Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

* *

*

(Sundry civil act, June 25, 1910, 36 Stats., 703.)

and hereafter said Navy Yearbook shall be prepared and published for each calendar year and distributed as other public documents; and six thousand additional copies shall be printed and bound in cloth and distributed as follows: One thousand five hundred for the Senate, three thousand for the House of Representatives, one thousand for the Navy Department, and five hundred for the Committees on Naval Affairs of Senate and House.

2

PREFATORY NOTE.

This volume contains 35 annual naval appropriation acts, commencing with the act of March 3, 1883, the special war or deficiency appropriation acts of June 15 and October 6, 1917, and March 28, April 26, and June 4, 1918, the personnel law, the war personnel law (act of May 22, 1917), and the usual statistical tables.

To hold the Yearbook to one volume routine language repeated from year to year in successive naval appropriation acts is entirely omitted from the Yearbook for 1917 and 1918, except as hereafter stated. This also applies to the special or war deficiency appropriation acts, supra.

The appropriation act of March 3, 1883, the temporary act of July 7, 1884, the special increase of Navy act of August 3, 1886, the special act of April 26, 1918, and the appropriation acts of March 4, 1917, and July 1, 1918, are printed in full-all new language in the two last-named acts being in italics. The act temporarily to increase the commissioned and warrant and enlisted strength of the Navy and Marine Corps, and for other purposes, approved May 22, 1917, also is printed in full.

A separate chapter is devoted to the personnel act of March 3, 1899, and changes authorized by various subsequent acts.

Of the appropriation acts from 1884 to 1916, inclusive, only so much is printed as is needed to show the changes from year to year.

To supplement this abbreviated text and to facilitate comparison of any particular year with any other as well as to give the total cost of the new Navy, there is appended a tabulated statement showing by individual appropriations under each bureau of the Navy Department all amounts carried by the regular naval acts and also by the several deficiency acts from March 3, 1883, to date.

A separate edition of the Yearbook for 1917 was not gotten out because during the progress of the war it was not possible to get certain statistical data regarding foreign navies which it has been customary to publish in the Yearbook, and, moreover, it would not have been compatible with the public interests to have published certain parts of the statistical information concerning the United States Navy which it has been the practice for the Yearbook to contain. Consequently, the 1917 and 1918 editions are here printed in one volume.

ARCHIBALD ODEN, Jr.'

3

INTRODUCTION.

The initial legislation for rebuilding the Navy commenced with the act of August 5, 1882 (Statutes, vol. 22, p. 291), which stipulated, under limitations, that no more money should be spent upon old wooden vessels and provided for the appointment of a Nava!

. Advisory Board. The following are the important features of the act:

Provided, That no part of this sum [the regular annual appropriation for the Bureau of Construction and Repair) shall be applied to the repairs of any wooden ship when the estimated cost of such repairs shall exceed thirty per centum of the estimated cost of a new ship of the same size and like material : Provided, Nothing herein contained shall deprive the Secretary of the authority to order repairs of ships damaged in foreign waters or on the high seas, so far as may be necessary to bring them home. Any portion of said sum not required for the purposes aforesaid may be applied toward the construction of two steam cruising vessels of war, which are hereby authorized, at a total cost, when fully completed, not to exceed the amount estimated by the late Naval Advisory Board for such vessel, the same to be constructed of steel, of domestic manufacture, having as near as may be a tensile strength of not less than sixty-thousand pounds to the square inch, and a ductility in eight inches of not less than twenty-five per centum; said vessels to be provided with full sail-power and full steam-power. One of said vessels shall be of not less than five thousand nor more than six thousand tons displacement, and shall have the highest attainable speed, and shall be adapted to be armed with not more than four breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than eight-inch caliber, or two of teninch caliber, and not more than twenty-one breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than six-inch caliber; one of said vessels shall be of not less than four thousand three hundred nor more than four thousand seven hundred tons displacement, and shall have the highest attainable speed, and shall be adapted to be armed with four breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than eight-inch caliber, or two of ten-inch caliber, and not more than fifteen breech-loading rifled cannon, of high power, of not less than six-inch caliber. The Secretary of the Navy is hereby empowered and directed to organize a board of naval officers and experts for his advice and assistance, to be called the “Naval Advisory Board," to serve during the period required for the construction, armament, and trial of the vessels hereby authorized to be constructed, and no longer. Said board shall consists of five officers on the active list of the Navy in the line and the staff, to be detailed by the Secretary of the Navy, without reference to rank and with reference only to character, experience, knowledge, and skill, and two persons of established reputation and standing, as experts in naval or marine construction, to be selected from civil life, and employed for this sole duty by the Secretary of the Navy, and to be paid such sum, out of the appropriation hereby made, not exceeding eleven thousand dollars, as he may direct: Provided however, That no person shall be a member of said board who has any interest, direct or indirect, in any invention, device, or process, patented or otherwise, to be used in the construction of said vessels, their engines, boilers, or armament, nor in any contract for the same. It shall be the duty of said board to advise and assist the Secretary of the Navy, in his office or elsewhere, in all matters referred to them by him relative to the designs, models, plans, specifications, and contracts for said vessels in all their parts, and relative to the materials to be used therein and to the construction thereof, and especially relative to the harmonious adjustment, respectively, of their hulls, machinery, and armament; and they shall examine all materials to be used in said vessels, and inspect the work on the same as it progresses, and have general supervision thereof, under the direction of said Secretary. But said board shall have no power to make or enter into any contract, nor to direct or control any

officer of the Navy, the chief of any bureau of the Navy, or any contractor.
Neither of the vessels hereby authorized to be built shall be contracted for or
commenced until full and complete detail drawings and specifications thereof, in
all its parts, including the hull, engines, and boilers, shall have been provided or
adopted by the Navy Department, and shall have been approved, in writing, by
said board, or by a majority of the members thereof, and by the Secretary of
the Navy; and after salál drawings and specifications have been provided,
adopted, and approved' ás aforesaid, and the work has been commenced or a
contract made for, it, they shall not be changed in any respect, when the cost of
such change shall.in.the construction exceed five hundred dollars, except upon
the approval of said board, or a majority of the members thereof, in writing,
and upon.the written order of the Secretary of the Navy; and, if changes are
thus thade the actual cost thereof and the damage caused thereby shall be
ascertained, estimated, and determined by said board; and in any contract made
pursuant to this act it shall be provided in the terms thereof that the contractor
shall be bound by the determination of said board, or a majority thereof, as to
the amount of the increased or diminished compensation said contractor shall
be entitled to receive, if any, in consequence of such change or changes. The
Secretary of the Navy is hereby authorized to cause the said cruising vessels of
war aforesaid to be provided with interior deflective steel armor, if the same,
upon full investigation, shall seem to be practicable and desirable, and if the
same shall be approved by said board, or a majority thereof, in writing. Before
any of the vessels hereby authorized shall be contracted for or commenced the
Secretary of the Navy shall, by proper public advertisement and notice, invite
all engineers and mechanics of established reputation, and all reputable manu-
facturers of vessels, steam-engines, boilers, and ordnance, having or controlling
regular establishments, and being engaged in the business, all officers of the
Navy, and especially all naval constructors, steam-engineers, and ordnance
officers of the Navy, having plans, models, or designs of any vessels of the
classes hereby authorized, or of any part thereof, within any given period, not
less than sixty days, to submit the same to said board; and it shall be the duty
of said board to carefully and fully examine the same and to hear any proper
explanation thereof, and to report to the Secretary of the Navy, in writing,
whether, in their opinion, any such plan, model, or design, or any suggestion
therein, is worthy of adoption in the construction of said vessels, their engines,
boilers, or armament; and if in such construction any such plan, model, design,
or suggestion shall be adopted, for the use of which any citizen not an officer
of the Navy would have a just claim for compensation, the contractor shall
bind himself to discharge the government from all liability on account of such
adoption and use: Provided, That said Naval Advisory Board herein provided
for shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, prepare plans, draw-
ings, and specifications for vessels, their machinery, and armament, recom-
mended by the late Naval Advisory Board not herein authorized to be built.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »