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disciples, that a small ship not even eat bread. 21 And his should attend him, because of kinsmen hearing this, went the crowd, lest they should out to lay hold on him : for they throng him. 10 For he had said, "He is beside himself." cured many; so that those who 22 And the scribes, who had had grievous diseases, pressed come down from Jerusalem, upon him, to touch him, 11 said, "He hath Beelzebub;* And the impure spirits, when and, by the prince of the dethey beheld him, fell down be-mons, he casteth out defore him, and cried, saying, mons." 23 Then calling them, "Thou art the Son of God." he said to them, in parables, 12 But he charged them much," How can an adversary, cast that they should not make him out an adversary? 24 And if a known. kingdom be divided against it13 AND he went up a moun- self, that kingdom cannot stand. tain, and called to him whom | 25 And if a house be divided against itself, that house cạnnot stand: 26 and if the adversary rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand; but must have an end.

27" No one can plunder the goods of the strong one, by entering his house, unless he first overpower the strong one: and then, indeed, he may plunder his house.

he desired; and they came to him. 14 And he appointed twelve, that they might be with him; and that he might send them forth to preach, 15 and to have the power of curing diseases, and of casting out demons. 16 Now these were Simon (whom he surnamed Peter;) 17 and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; (now he had surnamed them Boanerges, that is, Sons of thunder;) 18 and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Canaanite, 19 and Judas Iscariot; who also delivered him up.

20 AND they went into a house. And the crowd collect ed again, so that they could

28" Verily I tell you, All sins will be forgiven the sons of men, and the blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme: 29 but he who shall blaspheme against the holy spirit, hath not forgiveness [to the age]; but is liable to aionian punishment."+ 30 He said this, because they affirmed that he had an impure spirit.

31 His mother, therefore, and

A heathen god, a human ghost: the supposed chief of possessing demons. See Luke xi. 15.

+ The word apaganμatos, sin, which Griesbach has placed in the margin, but has given it his mark of strong probability, is believed by many to be the true reading: it is a Hebraism for punishment, the effect of sin. See Newconie. The sin against the holy spirit is, ver. 30, plainly stated to be, ascribing the miracles of Christ and his apostles to demoniacal agency. They who acted thus, could not be converted to the christain faith, because they resisted the strongest possible evidence. They remained therefore in the same forlorn state in which christianity found them: which is expressed by the phrase," he hath not forgiveness."

his brethren came; and, stand-others fell on good ground, and yielded fruit, which sprang up, and increased, and brought forth, some thirty, and sixty, and some a hundred fold.” 9 Then he said, "He that hath ears to hear let him hear,"

some

ing without, they sent to him, Ecalling him]. 32 Now the crowd who sat around him, said to him, "Lo! thy mother, and thy brethren, are without seeking thee." 33 And he answered them, saying, "Who is my mother, or my brethren?" 34 And looking round on those who sat [around him], he said, "Behold my mother, and my brethren. 35 For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother."

CH. IV.1 AND again, he began to teach by the sea-side, when so great a multitude gathered about him, that he went into a ship, and sat therein on the sea; and the whole multitude were near the sea, on the land.

2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said to them, in his teaching, 3 "Hearken: Behold, a sower went out to sow: 4 and it came to pass as he sowed, that some seed fell by the way-side, and the fowls came and devoured it. 5 And some fell on a rocky place, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth. 6 But the sun having risen, it was scorched; and, because it had no root, it withered. 7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8 And

10 And when he was in private, those who were about him, with the twelve, asked him concerning the parable. 11 And he said to them, "To you is given [to know] the mystery of the reign of God: but to those who are without, all things are spoken in parables; 12 so that seeing they see, and do not perceive; and hearing they hear, and do not understand, neither are they converted, nor their [sins] forgiven."

15 And he said to them, "Do ye not understand this parable? how then will ye understand all parables? 14 The sower soweth the word. 15 And the way-side, where the word is sown, denoteth those, who have no sooner heard the word, than the adversary * cometh and taketh away that which was sown in their hearts. 16 And the rocky places, in like manner, denote those who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy; 17 yet, having no root in themselves, endure but for a short time : for afterward, when affliction, or persecution ariseth because of the word, they immediately relapse. 18 And the ground overrun with

i. e. the enemies of truth and goodness.

thorns, denoteth those who hear the word; 19 and the anxious cares of the age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the desire of other things entering in, choke the word; and it becometh unfruitful. 20 And the good ground on which some grains yielded thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred fold, denoteth those who hear the word, and retain it, and produce the fruit thereof."

30 He said also, "Whereunto may we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison may we compare it? 31 It is like a grain of mustard-seed, which, when it is sown in the ground, is less than all the seeds that are in the ground. 32 But when it is sown, it shooteth up, and becometh the greatest of all herbs, and spreadeth out great branches; so that the fowls of the air can lodge under its shadow."

21 He said also to them, "Is a lamp brought to be

33 And in [many] such pa

put under a measure, or un-rables he spake the word to der a couch? and not to be them, as they were capable of set on a light-stand? 22 For hearing it. 34 But without a there is no secret which is not parable he told them nothing: to be made manifest; nor was and in private he explained all any thing hidden, but that things to his disciples. it should be made public. 23 If any one have ears to hear, let him hear."

24 He said also to them, "Consider what ye hear: with what measure ye deal out, it shall be measured to you. 25 For whosoever hath improved, to him shall be given and whosoever hath not improved, from him shall be taken, even that which he hath."

26 He said also, "So is the kingdom of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground; 27 and should sleep by night, and rise by day; and the seed should spring up and grow, he knoweth not how. 28 (For the earth bringeth forth fruit of itself; first the blade, then the ear, then the full corn in the ear.) 29 But when the grain appeareth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come."

35 NOW on that day, the evening being come, he said to them, "Let us pass over to the other side." 36 And having dismissed the multitude, they took him, as he was, into the vessel. And there were with him other small vessels also. 37 And a great storm of wind arose: and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now filled with water. 38 And he was in the stern, asleep on a pillow and they awoke him, saying, "Teacher, carest thou not that we perish?" 39 Then arising, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, "Peace, be still." And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm. 40 And he said to them, "Why are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have not faith ?" 41 And they feared greatly, and said one to another, "Who is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him?”

*

CH. V. 1 THEN they passed over to the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. 2 And as he went out of the ship, immediately, there met him, out of the tombs, a man with an impure spirit, 3 who had his dwelling among the tombs; and no man was able to bind him, not even with chains; 4 for he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been rent asunder by him, and the fetters broken: nor was any man able to tame him. 5 And he was always, night and day, in the tombs, and in the mountains, crying out, and cutting himself with stones. 6 But seeing Jesus afar off, he ran and did him obeisance; 7 and cried out with a loud voice, and said, "What hast thou to do with me, Jesus, Son of the most high God? I adjure thee, by God, that thou torment me not." 8 (For Jesus had said to him, "Come out of the man, thou impure spirit.")

9 Then he asked him, "What is thy name?" And he replied "My name is Legion; for we are many." 10 And he besought him greatly, that he would not send them away, out of the country. 11 Now a [great] herd of swine was feeding there, [toward the mountain.] 12 And [the demons] besought him, saying, "Send us into the swine, that we may en-l

ter into them." 13 And imme diately [Jesus] gave them leave. And the impure spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place, into the sea, ([now they were] about two thousand,) and were drowned in the sea. 14 And those who kept them fled, and told it in the city, and in the country. And the people went out to see what had been done. 15 And they came to Jesus; and saw the demoniac, [who had the legion,] sitting, [and] clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid. 16 And those who saw it, told them how it had befallen the demoniac; and also concerning the swine. 17 And they began to entreat him to depart out of their borders.

18 And on his entering into the ship, he who had been possessed, besought Jesus that he might be with him: 19 yet he suffered him not; but said to him "Go home to thy friends, and tell them what great things the Lord hath done for thee, and that he hath had pity on thee." 20 And he departed, and began to publish in Decapolis what great things Jesus had done for him: and all were amazed.

21 AND Jesus having again passed over, in the ship, to the other side, a great crowd gathered around him, while he was on the shore. 22 And, [!]

This man was raving mad, and imagined himself possessed by a legion of demons, whose organ he was compelled to be. When healed, he is said, ver. 15, to be in his right mind; which implies that his disorder was insanity. See Farmer on Dem. p. 100.

"Daughter, thy faith hath restored thee: go in peace, and be freed from thy disease."

35 While he yet spake, messengers came from the ruler of the synagogue's house, saying, "Thy daughter is dead: why troublest thou the Teacher, any further ?" 36 But Jesus, hearing this message delivered, [imme

with him; and a great multi-diately] said to the ruler of the tude followed him, and crowd- synagogue, "Be not afraid; ed upon him. only believe." 37 And he suffered no one to follow him, but Peter, and James, and John the brother of James. 38 And having come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and perceiving a tumult, and the people weeping and wailing immoderately, 39 he said to them as he entered, "Why do ye weep and make a tumult? the child is not dead, but sleepeth." 40 And they derided him. But having sent them all out, he took the father and the mother of the child, and those who were with him, and entered in where the child was.

there came one of the rulers of the synagogue, [named Jairus;] and seeing him, he fell down at his feet, 23 and besought him greatly, saying, "My little 3 daughter lieth at the point of death: I pray that thou wouldst come and put thine hands on her, that she may be cured, and she will live." 24 And he went

25 And a [certain] woman, having an issue of blood twelve years, 26 who had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all she had, and was in no degree relieved, but, on the contrary, had become worse, 27 having heard of Jesus, came in the crowd, behind him, and touched his mantle. 28 (For she said, "If I may but touch his clothes, I shall be healed.") 29 And immediately, the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she knew, in her body, that she was cured of that disease.

30 And Jesus immediately knew, in himself, the power 41 And having taken the child which had proceeded from him, by the hand, he said to her, "Taand turning about in the crowd, litha cumi ;" which is, being said, "Who touched my interpreted, " Damsel," (I say clothes?" 31 And his disci-to thee) "arise." 42 And imples said to him, "Thou seest mediately, the damsel arose the crowd thronging thee; and and walked for she was twelve sayest thou, Who touched years old. And they were exme?'" 32 And he looked ceedingly astonished. 43 And round about, to see her who he charged them, strictly, that had done this thing. 33 But the no one should know it; and woman, fearing and trembling, ordered something to be given knowing what had been done her to eat. in her, came and fell down before him, and told him all the truth. 34 And he said to her,

CH. VI. 1 AND he went out thence, and came to his own country, accompanied by his dis

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