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Tillotson. These, however, as Pro- she is represented ; and it is in the testants writing upon religion, might meekness and piety of these menexpect this treatment; but Protestants so rengunced by that communionwho write on other and very different not only in their own times, but in subjects, can claim no exception, Sal- the present day-that weare told to masius, and Vossius, and Scaliger- see the spirit and temper of the very nay even Grotius de Jure Belli et Church which disowned and abanPacis, and Puffendorff. Jews are als doned them! 80 proscribed-Maimonides and Me- But Sir Robert passes from these nasseh ben Israel. Nor, in the judg- old facts, “which look amaist as weil's ment of the Pope, can the Koran be the new," and presents Mr Northleft in the Christian world without a Mr Brownlow-and all between and risk of its making converts.

after-with some contemporary eviBut how—as we asked before-how dence and fair reasoning.” has the Church of Rome treated some of the great writers belonging to here

“ Even after all which I have already self-or said-for political purposes

adduced, (to prove that the reigning spirit -to have been her loving and beloved of the Church of Rome is as hostile as children? Why, Fenelon, when alive, mankind,) the House will still be scarce

ever to the freedom and intelligence of was condemned and persecuted when dead, one of his most devotional ly prepared to believe, that the Bible itworks was placed in the Index of self is at this day consigned by the pro “ Abominations.” Mr North (not condemnation, in which some of the best

fane touch of that Church to the same Christopher) had, it seems, referred

human works' (I am willing to admit in the House to the solemn and saintly morality of a Nicole, the severe and her sentence intermingled and engull

some very bad works also) are already by intellectual Pascal, the devout and af.

ed. The House will observe, that one fectionate religion of Fenelon, and of the rules promulgated by the Council of asked whether the Church which these Trent, begins with the preamble : 'Since men represented could be fairly an ob- it is manifest by experience, that if the ject of the aversion with which we re- Holy Bible in the vulgar tongue be everygard it? Now we admire Mr North- where indiscriminately permitted, more his fine talents and fine scholarship, evil than good will thence arise, in conhe being worth a gross of Shiels—but sequence of the rashness of men,'—the how came it that he was not better read House will also observe, that the same in the history of these illustrious men? rule (proceeding in consequence to proHow could he believe that such men vide, that for the reading of the Bible a could be favourites with the Church license be granted by certain authorities) of Rome? Or how could he throw out closes thus : • He who, without such lia an argument of that shadowy and un- cense, shall presume to read or to possess substantial kind—even if they had the Bible, cannot, unless he shall first been such favourites--to prove—what give it up to the ordinary, receive absohe well knows never can be proved, lution of his sins.'. If I had been come any more than that black is white pelled to look for this rule in a contemthat the Church of Rome is a noble and porary work of the Council of Trent, I a rational Church? A man of Mr should not here have referred to it: I North's abilities must, we say, know

will have no more of history than the that the character of that Church could Honourable Gentlemen who are so averse not be vindicated by the virtues, piety, of the present Roman Catholics, are plea

to it, and so much in favour of the claims genius, or knowledge of a few of its members. But how stands the case with the journal of to-day; it is re-print

sed to allow me; but this is not history : Nicole, Pascal, and Fenelon? Why-. ed, re-enacted, re-enforced by the Papal the Church of Rome will have none of See in 1819. them. She “proscribed them living, and condemned them dead.” Of the distrust of Scripture, as in reference to

“ But I may be told, in reference to this fate of Fenelon we have already spo- many other charges against the Church ken-Pascal too shares the same fate

of Rome, that it is fair to argue, that be-and so does Quesnal—yet it is by cause, in compliment to her own infallithese men that the Church of Rome bility, she reprints in the present century is most advantageously known in this the anathemas thundered by the Papal country-it is by these names that, it See in the sixteenth century, she really is alleged by her Protestant friends, believes in their validity, or in her right

to enforce them :-You must not ex- 'bave a single heretical note or addition. pect,' I am to be told, that a church, The prohibitory clause is as follows:which has once claimed to be infallible, the Pope having recited the condemnacan ever admit, totidem verbis, that she has tion of the Italian editions of the New erred:

: you must make allowances; you Testament in question, of an English immust be candid; you must take the opi pression of the same translation, and of nions, the spirit of the Church of Rome, seven other works, one on Medical Junot from her mere diplomatic recogni- risprudence, one on Physiology, protion to-day of the decrees of the Council ceeds:— Therefore let no one, of any of Trent, (a recognition which formal rank or condition whatsoever, read or and technical only, and inoperative,) but possess the said work; but give them up from her own recent conduct in these at once to the Ordinary, or to the Inmatters: you will find how much she has quisition, under pain of mortal sin.' softened all these rigours, how entirely “ From the tyranny over the human she has relaxed these restrictions, how mind, thus exercised by the Church of different the Church of Rome now is from Rome, wherever it has power, I draw this the Church of Rome three or four cen- conclusion, that to give it new power anyturies ago.'-Be it so; I will look, then, where would be most unsafe : and if it were not to the mere republication of the Re- on the ground that the Church of Rome gula, wbich, so republished, I thought I has changed its character, would be most might have quoted as an act of the pre- contrary to the evidence of facts. It has sent day, but to some subsequent modi. still the same grasping, dominant, exclufication of it :-let it then be observed, sive, and intolerant character: it is weakthat the Regula in question conveyed to er indeed than it was; but it carries with certain authorities the faculty of granting it everywhere the same mind. You have a license to read any versions of the indeed shorn and bound the strong man; Scriptures. How stands the matter but the secret of his strength is still upnow? To the eye of Clement VIII. this on him; and if, from whatever motive, meaning conveyed to subordinate func- you admit him into the sanctuary of your tionaries too dangerous a trust: the trust temple, beware, lest the place and the was therefore practically withdrawn by opportunity should call that strength inhis mode of interpreting the rule. This to action; and with all the original enerhowever, is of less consequence since gies of his might restored for the occathe original faculty was by Benedict IV. sion, he should pull down the temple of restored in 1757, with this saving clause, the constitution upon you, and bury you, that the versions, the reading of which and your idols, and himself, in one comwas to be licensed, should have been ap- mon ruin." proved by the Holy See; and, accord- Pray, what sort of an old gentleingly, the Italian translation of the New man was the last Pope-he whom Testament, made by Martini, Archbishop Bonaparte carried off a prisoner into of Florence, was not only approved at France? As worthy a Pope as ever the time by Pope Pius VI. but actually issued a Bull. Had he any came forth with a recommendatory letter judices?" A few. When Bonaparte was from him; a letter which has very fre- meditating that outrage on his liberty, quently since been reprinted by Protest- he still felt it right to submit, for the ants. But how soon was this gleam sanction of his own dear Papa, cerovercast; how little has the day risen; tain articles relating, not to the Unihow much darker rather has it not be versal Church, but to the internal adcome! for not only at this time are all ministration of France itself, as it rethe versions of the Scriptures, published by the British and Foreign Bible Society, tions was, that all religions should be

lated to religion. One of these quesin any and every spoken language, prohibited, (this indeed is consistent with the

free" Que tous les cultes soient liclause to which I have referred, for those

bres, et publiquement exercés.”—The versions at least never had the required

Pope, says Sir Robert Inglis, an. sanction,) but in one of the latest addi

swered as if he had been Julius the tions to that Index, a single sheet print

Second, or Sextus the Fifth. ed in 1820, and containing the works

turns round to his Cardinals, and tells prohibited since the publication of the

to them in words which no Protestant volume in 1819, are two editions of that should ever forget :-“We have re. very translation of the New Testament, jected this article as contrary to the by Martini, both printed in Italy, both Canons, to the Councils, to the Cahaving the identical letter of Pius VI. tholic religion, to the tranquillity of prefixed; and neither of them stated to life, and to the welfare of the state."

** old pre


“ In another rescript to the Bishops, freedom which the members of the in the same work, he refers to the tolera- Church of Rome will admit, even when tion of all sects actually granted in France taking the greatest care of their own civil under Bonaparte; and says that such rights. alliance can no more consist with the “ I might quote much about the ProCatholic Church, than a concord between testants in France, and the spirit of the Christ and Belial. Let it always be re. Roman Catholic religion even there; collected that this was in reference to an still more about the Vaudois, against application from a sovereign on histhrone, whom the King of Sardinia, on his restoin the plenitude of his power, to a poor ration, re-enacted many of the oppres decrepit old man, whom he was about to sive decrees which had been repealed carry off as a prisoner into the centre of during their subjection to France. I France; that Bonaparte felt the spiri. might quote not less as to the spirit of tual power of the Pope, when he asked the Belgian Church : but I trust, that I the exercise of it to confirm his own re- have already said enough to prove that gulations for the internal government of the semper eadem of the Romish Church France; and that the Pope shewed the is no vain boast; that that Church is at unchanging character of his church in this day as grasping, as despotic, as ex. refusing, even under such extremities, to clusive, as in those ages, which, by an yield one jot of its intolerant assump- unnecessary courtesy to the present, so tions."

far as Rome is concerned, we call the Mr Brownlow has, we know, a wide Dark Ages." swallow, and can gulp-bolt much- Sir Robert then goes on to shewyet his stomach must have sickened, which he does as clear as the dayhis gorge risen-at such a sudden and

that the evidence on which the alleheaped-up trencher of unexpected, ged change in the Church of Rome is though demanded, “ contemporary supposed to rest, upon the proof of evidence and fair reasoning."

which change, we are told to relax all But, says Sir Robert, it may be our securities against its former chaurged that this was all in the ef

racter, is itself so little trust-worthy fete and worn-out soil of Europe.

on many other points, that no vital Take then, quoth he, the seedling to alteration in the constitution can safe another world, and see what a dif- ly or consistently be made on the tes. ferent fruit it will produce. But see -first of all—what fruit it did pro- exposes-though indeed that was an

timony of such witnesses. He acutely duce, when the ground was newly easy task-some of the unprincipled turned up in Spain.

contradictions and inconsistencies of “ By the constitution of the Cortes, it was enacted in respect to spiritual li- Arch-Hypocrite of Kildareand Lough

Dr James Doyle, Titular Bishop and berty as follows :— The religion of the lin-and of Dan O'Connell—but we Spanish nation is, and shall be perpetually, the Roman Catholic, the only true

pass over this part of the speech, as

we intend, ere long, to give Dr Doyle religion. The nation protects it by wise and just laws, and prohibits the exercise

a flagellation which will

keep his back of any other.' The oath of the members

warm during the succeeding winter. of the Cortes was this I swear to de

But we cannot choose but quote one fend and preserve the Catholic

, Aposto admirable passage, alluding to some lic, and Roman religion, without admit- of O'Connell's threatenings—calm, or ting any other into the kingdom.' Is the outrageous, or sullen-as suits the Church of Rome here changed ? Go season-against the Church Estaacross the Atlantic; what is the funds. blishment of Ireland mental article in the constitution of the “ Is not this warning enough to us? newest of the Roman Catholic states of Are these the men to whom it would be the New World ? I will not trust my re- safe to intrust the care of our Protestant collection, but I will read a passage from interests? Are these the men whom we the constitution of Mexico; it is nearly would place in this House to legislatt the same as that of the Cortes: • The for the Church of England ? It is said religion of the state shall be the holy that these passages all refer to the Church Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church. of Ireland; that Dr Doyle, in bis eviThe State protects it by just and salutary dence, has expressly limited his observalaws; and prohibits the exercise of any tions to the Church of Ireland. Sir, other.' This is the act not of imperial, there is no Church of Ireland: the but of republican Mexico; it is the new Church of Ireland ceased to exist at the est specimen of that kind of religious Union; it is now for ever one with the Church of England : they form one un- " It will have opened to them some divided Establishment : any attack on roads to honour as yet untrod; but you the one is an attack on the other : and still leave enough to violate your own that part which is in Ireland cannot be principle; you only remove the difficulty pulled down or undermined, without one or two steps further. You allow shaking the English part to its founda- Mr O'Connell to have a silk gown; you tion. Let not the Establishment in Eng- allow Mr Charles Butler to sit upon the land fondly believe that the Church in bench; but you will still exclude both of Ireland cannot be destroyed, or even them from that which constitutes to a weakened, without a mortal injury to young and ardent mind the great hope their own nearer interests : let not the and stimulus of the profession; you still people of England believe that a success- for ever exclude him, and every one of ful attack can be made upon the pro. his class in religion, from the chance of perty of the Church, whether in England ever being lord chancellor; and when or in Ireland, without endangering the my honourable and learned friend the security of all other property. The in- member for Plympton (Mr North) talked jury to the Establishment in England, of the damp and chill in which generous the danger to all other property, may be ambition was left, by the exclusion of more or less remote ; but whether near the rising talents of the law from its or distant, it is alike inevitable from the higher elevations, I felt that, even by the day when power is once in any quarter bill of which he was, at the moment, the familiarized with spoliation. Let neither eloquent advocate, that exclusion is renthe Establishment nor the people of dered only just so much the more marked, England believe that the Church of as it is perpetuated by the very friends of Rome has changed, or can change, lier the Roman Catholics in a bill which they policy or her principles; that she is, or call the Relief Bill; so little would this ever can be, favourable, or even indiffer- measure in the course of nature satisfy ent, to our institutions; and that she may those for whom it is more immediately now at length be safely entrusted with intended. They would still be marked the legislative care of our religion. Un. and branded; their religion would still less the evidence, even of our own con- be a religion not to be trusted ; and if temporary experience, be fallacious (I this measure be carried, I have no doubt, have pledged myself not to appeal to but that, three years hence, we shall have history), the See of Rome is at this day the same associations ; perhaps not the hostile, not merely to the dignity and su- same orators, a Lawless instead of an premacy of the Protestant Church in O‘Connell, at the head of the Irish Rothis empire, but to the toleration of any man Catholics, and the same tales of other Church anywhere else : and the grievances about Catholic millions being testimony before the Committee upon still excluded from being lord chancellor, which a change to the contrary is as- and still being compelled to pay tythe to sumed, and upon which this great inno- Protestant rectors, and rent to Protestvation in our constitution is demanded, ant landlords." is utterly insufficient to justify us in in.

Sir Robert then shortly shews, that curring even the slightest of those ha- the whole of our constitution is a syszurds, with which in my judgment, that tem of securities and exclusions. But innovation would be followed."

we need not touch on this point-for, Sir Robert then proceeds to prove, in a paper in this Magazine, two that the object which is to be pur- months ago--it was illustrated with chased with so much hazard—that ob- distinguished ability by one whose ject, which has been so long and so political writings in our work have clamorously sought, under the name been felt, and that deeply, in the very of Catholic Emancipation—is of no heart of Britain and the same ground value-comparatively to the mass of has since been gone over in the Quarthose in whose name it is claimed, terly Review, with his usual talent, by The Seven Millions ! This he proves, Mr Southey. both from the nature of their condi- So much for the substance of Sir tion itself—and from the open avowal Robert Inglis's First Speech--now for of many of the “ Friends of the Peo- that of his Second. ple.” While he contends, with much In his second speech, the excellent ability, that Catholic Emancipation Baronet discusses with great ability will still leave discontented and dissa- and perfect knowledge of his subjects, tisfied the Few, to whom it will ne- the specific conventions of the Treaty vertheless have been of real benefit. of Limerick-the pledge assumed to

Vol. XXIV.

5 M

bave been given at the time of the tholics, was never brought forward at Union with Ireland - the Coronation all till the year 1793, in any petition Oath-and the conduct of the Roman reciting the present object--never used Catholics of former times, before their as an argument of right in respect to existing measure of political power the matters now at issue, till more was conceded to them, compared with than 100 years after the date of it. their later language-from which The intentions of the contracting Sir Robert argues, that it may be seen parties to this treaty, can be discoverwhether concession be conciliation, ed only by such considerations

as the and whether peace and harmony have following—the nature of the Proclaor have not been promoted, by grant- mation addressed by the Lords Justiing political power to the Roman Ca- ces, as a rule to themselves, to the tholics of Ireland.

army,' to the enemy, and to the peoLet us follow him through his dis- ple, in respect to the pacification of cussion of these topics.

Ireland, when the last campaign was In the debate, in which Sir Robert opening;—the nature of the terms Inglis so greatly distinguished him- granted to other cities in the progress self, Sir Francis Burdett, after a slight of that cainpaign ;-the nature of the and passing allusion to the natural terms at first refused to Limerick, and rights and general demands of the the grammatical meaning of those acRoman Catholics, proceeded to argue tually granted ;-to which must be in favour of the claims, on nearer and added, the understanding at the time surer authorities ; namely, on the spe- of the Parliament of England, and of cific conventions of the Treaty of Lime- the Parliament of Ireland, -and final. rick, and the pledge assumed to have ly, the understanding of King James been given at the time of the Union himself. with Ireland. And he added an ar- Limerick, every body knows, was gument ad verecundiam, on the differ- the last city that, towards the close ent treatment which Roman Catho- of the campaign of 1691, remained to lics receive from all the other Proteste the cause of James II. What, then, ant states of Europe.

were the general terms intended to be Sir Francis boldly said, “ that the granted by the government of Ireland, whole people of Ireland were entitled to those who, in the progress of the to the fullest participation in all the war, might voluntarily submit ? The rights and privileges, civil and politi- forfeited estates were to be restored ; cal, of the British constitution, by the there was to be no prosecution for ex. treaty of Limerick.”. On this treaty ercising their religion ; and securities of Limerick, too, had the orators ha- were, if possible, to be found against rangued in the Catholic Association, all such prosecution, and for the “rest and in their petitions to the House. and quiet” of the Catholics of Ireland. The argumentfounded on it, Sir Robert Such are the terms to be found in the has utterly demolished-broken it in- declaration of the Lords Justices, July to so many fragments, that no inge- 17, 1691, recited by Story two years nuity will ever again be able to re- afterwards, himself a party in the war, piece it into a “ tangible shape.” A as those “ upon which the articles of foolish argument it indeed was—but Galway and Limerick, and all the Irish the more foolish an argument is, not capitulations were afterwards foundunfrequently the more difficult is it to . ed.” put an end to it; and foolish as it

“ This, then, was the general boon was, it required an answer on this

held out to the Roman Catholics as the inaccount, that it involved the dearest ducement to them to submit to William of all national interests, the Public and Mary: that is to say, their Majesties Faith.

would not invoke the penal laws against Sir Robert, therefore, undertakes to

them; would, as far as they had the prove, as Mr Peel had done on a for

means, give them rest and quiet in the mer occasion, that no advantage ever exercise of their religion ; and (as neither withheld from the Roman Catholics, a dispensing nor a legislating power ercan be claimed under the terms of the isted in the crown singly) would endestreaty of Limerick.

vour to procure from the supreme authority In the first place, he remarks, that of Parliament such further security in this treaty, of late occupying so promi. ihese particulars as might preserve the nent a place in front of the Roman Can Roman Catholies from any disturbance

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