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tians. was probably known to the Jews, and may be made by Xerxes analogous to that made by Herod, a
identified with the Psaltery,” Ps. xcii.. with illus- recorded in Matt. xiv. 7.
trative figures, and Ps. cviii., where are figures of the Obadiah, no information in the Scriptures respecting,
ancient Egyptian harp, especially one which seems to Obad. i.
denote the most perfect form at which the Egyptian Oblations, a general name for all sorts of offerings to God
harp arrived.

Lev. vii. 38.
Timbrel and cymbal. The same word translated “tim- Offerings, several kinds, called a first-fruits," La w

brel," also rendered - tabret," with figures of Egyp- 10; votive offerings to idols, I Sam. vi. 4.
tian tambourine players, and classical tambourmes, Officers, Oriental, frequently exposed to personal chastise
Ps. cl. 3 ; ancient cymbals, and sistrums, both Egyp- ment, Exod. v. 14.
tian and classical. cl. 5; tabret used generally for in- Oil, anointing. uses of, amongst the Hebrews and otber
struments of the drum kind, Gen xxxi. 27.

nations. Exod. XXX. 25 ; Lev. ii. 6; and viii, 12.
Musicians. David probably had a band of vocal and in- Olive. Palestine may still be called, in the words of Yo-

strumental performers as part of his royal establishment, ses, a land of olive trees, Deut. vin. 8; descriptioa zd
2 Sam. xix. 35; the musical establishinent of the Tem- figure of the olive, Judges ix. 9; farther descripta,
ple. I Chron. xxvi.; the “ chief musician," Ps. iv. I. with view in an olive forest, Isa. xxiv. 13; traffic bet#tea
Myrrh, Gen. xxxv11. 2;.

Egypt and Palestine in olive oil, Hosea xii. 1; illustik
Myrtie, Zech s. 8.

tion of Paul's figure of grafting, in Rom. xi. 17,
Onesimus, who and what he was, Philemon i.

Onions, peculiar flavour of Oriental, Num. xi. 5.
N

Onyx stone, the, Gen. ii. 12.

Ophir, inquiry respecting its probable situation, 2 Chra.
Nahum, prophet and book, Nahum i. 1.

IX., and xx. 36.
NAVIGATION.

Oracles, heathen, ambiguity of the responses, 2 Cbrun
B rats. Though the Arabs regard a boat as a young

xviii. 5.
ship, a boat is in fact the parent of a ship; conjec- Ordeal in cases of jealousy, Num. v. 29.
tural view of the history of boat-building, with an Ostrich, description and figure, Job xxxix. 13.
Egyptian ferry-boat, a swamp-boat, ancient Persian Owl, screech, description and figure, Isa. xxxiv. 14.

hoats, and the British coracle, 2 Sam. xix. 18. Oxen, employment of, as beasts of burden, 1 Chron. sz. 49
Ships.--Ship-building, and different classes of ancient

ships, illustrated by the building of the ship Argo,
from the Townley collection. Egyptian ships, and

P.
Roman galleys, 2 Chron. xx. 36 ; ships from Pompeii,
a modern ship of the Nile, and a Chinese ship of war, Painting, Mohammed's prohibition of representing the
which perhaps comes nearest in shape to that in which living figure, Deut. v. 9.
Paul suffered shipwreck, Acts xxvi.

Palace. The allegorical description of a magnificent is
Seamanship.- View of the ancient Hebrew extent of na- lace in Isa. Iv. 12, illustrated, with patterns of Eypte

vigation. 2 Chron. ix. and chapter xx. ; the seaman- mosaic; the “ivory” palaces alluded to, in Ps 11.8.
ship of the ancients, as illustrated by Paul's voyage, general description of an Oriental palace, with an af
Acis xxvii. ; the Phænicians probably the earliest the exterior of a royal palace at Ispahan, Esther i.
ship-builders, and sailors, at least the earliest that Palanquin, state, of Hindustan, Cant. iij. 9.

established a maritime commerce, Joshua xix. 28. Palestine. (Canaan.]
Nazareth, town of, ancient and present state of, Matt. ii. Palin-tree, one of the noblest that adorn the wildernes
23; view of, Luke iv.

with wild date palm found in the Sinai mountains
Nazarite. from " natzar," to separate, institution of, or ra- Exod. xv. 27 ; palm trees used in the constructia a

ther regulation of a previously existing custom, Num. the temple, 2 Chron. iii. 5; general description of the
vi. 2; remarkable Nazarites, Samson, Judges xvi. 22; palm-tree, with figure of the date palm, and the down
Samuel, 1 Sam. i. ll.

palm, Joel i. 12.
Nelo, Mount, Deut. xxxiv. I.

Palmyra, “ Tadmor in the wilderness," its history, w
Nebuchadnezzar, probable nature of his mental alienation, views of its ruins, 2 Chron. viii, 4.
Dan. iv. 33.

Paran, wilderness of, Gen. xxi. 21.
Nehemiah, book of, Neh. i. I.

Partridges, Oriental, with figures, Jer. xvii. 11.
Nets, note on, Matt. iv. 21.

Passover, circumstances connected with its institutos
Nicopolis, many places of this name, Titus iii. 15.

Exod. xii. 8-34; manner in which it was celebrated
Nimrod, his probable character, Gen. x. 8.

Luke xxii. 13; remarkable departure from the ance
Nineveh, first mentioned, Gen. x. 11; estimate of the ex- mode of eating the Passover "standing," like travellers

tent of the city and population, Jonah iii. 3 ; particulars or men in haste, as commanded in the Law, to the ins:
of the overthrow of the city, Nahum, chapters i.-iii.; urious posture of "reclining,” John xiii, 23.
view and description of its present ruined state, Zeph. Patmos, description and view, Rev. i. 9.
ii. 13.

Paul, change of his name, Acts xiii. 9 ; his personal
Nitre. Jer. ii. 22.

pearance and adveutures, 2 Cor. x. 10, 25; his imprises
Number, a definite, frequently used for an indefinite, ments at Rome, Acts xxviii. 16 ; 2 Tim. ï. 9; and ir. 16
Num. xiv. 22.

Pelican and young, Ps. cii. 6.
Numbers, book of, Num. i. 1.

Perfumes, fondness of the Orientals for, Gen. xxvü. 27
Pergamos, view and description, Rev. ü. 12.

Persia, etymology of the word, Ezra iv. 9; Persian cities.
0.

Ecbatana and Susa, Ezra vii. 2; care of the ancient

Persian government to register all remarkable events.
Oaths. Arabian feeling as to using the name of God in Esther vi. 1; chronological view of the reigns of the 3-

swearing, Gen. xxi. 23; swearing by the life of a supe- cient Persian monarchs, Ezra i. l; portraits of moders
rior or respected person a common conversational oath, Persian kings, 2 Sam. i. 10; and chapter vii. l; Esther
Gen. xlii. 15; ancient forms of solemn swearing, Gen. vi. 8; ancient sculpture, conjectured to represent a rusia
xxiv. 2, and xxxi. 53; regulation respecting rash oaths, council, Esther i. 14; other representations of a Persia
Lev. v. 1-4; under the names of thief and false swearer, king enthroned, and walking, as illustrative of the
the Hebrews comprehended all other crimes, Zech. v. 4; cient state and dignity of the Persian court. EDIA !
expletive or common paths forbidden, Matt. v. 34; oath the " law of the Medes and Persians which altereth ast,"
illustrated by an anecdote of a recent Persian king Proverbial expressions in the East, Matt. xix. 24, and
Aga Mohammed Khan (whose portrait is given at xxiii. 24.
2 Sam. i.) Dan. vi. 8; we are probably indebted to Per- Psalms, their authorship, titles, &c., Ps. i. 1.
sia for the first establishment of a system of posts and Punishments. Power of inflicting capital punishments
couriers, Esther ix. 10; annual custom of offering pre- possessed by heads of families, Gen. xxxviii. 24; capi-
sents to the king of Persia, Judges iii. 18.

tal and other punishments established amongst the
Petra. A view and description of Petra, in Wady Mousa, Jews, with the principle of compensation, Exod. xxi.,

given under the supposition that it is to be identified capital punishments assigned for certain crimes, Lev.
with the “Selah” of the Edomites, whose name was XX. 10, 14; the crime of blasphemy specially dealt
changed to Joktheel. 2 Kings xiv. 7; farther notice of with, Lev. xxiv. Il; and of sabbath-breaking, Num.
this, 2 Chron. xxv. 12 ; supposed allusion to Petra, as xv. 32; and also that of idolatry, Num. xxv. 4, and
the strong city,” Ps. Ix. 9; its present state, in illus- Deut. xiii. 9; hanging alive not a Hebrew punishment,
tration of the remarkable prophetic denunciation in Jer. Deut. xxi. 22 ; regulation of corporal punishment, Deut.
xlix. 16 ; with two views of its ruins; wild creatures xxv. ; placing the feet in the stocks, Job xiii. 27 ; the
which abound there, Isa. xxxiv. 14.

only capital punishments under the Mosaic law were
Pharisees, account of the, Matt. xii. 14.

stoning (the body being sometimes burned afterwards)
Philadelphia, still exists as a town, Rev. iii. 7.

and "slaying with the sword,” Joshua vii. 25 ; “ hewing
Philippi, notice of the city, Acts xvi. 12; epistle to the in pieces,” an arbitrary and summary punishment bor-
church at Philippi, Phil. i. 1.

rowed by the Hebrews, 1 Sam. xv. 33; the summary
Philistines, descended from Mizraim, the second son of power possessed by Eastern monarchs in inflicting capi-

Ham, Joshua xiii. 2; their chief cities, temples, &c. tal punishment, in illustration of Solomon's judicial
Judges xvi.; the country of the Philistines, Jer. xlvii. device to ascertain the mother of the disputed child,
1,5.

1 Kings iii. 27 ; to this power Solomon alludes—“ The
Phænicians, their country, cities, and commerce, Joshua wrath of a king is as messengers of death,” Prov. xvi.
xix. 28; [Sidon and Tyre.]

14; precaution used in cases of capital conviction, Prov.
Phrygia, a large central province of Asia Minor, Acts xxiv. Il; imprisonment by no means generally recog*
xvi. 6.

nised as a judicial punishment, Jer. xxxvii. 15; the law
Physicians, first mention of, amongst the Hebrews, as a of Moses does not attach imprisonment as a punishment
distinct class, 2 Chron. xvi. 12.

to any crime, chap. xxxviii. 6; personal mutilation a
Pigeon, the word may be understood as meaning a bird of barbarous Eastern punishment, Ezek. xxiii. 25 ; throw-

the dove kind in Gen. xv. 9; supposed allusions to car- ing into “a den of lions," a new kind of punishment not
rier pigeons in the phrase, • a bird of the air shall carry previously mentioned in Scripture, but of which there
the voice," Eccles. X. 20.

are existing monuments confirming the Scripture narra-
Pilate, biographical notice of, Matt. xxvii. 2; his cha- tive, Dan. vi. 16 ; mockery of persons previous to their

racter, and supposititious letter to Tiberius, respecting receiving personal punishment, Luke xxiii. 11; elucida-
the crucifixion, John xix. 12.

tion of the phrase “sawn asunder," and what kind of
Plague, the, description of, Deut. xxviii. 21 ; its terrible punishment it denotes, Heb. xi. 37.

effects, Ps. lxxviii. 64; "the Plague,” from Poussin, Purple, highly esteemed, Exod. xxxv. 35.
1 Chron. xxi.

Puteoli, in the Bay of Naples (anciently, Gulf of Cumæ),
Plane-tree, the, Gen. xxx. 37.

Acts xxviii. 13.
Police, probably established in Jewish towns, Cant. v. 7
Polygamy, first recorded instance of, Gen. iv. 19; its ten-
dencies, 2 Sam. xiii. 20.

Q.
Pomegranate, its juice makes a sherbet nuch esteemed,
Cant. viii. 2.

Quarantania, Matt. iy. 8.
Poplar, the, Gen. xxx. 37.

Quail, its migratory habits, Exod. xvi. 13; notice and
Pusts and couriers, establishment of, Esther 10.

figure, Num. xi. 31.
Prayer. Ancient custom of worshippers during prayer,

directing their faces towards a particular point, 1 Kings
viü. 44; personification of prayer, Jer. xxxvi. 7 ; prac-

R.
tices of the hypocrites during prayer, and our Saviour's
caution against vain repetitions, Matt. vi. 5, 7; Jewish Rabbah of the Ammonites, prophecy of its desolation, and
forms of prayer or thanksgivings for different kinds of its present state, Jer. xlix. 2.
food, Mark viii. 6; offering of prayer in the temple by Rabbi, meaning and application of, Matt. xxiii. 7.
the assembled worshippers, Luke ii. 10.

Racing, persons trained to run before great personages,
Presents. Offering of annual presents, or tribute, to Orien- and who are able to keep up with a horse on the gallor,

tal monarchs, Judges iii. 18 ; quite an usual practice for 1 Sam. viii. 11; custom of "girding up the loins ” in
an inferior to offer a superior a present, however small, rupning, 1 Kinys xviii. 46; Grecian foot-racers, Phil.
1 Sam. ix. 7; presents of provisions, 1 Kings xiv. 3; iii. 12.
the chief functionaries of an Eastern court receive large Rachel, reputed tomb of, Gen. xxxv. 20 ; Rachel selected
sums in presents, Esther iii. 9.

as the type of the kingdom, or general mother of the
Priests. Aaron and his sons set apart as priests, with a nation, Jer. xxxi. 15.

descriptiou of the dress of the high-priest and priests, Rahab, her entertainment of the spies, and probable cha-
Exod. xxxviii.; ceremonies of the consecration of Aaron racter, with illustration of "the oath of Rahab and
and his sons, Lev. viii. ; summary view of the fees of the spies,” from Carracci, Joshua ii. 1.
the priests, Num. xviii. 8 ; regulations as to their con. Rain, conjecture that there was none before the Deluge,
duct, Lev. xxi. ; by the Law, none but a Levite of Gen, xxvii. 28; the rainbow, Gen. viii. 13.
Aaron's family could be a priest, and none but a Levite Rama, or Ramla, Matt. xxvii. 57.
could officiate in the subordinate offices of religion, Ramoth-Gilead, a city of refuge, and frontier town, 2 Kings
1 Kings xii. 31.

ix. 1.
Prophets, school of the, statement respecting, 1 Sam. x. 5; Raven, the, Gen. viii. 7 ; trained for attacking men and

table exhibiting the prophets in their order, and the animals, Prov. xxx. 17.
times of their prophesying, Hos. i. 1; the prophets Rechabites, the, account of, and statements respecti
were accustomed to study the writings of their prede- their continued existence, Jer. xxxv. 2, 19.
cessors, Dan. ix. 2.

Recorder, office of, under the Hebrews, 1 Chron. xviii. 15.
Proverbs, written chiefly by Solomon, Prov. i

Records, state, or chronicles, Esther vi. l.

XXV. 4.

Red Sea, the, description of, and of various places on the who assisted Moses ? Num. xi. 16; or as mentioned in

coast, with a view to ascertain the particular spot where 2 Chron. xix. 8; power of the Sanhedrim under the
the children of Israel crossed, Exod. xii. and xiv.

Romans. Acts vii. 57
Registers, in which the names of the people were entered, Sapphire, the. Exod. xxiv. 10.

Exod. xxxii. 32 ; public registers were afterwards kept Sardis, its ancient splendour and now utterly ruined state,
under the republic and monarchical forms of govern- Rev. iii. I.
ment, I Chron. ix. I.

Sarepta, town of, 1 Kings xvii. 9.
Resurrection, Jewish, ideas respecting the, Ps. xxxiv. 20. Scarlet, Exod. xxxv. 35.
Revenue, sources of the, under the monarchy, 1 Chron. Sceptres, appear to have been derived from the shepherds

xxvii. 28-31; general principles of contribution to the rod, Ezek. xix. 11.
revenue of Eastern governors, Neh. v. 15.

Scribes, the, account of, Matt. xv. 1.
Rhodes, island of, Acts xxi. I.

Sculpture, probable origin of, Exod. xxxii. 4; what kind
Rice, mode of sowing. Isa. xxxii. 20.

of sculpture was forbidden to the Jews? Deut. 5.8; De
Riddles, ancient custom of propounding, Judges xiv. 12, mention of sculptured stones in Solomon's Tempe,
and i Kings x. 1.

2 Chron. iii. 6; sculptors at work, Isa. xlir. 12.
Rings worn as a mark of distinction, James üi. 2.

Seal, the, importance of, as a warrant of authority, Ga.
Roebuck, the, Deut. xii. 13.

xli. 42; discussion respecting ancient seals, with a group
Rome, church of, notice of, Rom. i. 1 ; social character of of cylindrical and other seals, 1 Kings xxi. &; group

the city of Rome, Rom. xii. 1; ruins of the palace of seal-rings, Esther iv. 12; explanation of " It is tarred

Nero, Phil. i. 13; the Mamertine prison, 2 Tim. ii. 9. as clay to the seal,” Job xxxviii. 14.
Ropes in use amongst the Hebrews, Judges xvi. 7; cus Selah, meaning of the word, Ps. iii. 2.

tom of captives appearing with ropes about their necks, Sennacherib, notice of his defeat and death, 2 Kings is
1 Kings xx. 32.

35; his army was probably destroyed by tbe sia
Rose of Sharon, explanation of, Cant. ii. 1.

Isa. xxxvii. 36.
Ruth, book of, Ruth i. I.

Sepulchres, early origin of the practice of burying is, Gea.

xxiii. 19; sepulchral pillars and monuments, Gen. EDIT.

20 ; mountain of sepulchres at Nakshi Rsustam. Isu
S.

xxii. 16; view of the mountain of sepulchres, Ezek.

xxxii. 24; sepulchres of the prophets, Lake zi. 47;
Sabbath, reasons for its institution, Deut. v. 14; punish- distinction between private sepulchres, and the patie

ment of the sabbath-breaker, Num. xv. 32; puerility of cemeteries attached to each city for those who possessed
many of the Rabbinical regulations respecting the sab- no private sepulchres, 2 Chron. xxxiv. 4 ; sepulchral rites
bath, Matt. xii. 2; what constituted a sabbath-day's of various nations, illustrated by views of sepukbres,
journey, Acts i. 12.

sepulchral monuments, and group of Scythian barrots,
Sabbatical system enjoined under the law of Moses, Lev. Ezek. xxxii.

Seraphim, meaning of the word, with a figure from an AB
Sackeluth, use of, in mourning. 2 Sam. ii. 31.

cient Persian sculpture, which appears to offer some
Sacrifice Solemn sacrificial ceremonies observed by Abra- semblances to the form described by the prophet, le.

ham, Gen. xv. 10; was sacrifice an enjoined or self- vi. 2.
originated institution ? Lev. i. 3; meat-offering, Lev. Serpents, fiery, Num. xxi. 6; serpent-Forship, 2 King
i. 1 ; peace-offerings, iii. l; sin offering, iv. 3; the law xvii. 4.
of the burnt-offering, vi. 9; the scape-goat, xvi.; the Serpent-charmers, account of, with an illustration, Ps.
great sacrifices of the new-moon probably introduced iviii, 5.
into the Hebrew service to prevent idolatrous sacrifices Sheba, country of the queen of, probability that it sa
to the moon, common in heathen countries, Num. Abyssinia, 2 Chron. ix. 1.
xxviii. 11; improper conduct of the sons of Eli, in the Shiloah, view and notice of, Isa. viii. 6.
sacrifices, 1 Sam ii. 14, 15; Solomon's great sacrifice Sichem, mentioned proleptically, Gen. xii. 6.

at the dedication of the Temple, 1 Kings viii, 63. Sidon, its ancient maritime importance and history, with
Sacrifice, human. Inquiry into the nature of Jephthah's illustrative views, Josh. xix. 28.

vow, and whether there is any warrant for believing Silk, was it known to the Hebrews ? Ezek, xvi. 10.
that his daughter was sacrificed. Judges xi.; view of Simoom, description of the, Isa. xxxvii. 36.
the probable origin and extent of the practice of human Slaves. The word “servant" frequently denotes what we
sacrifice, Jer. xix. 5; farther view of it, as noticed in should call a slave, Gen. xiv. 14; superior conditiea di
Micah vi. 7 ; Topheth, where the Jews sacrificed their "house-born” slaves in the East, Gen. xv. 3; circun-
children, 2 Kings xxiii. 10.

stances under which native Israelites might become
Sadducees, account of the, Matt, xvi. 1.

slaves, Deut. xv. 12; Moses did not originate, but rege
Satiron, Cant. iv. 14.

lated slavery, Lev. xxv. 47.
Salem, town of, supposed to have been that afterwards Smyrna, view and description, Rev. ii. 8.
called Jerusalem, Gen. xiv. 18.

Snow, “ treasures of the," Job xxxviii. 22.
Salt. covenant of, Num. xviii. 19.

Soap, what was the vegetable alkali which in our transis.
Salt, valley of, 2 Kings xiv. 7.

tion is called soap ? Mal, iii. 2.
Salutations. Oriental, Ruth 11. 4; much time spent by the Sodom and Gomorrah, site and destruction of, Gen, xiv.";
Orientals in mutual salutations, Luke x. 4.

xix. 24.
Samaria. its foundation and history, 1 Kings xvi. 24; Sorcery amongst the superstitious practices forbidden.

famine during the siege of the city, 2 Kings vi. 25 ; Deut. xviii, 10.
settlement of the foreigners who constituted the “Sa- Sparrow, bolder in the East than with us. Ps. Ixxxiv, 3.
maritans of aftertimes, 2 Kings xvii. 26 ; causes of Spikenard of Scripture, inquiry respecting Mark xir 3.
the enmity between the Jews and Samaritans, John Stoics, the, account of, Acts xvii. 18.
iv. 9.

Stork, the, favour with which it is regarded. Jer. xi. 19,
Samothracia, Acts xvi. 11.

figure of, Job xxxix. 13; notice of, ** As for the stork,
Samson, his conduct and character, Judges xiii.-xvi. the fir-trees are her house," Ps. civ. 17.
Samuel, book of, 1 Sam. i.

Sun standing still, discussion respecting, Josh. x. 13.
Sanctuary, general view of the origin of, amongst different Supper, Lord's, abuses of the, 1 Cor. xi. 20.

nations, in illustration of the establishment of the cities Suicide rare in the East, 1 Sam. xxxi. 4.
of refuge, Josh. xx. 2.

Swallow, the, with figure, Ps. lxxxiv. 3.
Sanhedrin. Is it to be traced from the seventy elders | Swine, prohibition of the use of, as food, under the lux,
and reason of, Lev. xi. 7; but the prohibition of rearing Thyatira, city of, Acts xvi. 14; view and description of its

and keeping swine was a later refinement, Luke viii. 32 present state, Rev. ii. 18.
Sycamore, the, description and figure, 1 Kings x. 27. Tigris, annual inundations of the, Nahum iii. 6; the river
Synagogues sometimes built by individuals, and presented termed Hiddekel, Gen. ii. 14.

to the community, Luke vii. 5 ; interior arrangement of Timothy, his character and history, 1 Tim. i.
synagogues in the time of our Saviour, Mark xii. 39; Towers of the Hebrews, illustrated by a group of raodern
manner in which the service was conducted on the Sab- Oriental towers, 2 Kings ix. 17.
bath, Luke iv. 16; discourses delivered in the syna- Troas, city of, Acts xvi. 8.
gogue, Acts xiii. 15; number of synagogues in Jeru- Troglodytæ, the African people so called, 2 Chron. xii. 3.
salem, Acts yii. 9.

Tyre, called, in the Bible, the “ daughter of Sidon,” from
Syracuse, notice of, Acts xxviii. 12

its origin, notice of its early history, with a view of its
ruins, Josh. xix. 28; vigorous and powerful opposition
made by Tyre to different conquerors, 2 Kings xvii. 3 :

circumstantial prediction of the downfall of Tyre, deli-
T.

vered at a time when the city was at the height of its

prosperity, with a general view of its commerce, Ezek.
Tabernacle, and its furniture. Description of the form chapters xxvi. to xxviii.

and size of the tabernacle, and notice of analogous
structures amongst nomadic nations, Exod. xxvi. 30;
the ark, table of Shittim-wood overlaid with gold, can-

U.
dlestick, &c., with an estimate of the expense of the
tabernacle, which was erected both by assessment and Urim and Thummim, inquiry respecting, Exod. xxviii. 30
voluntary contribution, Exod. xxv.; the court of the Usury, the Jewish prohibition of, had a peculiar applica-
tabernacle was an open enclosure, Exod. xxvii. 9; prin- tion, and cannot be intended beyond the time and cir-
ciple or reason of the institution of the tabernacle, as cumstances, Deut. xxiii. 19.
the residence or place of the Head or King of the

nation, Exod. xxxv. 11.
Tabernacle of Moses, was probably his tent, where he sat

V.
as judge and governor, Exod. xxxii. 7.
Tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, Num. xvii. 27. Veils, use of, by Oriental females, Gen. xx. 16 ; xxiv. li.
Tabor, Mount (the supposed scene of our Lord's transfigu- Ventriloquism used by idolatrous priests, for the purpose
ration) description of, with view, Judges iv. 12.

of deception, Isa. xxix. 4.
Tares, probably the lolium temulentum, or darnel, descrip Vineyard, Noah's, Gen. ix. 2 ; cultivation of the vine in
tion and figure, Matt. xiii. 25.

Egypt, Gen. xl. 9; Solomon's vineyard, Cant. visi. 12 ;
Tarshish, inquiry concerning its situation, and what is to ravages made in vineyards by the wild boar, Ps. lxxx.

be understood by “ships of Tarshish,” 2 Chron. ix. 10; 12; illustrations of "treading the wine-press,” Neh.
inquiry continued in 2 Chron. xx. 36; the Tarshish to xiii. 15.
which Jonah attempted to sail, probably Tartessus, the Viper, description and figure, Job xx. 16.
Phænician settlement on the Atlantic coast of Spain, Vows, regulations respecting, Num. XXX.; Paul's vow,
Jonah i 3.

Acts xxi. 24; various modes of releasing from the obli-
Tarsus, capital of Cilicia, Acts xxii. 3.

gations of a vow, Acts xxiii. 12.
Tattooing, or puncturing, forbidden, Lev. xix. 28; figure Vulture, the, Job xxviii. 7.

representing the manner of the practice, Jer. iv. 30.
Taxes paid in produce of the soil, 1 Kings iv. 7 ; and 2
Kings iii. 4; Solomon's reign created heavy taxation,

W,
I Kings xii. 4.
Temples. At what period were temples first erected ? Walls, different kinds of, Job iv. 19; one kind answers to

Deut. xii. 2; the temple” of the Philistines, which the cob-walls of Devonshire, Ezek. xii. 7, and xiii. 10.
Samson pulled down, Judges xvi. 27.

War, first mention of an act of, Gen. xiv. 2; regulations
Temple, the first, or Solomon's, general description of, for the Jews when they went to war, Deut. xx. 5 ; man-

with plan, 1 Kings vi.; the temple establishment of ner in which the Israelites commenced and conducted
priests, Levites, officers, porters, and musicians, 1 Chron. a war, Judges xx. ; customs in declaring war. by shoot-
xxvi.; estimate of the expense of the erection of the ing arrows, or throwing a javelin, 1 Kings xiïi. 7 ; war
Temple, and the probable sources from whence the signals, 1 Sam. xi. 7.
money was derived, i Chron. xxix. 7 ; supply of water Washing hands, eastern mode of, description and figures,
to the Temple, Ezek. xlvii. 1.

2 Kings iii. 11; and Job ix. 30; washing hands before
l'emple, the second and third, the second being the one prayers, Ps. xxvi. 6; ceremonial refinements in the

built after the Captivity, which was rebuilt by Herod, washing of hands, Mark vii. 3 ; our Lord's humility
Hag. ii. 7,9; to this our Saviour alludes in John ii. 20; evinced

by washing the disciples' feet, John xiii. 5.
the Beautiful gate of the Temple, Acts iii. 2; who and Water from the wells usually drawn by the women in the
what was the “ captain of the Temple?” Acts iv. 1; the evenings, Gen. xxiv. 11; want of, in the desert, Gen.
veil of the Temple, Heb. x. 3.

xxi. 15; bad qualities of, corrected by the use of cer-
Temple tribute, an annual payment exacted from every tain plants, Exod. xv. 25; Oriental water-carrier, Deut.

adult male Israelite for the service of the Temple, Matt. xxix. 11; water sold, Lament. v. 4.
xvii. 24; the payment of this tax, when Judea was a Weights and measures, dishonest practices in the use of,
Roman province, gave employment to the “money, by the traders of the East, Deut. xxv. 13.
changers,' as coins bearing idolatrous images could not Wells, their value and importance, Gen. xxvi. 20, and
be paid into the treasury, Mark xi. 15.

xxix. 3 ; Jacob's well. John iv. 6.
Temple, Ezekiel's symbolical, Ezek. chaps. xl.- xlviii. Whirlwinds and sand storms in the desert, Deut. xxviii
Tents, first recorded instance of men's living in, Gen. iv. 24; pictorial illustration, Jer. xxx. 23.

20; their use probably arose out of the exigences of the Wormwood, notice and figure, Prov. v. 4 ; Jer. xxiii. 15.
pastoral life, Gen. xxv. 27 ; tents of the Israelites, Num. Writing, view of the progress of, from engraving on hard
ii. 3, and xxiv. 5; custom of abiding in tents, Ezra viii. substances, the earliest process, to writing on ductile
15; huge eastern tents. Caut. i. 5.

materials, Exod. xxxii. 15; engraved rocks in the Wady
Thessalonica, city of, still survives under the abridged Mokatteb, and group showing the use of the style, Jot
Dame of Salonica, 1 Thes. i.

xix. xxii. 24; notice of the various materiais of which

ancient “ books" were composed, with illustrations,

Y.
Deut. xxxi. 24; writing on “sticks," or pieces of wood, Year, the sacred and civil, Lev. xxv. 21.
Ezek. xxxvii. 20; writing materials, Ezek. ix. 2 ; Oriental
letters, Neh. vi. 5; the "writing on the wall,' Dan. v.

Z.
8; sentences written on doors, over gates, and as orna- Zechariah, book of, Zech. i.; his tomb, chap. xir.
meatal scrolls in the interior of apartments, with illus- Zoroaster, from whence he derived his fire worship. Le.
trations of an Arabic door inscribed with passages from ix. 24; and his modification of the doctrine of light and
the Koran, Deut vi. 9.

darkness, Isa xlv. 7.

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