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his enemies.

How learn delighted and amazed,

with a gold chain and a statue. Ile died in What hands unknown that fabrick raised. 1603; leaving behind him several works which


are much esteemed. From beginnings the most inconsiderable, and by FABRICIUS (John Albert), one of the most instruments the most unlikely, the Almighty, with learned and laborious theologians of his age, was incredible facility, raised that glorious fabric of his born at Leipsic in 1668. He lost his parents church, which hitherto hath withstood all the rage of when very young, but was carefully brought up

Robertson's Sermons.

by his guardian, who sent him to Quedlinburgh FABRICIA, .in botany, a genus of plants of school. In 1692 he was admitted a preacher, the class icosandria, and order monogynia: Cal. and was chosen professor of eloquence at Hamfive-cleft, half superior; petals five, without burgh in 1697. He died at Hamburgh in 1736, claws; stigma capitate; caps. many-celled: after a life spent in collecting and publishing SEEDS winged. Species two; natives of New valuable remains of the ancients. His principal Holland.

works are: Bibliotheca Latina, 2 vols. 4to.; FABRICIUS (Caius), a celebrated Roman, Vita Procli Philosophi, 4to.; Codex Apocryphus who in his first consulship, A.U.C. 470, obtained Novi Testamenti collectus, 8vo.; Bibliotheca several victories over the Samnites and Luca- Græca, 14 vols. 4to. A new edition of this stunians, and was honored with a triumph. The pendous magazine of learning has been published riches acquired in those battles were immense, the by Harles. Centuria Fabriciorum Scriptis clasoldiers were liberally rewarded, and the treasury rorum, 8vo.; Memoriæ Hambergenses, 7 vols. was enriched with 400 talents. Two years after 8vo.; Codex Pseudepigraphus Vet. Test. 8vo. ; Fabricius went as ambassador to Pyrrhus, and Bibliographia Antiquaria, 4to.; Bibliotheca Ecrefused with contempt presents and offers, which clesiastica, fol.; Delectus argumentorum et sylmight have corrupted the fidelity of a less vir- labus Scriptorum, 4to. ; Conspectus Thesauri tnous citizen. Pyrrhus admired the magnanimity Literariæ Italiæ, 8vo.; Salutaris Lux Evangelii, of Fabricius, but his astonishment was excite i 4to.; Bibliotheca mediæ et infimæ Latinitatis, to the highest pitch, when the latter discovered 5 vols. 8vo. to him the villany of his own physician, who had Fabricius (William), surnamed Hildanus, a offered to the Roman general to poison his royal famous surgeon, was born near Cologne in 1560. master. To this greatness of soul was added the He became public physician at Berne, where he most consummate knowledge of military affairs, died in 1634. His Six Centuries of Observations and the greatest simplicity of manners. Fabric and Cures were published in 1606, 4to.; besides cius never used plate at his table. A small salt which he wrote on Gangrene and Sphacelus ; on cellar, the feet of which were of horn, was the Burns ; Gun Shot Wounds; on Lithotomy, &c. only silver vessel which appeared in his house. The whole of his works were printed in folio, at This contempt of luxury he wished also to en- Frankfort, in 1682. courage among the people; and during his cen- FABRICIUS (John Christian), a modern entosorship he banished from the senate Cornelius mologist of the greatest celebrity, was born in the Russinus, who had been twice consul and dic- duchy of Sleswick in 1742. After completing tator, because he kept in his house more than ten his studies, he went, at the age of twenty, to Upsal pounds weight of silver plate. Such were the to attend the lectures of Linné. Having here manners of the conqueror of Pyrrhus, who ob- conceived the idea of forming an arrangement of served that he wished rather to command those insects according to the structure of the mouth, that had money than possess it himself. He Linné highly approved his plan, but declined inlived and died in virtuous poverty: his body was troducing it into his Systema Naturæ. See our buried at the public charge ; and the Roman article ENTOMOLOGY. Fabricius now adopted people gave a dowry to his two daughters when the profession of medicine, and took his doctor's they had arrived to years of maturity.

degree. Being afterwards appointed professor FABRICIUS (George), a learned German, born of natural history at Kiel, he devoted himself enal Chemnitz in Misnia, in 1516. After a liberal tirely to his favorite science; and published, in education, he visited Italy in the character of 1775, bis new System of Entomology. Two tutor to a young nobleman; and, examining all years after he pointed out the classic and generic the remains of antiquity with great accuracy, characters of insects, in a second treatise; and in compared them with their descriptions in Latin 1778 published his Philosophia Entomologica, writers. The result of these observations was

on the model of the Philosophia Butanica of his work entitled Roma, containing a description Linnæus. From that period to bis death Fabriof that city. He afterwards settled at Misenum, cius industriously employed himself in extending where he conducted a great school till his death his system. His knowledge of all the branches in 1571. He also wrote seven books of the of natural history was extensive, and he wrote Annals of Misnia, three of the Annals of Meissen, many useful works in the German and Danish Travels, and many sacred poems in Latin. languages. He died in 1807.

FABRICIUS (Jerome), a celebrated physician in Fabric LANDS, in ecclesiastical affairs, those the end of the sixteenth century (surnamed Aqua- formerly given towards rebuilding or repairing pendente, from the place of his birth), was the cathedrals and other churches; for anciently aldisciple and successor of Fallopius. He chiefly most every body gave more or less, by his will, applied himself to surgery and anatomy, which to the fabric of the parish church where he he professed with great reputation at Padua for dwelt. forty years. The republic of Venice settled a FABROT (Charles Hannibal), one of the most considerable pension upon him, and honored him celebrated civilians of his time, was born at Aix

'em ;


I'll face

in 1681 ; and acquired an extraordinary skill in Honour that is gained and broken upon another, the civil and canon law, and in the belles lettres. hath the quickest reflection, like diamonds cut with

Id. He published the Basilicæ, or Constitutions of facets. the Emperors of the East, in Greek and Latin, These offices and dignities were but the facings and

Wotton. with learned notes, in 7 vols. folio; and editions fringes of his greatness. of Cedrenus, Nicetas, Anastasius, Bibliothecarius, With these lost spirits ; run all their mazes with

Keep still your former face, and mix again Constantine Manasses, and Cujas, with learned and curious notes.

For such are treasons.

Ben Jonson. FACE', n. s., v. n. & v.a. Fr. face ; Span.

Give me a look, give me a face,
Port. faz; That makes simplicity a grace.


Ital. faccia; Lat. He looked and saw the face of things quite changed, FACET',

facies, from facio, The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar; FA'CING, to make, the face All now was turned to jollity and

game, being the part that makes the distinction or iden- To luxury and riot, feast and dance. Milton. titye.' Minsheu. The visage or countenance; We trepanned the state, and faced it down hence general appearance, presence, sight; also With plots and projects of our own. Hudibras. the surface or outward part of a thing, dis- You'll find the thing will not be done tortion or peculiarity; and confidence or bold- With ignorance and face alone.

Id. ness of face or character. As a verb neuter, to The mere face-painter has little in common with face, is to come with the face toward an object; the poet ; but, like the mere historian, copies what he to carry a false countenance or appearance: as

sees, and minutely traces every feature, and odd mark. an active verb, to meet in front, oppose or stand

Shaftesbury. opposite to; cover with the outward layer or

At the first shock, with blood and powder stained, superficies; invest with any covering; oppose Fury and art produce effects so strange,

Nor heaven, nor sea, their former face retained ; with boldness and impudence, or with success (as to face down, and face out): a face-cloth is Thoy trouble nature, and her visage change.

Wallace. linen cloth placed on the face of the dead : face

When men have the heart to do a very bad thing, painting, portrait-painting. Facet (Fr. facette) they seldom want the face to bear it out. Tillotson. is a diminutive of face, a small surface; applied

Jove cannot fear; then tell me to my face, particularly to the small superficies of precious That I of all the gods am least in grace. stones. Face to face is an adverbial expression

Dryden's Iliad. for mutual presence.

And thou child schalt he clepid the profete of the This tempest, and deserve the name of king. higheste, for thou schalt go before the fuce of the

Dryden. Lord to make redy hise weyes. Wiclif. Luk. i. Kicked out, we set the best face on't we could.

Id. Virgil. A mist watered the whole face of the ground.

Face about, man; a soldier, and afraid of the

Id. The children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that

enemy? the skin of Moses's face shone.

Erod. xxxiv. 35.

Hail and farewell they shouted thrice amain,

Thrice facing to the left, and thence they turned again. The breadth of the face of the house, towards the

Id. east, was an hundred cubits.

Ezek, xli. 14.

Georgione, the cotemporary of Titian, excelled in It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any

portraits of facepainting.

Id. Dufresnoy. man to die, before that he which is accused have his accusers face to face.

Acts xxv. 16. You, says the judge to the wolf, have the face to Now we see through a glass darkly ; but then face challenge that which you never lost; and you, says to face.

1 Cor. xiii, 12.

he to the fox, have the confidence to deny that which you have stolen.

L'Estrange. I know how to content myself in others lust, Of little stuffe unto my self to weave a webbe of trust :

Let any one, even below the skill of an astrologer, And how to hyde my harmes with sole dyssembling Cheapside Conduit, and you see a deep attention and

behold the turn of faces he meets as soon as he passes chere, Whan in my face the painted thoughtes would out- a certain unthinking sharpness in every countenance.

Tatler. wardly appeare. I know how that the bloud forsakes the face for dred,

From beauty still to beauty ranging And how by shame it staynes agayne the chekes with

In every face I found a dart.

Addison's Spectator. faming red.

Surry. Thou needs must learn to laugh, or lye,

When it came to the count to speak, old Fact To face, to forge, to scoff, to company.

so stared him in the face, after his plain downright Hubbard's Tale. way, that the count was struck dumb.

Id. Count Tariff They're thinking, by his face, To fasten in our thoughts that they have courage :

We get intelligence of the force of the enemy, and But 'tis not so. Shakspeare. Julius Cæsar. cast about for a sufficient number of troops to face

Id. On the War. Shame itself!

the enemy in the field of battle. Why do

make such faces ?

Id. Macbeth.
This would produce a new face of things in Europe.

Id. How many things are there which a man cannot, with any face or comeliness, say or do himself? A

The fortification of Soleurre is faced with marble.

Id. man can scarce allege his own merits with modesty, much less extol them : a man cannot sometimes brook

Because he walked against his will, to supplicate or beg.


He faced men down that he stood still. Prior. A man shall see faces, which, if examine them Where your old bank is hollow, face it with the first part by part, you shall never find gooil; but take them spit of carth that you dig out of the ditch. together, are not uncomely,


Mortimer's Husbandry.





Seized and tied down to judge, how wretched I! Our word jealousies contains all the vowels, though Who can't be silent, and who will not lye :

three of them only were necessary : nevertheless in To laugh, were want of goodness and of grace ; the two words abstemiously and facetiously the vowels And to be grave, exceeds all power of face.

exist all of them in their usual order, and are proPope.

nounced in their usual manner. The temple is described square, and the four fronts And without turning his facetious head, with open gates, facing the different quarters of the Over his shoulder with a Bacchant air, world.

I. Presented the o'erflowing cup, and said, They are as loth to see the fires kindled in Smith- • Talking's dry work, I have no time to spare.' field as his lordship; and, at least, as ready to face

Byron. them under a popish persecution.

Swift. FACIES HIPPOCRATICA, the aspect of a dying The face cloth too is of great antiquity.—Mr. Strutt man, as described by Hippocrates, and so named tells us, that after the closing the eyes, &c., a linen by later physicians, who have made similar obcloth was put over the face of the deceased.---Thus servations : it is when the nostrils are sharp, the we are told that Henry the Fourth, in his last illness eyes hollow, the temples low, the tips of the ears seeming to be dead, his chamberlain covered his face contracted and cold, the forehead dry and wrinkled, with a linen cloth. English Æra, p. 105. Brands Popular Antiquities.

and the complexion pale or livid. See Medi

The Hippocratic face is chiefly observed Face comprehends all that part of the head which is not covered with the hair. The human towards the period of phthises and other conface is called the image of the soul, as being the sumptions, and is held a sure prognostic of death.

FACILE, adj. seat of the principal organs of sense, and the

Fr. facile, facilité ; place where the ideas, passions, emotions, &c.,

Facilely, adv. Span. facilidad : Ital.

FACIL'ITATE, v. a. are chiefly set to view. It shows also the sex,

facilita; Lat. facilis, age, temperament, health, disease, &c. As the

Facilita'tion, n. s. facilitas, from facio, to

FACIL'ITY. index of the passions, habits, &c., of the person, ible : to facilitate is to make easy; make free

do. Easy, pliant, flexit becomes the subject of physiognomy. See PAYSIOGNOMY.

from difficulty or obstruction. FACE OF THE MEASURES, in mining, is that Piety could not be diverted from this to a more part of a mine bounded by the length-way or

commodious business by any motives of profit or fun principal vertical joints, or natural cracks of the sility.

Raleigh. measures. In coal mines, these principal joints the version will facilitate the work.

Choice of the likeliest and best prepared metal for are called sline back, or face joints, and are generally parallel to each other; the lesser joints,

A war upon the Turks is more worthy than upon which cross the slines almost at right angles, are

any other Gentiles, both in point of religion and in called end-joints or cutters.

point of Bonour; though facility and hope of success

might invite some other choice. To Face, in the military art, a word of command intimating to turn about: thus, face to the

Facility is worse than bribery; for bribes come now

and then : but if opportunity or idle respect lead a right, is turn upon the left heel, a quarter round

he shall never be without them. to the right; and, face to the left, is to turn upon

I meant she should be courteous, facile, sweet, the right heel a quarter round to the left.

Haring that solemn vice of greatness, pride, FACEʻTIOUS, adj. Fr. facetieux ; Lat.

I meant each softest virtue there should meet, FACE'TIOUSLY, udv. fucetus, from facetia, Fit in that softer bosom to reside.

Ben Jonson. FACEʼTIOUSNESS, n. s. jokes. Jocular; lively;

The one might be as facilely impetrate as the other. FACETE'LY, adv. witty; cheerful: facete

Ld. Herbert. FACETE'NESS, n. s.

Facility of yielding to a sir, or wooing it with a to have been used in this sense formerly.

voluntary suit, is a higher stair of evil. Parables—work upon the affections, and breed de

Bp. Hall's Contemplations. light of hearing, by reason of that facetness and witti- They renewed their assault two or three days toge

Hales. ther, and planted cannon to facilitate their passage, If there be any kind of facetiousness innocent and which did little hurt; but they still lost many men in reasonable, conformable to good manners, St. Paul the attempt.

Clarendon. did not intend tu discountenance or prohibit that kind.

The facile gates of hell too slightly barred.

Milton. The eyes are the chief seats of love, as Lernutius

Raphael now, to Adam's doubt proposed, bath facetely expressed.

Benevolent and facile, thus replyed.

I. Socrates, informed of some derogating speeches used Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay; of nim behind his back, made this facetious reply, Let Nay, didst pernit, approve, and fair dismiss. Id. him beat me too when I am absent.

By dividing it into parts so distinct, the order in Government of the Tongue.

which they shall find each disposed, will render the My facetion friend, D-T, I would wish also to

work facile and delightful. Evelyn's Kalendar. be a partaker; not to digest his spleeu, for that he

To confine the imagination is as fucile a performlaughs off, but to digest his last night's wine at the





as the Gothhan's design of hedging in the last field-day of the Crochallan corps. Burns. cuckoo.

Glanville. "Tis pitiful

Yet reason saith, reason should have ability To court a grin, when you should woo a soul; To hold these worldly things in such proportion, To break a jest, when pity would inspire

As let them come or go with even facility. Sidney. Pathetic exhortation ; and to address

Though perspective cannot be called a certain rule The skittish fancy with facetious tales,

of picture, yet it is a great succour and relief to art, When sent with God's commission to the heart! and fucilitates the mcans of execution. So did not Paul. Cowper.

Dryden's Dufresnoy.


They who have studied have not only learned many As men are not to mistake the causes of these opeexcellent things, but also have acquired a great faci- ratious, so much less are they to mistake the fact or lity of profiting themselves by reading good authors. effect, and rasbly to take that for done which is not Id. done.

Bacon. "Tis a great error to take facility for good nature; Those effects which are wrought by the percussiou tenderness without discretion, is no better than a more of the sense, and by things in fact, are produced likepardonable folly.

L'Estrange. wise in some degree by the imagination: therefore if The facility which we get of doing things, by a cus- a man see another eat sour or acid things, which set tom doing, makes them often pass in us without the teeth on edge, that object tainteth the imagination. our notice.


Bacon's Natural History. He opens and yields himself to the man of business

I see the Levites, not long since, drawing their with difficulty and reluctancy; but offers himself to

swords for God and Moses, against the rest of Israel; the visits of a friend with facility, and all the meet

and that fact wins them both praise and blessing. ing readiness of appetite and desire.


Bp. Hall's Contemplations. This may at first seem perplexed with many diffi

Unhappy man! to break the pious laws culties, yet many things may be suggested to make it more facile and commodious.


Of nature, pleading in his children's cause :

Howe'er the doubtful fact is understood, Some men are of that fucile temper, that they are

'Tis love of honour and his country's good; wrought upon by every object they converse with,

The consul, not the father, sheds the blood. whom any affectionate discourse, or serious sermon,

Dryden. or any notable accident, shall put into a fit of religion,

Matter of fact breaks out and blazes with too great which yet usually lasts no longer than till somewhat

an evidence to be denied.

South's Sermons. else comes in their way.


Manifold sins, though in speculation they may be What produceth a due quantity of animal spirits, necessarily facilitates the animal and natural motions. separable from war, in reality and fact never fail to

attend it. Arbuthnot on Diet.

Smalridge. A war on the side of Italy would cause a great for such a conclusion.

If this were true in fact, I do not see any colour

Addison on the War. diversion of the French forces, and facilitate the progress of our arms in Spain.


It is a point of fact on which every English gentleman will deterinine for himself.

Junius. Science, though perhaps the nurseling of interest, was the daughter of curiosity : for who can believe

The facts which inspired writers relate are no less that they wbo first watched the course of the stars,

instructive than the doctrines which they teach. foresaw the use of their discoveries to the facilitation

Robertson's Sermons. of commerce, or the mensuration of time?


may seem strange, that borror of any kind should Johnson. Rambler.

give pleasure. But the fact is certain. Why do FACING, Façade, or Revêtement, in forti- people run to see battles, executions, and shipwrecks ?

Beattie. fication, is a strong wall of masonry, or other binding, built on the outside of the rampart and

FACTION, n. s. 2 Fr. faction ; Ital. fat-

tione ; Lat. factio, facparapet, to prevent the soil of which they are

FacʻTIONIST, composed giving way. When the revêtement of

tionis, from fucio, fac

Fac'tious, adj. tus, to make, or do. A a rampart goes quite up to the top, four feet of

Fac'TIOUSLY, adv. the upper part is a vertical wall of three feet

public, or busy party : thick, with a square stone at the top of it, pro- dissension: factionary and factionist are old words

FacʻTIOUSNESS, n. s. ) hence tumult; discord; jecting about five or six inches, and a circular one below, or where the slope begins, of eight or for the promoters of faction or discord. ten inches diameter. When facing is carried By one of Simon's faction murders were committed. up as high as the soles of the embrasures, it is


Mac. called a whole revêtement; but, when confined 10

The queen is valued thirty thousand strong;

If she hath time to breathe, be well assured the ditch only, it is termed a half-revêtement. These must depend on the nature of the soil,

Her faction will be full as strong as ours.

Shakspeare. the facility of obtaining materials, the time that

He has been known to commit outrages, can be bestowed, the importance of the post, &c. And cherish factions.

Id. Timon. Where difficulties occur, as also in temporary

Pr’ythee, fellow, remember my name is Menenius; works, the facings are made with turf; in which

always factionary of the party of your general. case they are said to be gazoned.

Id. Coriolanus. FACINOROUS, adj. Lat. facinus, facinoris,

He is a traitor; lead him to the Tower, from facio, to do, used both in a good and bad

And crop away that factious pate of his. sense for great actions, but more commonly the

Shakspeare. laiter. Extreme: extremely bad, or wicked. Be factious for redress of all these griefs. Id.

"Tis strange, 'tis very strang?, that is the brief and There be that can pack the cards, and yet cannou tedious of it; and he's of a most facinorous spirit that play well : so there are some that are good in canwill not acknowledge it. Shakspeare. vasses and factions, that are otherwise weak men.

Lord Bacon. FACT, n. s. Fr. fait ; Lat. factum, from facio, fuctus, to do. A thing or effect accomplished :

By the weight of reason I should counterpoise the reality, as opposed to fiction or speculation;

overbalancing of any factions.

King Charles. action; deed.

Factious tumults overbore the freedom and honour of the two houses.

Id. In matter of fact they say there is some credit to be given to the testimony of man; but not in matter

I intended not only to oblige my friends, bu! mine of opinion and judgment : we see the contrary both

enemies also : cxceeding even the desires of those that acknowledged and universally practised all throughout

were fuctiously discontented.

I. the world.

Hooker. God and Moses know how o distinguish betwixt

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