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TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE AND REVEREND FATHER IN GOD,
GEORGE LORD BISHOP OF WINCHESTER,
P"RELATE OF THE MOST NOBLE ORDER OF THE GARTER.
ing with your Lordship, that hath enabled me to make the I did, some years past, present you with a plain relation relation of these Lives passable-if they prove so-in an of the life of Mr. Richard Hooker, that humble man, to eloquent and captious age. whose memory, princes and the most learned of this nation, And indeed, my Lord, though these relations be well. have paid a reverence at the mention of his name. And meant sacrifices to the memory of these worthy men ; yet 008, with Mr. Hooker's, I present you, also, the life of that I have so little confidence in my performance, that I beg pattern of priinitive piety, Mr. George Herbert; and with pardon for superscribing your name to them: and desiro all bis the life of Dr. Donne, and your friend Sir Henry Wot- that know your Lordship, to apprehend this not as a dediton, all reprinted. The two first were written under your cation,--at least by which you receive any addition of toof: for which reason, if they were worth it, you might honour;—but rather as an humble, and a more public acjustly challenge a Dedication. And indeed, so you might knowledgement, of your long-continued, and your now of Dr. Donne's, and Sir Henry Wotton's: because, if I had daily favours to been fit for this undertaking, it would not have been by
My Lord, acquired learning or study, but by the advantage of forty
Your most affectionate, and most humble servant, years' friendship, and thereby, with hearing and discours
Though the several introductions to these several easily into a law-suit or a quarrel, and having begun, lives have partly declared the reasons how and why I cannot make a fair retreat and be quiet, when they undertook them, yet since they are come to be re- desire it: and really, after such a manner, I became viewed, and augmented, and reprinted, and the fourt engaged into a necessity of writing the Life of Dr. are now become one book, I desire leave to inform you Donne, contrary to my first intentions; and that begot that shall become my reader, that when I sometime a like necessity of writing the life of his and my everlook back upon my education and mean abilities, it is honoured friend, Sir Henry Wotton. not without some little wonder at myself, that I am And having writ these two lives, I lay quiet twenty come to be publicly in print. And though I have years, without a thought of either troubling myself or in those introductions declared some of the accidental others by any new engagement in this kind; for I reasons that occasioned me to be so, yet let me add thought I knew my unfitness : but, about that time, this to what is there said : that by my undertaking to Dr. Gauden I, then Lord Bishop of Exeter, published collect some notes for Sir Henry Wotton's writing the the Life of Mr. Richard Hooker, so he called it, with Late of Dr. Donne, and by Sir Henry's dying before so many dangerous mistakes, both of him and his he performed it, I became like those men that enter books, that discoursing of them with his Grace, Gilbert, • Dr. George Morley, who was distinguished for his un
that now is Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, he enshaken loyalty and attachment to Charles I., and by his joined me to examine some circumstances, and then exemplary conduct as a divine. Though nominated one rectify the bishop's mistakes, by giving the world a of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster, he refused to fuller and a truer account of Mr. Hooker and his
take part in their councils, and sought a refuge abroad, books, than that bishop had done: and I know I have | where he continued constantly and scrupulously to exercise
And let me tell the reader, that till his his pastoral functions among his fellow-exiles at Antwerp, Grace had laid this injunction upon me, I could not and subsequently at Breda. Until the Scottish expedition he was a constant attendant on Charles II., who, however, # Dr. Gauden is now, upon sufficient evidence, believed prohibited him from following on that occasion; but to have been the author of the greater part, if not the when he returned at the Restoration, Dr. Morley was first whole of that remarkable book, the Eikon Basilike, which made Dean of Christchurch, and then Bishop of Wor- was long attributed to Charles I. Dr. Gauden certainly sester, and in 1662 was translated to the see of Winchester. had a great share in it; but Mr. D'Israeli is still of opinion For further particulars, see Wood's Athenæ Oxoniensis. that some passages in it could not have been written by
† The Life of Dr. Sanderson was not written when this any other than Charles himself. Dr. Gauden was a conaddress was first published.
scientious man, and was celebrated as a preacher.
admit a thought of any fitness in me to undertake it : their relations or friends would do it for them, before but when he had twice enjoined me to it, I then de-delays make it too difficult. And I desire this the clined my own, and trusted his judgment, and sub- more, because it is an honour due to the dead, and a mitted to his commands; concluding that, if I did not, generous debt due to those that shall live, and succeed I could not forbear accusing myself of disobedience, us, and would to them prove both a content and satis and indeed of ingratitude for his many favours. Thus faction. For when the next age shall (as this does) I became engaged into the third life.
admire the learning and clear reason which that excelFor the life of that great cxample of holiness, Mr. | leut casuist, Doctor Sanderson (the late Bishop of LinGeorge Herbert, I profess it to be so far a free-will coln), hath demonstrated in his sermons and other offering, that it was writ chiefly to please myself; but writings; who, if they love virtue, would not rejoice yet not without some respect to posterity: for though to know that this good man was as remarkable for the he was not a man that the next age can forget, yet meekness and innocence of his life as for his great and many of his particular acts and virtues might have useful learning, and indeed as remarkable for his fortibeen neglected or lost, if I had not collected and pre- tude in his long and patient suffering (under them that sented them to the imitation of those that shall succeed then called themselves the godly party) for that docus : for I humbly conceive writing to be both a safer trine which he had preached and printed in the happy and truer preserver of men's virtuous actions than tra- days of the nation's and the church's peace ? and who dition, especially as it is managed in this age. And I would not be content to have the like account of Dr. am also to tell the reader, that though this Life of Mr. | Field*, that great schoolınan, and others of noted Herbert was not writ by me in haste, yet I intended it | learning? And though I cannot hope that my exa review, before it should be made publie: but that ample or reason can persuade to this undertaking, yet was not allowed me, by reason of my absence from I please myself, that I shall conclude my Preface with London when it was printing ; so that the reader may wishing that it were so. find in it some mistakes, some double expressions, and
I. W. some not very proper, and some that might have been contracted, and some faults that are not justly charge- * Dr. Richard Field, chaplain to James I., and Dean of able upon me, but the printer; and yet I hope none
Gloucester, died Nov. 21st, 1616. He was the friend of
Mr. Richard Hooker, and one of the most learned men of so great, as may not by this confession purchase pardon
But although well skilled to shine in the scho. from a good-natured reader. And now I wish that as that learned Jew, Joseplıus, exhibitions of worldly learning; for, as has been well
lastic disputes of his time, he discouraged such vain and others, so these men had also writ their own lives : said of him, " it was his ambition to conciliato, not to but since it is not the fashion of these times, I wish irritate."
COPY OF A LETTER WRIT TO MR. IZAAK WALTON,
DR. KING, LORD BISHOP OF CHICHIESTER+
our friendship; yet I must confess my affection much Though a familiarity of more than forty years' con- improved, not only by evidences of private respect to tinuance and the constant experience of your love, even many that know and love you, but by your new doin the worst of the late sad times, be sufficient to endear monstration of a public spirit, testified in a diligent, sermons of his, now made public ; professing before Dr. , added to yours; that he was a man of as florid a wit, Winniff, Dr. Monford t, and, I think, yourself then and as elegant a pen, as any former (of ours, wbich in present at his bed-side, that it was by my restless im- that kind is most excellent) age bath ever produced. portunity, that he had prepared them for the press : And now, having made this voluntary observation of together with which (as his best legacy) he gave me all our two deceased friends, I proceed to satisfy your his serion notes, and his other papers, containing an desire concerning what I know and believe of the everextract of near fifteen hundred authors. How these memorable Mr. Hooker, who was “schismaticorum were got out of my hands, you, who were the messen- malleus," so great a champion for the church of Engger for them, and how lost both to me and yourself, is land's rights, against the factious torrent of separatists not now seasonable to complain : but since they did that then ran high against church discipline ; and in his miscarry, I am glad that the general demonstration of unanswerable books continues to be so against the unhis worth was so fairly preserved and represented to the quiet disciples of their schism, which now, under other world by your pen in the history of his life ; indeed, names, still carry on their design; and who (as the so well, that, beside others, the best critic of our later proper heirs of their irrational zeal) would again rake time (Mr. John Hales I, of Eton College) affirmed to into the scarce closed wounds of a newly bleeding state me," he had not seen a life written with more advan- and church. tage to the subject, or more reputation to the writer, And first, though I dare not say that I knew Mr. than that of Dr. Donne."
true, and useful collection of so many material passages + Dr. Henry King, Bishop of Chichester, son of Dr. John King, Bishop of London, and great-nephew of Robert King,
as you have now afforded me in the life of venerable the first Bishop of Oxford and the last Abbot of Osney. He Mr. Hooker : of which, since desired by such a friend was the author of a metrical translation of the Psalms,-of as yourself, I shall not deny to give the testimony of several poems in English, Latin, and Greek; and he also what I know concerning him and his learned books: published several sermons and religious tracts. Being but shall first here take a fair occasion to tell you,
that disinclined to go all lengths with the high-church party, he
you have been happy in choosing to write the lives of was suspected of puritanism ; and at a time when the
three such persons, as posterity hath just cause to king judged it advisable to conciliate that party—“ when," says Jacob, “ it was conceived that the most effectual
honour; which they will do the more for the true remethod for the restitution of episcopacy was to prefer lation of them by your happy pen : of all which I sha]] persons not only of unblameable lives and eminent for give you my unfeigned censure I. their learning, but such as were generally beloved by all I shall begin with my most dear and incomparable disinterested people," Dr. King, then Dean of Rochester, friend, Dr. Donne, late dean of St. Paul's church, who was advanced to the see of Chichester. But his mcrits not only trusted me as his executor, but three days could not save him, and during the ascendancy of Crom
before his death delivered into my hands those excellent well, Dr. King was obliged to leave the kingdom. He returned at the Restoration, and survived that event nine Censure is here and in other places used in the sense years, dying on the 1st of October, 1669.
Hooker; yet as our ecclesiastical history reports to the After the performance of this task for Dr. Donne, honour of St. Ignatius, " that he lived in the time of you undertook the like office for our friend Sir Henry St. John, and had seen him in his childhood ;" so I Wotton : betwixt which two there was a friendship also joy that in my minority I have often seen Mr. begun in Oxford, continued in their various travels, Hooker with my father, who was after Bishop of Lonand more confirmed in the religious friendship of age ; don ; from whom, and others, at that time, I have and doubtless this excellent person had writ the life of heard most of the material passages which you relate in Dr. Donne, if death had not prevented him ; by which the history of his life ; and from my father received ineans, bis and your pre-collections for that work fell such a character of his learning, humility, and other to the happy manage of your pen : a work which you virtues, that, like jewels of unvaluable price, they still would have declined, if imperious persuasions had not cast such a lustre, as envy or the rust of time shall been stronger than your modest resolutions against it. never darken. And I am thus far glad that the first life was so im. From my father I have also heard all the circum. posed upon you, because it gave an unavoidable cause stances of the plot to defame him; and how Sir Edwin of writing the second : if not, it is too probable we had Sandys outwitted his accusers, and gained their confeswanted both; which had been a prejudice to all lovers sion: and I could give an account of each particular of of honour and ingenious learning. And let me not that plot, but that I judge it fitter to be forgotten, and leave my friend Sir Henry without this testimony rot in the same grave with the malicious authors.
I may not omit to declare, that my father's know• Dr. Thomas Winniff, successively Dean of Gloucester ledge of Mr. Hooker was occasioned by the learned Dr. and of St. Paul's, was promoted to the bishopric of Lin- John Spencer, who, after the death of Mr. Hooker, was coln in 1641, on the translation of Dr. Williams to York.
so careful to preserve his unvaluable sixth, seventh, His promotion, in consequence of his principles, which
and eighth books of Ecclesiastical Polity, and his other were suspected to lean too much towards puritanism, becaine a source of care and discomfort, and he was at
writings, that he procured Henry Jackson, then of last under the necessity of retiring to a country parish, Corpus Christi College, to transcribe for him all Mr. Lomboum in Essex, where he died in 1654. Lord Cla.
Hooker's remaining written papers ; many of which rendon, in such a case an impartial witness, naming this were imperfect : for his study had been rified, or worse prelate and four other divines who were appointed bishops used, by Mr. Chark, and another, of principles too like at the same time as he, characterises them all as “ of the his. But these papers were endeavoured to be comgreatest eminency in the church, frequent preachers, and pleted by his dear friend Dr. Spencers, who bequeathed not a man to whom the faults of the then governing cleryy were imputed, or against whom the least objection
them as a precious legacy to my father; after whose
death they rested in my hand, till Dr. Abbot II, then could be made." + Dr. Thomas Mountfort, canon residentiary of St. Paul's,
Archbishop of Canterbury, commanded them out of died February 27th, 1632.
§ President of Corpus Christi College in Oxford. After John Hales, an eminent divine and critic, usually the death of Mr. Hooker he published the five books of distinguished by the appellation of "The ever-memorable;" Ecclesiastical Polity, with an excellent preface. | Greek Professor in the University of Oxford, and after- | Dr. George Abbot, a man of great learning and piety,
wards Fellow of Eton College. From his vast erudition, but whose character has, in consequence of the part he he was called ** The Walking Library," and was esteemed took in the political and religious controversies of the one of the greatest scholars in Europe. Sir David Dal- times, been very roughly handled by many historians of rymple, Lord Hailes, who edited a beautiful edition of his
opposite opinions. He was much favoured by James I., works, says, that " they who are acquainted with the but his opposition to the projects of Laud brought him literary and political history of England, will perceive into disgrace with Charles. His life has been well written, that the leading men of all parties, however different and and his character set in a true light, by Mr. Arthur discordant, have, with a wonderful unanimity, concurred Onslow, Speaker of the House of Commons. He says, that in praise of the ever-memorable Mr. John Hales of Eton." "if he had some narrow notions in divinity, they were Hales was a staunch royalist, and suffered severely during rather the faults of the age he had his education in, than the usurpation of Cromwell, and was reduced to sell a his; and the same imputation may be laid on the best part of his valuable library to Cornelius Bee, a bookseller and most learned of the reformers. His parts seem to in London, for 7001. ; but there appears no reason to give have been strong and masterly, his preaching grave and credit to the story generally current that be died in eloquent, and his style equal to any of that time. Ile extreme poverty, since in his will, which is dated on the was eminent for piety, and a care for the poor; and his day of his death, he bequeathes several legacies, as well hospitality fully answered the injunction King James laid in money as in books and rings. He died on the 19th of on him, which was to carry his house nobly and live like May, 1656, aged 72 years.
my custody, by authorizing Dr. Jonn Barkeham *, to times, you have given us a more short and significant require, and bring them to him to his palace in Lam- account than I have received from any other pen. beth: at which time, I have heard, they were put into You have done much for the learned Sir Henry Savile, the bishop's library, and that they remained there till his contemporary and familiar friend ; amongst the the martyrdom of Archbishop Laud; and were then by surviving monuments of whose learning (give me leave the brethren of that faction given, with all the library, to tell you so) two are omitted ; his edition of Euclid, to Hugh Peters t, as a reward for his remarkable ser- but especially his translation of King James's Apology vice in those sad times of the church's confusion. And, for the Oath of Allegiance, into elegant Latin : which though they could hardly fall into a fouler hand, yet flying in that dress as far as Rome, was by the pope there wanted not other endeavours to corrupt and and conclave sent to Salamanca unto Franciscus make them speak that language for which the faction Suarezi, (then residing there as president of that then fought, which indeed was, to subject the sovereign college,) with a command to answer it. And it is power to the people.
worth noting, that when he had perfected the worky, But I need not strive to vindicate Mr. Hooker in which he calls, Defensio Fidei Catholics," it was this particular: his known loyalty to his prince whilst transmitted to Rome for a view of the Inquisitors ; he lived, the sorrow expressed by King James at his who, according to their custom, blotted out what they death, the value our late sovereign (of ever-blessed pleased, and (as Mr. Hooker hath been used since his nemory) put upon his works, and now the singular death) added whatsoever might advance the pope's character of his worth by you given in the passages of supremacy, or carry on their own interest; commonly his life, especially in your appendix to it, do sufficiently coupling together “ deponere et occidere," the deposing clear him from that imputation : and I am glad you and then killing of princes. Which cruel and unchrismention how much value Thomas Stapleton, pope tian language Mr. John Saltkelş, the amanuensis to Clement the Eighth, and other eminent men of the Suarez, when he wrote that answer, (but since a con· Romish persuasion, have put upon his books; having vert, and living long in my father's house,) often been told the same in my youth by persons of worth professed the good old man (whose piety and charity that have travelled Italy.
Mr. Saltkel magnified much) not only disavowed, but Lastly, I must again congratulate this undertaking detested. Not to trouble you further; your reader, of yours, as now more proper to you than any other (if, according to your desire, my approbation of your person, by reason of your long knowledge and alliance work carries any weight) will here find many just to the worthy family of the Cranmers, (my old friends reasons to thank you for it; and possibly for this ciralso,) who have been men of noted wisdom ; especially cumstance here mentioned (not known to many) may Mr. George Cranmer, whose prudence, added to that happily apprehend one to thank him, who lieartily of Sir Edwin Sandys, proved very useful in the com- wishes your happiness, and is unfeignedly, pleting of Mr. Hooker's matchless books: one of their
Sir, letters I herewith send you, to make use of, if you
Your ever faitbful think fit. And let me say further, you merit much
and affectionate old Friend, from many of Mr. Hooker's best friends then living:
HENRY CHICHESTER. namely, from the ever-renowned Archbishop Whitgift, Chichester, Nov. 17, 1664. of whose incomparable worth, with the character of the
# A celebrated Jesuit, the author of many controversial Chaplain to Archbishop Bancroft, as well as to his and other traets. He was born in 1548, and died in 1617. successor, Dr. Abbot, and Dean of Bocking in Essex ; an § Mr. John Saltkel, or Saltkeld, was for some years a able divine and an amiable man. To his knowledge in member of the church of Rome and a Jesuit. He was divinity he added other literary accomplishments, being profoundly read in theological and other authors; but an accurate historian, well skilled in coins and antiquities, being for the fame of his learning brought before King and so great a proficient in heraldry, that he is generally James, he was so far convinced by his majesty's argusupposed to have been the author of that celebrated work ments as to come over to the church of England, for which which was published in the name of John Guillim. he was wont to style himself " The Royal Convert;" and
† The history of this warlike chaplain of Cromwell's is the king honoured him so far as to call him “ The learned too well known to need further notice here. He was a Salkeld," in his works and writings. Mr. Salkeld became man of considerable talents, but very little principle. Of rector of Church Taunton in Devonshire, in 1636, and was his behaviour during his trial and at his execution, see afterwards, for his loyalty, deprived of his preferinent. the State Trials
He died at Clculm, in February !659-60.