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High Trea. act of parliament in the time of King Henry the Fifth to be

treason to the king and the realm, and, according to the
said act, the same offences were and did continue treason
until the first year of the reign of Queen Mary, at which
time the pains and penalties due for the said offences were
abrogated and taken away by the general act of repeal
then made ; by reason whereof, divers false and evil-
disposed persons, perceiving themselves to be loose and
free from the severity and danger of the said law and
penalty, have been of late the more hardy and bold to
attempt and practise, for wicked lucre and gain sake, to
diminish, impair, and falsify the monies and coins current
within this realm, and the dominions of the same, by such
clipping, washing, rounding, and filing thereof, not only to
the great dishonour of the queen's majesty, our sovereign
lady that now is, by whose great goodness the new monies
or coins of the same are now reduced to as much tineness
as ever hath been in any time of her noble progenitors, but
also to the great loss and damage of the good subjects of
this realm, and more is like to be hereafter, if the same be

not speedily met withal. The clip

II. For remedy whereof, be it enacted, declared, and ping, wash- established, by the authority of this present parliament, ing, or filing that from and after the first day of May next coming, clipmoney,

ping, washing, rounding, or filing, for wicked lucre or gain

sake, of any the proper monies or coins of this realm or the money of

dominions thereof, or of the monies or coins of any other
realm, allowed and suffered to be current within this realm
or the dominions thereof, at this present, or that hereafter
at any time shall be the lawful monies or coins of this
realm, or of the dominions thereof, or of any other realm,
and by proclamation allowed and suffered to be current
here by the queen’s majesty, her heirs and succesorss, shall
be taken, deemed, and adjudged, by virtue of this act, to be
treason; and the offenders therein, their counsellors, con-
sentors, and aiders, shall be, from and after the same first
day of May, taken, deemed, and adjudged as offenders in
treason, and being thereof lawfully convicted or attainted,
according to the order and course of the laws of this realm,
shall suffer pains of death, and lose and forfeit all his and
their goods and chattels; and also shall lose and forfeit all
his and their lands and tenements, during his and their
natural life or lives only.

IV. [Provided that offences under this act shall make
no corruption of blood nor forfeiture of dower.]

V. [Provides for the trial of a peer by his peers.)

of current

whether

this or any
other
realm.

* not

18 Eliz. c. 1. I. [Recites the penal enactments of the stat. 5 Eliz. c. 11, meals prac- and proceeds thus :]

Other undue

tised to fal.

said statule.

Sithence the making of which good law and statute, di- High Treavers false and evil-disposed persons, knowing that the said son. law being, as it is, penal, ought to be taken and expounded strictly according to the words thereof, and the like offences, sify the not by any equity to receive the like punishment, or pains, within the have sithence the making of the said law and statute most strict word wickedly devised and practised, for wicked lucre and gain- of the aforesake, other acts, undue ways and means, to falsify, impair, diminish, and lighten, as well the proper monies and coins of this realm and the dominions thereof, as also the monies or coins of other realms allowed and suffered to be carrent within this realm and the dominions thereof, by her Majesty's proclamation, to the great damage, loss, hurt, and deceit, as well of her Majesty as of all her faithful and loving subjects, and more is like hereafter to be practised and done, if the same be not speedily met withal: for reformation and remedy whereof, be it enacted, declared, and established, by the authority of this present parliament, that, if any person or persons, of what estate, degree, or condition soever he or they be, shall, from and after the day of April next coming, for wicked lucre or gain sake, first Impairing, by any art, ways, or means whatsoever, impair, diminish, &c., the coin falsify, scale, or lighten the proper monies or coins of this of the realm realm, or any the dominions thereof, or the monies or coins current. of any other realms, allowed and suffered to be current at the time of the offence committed within this realm of Eng land, or any the dominions of the same, by the proclamation of the Queen's Majesty, her heirs, or succesors, shall be taken, adjudged, and deemed to be treason; and the (ffenders therein, their counsellors, consentors, and aiders, shall be likewise deemed and adjudged as offenders in treason, and, being thereof lawfully convicted or attainted, according to the due order of the laws of this realm, shall suffer pains of death, and lose and forfeit all their goods and chattels to the Queen's Majesty, her heirs, and successors, and shall also lose and forfeit to the Queen's Highness, her heirs, and successors, all their lands, tenements, and hereditaments, during his or their natural life or lives only.

II. (Provides that offences under this act shall make no corruption of blood nor forfeiture of dower.]

III. [Provides for the trial of a peer by his peers.)

Note.—The clipping, &c. within tutes in express terms require only these statutes of Elizabeth, must a conviction and attainder according be for gain or lucre, and must to the order and course of the law, be so laid in the indictment, which which words include the indictment must also pursue the words of the as well as the trial, there is no nestatutes in describing the offence; cessity of two witnesses either upon and conclude against the form of the trial or indictment upon these the statute, because they were in statutes, notwithstanding previous some respects introductive of a new enactments : 1 H. P, C. 221. law: 1 Ė, P. C. 74. As these sta

son.

Persons

persons

dioned.

High Trea

6 87 W. 3, c. 17. XII. Be it enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That if any person, or persons, being out of prison, shall, from

and after the said first day of May, 1695, be guilty of clipguilty of clipping, &c. ping, coining, counterfeiting, washing, filing, or otherwise discovering diminishing the coin of this realm, and afterwards discover two or more two or more person or persons, who already have, or hereguilty of

after shall commit any of the said crimes, so as two or more the like of- of the person or persons discovered shall be convicted of fence, par

the same; any such discoverer shall himself have, and is hereby entitled to the gracious pardon of His Majesty, his heirs, and successors, for all such crimes which he or they

have committed at any time or times before such discovery Apprentice made: and if the person making such discovery be an ap. discovering, prentice, he shall be deemed and taken, and is hereby de

clared a freeman; and shall have and may exercise any lawful trade, profession, or mystery, with all liberties and privileges, and in as full and ample manner as if the said person had served the full time of his apprenticeship ; any law, seatute, custom, or ordinance, to the contrary, not

withstanding. Note.—The pecuniary rewards minishers of coin are abolished by given by this statute for prosecut- the 58 Geo. 3, c. 70, which, as far ing to conviction counterfeiters, as relates to the acts repealed by clippers, washers, filers, and di. it, is still in force.

man.

88 9 W.3, c. 26. Whereas, notwithstanding the good laws still in force against the counterfeiting of the monies and coins of this realm, yet the said offence doth and is likely to increase, to the manifest wrong and injury both of His Majesty and all his loving subjects, being very much occasioned for want of a due and condign punishment, to be inflicted upon such artificers, and others who, without any lawful authority, do make or use puncheons, stamps, dyes, and other engines and instruments, which are commonly used, or may be made use of, in or about the coining of money : for redress of

which, so great and growing a mischief, be it enacted, &c. No smith, that, from and after the 15th day of May, 1697, no smith, &c. except engraver, founder, or other person or persons whatsoever, employed in the Mint,

(other than and except the persons employed, and to be &c. shall employed, in or for His Majesty's mint or mints in the Tower make or of London, or elsewhere, and for the use and service mend any

of the said mints only, or persons lawfully authorized dye, &c. to

by the commissioners of. the treasury, or Lord High stamp any current coin Treasurer of England, for the time being) shall knowingly of gold or make or mend, or begin or proceed to make or mend, silver,' or make any

or assist in the making or mending any puncheon, edging-tool, counter-puncheon, matrix, stamp, dye, pattern, or mould

of steel, iron, silver, or other metal or metals, or of spaud, coining.

&c. nor

death.

or fine founders' earth, or sand, or of any other materials High Treawhatsoever, in or upon which there shall be, or be made son. or impressed, or which will make or impress the figure, stamp, resemblance, or similitude of both or either of the press, nor

catting-ensides or flats of any gold or silver coin, current within this

gine, nor kingdom, nor shall knowingly make or mend, or begin or liave in their proceed to make or mend, or assist in the making or mending custody any

such. of any edger or edging tool, instrument, or engine, not of common use in any trade, but contrived for marking of money round the edges with letters, grainings, or other marks or figures resembling those on the edges of money coined in bis majesty's mint, nor any press for coinage, nor any cutting engine, for cutting round blanks by force of a screw oat of fatted bars of gold, silver, or other metal, nor shell knowingly buy or sell, hide or conceal, or without lawful authority or sufficient excuse for that purpose, knowingly leave in his, her or their houses, custody or possession, any such puncheon, counter-puncheon, matrix, stamp, dye, edger, cutting engine, or other tool or instrument before mentioned ; and if any smith, engineer, founder, or other Offenders, person or persons whatsoever, (other than except as afore- of high treasaid) shall offend in any the matters or things aforesaid, son, and then all and every such offender and offenders, their coun. shall suffer sellors, procurers, aiders and abettors, shall be, and is, and are hereby adjudged to be guilty of high treason, and being of the said offences, or any of them, convicted or attainted, according to the order and course of the laws of this realm, shall suffer death as in case of high treason.

II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Persons that if any person or persons whatsoever, from and after conveying the said 15th day of May, shall, without lawful authority Mint, ang for that purpose, wittingly or knowingly convey or assist pnncheon, in the conveying out of his majesty's mint in the Tower &c. and of London, or out of any other of his majesty's mints, any the same, puncheon, counter.puncheon, matrix, dye, stamp, edger, to be guilty cutting engine, press, or other tool, engine, or instrument, of high trea. used for or about the coining of monies there, or any useful son. part of such tools or instruments, that then as well the said person and persons so offending, their counsellors, pro. curers, aiders or abettors, and also all and every person and persons knowingly receiving, hiding or concealing the same, shall be, and is and are hereby adjudged to be guilty of high treason, and being of the said offence, or any of them convicted or attainted according to the order and course of the laws of this realm, shall suffer death as in case of high treason.

III. And be it further enacted, '&c. that if any person or persons (other than the persons employed in his Majesty's sons markmint or mints, or such as shall have authority from the ing the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, or Lord High Trea, edges of surer of England for the time being) shall, after the said any coun:

,

Like penal

son.

or colour

&c. any

the current coin.

High Trea. 15th day of May, mark on the edges any the current coin

of this kingdom, or if any person or persons whatsoever shall mark on the edges any of the diminished coin of this kingdom, or any counterfeit coin resembling the coin of this kingdom, with letters or grainings, or other marks or figures like unto those on the edges of money coined in his Majesty's Mint, every such offence shall be, and is hereby adjudged to be, high treason, and the offender and offenders therein, his and their counsellors, procurers, aiders, and abettors, being thereof convicted or attainted according to the order and course of the law of this realm, shall suffer death as in case of high treason.

IV. And be it further enacted, &c., that if any person ing, gilding,

or persons whatsoever, after the said 15th day of May, coin re- shall colour, gild, or case over with gold or silver, or with sembling any wash or materials producing the colour of gold or sil

ver, any coin resembling any the current coin of this kingdom, or any round blanks of base metal, or of coarse gold, or coarse silver, of a fit size and figure to be coined into counterfeit milled money, resembling any the gold or silver coin of this kingdom, or if any person or persons shall gild over any silver blanks of a fit size and figure to be coined into pieces resembling the current gold coin of this kingdom, all and every such person and persons so offending, their counsellors, procurers, aiders, and abettors, shall be, and is, and are hereby adjudged to be, guilty of high treason, and, being convicted or attainted thereof, according to the order and course of the laws of this realm, shall suffer

death as in case of high treason. Puncheon, V. And be it further enacted, &c., that if any puncheon, dye, &c.

dye, stamp, edger, cutting-engine, press, flask, or other possession

tool, instrument, or engine, used or designed for coining or of any per. counterfeiting gold or silver monies, or any part of such son not emn. tool or engine, shall, at any time after the said 15th day of ployed in The Mint,

May, be hid or concealed in any place, or found in the

house, custody, or possession of any person or persons seized, and whatsoever, not then employed in the coining of money in produced any of his Majesty's mints, nor having the same by any in evidence.

lawful authority, that then it shall and may be lawful to and for any person or persons whatsoever, discovering the same, to seize, and he and they are hereby required t seize the same, and to carry them forthwith to some justice of peace of the county, city, or place, where the same shall be so seized, and by him secured, to be produced in evidence against any person or persons who shall or may be prosecuted for any such offence, in some court of justice proper for the determination thereof, and after such time as they, or any of them, shall have been produced in evidence, as well the same so produced, as the other so seized, and not made use of in evidence, and every of them shall forthwith, by order of that court where such offender or

found in the

may be

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