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ceeding, none at all. Now taken with a vomiting and looseness, and within
two or three days almost a general raging madness. One while patients used to linger four or five days, at other times not forty-eight hours ; and at this very time we find it more quick than ever it was. Many are sick, and few escape. Where it has had its fling, there it decreases; where it has not been long, there it increases. It reigned most heretofore in alleys, &c. now it domineers in the open streets. The poorer sort was most afflicted ; now the richer bear a share.
“ Čaptain Colchester is dead. Fleetham and all his family are clearly swept away, except one maid. Dr Burnett, Dr Glover, and one or two more of the College of Physicians, with Dr O'Dowd, which was licensed by my Lord's Grace of Canterbury, some surgeons, apothecaries, and Johnson the chemist, died all very suddenly. Some say (but God forbid that I should report it for truth) that these, in a consultation together, if not all, yet the greatest part of them, attempted to open a dead corpse which was full of the tokens; and being in hand with the dissected body, some fell down dead immediately, and others did not outlive the next day at noon.
“ All is well and in safety at your house, God be thanked. Upon Tuesday last I made it my day's work to kindle fires in every room of the house where I could do it, and aired all the bedelothes and bedding at the fires, and so let them all lie abroad until this morning ; the feather bed in the back chamber was almost spoiled with the heavy weight of carpets and other things upon it. I am afraid I have been too tedious, and therefore beg your pardon and take my leave, who am,
“ Reverend Sir, “ your most faithful humble servant,
“ JO. TILLISON. “ Brimstone, hops, pepper, and frankincense, &c. I use to fume the rooms with.
“ For yourself.”
We perceive that the regular Church dignitaries, the favourites of Mr Ellis and the Cavaliers, and men who of course never fall into any cant, speak very much the language of the saints, in some of these letters on the plague. Thus: “ The Lord extend the “ yearnings of his bowels of compassion towards us, that we be “ not consumed by the means of his heavy hand, and give us
grace to depart from the plague of our hearts, that this plague “and grievous sickness may be withdrawn from us, for Christ “ Jesus his sake, that so we may have the blessed happiness again “ of meeting together in his howse, with one accord to record his “ name:" (Vol. IV. p. 24.) So writes and so prays the Reverend Stephen Bing, of the Cathedral Church of St Paul, to his Very Reverend Dean. Again prays the same reverend person, on hearing of some sedition : “May all their devices be frustrated, and “ the devisers caught in their own traps, that seek ill to Zion and “ the King. The Lord be gracious to his Church and nation ; " and down with them that would down with governors and go66 vernment. They hope that this his hand of displeasure will 66 work much for them; but we trust he will correct us in his “ fatherly judgment, and not in his fury, that we may be the “ better fitted to meet him once more in the beauty of holiness, « to praise his name; which, God grant, for his mercy's sake, “ in Christ Jesus.” (Vol. IV. p. 29.) Now this, it must be confessed, is wonderfully like the derided language of the saints. But the difference is, that the saints said such things not in their extremity. The Cavaliers, it seems, could pray when they were sick, as fast as the Roundheads and so could another Cavalier of very high descent, and most courtly acquirements! But, as soon as he got well, he is said to have laughed at those who prayed, and himself to have abandoned the monastic state altogether.
The letters during the Prince of Orange's advance, are not so interesting as might have been expected at so eventful a moment; but they tally with all that was heretofore known, in showing that illustrious and virtuous person's consummate prudence and firmness, and the almost incredible contrast of the unhappy James's imbecility, and alternate rashness and indecision. The seizure of the infamous Jeffries is chronicled in the following letter :
“ Yesterday the Lord Chancellor, in a black wig and other contrivances to disguise, offered a Collier fifty guineas to carry him to Hamburgh; the Mate, having seen him formerly, suspected who he was, and consulting with a merchant, he advised them to repair to the Lord Mayor for an order to seize him; but not meeting with satisfaction there, they repaired to the Council at Whitehall, and orders being accordingly given, he was taken and brought amid universal execration of the People before the Lord Mayor, who upon sight of the Prisoner fell into a violent paralytique fit, so as to hinder him from examining him, and still continues ill. Nevertheless, upon the directions of the Council at Whitehall, the Lord Chancellor was committed Prisoner to the Tower.
“ The Bishop of Chester is said to have been seized near Dover.”
It appears clear, from many testimonies, that the phlegmatick temper of King William was, upon one occasion, so irritated by the opposition made to maintaining his Dutch guards, as to make him meditate seriously his retirement from England. Mr Ellis has printed in a note, the draft of the speech which he had prepared to make upon this memorable step-a step which, in all sikelihood, would have led to the tyrant's restoration. It is a most curious document, and well worthy of an attentive perusal:
“M. a Ge. “Je suis venu icy dans ce Royaume au desir de cette Nation pour la sauver de ruine, et pour preserver vostre Religion vostre Lois et Libertes, et pour ce subjet j'ay este oblige de soutenir une longue et tres onereuse geurre pour ce Royaume, laquelle par la grace de Di et la bravoure de cette Nation est a present terminée par une bonne Paix ; dans laquelle vous poures vivre heureusement, et en repos, si vous voulies contribuer a vostre propre seurete, ainsi que je vous l'avois recommande a l'ouverture de cette Session ; mais voyent au contraire, que vous aves si peu de guard a mes advis, et que vous ne prenez auquun si peu* de soin de vostre seurete, et vous exposes a une ruine evidente, vous destituant des sules et uniques moiens que pouroit servir des moiens necessaire pourt vostre defense. Il ne seroit pas juste ou raisonable que je fusse temoin [de] vostre perte, ne pouvant rien faire de mon coste, pour l'eviter (sans vous pouvoir defendre et proteger]} ce que a este la seule veu que j'ai eu en venant en ce Paiis ; ainsi je dois vous requerir de choisir et me nommer telles personnes, que vous jugeres capable auquels je puisse laissé [l'administration du]$ gouvernement en mon absence, vous asseurant que quoyque je suis oblige|| a present de me retirer HORS DU ROYAUME. Je concerveres toujours la mesmes inclination pour son adventage et prosperité; et que quandt je poures juger que ma presence y seroit necessaire pour vostre defense, et que je jugeres le pouvoir entreprendre aux succes, vous vous me feres en estat que je seres dont porté a y revenir et hasarde ma vie pour voste seurete, comme je l'ay fait par le passé : priant le bon Dieu de benir vos deliberations, et de vous inspirer ce que est necessaire
le bien et la seurete du Royaume.' “ The words placed in the lower part of the page, with letters of reference, are King William's marginal alterations."
There are several letters of Lord Chatham in this collection, and all containing marks of that prompt decision, frank disposition, and warmth of feeling, even to rashness, by which this great man was eminently distinguished. There is little of courtier-like precision, for example, and less of official formality and caution, in the following despatch from the Foreign Secretary to the English Ambassador at Berlin, upon the Earl Marischal's pardon :
6 SIR, “ You will be informed by the Earl of Holdernesse, now returned from Bath, of the pleasure His Majesty took in complying with the wishes of the King of Prussia in favour of Lord Marshal; and I have only to add on the subject, that nothing was left for the King's servants to do on the occasion but to admire the generosity and clemency of two great monarchs displaying themselves so amiably, and to be happy in the growing harmony and confidential friendship which daily manifest themselves between their Majesties.
“ The approbation the King of Prussia is pleased to express to you of the measures pursued, and of the fair and honest proceedings of the King's servants, fills me with the deepest satisfaction and sincerest joy for the public; at the same time that the distinguished protection and infinite condescension of that heroic monarch towards the least amongst them have indeed left me under impressions beyond the power of words, and in addition to all the warmest sentiments which my heart has long devoted to the greatest of Kings and pride of human nature, gratitude, that can only cease with my life, has completed the ties of inviolable attachment.
+ a. | Estant hors d'estat de vous defendre et proteger. Ś administre le.
“ I have the pleasure to acquaint you that, this day, the pecuniary succour to Prussia, and the subsidy to the Landgrave, together with nineteen thousand Hessians for this year, passed the Committee, with one voice only against it. I return you many thanks for your obliging presents, and desire
will be persuaded that I shall be happy in the occasions of testifying the great truth and consideration with which I remain,
6 Dear Sir,
“ W. PITT. 6 Whitehall, Jan. 26th. 1759."
The same language of high admiration for Frederick II. marks all Lord Chatham's correspondence.
“ What I sat down only to do, is to acknowledge the favour of your very obliging private Letter of the 20th past, and to give some expressions in a short word to the deep and lively sentiments of most respectful gratitude and veneration which such a testimony from such a Monarch must engrave for ever in a heart already filled with admiration and devotion.
“ Truly dear as His Prussian Majesty's interests are to me, it is my happiness to be able to say, that if any servant of the King could forget (a thing, I trust, is impossible) what is due by every tie to such an Ally, I am persuaded His Majesty would soon bring any of us to our memory again. In this confidence I rest secure that whenever Peace shall be judged proper to come under consideration, no PEACE of UTRECHT will again stain the annals of England.”
The following is in a somewhat different style; and though a private letter, written to a private friend, by a person who had just been brought from his retirement and cabbage-planting in the country, breathes a good deal more of the air of a court than the Secretary of State's despatch to the Ambassador :
“Strelitz, Aug. 17th, 1761. “ DEAR MITCHELL, “ How unfortunate am I to lose the opportunity of meeting you at Perleberg ! but still more concerned for the accident that has deprived me of that pleasure of introducing you to the most amiable young Princess I ever saw. You may imagine what Reception I have met with at this Court coming upon such an errand as brought me here, where the great honour the King has done this Family
is seen in its proper light.
“I reached this place on the 14th. On the 15th, the Treaty was
concluded, and dispatched away to England. L'Affaire en verité n'etoit pas bien epineuse.
“ This little Court has exerted its utmost abilities to make a figure suitable to the occasion, and I can assure you they have acquitted themselves not only with magnificence and splendour, but with a great deal of good taste and propriety.
“ Our Queen that is to be, has seen very little of the World, but her very good sense, vivacity, and cheerfulness, I dare say will recommend her to the King, and make her the darling of the British nation. She is no regular beauty, but she is of a very pretty size, has a charming complexion, very pretty eyes, and finely made. In short she is a very fine girl.
"I can't finish my Letter, dear Mitchell, without giving you the strongest assurances of my affection and good wishes for the recovery of your health, and that you may live to return to your Country, and receive rewards adequate to the important and dangerous services you have been employed in.*
“ I must detain you a little longer to give you a short account of the very unexpected honour His Majesty has done me. I was in the country à planter des choux, when I received an order to attend the Privy Council in which His Majesty declared his intention to marry. Lord Bute, whom I honour, and to whom I am personally obliged, desired me to call upon him, and he declared to me His Majesty's gracious intention to send me upon this honourable commission, and to appoint me her Majesty's Master of the Horse, which honours I expected as much as I did the Bishoprick of London just vacant.
“ There was no room to hesitate one moment whether I was to accept such a mark of distinction. I waited upon the King immediately, whose goodness to me was such as ought for ever to attach me to his service, if I had not already looked upon myself as one of the most zealous of his subjects. I happened to be one of the few, perhaps the only man of quality that did not solicit some favour of him upon his Accession to the Crown. He took notice of it, and was pleased with it. After what happened to me some years ago, it was beneath me to become a solicitor for favours and employment. If the King thought me worthy to be employed I knew I should receive some mark of favour; if not, I was sure no solicitation would signify.
“ I have troubled you with this Account because I am sure you will be pleased to see an old friend receive such marks of His Majesty's regard.
“ If I can be of any service to you at my return to England, you may for ever command your most sincere, and affectionate friend,
“ HARCOURT. “ I will take care that not only the Princess shall be convinced of your attention to her, but His Majesty also and Lord Bute shall be apprized of it."
* Mr Mitchell often rode by the side of the King of Prussia in his +tles. He was created K. B. in 1765.