as to the improvement of the habits of the people, that encouragement should be afforded to persons desirous of making provision for themselves or their families out of the fruits of their own industry: And whereas by the contribution of the savings of many persons to one common fund the most effectual provision may be made for the casualties affecting all the contributors; and it is thercfore desirable to afford further facilities and additional security to persons who may be willing to unite in ap;vropriating small sums from time to time to the formation of a common fund for the purposes aforesaid; and it is desirable to protect such persons against the effects of fraud or mis

calculation: And whereas an Act passed in the thirty-third year of his 33 Geo. 3. Majesty's reign, intituled An Ac: for the Encouragement and Relief of

Friendly Societies : And whereas another Act passed in the thirty-fifth 35 Geo. 3.

year of his Majesty's reign, intituled An Act for more effectually carrying c. lll.

into Execution an Äct made in the Thirty-third Year of the Reign of his present Majesty, intituled An Act for the Encouragement and Relief of Friendly Societies, and for extending so much of the Poucrs thereof as relates to the framing Rules and Regulations for ihe better Management of the Funds of such Societies and the Appointment of Treasurers to other Institu

tions of a charitable Nature: And whereas another Act passed in the 43 Geo. 3. forty-third year of his Majesty's reign, intituled An Act for enabling c. 111.

Friendly Societies intended to be established under an Act pussed in the
Thirty-third Year of the Reign of his present Majesty to rectify Mistakes made

in the Registry of their Rules : And whereas another Act passed in the 49 Geo. 3, forty-ninth year of his Majesty's reign, intitulcd An Act to amend an Act c. 125.

made in the Thirty-third Year of his present Majesty, for the Encouragement and Relief of Friendly Societies : And whereas the provisions of those Acts have been found insufficient for their purposes, and great abuses have prevailed in many societies established under the authority of such Acts; Be it therefore enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and

. Commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of Future Socie- the same, That no society hereafter to be formed in England or Wales ties to conform or the members thereof shall be entitled to the benefits or subject to to this Act. the provisions of the said Acts unless such society shall have been

constituted under the authority and according to the provisions of this

Act. The Rules and II. And be it further enacted, That when any number of persons in Tables of England or Wales shall intend to form under the authority of this Act a Friendly So

friendly society or institution, whereby it is intended to provide by concieties to be

tribution on the principle of mutual insurance for the maintenance or confirmed at assistance of the contributors thereto their wives or children in sickness the General Quarter Ses

infancy advanced age widowhood or any other natural state or continsions.

gency whereof the occurrence is susceptible of calculation by way of average, it shall be lawful for such persons to make application by memorial signed as herein-after mentioned to the justices asseinbled at the general quarter sessions of the peace or any adjournment thereof in and for the county riding or place of separate jurisdiction wherein such society is about to be established, for a confirmation and approval of the rules of No. VI. such intended institution and of the tables of payments and allowances to be adopted therein; and that if such justices or any committee by

59 Geo. III. them appointed consisting of not less ihan three justices (of whom two

c. 128. shall be a quorum) shall after due examination thereof be satisfied that the contingencies for which it is intended to provide, whether specifically named in this Act or not, are such as according to the true meaning and intent of this Act are fit to be provided for by such society, and shall deem the rules and tables of such society, either in the form in which they shall have been originally exhibited or with such omissions additions or alterations as may be made therein by the said justices with the consent of the persons proposing to be trustees of such society, to be fit and proper, and shall be satisfied that the formation of such society will be useful and beneficial, regard being had to the existence of any other society already formed under wholesome rules within the same district for the like purposes; the said rules and tables so confirmed or amended shall be deposited and eurolled according to the provisions of the said first-mentioned Act, and a copy thereof, authenticated by the signature of two or more justices, shall be delivered to the trustees of such society, and shall thenceforward become the rules of such society and shall be binding on all parties concerned: Provided always, That such justices shall not con- Proviso as to firni and allow any tables of payments or benefits or any rules dependent Tables of Payupon or connected with the calculation thereof, until it shall have been ments and Be. made appear to such justices that the said tables and rules are such as nefits. have been approved by two persons at the least, known to be professional actuaries or persons skilled in calculation, as fit and proper according to the most correct calculation of which the nature of the case will adinit.

III. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the Quarter Sesjustices assembled at the general quarter sessions of the peace for any sions may pubcounty or riding in England or Wales from time to time to make and lish general publish such general rules for the formation and government of friendly Rules, and societies or institutions under the authority of this Act as to such justices Petty Sessions may appear fit, and to require that the rules of all societies thereafter may act established within such county or riding shall be ade conformable to

thereon. such general rules; and it shall also be lawful for such justices to declare that the rules proposed for the formation of such friendly societies or institutions which shall be made conformable to such general rules may be exhibited to and confirmed by any two or more justices holding petty sessions within the division wherein any such society is to be established; and in such case and subject always to the direction of such general rules published as aforesaid such justices in petty sessions shall have the like powers and their proceedings shall be subject to the like provisions in regard to the formation of friendly societies as are by this and the former Acts established in respect of the justices assembled in general or quarter sessions.

IV. And be it further enacted, That every memorial presented to the Appointment of justices as aforesaid shall set forth the names residence and occupation Trustees of three persons at the least, of whom the majority shall be substantial householders assessed to the relief of the poor upon a sum not less than fifty pounds, which persons shall be trustees of such society or institution; and the signature of such intended trustees shall be affixed to such memorial; and such society shall from time to time in such manner as may have been prescribed by the rules thereof elect other persons duly qualified as aforesaid to fill such vacancies as may occur among such trustees; and in case such vacancy shall continue for more than three months so as to reduce the number of trustees below the number of three, it shall be lawful for the remaining trustees to nominate one other fit person to be the third trustee : Provided ays, That no trustee shall be removed from his office without his own consent, except with the approbation of two or more justices in petty session assembled.

V. And be it further enacted, That when and as often as the trustees Provision for and persons having under the rules of any such society the management Alteration of

Rules.

No. VI. thereof shall be desirous of making any alteration in or addition to the

rules and tables allowed and deposited as aforesaid, it shall be lawful 59 Geo. JH. for them to make further application by memorial to the justices e. 128.

in general or petty sessions as aforesaid, such memorial being signed by the trustees or the major part thereof, and such application shall be dealt with by the said "justices according to the provisions hereinbefore contained with respect to the allowance or alteration of the rules and tables proposed at the first establishment of such society in as far as

the same are applicable thereto. Treasurer and VI. And be it further enacted, That the trustees of each such society other Officers. shall appoint one fit person or more to be treasurer or treasurers of such

society; and shall require from such treasurer or treasurers such securi

ties as the said trustees may from time to time deem necessary and Exemption

proper; and no bond or other security to be given to or on account of from Stamp

any such society or in pursuance of this Act shall be charged or chargeDuties. able with any stamp duty whatever. Property of

VII. And be it further enacted, That all monies goods chattets and Societies vested effects whatever and all securities for money or other obligatory instruin Trustees. meats and evidences or muniments and all other effects whatever, and

all rights or claims belonging to or had by such institution shall be vested in the trustee or trustees of such institution for the time being for the use and benefit of such institution, and the respective depositors therein their respective executors or administrators according to their respective claims and interests; and after the death or removal of any trustee or trustees shall vest in the succeeding trustee or trustees for the same estate and interest as the former trustee or trustees had therein, and subject to the same trusts without any assignment or conveyance whatever, except the transfer of stocks and securities in the public funds of Great Britain; and also shall for all purposes of action or suit, as well criminal as civil in law or in equity in anywise touching or concerning the same, be deemed and taken to be and shall in every such proceeding (where necessary) be stated to be the property of the person or persons appointed to the office of trustee or trustees of such institution for the time being in his her or their proper name or names without further description ; and such person or persons shall and they are hereby respectively authorised to bring or defend or cause to be brought or defended any action suit or prosecution criminal as well as civil in law or equity touching or concerning the property right or claim aforesaid of or belonging to or had by such institution; and such person or persons so appointed shall and may in all cases concerning the property right or claim aforesaid of such institution sue and be sued plead and be impleaded in his her or their proper name or names as trustee or trustees of such institution without other description; and no such suit action or prosecution shall be discontinued or abate by the death of such person or persons or his or their removal from the office of trustee or trustees, but the same shall and may be proceeded in by the succeeding trustee or trustees in the proper name or names of the person or persons comme

mencing the same, any law usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding; and such succeeding trustee or trustees shall pay or receive like costs as if the action or suit had been commenced in his or their name or names for the benefit of or to be reimbursed from the funds of such institution.

VIII. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful to dissolve Restrictions upon Dissolu- any society or institution established under the authority of this Act;

nor shall any division of the funds thereof be made otherwise than in the or Division of ordinary course of proceeding according to the rules confirmed as afore

, Funds. said, without the consent of the trustees or the major part of them : Pro

vided always, That no such consent of trustees shall be given, unless and until it shall have been certified by two or more professional actuaries or persons skilled in calculation as aforesaid, which persons shall have been approved as such by the justices as aforesaid, that according to the most correct calculation of which the case will admit, the interest of all the contributors to such institution and of all persons having claims thereon

in possession or expectancy are by the proposed scheme of dissolution

No. VI. or division fairly dealt with and secured.

IX. And he it further enacted, That the rules of every society or insti- 59 Geo. IIL, tution formed under the authority of this Act shall specify the place or c. 128. places at which it is intended such society or institution shall hold its meetings, and shall contain provisions with respect to the powers and Place of Meetduties of the members at large, and of such committees or officers as may ing, and Powers be appointed for the management of the affairs of such society, subject and Duties of always to the provisions of this Açt with respect to the appointment and Members to be duties and powers of the trustees; and such society or institution shall specified in the not be subject to the provisions and restrictions of the said Act of the Rules. thirty-third year of his present Majesty's reign, as to the appointment of committees or otherwise, with respect to the management of such society or institution.

x. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any society Funds may be or institution established under the authority of this Act from time to subscribed into time to subscribe the whole or any part of the funds of such society or Saving Bank; institution into the funds of any institution which shall have taken the benefit of an Act of the fifty-seventh year of the reign of his present 57 Geo. 3. Majesty, intituled An Act to encourage the Establishment of Banks for

c. 130, Savings in England, subject to the several provisions contained in the said last-mentioned Act, or of an Act passed in the last session of Parliament 58 Geo. 3.c.48. to amend the said Act.

XI. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any society or into Bank of or institution established under the authority of this Act to pay directly England on De into the Bank of England any sum or sums of money, not being less than bentures ; fifty pounds, to the account of the commissioners for the reduction of the national debt, upon the declaration of the trustees of such society or institution or any two or more of them, that such monjes belong exclusively to the society or institution for which such payment is intended to be made, whether such nonies shall have been deposited therein before the passing of this Act or thereafter shall be deposited therein; and the cashier or cashiers of the Bank of England are hereby required to receive all such monies, and place the same into a new and separate account to be raised in the name of the said commissioners for the time being in the books of the Bank of England, to be denominated • The Fund for the • Society or Institution established at A. in the county of B. under an • Act of the fifty-ninth year of the reign of King, George the Third ;' and all the clauses and provisions of an Act passed in the fifty-seventh year of his present Majesty's reign, (intituled An Act to encourage the Establishment of Banks for Savings in England,) with respect to the accounts of banks for savings, and the regulation of debentures certificates or orders concerning the same, shall be applicable to the monies so paid into the Bank of England under the authority of this Act, as if the same had been repeated therein.

XII, Provided always and be it further enacted, That nothing in this or vested in Act contained shall extend to prevent the trustees of any society formed public Funds, or under

the authority thereof from investing any part of the funds of such on real Security. society in any public stocks or funds established by the authority of Parliament, or from laying out the same upon real security at interest. XIII. And be it further enacted, That the trustees of any society or

Limitation of institution established under the authority of this Act shall not be liable Responsibility

of Trustees, to make good any deficiency which may arise in the funds of such society, unless such persons shall have respectively declared by writing under their hands, deposited and registered in like manner with the rules of such society, that they are willing to be answerable; and it shall be lawful for each of such persons or for such persons collectively, to limit his her or their responsibility to such sum as shall be specified in any such instrument in writing.

XIV. And be it further enacted, That when the trustees of any society Proceedings of formed under the authority of this Act shall be apprehensive that the the Trustees in funds of such society together with the sum (if any) for which

case of Defihaving formed the said society shall have made themselves responsible ciency of Funds as aforesaid, are likely to prove insufficient to make all the payments be.

No. VI. coming due to the several parties interested according to the rules of such 59 Geo. 111. society, the said trustees shall forthwith state their apprehension and the

grounds thereof to the justices in general or quarter sessions, or if the c. 128.

rules of such institution shall have been originally confirmed at the petty sessions then to the justices in such petty sessions ; and it shall be lawful for such justices upon a full statement of the accounts and proceedings of such society, which the said trustees are hereby directed to furnish at the requisition of such committee, to make such order for the adjustment of the claims of all parties interested in the funds of such society as to them may appear fair and equitable: Provided always, That it shall be lawful for any person or persons who may think himself herself or themselves aggrieved by any such order of justices in petty sessions, to appeal therefrom to the justices assembled in the quarter sessions next ensuing after the date of such order, whose decision shall be final and con

clusive. In Cases of

XV. And whereas by the said Act of the forty-ninth year of his preComplaint of sent Majesty's reign, no sufficient provision is made for the relief of Widows and widows and children of deceased members of friendly societies who may Children Jus- be aggrieved by the officers or members of the societies of which their tices to have husbands or parents were members; Be it further enacted, That justices Jurisdiction. of the peace shall have the like power and jurisdiction in cases of com

plaint made by or on behalf of such widows and children as they have under the said last-mentioned Act or under this Act in regard to the

members of such societies themselves. 33 Geo.3. c. 54. XVI. And be it further enacted, That all the provisions of the said and 49 Geo. 3. Acts of the thirty-third and forty-ninth years of the reign of his present c. 125. appli- Majesty as to matters for which no other provision is made by this Act, cable to this shall be deemed so far as the same are not repugnant to this Act, appliAct.

cable to all societies and institutions formed under the authority of this Act.

c. 128.

[ No. VII. ] 1 Geo. IV. c. 29.–An Act to enlarge the

Powers of the Governors of the Foundling Hospital in

Dublin.-[30th June 1820.) i Geo. 4. c. 29. WHEREAS by an Act made in the fifty-fourth year of the reign of 54 Geo. 3.

his late Majesty King George the Third, intituled An Act to amend the several Acts for regulating the Foundling Hospital in Dublin, it was amongst other things enacted, that it should be lawful for the governors of the said hospital or any three or more of them to make orders for suspending and to suspend and refuse in the cases and under the restrictions therein mentioned the admission of any children or child into the said hospital : And whereas it is expedient to enlarge the powers of the said governors in that respect on the terms hereinafter provided : Be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and con

sent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this present Governors em- Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from and powered to after the passing of this Act it shall and may be lawful to and for the make Orders

governors of the said Foundling Huspital or any three or more of them for suspending from time to tiine to make orders for suspending and to suspend for and Admissions in during such time or times period or periods as they shall from time to all Cases, and

time think proper the admission of infants into the said hospital; and

Conditions, in their

also to make orders for refusing and to refuse the admission into the said Discretion.

hospital of any infant or of any class or description of infants at their discretion, or for annexing any condition or conditions which they shall think

proper to the admission of any particular infant or of all infants or of any class or description of infants into the said hospital; any thing in the said recited Act or any other Act or Acts contained, or any law

usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. Sucb Orders

II. Provided always, and be it enacted, That no such order as aforenot valid, un- said which shall relate to all infants or to any class or description of intil approved by fants shall be deemed to be good valid and effectual or to be established

as a rule, until the same shall have been approved of by the lord lieutenant or other chief governor or governors of Ireland for the time being.

under any

Dant.

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