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proved by the confession of Bates (one of the conspirators), who had carried a written message to that effect. On his arrival, he was greeted gladly with the welcome, ‘Here is a gentleman that will live and die with us !' On his departure, he undertook to do his best to summon some influential Romanists living in the neighbourhood, and in Lancashire, to their aid. Eventually, fully conscious of his guilt, he saved his life by escaping to the Continent.

Finally, with reference to the case of Garnet, I should like to call attention to the two following little-known facts which reveal the low estimation in which this Jesuit was held by the majority of English Roman Catholics in the seventeenth century. During the year 1624, a representative of the English Secular Roman Catholic clergy, whilst staying at Rome, was surprised at reading underneath a portrait of Garnet the words • Propter fidem Catholicam.' He forthwith complained to the Pope, stating that Garnet was not regarded by English Roman Catholics as a martyr, and the inscription was accordingly changed into 'Ab haereticis occisus.' Later on, in the next reign, Panzani, the Papal agent, finding how unpopular the Jesuits were in London, was instructed by Pope Urban VIII, to assure Charles I. that Garnet would not be • beatified."

CONTENTS

PAGE

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CHAPTER
PREFACE

• 5
1. HOW THE PLOT WAS PLANNED

15
II. THE FOUNDER OF THE PLOT

26
III. THOMAS WINTER AND JOHN WRIGHT

33
IV. GUY FAUKES AND THOMAS PERCY

38
V. SUBORDINATE CONSPIRATORS

45
VI. SIR EVERARD DIGBY AND FRANCIS TRESHIN 52
VII. PROGRESS OF THE PLOT

59
WII. THE LETTER TO LORD MOUNTEAGLE .

67
IX. FAILURE OF THE PLOT

81
X. ROBERT WINTER'S ADVENTURES

97
XI. THE TRAITORS IN THE TOWER.

102
XII. TRIAL AND EXECUTION OF THE CONSPIRATORS. 115
XIII. SIR EVERARD DIGBY'S LETTERS FROM THE

TOWER
XIV. HOW THE JESUITS WERE CAPTURED AT HENDLIP 141
XV. THE FATE OF FATHER GARNET.

154
Jxvi. Was Father Garnet GUILTY ?.

173
XVII. LORD SALISBURY'S ACCOUNT OF THE PLOT 185
XVIII. LASTING EFFECTS OF THE GUNPOWDER TREASON 196
XIX. MORE LIGHT ON THE MYSTERIOUS LETTER 204
XX. THOMAS WINTER'S CONFESSION

214
XXI. BEHIND THE SCENES

237
XXII. THE LIEUTENANT OF THE TOWER

255
XXIII. THE MYSTERY OF THOMAS WARDE

269
✓XXIV. THE OFFICIAL STORY OF THE PLOT

284
INDEX

307

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I 20

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Frontispiece

EXECUTION OF THE CONSPIRATORS

(From a print dated 1794) THE HOUSE OF GUY FAUKES AT LAMBETH

Title-page

TO FACE PAGE

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33

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46

THE CHIEF CONSPIRATORS

(From an old print) THOMAS WINTER .

(From a print dated 1794) JOHN WRIGHT

(From a print dated 1794) GUY FAUKES.

(Prom a print dated 1794) THOMAS PERCY

(From a print dated 1801) THOMAS BATES

(From an old print) THE GUNPOWDER PLOT CELLARS

(Drawn by J. Capon in 1799)
FACSIMILE OF THE FAMOUS LETTER TO LORD MOUNT-

EAGLE
THE EAST SIDE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS

(From a print dated 1807) ROBERT WINTER

(From a print dated 1794) WESTMINSTER HALL AND PALACE YARD From an etching by Hallar).

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59

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