Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations

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SAGE Publications, Apr 20, 2001 - Psychology - 616 pages
Geert Hofstede has completely rewritten, revised and updated Culture's Consequences for the twenty-first century, he has broadened the book's cross-disciplinary appeal, expanded the coverage of countries examined from 40 to more than 50, reformulated his arguments and a large amount of new literature has been included. The book is structured around five major dimensions: power distance; uncertainty avoidance; individualism versus collectivism; masculinity versus femininity; and long term versus short-term orientation.

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From the Preface to the First Edition 1980
Values and Culture
Studying Culture
Dimensions of Culture
Data Collection Treatment and Validation
Inequality and Power Distance
Measuring National Differences in Power Distance in
or Two Dimensions
Origins and Implications of Country Individualism Differences
Statistical Analysis of Data Used in This Chapter
Masculinity and Femininity
Validating MAS Against Data From Other Sources
LongVersus ShortTerm Orientation

Validating PDI Against Data From Other Sources
Origins and Implications of Country Power Distance Differences
Uncertainty Avoidance
Power Distance
Statistical Analysis of Data Used in This Chapter
Origins and Implications of Country Uncertainty Avoidance Differences
Statistical Analysis of Data Used in This Chapter
Individualism and Collectivism
Cultures in Organizations
Intercultural Encounters
Using Culture Dimension Scores in Theory and Research
Appendix 2
Appendix 6
Appendix 7

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About the author (2001)

Geert Hofstede received a master’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University at Delft and a doctorate in Social Psychology from the University of Groningen, both in his native Netherlands. His professional career includes experience as a worker, foreman, plant manager, chief psychologist on the international staff of a multinational corporation, academic researcher, director of human resources of another multinational, and university professor. He has been affiliated with IMD (Lausanne, Switzerland), INSEAD (Fontainebleau, France), the European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (Brussels, Belguim), IIASA (Laxenburg Castle, Austria), and the University of Hong Kong. He is Professor Emeritus of Organizational Anthropology and International Management of Maastricht University, the Netherlands. He is currently a Senior Fellow of the Institute for Research on Intercultural Cooperation (of which he was a founder) and of the Center for Economic Research, both at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. He has lectured at universities and consulted for institutions and companies around the world. Dr. Hofstede’s books have appeared in seventeen languages, and his articles have been published in social science journals around the world. He is among the top 100 most cited authors in the Social Science Citation Index.

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