Universities and Economic Development in Africa

Front Cover
"Universities and economic development in Africa presents the synthesisesand key findings of eight African countries and universities. The analysis and discussions presented in the book draw the following three main conclusions: 1. There is a lack of clarity and agreement (pact) about a development model and the role of higher education in development, at both national and institutional levels. There is, however, an increasing awareness, particularly at government level, of the importance of universities in the global context of the knowledge economy. 2. Research production at the eight African universities is not strong enough to enable them to build on their traditional undergraduate teaching roles and make a sustained contribution to development via new knowledge production. A number of universities have manageable student-staff ratios and adequately qualifi ed staff, but inadequate funds for staff to engage in research. In addition, the incentive regimes do not support knowledge production. 3. In none of the countries in the sample is there a coordinated effort between government, external stakeholders and the university to systematically strengthen the contribution that the university can make to development. While at each of the universities there are exemplary development projects that connect strongly to external stakeholders and strengthen the academic core, the challenge is how to increase the number of these projects. The project on which this report is based forms part of a larger study on Higher Education and Economic Development in Africa, undertaken by the Higher Education Research and Advocacy Network in Africa (HERANA). HERANA is coordinated by the Centre for Higher Education Transformation in South Africa"--Back cover.
 

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Contents

Comparing national and institutional notions of the role of higher education in South Africa
129
Rating of the academic core
130
National coordination of knowledge policies in South Africa
133
Implementation of knowledge policies and activities in South Africa
134
TanzaniaUniversity of Dar es Salaam
140
Role for knowledge and universities in development in Tanzania
142
Comparing national and institutional notions of the role of higher education in Tanzania
143
Rating of the academic core
144
National coordination of knowledge policies in Tanzania
146
Implementation of knowledge policies and activities in Tanzania
147
Role for knowledge and universities in development in Uganda
153
Comparing national and institutional notions of the role of higher education in Uganda
154
Rating of the academic core
155
National coordination of knowledge policies in Uganda
157
Implementation of knowledge policies and activities in Uganda
158
Conclusions and implications
163
A higher education and development profile of the countries
176
Table A1 Gross domestic product per capita vs Human Development Index
177
Table A2 Selected higher education and economic development indicators
178
Table C1 A role for knowledge and universities in development
184
Table C2 Coordination and implementation
185
Table E1 Academic core indicators measurements and ratings used in the synthesis of the findings from the eight case studies
187
Table F1 Description of academic core ratings used in the analysis of the findings of the eight case studies
188
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