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the observations themselves it must be said, that many are just and useful; but many alsu are minute and over-refined.” (British Critic, 0. Š. vol. iii. p. 332.)

70. Car. Chr. Titmanni Opuscula Theologica. Lipsiæ, 1803. Svo. Various questions of sacred criticism are illustrated in this work, with singular ability.

71. Commentationes Theologicæ, editie a Jo. Casp. Velthusen, C. Theoph. Kuiniel et Geo. Alex. Ruperti. Lipsiæ, 1794, 1799. 6 vols. Svo.

The first volume of this capital collection of critical tracts (in which various passages of the Old Testment are particularly illustrated) is now exceedingly scarce on the continent. A supplement to it was published by Messieurs Pott and Ruperti, at Helmstadt, entitled Sylloge Commentationum Theologicarum, in 8 vols. 8vo. 1800-1807.

72. Verschuirii (J. H.) Opuscula, in quibus de variis S. Litt. locis, et argumentis exinde desumptis criticè et liberè disseritur. Trajecti, 1810. Svo.

73. Campegii Vitringa, patris, Observationum Sacrarum Libri iv. Franequeræ, 1700. Libri v. et vi. 1708. 4to.

74. Campegii Vitringæ, filii, Dissertationes Sacræ, cum animadversionibus Hermanni Venemæ. Franequeræ, 1731. 4to.

75. Silva Critica, sive in Auctores Sacros Profanosque Commentarius Philologus. Concinnavit Gilbertus Wakefield, B. A. Cantabrigiæ, 1789—1795. 5 parts 8vo.

The design of that eminent scholar. Mr. Wakefield, in the plan of this work, was the union of theological and classical learning, - the illustration of Ine Scriptures by light borrowed from the philology of Greece and Rome, as a probable method of recommending the books of revelation to scholars. How ably this design was executed, the reader may see in the different critical journals of that tiine, where Mr. W.'s peculiar notions on some points are considered. An eramen of his work was published by H. C. A. Haenlein, in four sınall tracts, printed at Erlang, in 4to. 1798-1801.

76. Biblical Gleanings; or a Collection of Passages of Scripture, that have generally been considered to be mistranslated in the received English version, with proposed corrections; also the important various readings in both Testaments, and occasional notes interspersed with a view to the illustration of obscure and ambiguous texts, with several other matters tending to the general elucidation of the Sacred Writings. By Thomas Wemyss. York, Svo.

The ample title page of this work sufficiently indicates the design of the indus. trious compiler ; in the compass of little more than 250 pages, it presents a variety of important corrections of a multitude of obscure or ambiguous passages in the sacred writings, compiled from the biblical labours of upwards of fifty of the most distinguished critics, both British and foreign. In the event of a new translation or revision of our authorised version of the Holy Scriptures, this little book cannot fail of being eminently useful. Its value would have been enhanced if the compiler had specified the sources or authors of each emendation.

77. An Illustration of the Method of explaining the New Testament by the early opinions of Jews and Christians concerning Christ. By W. Wilson, B. D. Cambridge, at the University Press, 1797. 8vo.

“ Though not expressly presented to the public as a refutation of Dr. Priestley's · History of Early Opinions, and other works concerning the person of Christ, this performance is unquestionably to be received in this light. The au. thor constantly keeps in view the arguments of this work just mentioned, and

See particularly the Monthly Review, N. S. vol. v. pp. 54. et seq. vol, vül. p 571. and vol. xvi. p. 235.

nearly passes over the same ground, in order to prove that the historical fact, rclating to the opinions of the first Christians, is the reverse of that which the doc tor has represented, and consequently that the inference respecting the true meaning of the New Testament is directly contrary to that of the Unitarian hypothesis.

- It would be injustice to the ingenious writer of this reply" to Dr. Priestley, “not to allow him, unequivocally, praise of having written, in a perspicuous and correct style, a learned and well-digested tract, and of having conducted his part of the controversy with urbanity and candour.” (Analytical Review, vol. xxvi. pp. 363. 372.)

78. Petri Zornii Opuscula sacra ; hoc est, Programmata, Dissertationes, Orationes, Epistolæ, et Schediasmata, in quibus præter selectissima Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ et Literariæ capita, etiam plusquam sexcenta Scripturæ loca, partim ex utriusquæ linguæ sanctioris genio, partim ex Antiquitatum Hebraicarum Græcarum et Romanarum apparatu, illustrantur ac vindicantur. Altonaviæ, 1731. 2 vols. 8vo.

In the present as well as in the preceding sections of this number of the Appendix, the author has endeavoured to bring forward the principal commentators and biblical critics, both British and foreign. Many of them indeed are too costly to be purchased by the generality of biblical students ; but a considerable portion, if not the whole of them, is to be found in our public libraries, and it is desirable to know in what works the best information is to be procured, even though we may not in every instance be able to purchase them, as well as to be on our guard lest we should be misled (as the author has frequently been) in buying cheap books which are of comparatively little utility. Ample as these lists are, they might have easily been enlarged, if the limits of the present volume would have permitted it. The reader, however, who is curious in seeing what has been written in the nature of commentaries, may (besides the authorities already referred to in p. 735. of this Appendix) consult the first volume of Mr. Radcliffe's Catalogue of the Chetham Public Library at Manchester (Bibliotheca Chethamensis), pp. 14–60.; and Bibliotheca Piersoniana, or Catalogue of the Rev. Dr. Pierson's Library (sold by auction in May 1915). The Sale Catalogues of the principal theological Booksellers of London are particularly valuable in a bibliographical point of view, for the numerous commentaries and other works on sacred criticism which they contain, both British and Foreign, especially the latter.

On the choice of commentators, it would be presumptuous in the author of this work to offer an opinion; the student will doubtless be regulated by the judgment of judicious friends or theological tutors. Bishops Barrington, Cleaver, and Tomline, have respectively published lists of such as they recommend to those who are preparing for the sacred office; and the Rev. Dr. Hales, in his Analysis of Sacred Chronology, (vol. ii. pp. xiii.—xx.) has given a useful list of the best biblical works generally, including editions of the Scriptures, Commentators, Lexicons, &c. &c. which are most deserving of attention. Nor, should the list be passed in silence which the late Rev. Dr. Edward Williams has inserted in the “ Preacher's Library," (pp. 400—438.) appended to his useful collection of discourses by Bishop Wilkins, M. Claude, Professor Franck, Drs. Watts, Doddridge, &c. relative to the pastoral office, entitled “ The Christian Preacher," 2d edition, London, 1809. 12mo.


To Page 480. 4.* The New Testament, arranged in Historical and Chronological Order, on the Basis of Lightfoot's Chronicle and the most approved Harmonies ; in such manner, that the Books, Chapters, Epistles, &c. may be read as one connected History, in the words of the Authorised Translation :- with copious indexes. — By the Rev. George Townsend, M. A. of Trinity College, Cambridge. London, 1823. In two very large volumes. 8vo.

Though a distinct work in itself, this elaborate publication may be considered as the second part of Mr. Townsend's Harmony of the Old Testament, of which an account has been given in p. 477. supra; and the remarks on which are equally applicable to the present work. The notes, indeed, are much more valuable, from the extent and variety of the very important topics they discuss. The usefulness of this portion of Mr. T.'s labours is materially increased by the numerous important rabbinical elucidations which he has derived from the works of Lightfoot, Schoettgen, Menschen, and others, which are not within the reach of every biblic cal student.

To Page 712. 2.* A Scripture Help, designed to assist in reading the Bible profitably. By the Rev. Edward Bickersteth. London, 1806, 18mo. Tenth edition, London, 1823. 12mo. and 8vo.

Though this work does not profess to be a critical introduction to the reading of the Scriptures, it demands a special notice as being, perhaps, the best practical help to the study of the sacred volume that is extant in our language. The sale of 18,000 copies of the large editions, and of not fewer than 90,000 copies of the 18mo. abridgment, sufficiently attest the high estimation in which this manual is deservedly held.

To Page 761. 22.* A Dissertation on the Fall of Man; in which the Literal Sense of the Mosaic Account of that Event is asserted and vindicated. By the Rev. George Holden, M. A. London, 1823. 8vo.

The Scripture History of the Fall of Man has met with many strenuous adver. saries, who have endeavoured to explain it away in various ways; while it is ut. terly rejected by many of those who have rejected the doctrine of the atonement. In the fourth volume of this work (pp. 6—9.) the literal sense of the first three Chapters of Genesis is briefly vindicated: but it has been reserved for Mr. Holden to consider the subject most fully and distinctly. All the efforts of perverted cri. ticism to reduce the Mosaic History of the Fall of Man to allegory, fable, or my. thologue, are here examined in detail; and the objections of its adversaries to the literal sense of that history are minutely and satisfactorily refuted.


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