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a glorious institution, which gives you your army and your navy, and infuses into both that liberal obedience, without which your army would be a base rabble, and your navy nothing but rotten

timber. (139] All this, I know well enough, will sound wild

and chimerical to the profane herd of those valgar and mechanical politicians, who have no place among us; a sort of people who think that nothing exists but what is gross and material; and who therefore, far from being qualified to be directors of the great movement of empire, are not fit to turn a wheel in the machine. But to men truly initiated and rightly taught, these ruling and master principles, which, in the opinion of such men as I have mentioned, have no substantial existence, are in truth everything, and all in all. Magnanimity in politics is not seldom the truest wisdom; and a great empire and little minds go ill together. If we are conscious of our situation and glow with zeal to fill our place as becomes our station and ourselves, we ought to auspicate all our public proceedings on America with the old warning of the church, Sursum corda! We ought to elevate our minds to the greatness of that trust to which the order of Providence has called us. By adverting to the dignity of this high calling, our ancestors have turned a savage wilderness into a glorious empire; and have made the most extensive,

1 Lift up your hearts.

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and the only honourable conquests, not by destroying, but by promoting the wealth, the number, the happiness of the human race. Let us get an American revenue as we have got an American empire. English privileges have made it all that it is; English privileges alone will make it all it

can be.

(140] In full confidence of this unalterable truth, I

now (quod felix faustumque sit)" lay the first stone of the temple of peace; and I move you,

"That the colonies and plantations of Great Britain in North America, consisting of fourteen separate governments, and containing two millions and upwards of free inhabitants, have not had the liberty and privilege of electing and sending any knights and burgesses, or others, to represent them in the high court of parliament."

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[141] Upon this resolution the previous question was

put, but the resolution failed of adoption ;-yeas 78, noes 270.

[142] As the propositions were opened separately in the

body of the speech, the reader perhaps may wish to see the whole of them together, in the form in which they were moved for. The first four motions and the last had the previous question put on them. The others were negatived. The words in italics were, by amendment, left out of the motion.

? May it be happy and fortunate.

"Moved, (143] “That the colonies and plantations of Great

Britain in North America, consisting of fourteen separate governments, and containing two millions and upwards of free inhabitants, have not had the liberty and privilege of electing and sending any knights and burgesses, or others, to represent

them in the high court of parliament." (144] “That the said colonies and plantations have

been made liable to, and bounden by, several subsidies, payments, rates, and taxes, given and granted by parliament; though the said colonies and plantations have not their knights and burgesses, in the said high court of parliament, of their own election, to represent the condition of their country; by lack whereof, they have been oftentimes touched and grieved, by subsidies given, granted, and assented to, in the said court, in a manner prejudicial to the commonwealth, quiet. ness, rest, and peace, of the subjects inhabiting

within the same.(145] "That from the distance of the said colonies,

and from other circumstances, no method hath hitherto been devised for procuring a representa

tion in parliament for the said colonies." (146] “That each of the said colonies hath within

itself a body, chosen, in part or in the whole, by the freemen, freeholders, or other free inhabitants thereof, commonly called the general assembly, or general court; with powers legally to raise, levy,

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and assess, according to the several usage of such colonies, duties and taxes towards defraying all

sorts of public services.” (147) "That the said general assemblies, general

courts, or other bodies, legally qualified as aforesaid, have at sundry times freely granted several large subsidies and public aids for his Majesty's service, according to their abilities, when required thereto by letter from one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of state; and that their right to grant the same, and their cheerfulness and sufficiency in the said grants, have been at sundry

times acknowledged by parliament.” 148] “That it hath been found by experience, that

the manner of granting the said supplies and aids, by the said general assemblies, hath been more agreeable to the inhabitants of the said colonies, and more beneficial and conducive to the public service, than the mode of giving and granting aids and subsidies in parliament to be raised and paid

in the said colonies.” (149] "That it may be proper to repeal an act, made

in the seventh year of the reign of his present Majesty, intituled, An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America; for allowing a draw back of the duties of customs, upon the exportation from this kingdom, of coffee and cocoa-nuts, of the produce of the said colonies or plantations; for discontinuing the drawbacks payable on China earthenware exported to America; and for more effectually preventing the clandestine running of goods in the said colo

nies and plantations." [150] "That it may be proper to repeal an act, made

in the fourteenth year of the reign of his present Majesty, intituled, An act to discontinue, in such manner, and for such time, as art cherein mentioned, the landing and discharging, lading or shipping of goods, wares, and merchandise, at the town, and within the harbour of Boston, in the

province of Massachusetts Bay, in North America." 381) "That it may be proper to repeal an act, made

)
in the fourteenth year of the reign of his present
Majesty, intituled, An act for the impartial admin-
istration of justice, in cases of persons questioned
for any acts done by them in the execution of the
law, or for the suppression of riots and tumults in the

province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England." (152) "That it is proper to repeal an act, made in the

fourteenth year of the reign of his present Majesty, intituled, An act for the better regulating the gov. ernment of the province of Massachusetts Bay, in

New England.” (153) "That it is proper to explain and amend an act

made in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry VIII., intituled, An act for the trial of

treasons committed out of the king's dominions." (154) “That, from the time when the general assembly,

or general court, of any colony or plantation, in North America, shall have appointed, by act of

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