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part thereof and give it unto him against

whom lie hath trespased, Exod. 22.2. If a thief be found breaking up, and

be (mitten that he die, there shall no blood be jhed for him. V.3. If the Sun be rijen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution : If he have nothing, then he shall be fold for bis theft.


Concerning the duties of Governours of


of Gcareful that not only themselves

, but the rest of their Family also do faithfully serve the Lid.

In creating of this, 1. Ishall give some Arguments for it. 2. Some Directions for the right performing of it. 3. Shery, whence the neglect of it proceeds

. I. There is great reason for it,' in respect of God, whose Honour (above all things) we thould endeavour to advance: And what better course cas be taken for it, than to set up his Worship in our þonses and


II. Io respect of our Families. The greatest good we can possibly do them, is, to instruct them in the prisciples of true Piety. To provide an estate or inheritance for children, meat and drink and wages for servants, is no more than fober Heathens do: Whac singular thing is this? To leave them rightly principld, and instructed, interested in the Covenant of Grace, under the fa vour, bleffing, and protection of God: This is a high and a singular good indeed. For this they may have cause to bleß God for ever. Is it enough for Christian Parents to breed up their children so as they may live in this world, and take no care what shall become of them hereafter ? Can they be. content to train them up for che Devil, to be for ever tormented with him in Hell? (And yet so they must be, if they live and die in ignorance, impenitencie and unbelief) Where are their bowels?

III. In respect of Church and Common-wealth. A Family is the first society, and a seminary of the rest. "'Tis made up of single persons in several relations: And Towns, Congregations, Cities, Countries, all are made up of several Families. Particular Families are (as it were) the hives out of which (warms go forch into the world. To make Families good and religions, is the way to make good Magistrates, good Husbands, good Wives, good Masters, good Servants, good Neighbours. Families are che Nurseries of Church and


304 State. Now if the Canker take the young trees in the Nursery, they are never like co be good when they are transplanted. The want of Family reformation, is the cause of most of the miscarriages in Church and Coromok-wealth. If there be Ignorance, prophanenesse, errour, ungodlinefse in particular Families, we shall soon hear of it in Church and State. -As therefore Elisha heal'd the naughty waters, by casting in salt at the spring bead, 2 King. 2,21. Só let us labour co seafon our Families with true Piety, if we would keep disorders out of Church and State,

Tis true, when all care is used, there may be fome bad in the best Families. In the first Family, there was a Cain, in che best Family, a Fudas, in Noahs Family (the only Family then on earth) a Cham; yet ordinarily God is pleased so co bless che care and endeavours of religious Governours, that their Families are Schools of Piety and Vertue, and both Church and Common-wealth rcap the fruit of it.

IV. In respect of our selves. 1. The benefit is great that will come to us thereby. There is no such way to bring children and fervants to be obedient and faithful, as to infuse principles of true Piety into them, and to planc the fear of God in their hearts. Then they will do their duties for Carscience fake: And besides, Such persons in a Family are a great bleffong to ic. Potiphar's Family was blessed for Fosephs, & Labans for Facobs sake.

2. 'Tis

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2. 'Tis a great honour to a Family, to be truly religious. Let prophane scoffers talk what they will ; "Is it not a greater honour for any Christian to have his house to be a Bethel, a house of God,

than a Beth.aven, an house of iniquity? Religious * Families are dignified by the Apostle with the ti

ile of Churches, Rom. 16.3.Greet Priscilla de Aquila my helpers in Cbrift Fesus, V.5. Likewise greet the Church that is in their house. Col.4.15. Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the Church which is in his house.

3. It will bring much comfort to us, both here and hereafter. What a joy must ic needs be to sny serious Christian, to fee his Family (through the blessing of God on his care and labour) to thrive in Piety, and to walk in the way leading to Heaven? And with how much comfort may he

leave them, when he comes to die, having this * teftimony in his own bosome, that he hath been ; faithful this


? We know Eli was charged with, and feverely punished for the fins of his children, i sam.2.29. Because he had been too remisse in reproving of them. I shall conclude this, with the words of Mr. Rogers, a learned Divine of our own. “Believe it, Taies “he) Every Governour of a Family is as deeply

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charged with the souls of chose under his Gokvernment, as any Pastour is , with the souls % of char Flock which is commitced to his Scharge: Nor will the publick Ministry be.




"come fruicful, if that which is sown in pub. lick, be not watered in private, by confe

rence, examination and good inftruction, « What can we more impute the unprofitable“neffe of our Ministry co, than to Masters and " Parents neglect of their duties? You call our “Congregations our charge; and so they are; uso are.

Families also your charge:Thus he. So much of the first Particular, the Reasons why Governours of Families should be careful that those under their Government do faithfully serve che Lord.

I come to the second, to give fome Directi. ons for the right performance of this Duty.

I. Let Governours of Families begin at them. selves, laboaring to reform whac és amise in themselves; chac so they may be exemplary in wisdom and Holineß to those under their care Ler them humbly beg of God those Graces and abilities that may fit them for the discharging of their places. Inferiours mind more what superiours do, than what they say. He chat walks disorderly himself, cannot expect to reform his children, or servants, or keep his Family in order.

II. Lec chem be careful about the constitution of their Families, Ler them look well to it, that those they admit into their house, . ( as neer as they canguese) be hopeful and tractable, as to Religion, Pfal. 101.v.6. Mine eies shall be upon the faithful, that they may dwell with me; be that walkethin a


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