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33 Immediately they arose, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven, and those with them, assembled, 34 saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon." 35

44 AND he said to them, "These are the words which I spake to you, while I was yet with you; That all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me."

45 Then he opened their

ed on the road; and how he was made known to them in the breaking of the loaf.

And they told what had happen-minds, that they might understand the scriptures; 46 and said to them, "Thus it is written, [and thus ought] the Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead the third day: 47 and, that reformation, and the remission of sins ought to be preached in his name among all the nations, having begun from Jerusalem.

36 AND while they were thus speaking, he stood in the midst of them, and said to them, "Peace be unto you." 37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they beheld a spirit. 38 And he said to them, "Why are ye troubled? and why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39 see my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and be convinced for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye perceive that I have."

ed with us on the way, and while he explained to us the scriptures ?i

14

48 And ye are witnesses of these things. 49 And, behold, I will send upon you, that which my Father promised: but stay ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high."

40 And saying this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 41 And while yet they believed not, through joy and amazement, he said to them, "Have ye here any food?" 42 And they gave him a piece of broiled fish, [and

50 AND he led them out to Bethany; and lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 51 And it came to pass that, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, [and carried up into heaven.] 52 And these [doing him obeisance,] returned to Je

of a honeycomb.] 43 And tak-rusalem with great joy: 53 and

ing them, he ate in their pre

sence.

were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God.

THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN.

CHAP. I.

*

1 IN the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were done by him ;† and without him, was not any thing done that hath been done. 4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shone in darkness; and the darkness obscured it not.

6 There was a man sent from

God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify concerning the Light; that through him all might believe. 8 He was not himself the Light, but was sent to testify concerning the Light. 9 That was the true Light, which, having come into the world, is enlightening every man.

10 He was in the world, and the world was enlightened by him, and yet the world knew him not. 11 He came to his

The Word.] "Jesus is so called, because God revealed himself, or his word, by him." New come. The same title is given to Christ, Luke i. 2. For the same reason he is called the Word of life, 1 John i. 1. which passage is so clear and useful a comment upon the proem to the gospel, that it may be proper to cite the whole of it. "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our bands have handled of the Word of life; for the Life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show to you, that aionian Life which was with the Father, and was manifested to us; that which we have seen and heard, declare we to you." By a similar metonymy Christ is called the Life, the Light, the Way, the Truth, and the Resurrection. See Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.

All things were done by him. ] "All things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made." Newcome: who explains it of the creation of the visible material world by Christ, as the agent and instrument of God. See his notes on ver. 3 and 10. But this is a sense which the word yɛɛTO will not admit. Tivouaι occurs upwards of seven hundred times in the New Testament, but never in the sense of create. It signifies in this gospel, (where it occurs fifty-three times,) to be, to come, to become, to come to pass: also. to be done or transacted, chap. xv. 7; xix. 36. It has the latter sense, Matt. v. 18; vi. 8; xxi. 42; xxvi. 6. All things in the christian dispensation were done by Christ, i. e. by his authority, and according to his direction; and in the ministry committed to his apostles, nothing has been done without his warrant. See John xv. 4, 5, "Without me ye can do nothing." Compare ver. 7, 10, 16; John xvii. 8; Col. i. 16, 17. Cappe's Dissert. vol. i. p. 19.

and the world was enlightened by him.] ů κόσμος δι' αυτό εγενετο. The common version, adopted by Abp. Newcome, is, "the world was made by him," meaning that "the visible material world was created by him." But this, as was observed before in the note on verse 3, is inad missible, as the word EYEVETO never bears that sense. In the present version πεφωτισμενοι, enlightened, is understood after EYEVETO, as best connecting with the preceding verse. So ver. 6, a Inan was sent from God, εγενετο απεσταλμενος. And Matt. xxiii. 15. προσηλυτος is understood after yeVetal. Mr. Cappe translates the words, "the world was made for him;" understanding by the world, the Jewish dispensation, Gal. iv. 3; Col. ii. 8, 20, and taking dia with a genitive to express the final cause: of which he has produced several remarkable instances. Cappe, ibid. p. 50. The reader will judge which of these interpretations is to be preferred. See Improved Version, and the notes there

own; and yet, those who were | his own received him not. 12 But as many as received him, to them he gave authority to be the children of God, even to them who believe in his name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

14 And the Word was flesh, and he dwelt among us: (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the well-beloved who came from the Father,) full of kindness and truth; 16 for of his fulness we have all received; and favour for favour.

17 For the law was given by Moses; but favour and truth were by Jesus Christ. 18 No one hath seen God at any time; the well-beloved [Son] who is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.

15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying, "This is he of whom I said, 'He who cometh after me, is before me, for he is my chief.' ” †

19 AND this is the witness of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites, from Jerusalem, to ask him, "Who art thou?" 20 and he confessed, and denied not, but confessed, "I am not the Christ." 21 And they asked him, "What then? Art thou Elijah ?" and he said, "I am not "Art thou the prophet?" and he answered, "No." 22 Then they said to him, "Who art thou? that we may give an answer to those who sent us.

What sayest thou of thyself?" 23 He said, "I am the voice of one crying in the desert, 'Make straight the way of the Lord :' as said the prophet Isaiah." 24 Now those who had been sent were of the Pharisees.

25 And they asked him, saying, "Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?" 26 John answered them, saying, "I baptize in water: but there standeth one amongst you, whom ye know not; 27 even he who cometh after me; the latchet of whose sandal I am not worthy to unloose."

28 These things passed in Bethany beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.

29 The next day, he beheld Jesus coming to him, and said, "Behold the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world. 30 This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man, who is before me; for he is my principal. 31 And I knew him not: but I, therefore, came baptizing in water, that he might be made manifest to Israel." 32 John also bare witness, saying, "I saw the spirit coming down from heaven as a dove; and it abode on him. 33 And I knew him not: but he who sent me to baptize in water, had said to me, 'upon whom thou shalt see the spirit coming down and abiding, this is he who baptizeth in a holy spirit.' 34 And I saw, and bare witness

well-beloved.] "only son," Im. Ver. "only begotten," Newcome. See the lengthy notes on this subject, in the improved version.

The connexion requires that the fifteenth verse should be placed between the eighteenth and nineteenth, See Boyer's Conjectures, and Wakefield in loco.

that this is the Son of God." | 46 Then Nathanael said to him,

35 ON the next day, John "Can any good thing come out was again standing, and two of Nazareth?" Philip replied, of his disciples: 36 and he" Come and see." looked on Jesus, who was walk- 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming, and said, "Behold the ing to him, and said of him, Lamb of God." 37 And the two "Behold an Israelite indeed, disciples heard him speak, and in whom is no guile." 48 Nafollowed Jesus. 38 Then Jesus thanael said to him, “ Whence turned, and seeing them fol-knowest thou me?" Jesus anlowing, said to them, "What swering, said to him, "Before seek ye? ?" And they said to Philip called thee, when_thou him, "Rabbi, (which signifieth, wast under the fig-tree, I saw being interpreted, Teacher,) thee." 49 Nathanael answered, where dwellest thou?" 39 He and said to him, "Rabbi, thou said to them, "Come and see." art the Son of God; thou art They came and saw where he the king of Israel." 50 Jesus dwelt, and abode with him that answered and said to him, "Beday (now it was about the cause I said to thee, I saw tenth hour). thee under the fig-tree,' believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these." 51 Then Jesus said to him, “Verily, verily I say to you, [Hereafter] ye shall see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of man."

:

CH. II. 1 AND the third day there was a marriage-feast in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: 2 And Jesus and his disciples, also, were invited to the marriagefeast. 3 And the wine failing, the mother of Jesus said to him,

66

They have no wine." 4 Jesus said to her, "Woman, what is that to thee and me? my hour is not yet come." 5 His mother said to the servants, "Whatsoever he saith to you, do it."

40 One of the two that heard John speak, and followed Jesus, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. 41 The first he met with, was his own brother Simon, and he said to him, "We have found the Messiah :" (which is, being interpreted, the Christ.)* 42 And he brought him to Jesus. And Jesus looking on him, said, "Thou art Simon, the son of Jonah: thou shalt be called Cephas:" (which being interpreted, is, Rock.)†

43 The day following, Jesus purposed to go into Galilee; and met Philip, and said to him, "Follow me.' 44 (Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.) 45 Philip met Nathanael, and said to him, "We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."I were placed there, according to

6 Now six water-pots of stone

* Or, the anointed. + Ergos Peter, that is, Rock,

Or, what hast thou to do with me?

of the exchangers, and overturned their tables; 16 and said to those who sold doves, "Take these things hence; make not my Father's house a house of merchandise." 17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, "The zeal of thy house consumeth me."

the manner of purifying among the Jews, containing each, two or three baths. † 7 Jesus said to them, "Fill the water-pots with water." And they filled them up to the brim. 8 Then he said to them, "Draw out now, and bear to the governor of the feast." And they did so. 9 And when the governor of the feast had tasted the water which was made wine, and knew not from whence it was; (but the servants who drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, 10 and said to him, "Every man, at first, setteth on good wine;

18 Then the Jews spake and said to him, "What sign dost thou show to us, since thou dost these things?" 19 Jesus answered and said to them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." 20 Then the Jews said, "Forty and six years was this temple in buildand when men have drunking; and wilt thou raise it up largely, then that which is in three days?” 21 But he worse: but thou hast kept the spake concerning the temple of good wine until now." his body. 22 When, therefore, he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this [to them]: and they believed the scripture, and the words which Jesus had spoken.

13 NOW the passover of the Jews was near; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem; 14 and found in the temple those who sold cattle, and sheep, and doves; and the money-changers sitting there: 15 and, having made a CH. III. 1 Now there was a Scourge of small cords, he man of the Pharisees, named drove them all out of the tem- Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: ple, and the sheep, and the cat-2 this man came to Jesus, by tle; and poured out the money night, and said to him, "Rabbi,

23 NOW, while he was in Jerusalem, at the feast of the passover, many believed in his name, having seen the miracles which he did. 24 But Jesus did not trust himself to them, because he knew them all: 25 and because he needed not that any should testify of man: for he himself knew what was in man.

11 This beginning of miracles Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested his glory: and his disciples believed in him.

12 After this, he went down to Capernaum, he, and hi mother, and his brethren, and his disciples and they remained there not many days.

The LXX use the word in the original for the bath, which contained about seven gallons; and for the seah, which contained one third of the bath. 2. Chron. iv. 5; 1 Kings xviii. 32.

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