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INDEX TO VOL. I.

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I

Bishop Butler .

321
On Some Results of Revision

38 Cambridge a Hundred Years Ago. 106 Prince Metternich's Autobiography 436 Chaucer and Wycliffe

411 Childlike Spirit, The . 127 Representative Statesmen

177 Christian Sabbath, The . · 265 Revival in the Gallican Church

207 Church and State in France, On · 421 Royal Supremacy and the Final Church in Wales, The

Court of Appeal, The .

· 196 Church Missionary Society, The 20, 187, 352 Session, The

79 Church of Scotland, The 376 Simeon, Thornton, and Newton

370 Constitution of the Church of Some Ritualistic Manuals

IIO Ireland 123 Supply of Clergy, The

444 Convocation, Synods, and Diocesan Conferences 257, 401 Temperance Movement, The

95 Dr. Farrar's Life of St. Paul . 288

Unity among Churchmen

81 Doctrine of the Fathers on the Lord's Supper 453 Where are We? .

30 Egypt as it is

246

REVIEWS:Evangelicalism in the Past and

Agamemnon

144 Present

IOI
Analytical Concordance .

310 Evangelical School, The

Boultbee's History of the Church
of England.

226 Fifty-sixth Psalm, The

60

Catharine and Craufurd Tait Forthcoming Version of the Bible. 161

132 Classic Preachers

228 Frances Ridley Havergal

57
Evangelical Opinion

308

Faithful unto Death" Glimpse at Ancient Chaldæan

229

First Epistle of St. John, The, by
Life, A

342
Haupt

309 Happy Valley, The

Impressions of Theophrastus Such 277

74 Hereford during the Civil War

Later Evangelical Fathers, The 387

230 History from Monuments

Miscellanies, by Bishop Words47

worth Homer's Odyssey in English Prose

231

Movements in Religious Thought. 70 and Verse

284 Hymn.

63, 131, 306
Mystery of Miracles, The

147 Popular Commentary on the New

Testament Irish University Act, The

230

Reminiscences by Lord Teignmouth 64 Life of Bishop Wilberforce .

Sunshine and Storm in the East 304

467 Through the Light Continent

307 Magnificat, The

301, 449

Transactions of the Society of Month, The

Biblical Archæology 239, 319

397 Month, The, and Church Congress. 154

Wanderings in the Western Land. 140 Movement in Mexico, The .

With the Armies of the Balkans . 224 43 Within the Precincts.

72 New Missions in Africa, The

118 New Year's Thoughts

241

SHORT NOTICES, 75, 150, 233, 312, 470

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THE

CHURCHMAN

OCTOBER, 1879.

ART. I.-THE EVANGELICAL SCHOOL.

I. The Evangelical Movement : its Parentage, Progress, and Issue.

By the Right Hon.W. E. GLADSTONE. (The British Quarterly

Review for July, 1879.) 2. History of the Eighteenth Century. By W. E. H. LECKY. 3. The English Church in the Eighteenth Century. By the Rev.

C. J. ABBEY and Rev. J. H. OVERTON. 4. Religion in England under Queen Anne and the Georges.

By JOHN STOUGHTON, D.D. 5. Essays on Ecclesiastical Biography. By Right Hon. Sir

JAMES STEPHEN, K.C.B.

IF
F the concurrence of independent testimony can establish any

matter of opinion, the prevalent influence of the Evangelical School on the thought and feeling of the Church of England must be accepted as an established fact. All the writers above named concur in asserting it—the statesman, the philosopher, the clergyman, the Nonconformist, and the lawyer form the same general estimate. They differ widely, indeed, from each other as to the period at which the predominance of the School was reached, and as to the causes to which it is to be ascribed, but as to the fact they are unanimous. Mr. Gladstone affirms that by infusion it profoundly altered“ the general tone and tendency of the preaching of the clergy.” Mr. Lecky asserts that before the close of the eighteenth century “the Evangelical movement had become dominant in England, and it continued the almost undisputed centre of religious life till the rise of the Tractarian movement in 1830." Mr. Abbey, in the introduction to the valuable work with which his name is associated, states VOL. I.-NO. I.

B

" " which

that the Evangelical movement did good even in quarters where it had been looked upon with disfavour, and attributes to its influence “better care for the religious education of the masses, an increased attention to Church missions, the foundation of new religious societies, greater practical activity and improvement in the style of sermons.” Mr. Overton declares that the Evangelical leaders were “the salt of the earth” in their day, and concludes his history of the Evangelical revival with the declaration that “every English Churchman has reason to be deeply grateful to them for what they did.” Dr. Stoughton, in his introduction, speaking of the "outburst of religious zeal which took place under George II., both within the Church of England and without it," describes it as a wonderful movement,” developes into large and still larger dimensions as time rolls on.” Towards the close of his second volume he states that the revival of Evangelical religion, with the religious machinery to which it gave rise, “penetrated efficaciously into the depths of society, so as to render the continuance of certain existing evils almost impossible. . . . . And beyond all this, multitudes were converted to the faith and practice of the Gospel, so as to live in virtue and benevolence, and die in the hope of eternal life.” Sir J. Stephen, in his Essay on the Evangelical succession, declares that its members “accomplished a momentous revolution in the national character."1 If it may be permitted to combine all these statements into one, they cover the whole life of Evangelicalism from its revival in the eighteenth century down to the present day. They constitute a splendid eulogy; and those who can trace their religious genealogy back to Simeon, Scott, Newton, and Venn, have cause to be proud of their spiritual inheritance.

The fact must, therefore, be held to be established that the Evangelical School, more than any other, has moulded the religious character of the English nation. It is not simply that a

Note in Lord Macaulay's Life, vol. i. pp. 67, 68.-Macaulay writing to one of his sisters in 1844, says, “ I think Stephen's Article on the Clapham Sect the best thing he ever did. I do not think with you that the Claphamites were men too obscure for such delineations. The truth s, that from that little knot of men emanated all the Bible Societies, and almost all the Missionary Societies in the world. The whole organisation of the Evangelical party was their work. The share which they had in providing means for the education of the people was great. They were really the destroyers of the slave-trade and of slavery. Many of those

whom Stephen described were public men of the greatest weight. Lord Teignmouth governed India at Calcutta. Grant governed India in Leadenhall Street." Stephen's father was Percival's righthand man in the House of Commons. It is needless to speak of Wilberforce. As to Simeon, if you knew what his authority and influence were, and how they extended from Cambridge to the most remote corners of England, you would allow that his real sway in the Church was far greater than that of any Primate.

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