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Odi pro

tence are custom-house terms. A cocket is a custom-house seal or certificate. A clearance is a permit for a vessel to sail.

spirit. Compare Æneid vi, 726, 727. Dryden's translation, 982-985:

One common soul
Inspires and feeds and animates the whole.
This active mind, infus'd through all the space,

Unites and mingles with the mighty mass.

[138] land tax act. An act passed by Parliament each year for raising revenue.

mutiny bill. A bill providing for the discipline of army and navy, passed by Parliament each year.

1 [139] profane herd. Horace, Odes, III, i, 1: fanum vulgus. I hate the profane herd. all in ali. 1 Corinthians xv, 28.

[141] In the first edition of this speech, which has been followed by almost all editors, this paragraph reads as follows: “Upon this resolution, the previous question was put, and carried ;for the previous question 270, against it 78.” The Parliamentary History, however, gives the ayes as 78 and the nays as 270 and adds: “So it passed in the negative." All of the resolutions advocated by Burke in this speech failed of adoption. This result was brought about by an adverse vote on the “previous question.” In America, “I move that the previous question be now put,” stops debate at once, and a vote is immediately taken on the question “Shall the previous question be now put?" If the vote is adverse, debate may continue. But in England, if the vote is adverse to putting the previous question, debate cannot continue, and the previous question (which is the main question) is considered to be disposed of in the negative. By moving the “previous question” and then defeating the motion, Burke's opponents escaped the need of committing themselves on the main issues raised by his resolutions.

INDEX

Numbers in brackets refer to paragraphs; other numbers refer to pages.

Abeunt studia, etc., 53 [42],

Art of Sinking in Poetry, The, p. 144
Abrogated the ancient government note to [57).

of Massachusetts, 58 [46] and p. 143 Assemblies, colonial legislative, 49
note to [46].

(39).
Abstract ideas, 34 (14].

Auction of finance, 32 (10), 109 [124],
Abstract liberty, 48 (38),

111 (127).
Abstract right, 69 (61).

Authority, legislative, 87 188) and
Act of union, 40 [25] and p. 141 note p 147 note to [88].

to [25]; act of Henry the Eighth,
69 [62]; act of settlement, p 146 Bacon, p, 144 note to 53.
note to [79].

Bar, 36 (17) and p. 141 note to [17].
Acta parentum, etc., 40.

Barrington, Judge, 87 [88) and p. 147
Acts, p. 144 note to [54].

note to (88).
Addison, p. 141 note to [25].

Bathurst, Lord, 40 (25) and p 141
Address, 32 [11] and p. 141 note to note to [25].

[11]; 69 [62] and p. 145 note to [62]; Bengal, 118 (136).
p. 147 note to [88].

Bibliography, 21.
Admit the people of our colonies into Bills of pains and penalties, 32 [11].

an interest in the constitution, 73 and p. 141 note to [11].
[68]; 118 [137].

Blown about by every wind, 26 (2)
African trade, 37 [20] and p 141 note and p. 138 note to [2].
to [20].

Books of curious science, 64 [54].
Agriculture of the colonies, 42 [29]. Boston Port Bill, p. 138 note to [4];
Aid, p. 148 note to [99].

100 [109]; 101 [110], and p. 149 note
All in all, p. 151 note to (139).

to (110).
America worth fighting for, 45 [31]. Boundaries, shadowy, 31 [9] and
American financiers, 74 (70) and p. 139 note to [9].
p. 145 note to (70).

British Empire, 26 [9] and p. 149 note
Ancient indulgence, 46 (35) and to [121]; source of wealth in the,
p. 142 note to (35),

81 [79).
Ancient methods and forms, 32 [12], British strength, 46 (341 and p.

142
Angola negroes, 65 (56] and p. 144 note to (34)
note to [56].

Brunswick, House of, 40 (25). .
Arbuthnot, p. 144 note to [57]. Burgoyne, General, p. 142 note to 45
Arnold, Matthew, p. 143 note to [40].

(31).

Burn their books, 64 547 and p 144 Clouds and darkness, 39, (25) and
note to (54)

p. 141 note to [25].
Burke, Edmund, born, 11; religion, Cockets and clearances, p. 150 note

11; schooling, 11; college days, 11; to (137).
habits of reading 11; law student, Coke, Sir Edward, 67 (59) and p. 144
11; goes to London, 12; travels, note to (59)
12; first publications, 12; marries, Colonies, number of people in, 34
12• Annual Register, 12; secretary (15); no narrow system of govern.
to Hamilton, 13; pensioned, 13,19: ment suited to, 35 (16); commerce
literary club, 13; secretary to of, 35-42 [17-28]; agriculture of, 42
Rockingham, 13; first election to (29], fisheries of, 43 (30); owe
Parliament, 13; opposes the king's nothing to English care, 44 [30];
policy, 13; the Wilkes case, 14; are worth fighting for, 45 [31];
elected member for Bristol, 15; temper and character of, 47 (37 et.
speeches on America, 15; opposed seq.); legislative assemblies of, 49
to armed force, 15; refuses to obey (39); religion of, 50 (40) and p. 143
Instructions, 15; member for Mal. note to [40]; education in, 52 [42];
ton, 16; disappointed by his party, distance from England, 54 [43];
16; party services, 16; poverty and 65 (57), 88 [89]; three ways to deal
debts, 16, 20; charges against with, 59 ( 40 et, seq.); proposal to
honesty of 16: Irritability, 16: poll. give up, 60 (47]: proposal to prose.
tical enemies, 16; refuses office cute as criminals, 66 (58-59); as
under Shelburne, 16; in opposition civil litigant and culprit, 69 [61];
witb Fox, 16; Paymaster, 16, 17; the complaint of, 71 (65); have
advocates reform in India, 16; Im- further views, 74 [70] and p. 145
peacbes Hastings, 17; opinions of note to (70]; legal competency of,
the French Revolution, 18; retires 89 [91], 94[99]; reimbursed, 95[101];
from parliament, 19; death, 19: should be admitted to an interest
Johnson's opinion of, 20; Mac- in the constitution, 73 [68),113[137].
aulay's opinion of, 20; permanent Colony agents, 31 [10] and p. 140 note
value of speeches, 20; Fox's to (10); 111 (127).
opinion of, 20.

Commerce, 35-42 (17-28).

Committee of the whole, p. 139 note
Calamity, public, 29 [7).

to (5)
Carolina, spirit of liberty in. 8: (41). Comparative state, 36 (19) and p. 141
Changes in parliament, 27 (4)

note to (19)
Charity, Roman, 13 (29) and p. 142 Complexions, 45 (31) and p. 142 note
note to (29).

to (31).
Charles, the First, p. 146 note to [79], Compromise and barter, 106 [120].

the Second, p. 146 note to (79) Concessions of the weak, 33 (13].
Chatham, 105 (119).

Conciliation admissible, 32 (11].
Chester, 84 (84).

Concord, of this empire, 73 (67);
Chicane, 52[42] and p. 143 note to temple of 89 [92] and p. 148 note to
[42].

[92).
Children of men, 62 (50).

Confidence, former unsuspecting, 31
Church of England, 50 (40),51 (41; (9) and p. 139 note to 191.
Civil litigant, the colonies as, 69 (61) | Connecticut, 101 (111) and p. 149 note
and p. 145 note to (61).

to (111).

Constitution, an interest in the, 73 | Education in the colonies, 52 [42].

[68], 118 [137]; the English, 78 [78] Edward the First, 81 [80] and p. 146
and p. 146 note to [78].

note to [80].
Cords of man, 107 [120] and p. 149 Elizabeth, Queen, 80 [79].
note to [120].

Empire, British, 26 [2] and p 149
Corinthians, p. 148, 151, notes to [95],

note to [121]; distracted, 30 [8];
[139].

how composed, 66 (59-61); concord
Corn, 43 [29] and p. 142 note to [29].

of this, 73 [67]; source of wealth
Council, the Privy,p. 148 note to [99].

in British, 81 [79]; compromise in,
County Palatine, p. 147 note to [84].

107 [120]; unity of, 108 [121], of
Courts, 103 [114]; of admiralty, 103

Germany, 114 [130] and p 150 note
[115] and p. 149 note to [115].

to [130]; how held together, 119
Criminal prosecution of colonies, 66

[137], 121 [139].
(58-59).

Enfranchisement of slaves, 64 [55]
Cromwell, p. 146 note to [79].

and p. 144 note to [55].
Culprit, the colonies as, 69 (61] and Ephesians, pp. 138. 145 notes to (2),
p. 145 note to [61].

[67].
Culture and Anarchy, p. 143 note to Event, 25 [1] and 127.
[40].

Ex vi termini, 67 [60] and p. 145 note

to [60].
Daniel, p, 151 note to [137].
Davenant, 37 (19) and p. 141 note to Experiments, pernicious, 59 [47].
[19].

Experimentum in corpore vili, 109
Davis, Sir John, 79 (79) and p. 149

[124].
note to [79).

Exodus, p 148 note to [95].

Export trade to the colonies, 36-39.
Davis's Straits, 43 (30).
Day-star, 84 [83] and p. 147 note to Extent, treasury, p, 150 note to [130].

(83).
Deceive the burthen 42 [28] and p.

Falkland Island, 43 (30) and p. 142
142 note to [28].

note to [30].
De jure, de facto, 105 [119].

Falsify the pedigree, 63 [53].
Delicate, 26 [2], 127.

Fashionable doctrine, 27 [2] and p.
Discord, fomented from principle,

138 note to [2]
30 [9] and p. 139 n te to [9]; ruling Fiction lags after truth, 42 [27].
by, 31 [9] and p. 139 note to [9].

Financiers, American, 74 [70] and
Disreputably, 29 [6] and p. 139 note

p. 145 note to [70].
to [6].

First lords of trade, p. 148 note to
Dissidence of dissent, 50 [40].

[99).
Distance of the colonies from Eng. Fisheries of the colonies. 43 [30].
land, 54 [43].

Force, objections to, 45-46 (32-36).
Doctrine, fashionable, 27 [2] and p. Foreign enemy, 46 [34] and p. 142
138 note to [2].

note to [34]; p. 150 note to [136].
Dryden, p. 151 note to [137].

Former unsuspecting confidence, 31
Dunmore, Lord, 57 [45] and p. 143

[9] and p. 140 note to [9].
notes to [45] and to p. 144 [55].

Form of sound words, 91 [95] and
Durham, 86 [87].

p, 148 note to [95].

Fresh principles, 27 [2].
Ease, would retract, p. 150 note to Front,32 [11] and p. 141 note to[11).
[134].

35 (16].

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