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Copyright,
By ADAMS S. Hill,

1878.

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For the purposes of this treatise, Rhetoric may be 1.) defined as the art of efficient communication by lan

guage. It is not one of several arts out of which a choice may be made ; it is the art to the principles of which, consciously or unconsciously, a good writer or

speaker must conform. 2)

It is an art, not a science: for it neither observes, nor discovers, nor classifies; but it shows how to convey from one mind to another the results of observation, discovery, or classification; it uses knowledge, not as

knowledge, but as power. (3) (Logic simply teaches the right use of reason, and

may be practised by the solitary inhabitant of a desert island; but Rhetoric, being the art of communication by language, implies the presence, in fact or in imagination, of at least two persons, — the speaker or the writer, and the person spoken to or written to. Aristotle makes the very essence of Rhetoric to lie in the distinct

recognition of a hearer.' Hence, its rules are not absolute, like those of logic, but relative to the character and

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