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THE

BOOK OF THE WORLD:

BEING AN ACCOUNT OF ALL

REPUBLICS, EMPIRES, KINGDOMS,

AND NATIONS,

IN REFERENCE TO THEIR

GEOGRAPHY, STATISTICS, COMMERCE, &c .

TOGETHER WITH A

BRIEF HISTORICAL OUTLINE

OF THEIR

RISE, PROGRESS, AND PRESENT CONDITION,

ETC. ETC. ETC..

BY

RICHARD S. FISHER, M.D.

THIRD EDITION, CORRECTED BY THE CENSUS RETURNS OF 1851-2.

IN

TWO

VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

ILLUSTRATED WITH MAPS AND CHARTS.

LONDON: IMPORTED BY SAMPSON LOW, SON, AND CO.

British and American Publishers and Booksellers,

47, LUDGATE HILL,

1853.

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The volumes herewith presented to the public, are intended to supply a standard of general reference, and a source to which the merchant and scholar may look for the most recent and best authenticated account of the world, in its several parts. The compiler has drawn information largely from the publications of late travellers and writers ; much, also, has been derived from correspondence with the Ministers and Consuls of foreign nations, resident in this country.

With regard to that portion of the work relating to the United States, resort has been had to the State surveys, the periodical censuses, the official reports of the bureaux at Washington, and the returns of the several State Governments ; while much new information has been collected at great cost and trouble. Every resource, indeed, has been taxed for authentic materials ; and it is believed that the work will be found essentially complete in all its parts, geographical, statistical and social.

New-York, May 1st, 1849.

SECOND EDITION.

In this edition will be found such additions and alterations as the progress of events to the end of the year 1849 has rendered necessary; and a thorough revision of the whole work has been made by the author. A copious Index has also been added. With these improvements, the publisher believes these volumes to be perfect in every particular, and, as such, he with confidence presents them to the world.

New-York, February 1st, 1850.

NEW EDITION.

In this edition will be found many and essential improvements. The American portion of the work has been entirely re-written, and the results of the recent census incorporated, with notices of all changes in the Constitutions of States, the latest statistics respecting education, churches, banks and other interests, and all the discoveries and developments of resources in the countries severally described. It is, in fact, a new work, and in every respect is applicable to the condition of the world at the present day.

New York, July 1, 1852,

TABLE OF CONTENTS,--Vol. I.

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The World.

Page
1 2

4.

6 America.com

7 8 North America..

9 9 12 25 24 13 27

31 Danish Possessions in North America. 31 31

31 Greenland..

31 31 32 32 32 32 33 32 32 32 32 33 Iceland...

33 33 33 34 34 34 31 34 34 35 35 35 Spitzbergen. 35 35 36 36

36 Jan Mayen's Land 36 36

36 French Possessions in North America.. 36 36

36

73 361 36 Russian Possessions in North America.. 37 37 38

39

39 381 38 British Possessions in North America... 39 39

39

70 New Britain....

39 39
401 411 43 43

42 43 12 41 The United Canadas.

44 441 47 47 46 47 48 49 501 49 50 54 New-Brunswick ....

55 55 55

55 57 561 561 56 57 56 57 Nova Scotia and Cape Breton

57 57 58 59 59 58 601 58 59 59 60 60 61 Prince Edward's Island.

61

61 61 61 Newfoundland...

61 61

62 62 64 62 63 64 63 64 Bermudez' Islands.

65 65

65

65 65 65 66 Honduras....

66 661 66 67 66 66 67 72 671 671 67 The Kingdom of Mosquitia.

67 67

68 67 68 Canals in the Canadas...

69 Railroads in the British Possessions 6.9 Commercial Statistics of British Colonies 70 Commercial Statistics of French do. 73 The United States of America ...

74 74 79

79 871 82 83 801 881 96109 The Eastern or New-England States.. 113

113 The State of Maine.....

114 114 114

116 116 116 115 117 118 119 New-Hampshire...

121 121 123 121 125 123 123 124 125 124 125 126 Vermont...

126 127

127 128 129 129 129 129 130 130 Massachusetts

132 132

132 134 134 134 136 140 141 141 Rhode Island..

142 142

143143 143 143 144 146 146 Connecticut.

147 147 147 147 148 148 149 149 149149 149 149 The Middle States.....

153 153
154

154 The State of New York..

155 155 157

157 158 159 159 159 160 169 New-Jersey.

170/170

173 171 172 173 172 174174117 Pennsylvania.

177 177 178

178 179 181 181 181 182 183 185 Delaware.

185 186

186

186 186 187 187 187 188 189 Maryland.

1391189191

191 190 191 191 192 192 193 194 The District of Columbia. 195 195

195195 The Southern States..

199 199 199

199 The State of Virginia...

200200

201203 202 203 203 204 204 205 207 North Carolina

207 208

109209209210210210210211 South Carolina.

21212121 1213 1213 213 213 214/214214215 216

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