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larger work of the analysis," of antient mythology. (British Critic, 0. S. vol. iv. p. 35.)

15. Observations upon some Passages of Scripture which the Enemies to Religion have thought most obnoxious, and attended with Difficulties not to be surmounted. By Jacob Bryant. London, 1803. 4to.

“On the whole, we have discovered in this work much learning, much ingenu. ity, and an uniform good intention ; but truth compels us to add, that it displays a defect in judgment, and a too evident propensity to support a favourite hypothesis.” (British Critic, O. S. vol. xxv. p. 58.),

16. Joannis Buxtorfii Dissertationes Philologico-Theologicæ et Abarbanelis aliquot Dissertationes. Basil, 1662. 4to.

17. Dav. Renaldi Bullerii Dissertationum Sacrarum Sylloge. Amstelodami, 1750. 8vo.

18. The Classical Journal, 8vo. London, 1810, and following years.

Thirty volumes of this much esteemed literary journal have been published : though principally devoted to classical literature, biblical criticism forms an important article in its contents; and many valuable elucidations of the Scriptures will be found in its pages.

19. Four hundred texts of Holy Scripture, with their corresponding Passages, explained to the understanding of common people, and arranged under the following heads :- 1. Texts which appear contradictory. 2. Not to be understood literally. 3. Improperly translated. 4. Better translated otherwise. 5. Requiring explanation. 6. Wrested or perverted. 7. The parables. — The whole compiled with a view to promote religious knowledge, and facilitate the reading of the Divine Writings. By Oliver St. John Cooper, A. M. London, 1791. small 8vo.

20. The Practical Expositor of the more difficult texts that are contained in the Holy Bible: wherein the dreams in Daniel, and the visions of all the Prophets, and the two mystical Books of the Canticles and the Revelation, are all clearly opened. By Richard Coore, D. D. London, 1683. 8vo.

21. Salomonis Deylingii Observationes Sacræ, Lipsiæ, 1735. 5 vols. 4to.

21.* Ambrosii Dorhout, Animadversiones in Loca Selecta Veteris Testamenti. Leovardiæ. 2 vols. 8vo. 1765.

22. Joannis Doughtæi Analecta Sacra, et Nortoni Knatchbullii Animadversiones in Libros Novi Testamenti. Amstelodami, 1694. 8vo.

23. Exercitations, Critical, Philosophical, Historical, Theological, on several Important Places in the Writings of the Old and New Testament. By John Edwards, D. D. London, 1702. 8vo.

24. Jo. Aug. Ernesti Opuscula Theologica. 8vo. 2d edit. Lipsiæ, 1792.

25. H. F. Elsner, Paulus Apostolus et Jesaias Propheta inter se comparati. Vratislaviæ, 1821. 4to.

26. Synopsis Selectiorum e Philologia Sacra Quæstionum. Disputatio I. - III. quam præs. M. Augusto Pfeiffero publicæ ou& nonosi sistit Samuel Fischer (in opp. Pfeifferi.) Ultrajecti, 1704. 4to.

27. D. G. Goetzii Variæ Celebriorum Medicorum, Observationes, quibus multa loca Novi Testamenti docte illustrantur. Altdorf, 1740.



Questions of considerable difficulty are in this work briefly but judiciously illustrated.

28. Theodori Hackspanii Notre philologico-theologicæ in varia et difficilia Veteris Testamenti

. Altdorf, 1664. 3 vols. 8vo. 20. A free and impartial Study of the Holy Scriptures recommended; being notes on some particular texts, with discourses and observations on various subjects. By Jos. Hallet, junior. London, 1729, 1732, 1736. 3 vols. 8vo.

Many important topics of Scripture criticism and interpretation are discussed in these volumes. If the reader is not always convinced by the arguments of the learned author, he cannot fail of being pleased with the ingenuity and spirit of candour and piety which pervade them. Those discourses, which treat on the evidences of Christianity, are peculiarly valuable, for the lucid and forcible reasoning displayed in them. The nature of personal identity, in particular, with its application to the resurrection of Jesus Christ, is admirably illustrated in two discourses contained in the second voluine.

30. Danielis Heinsii Exercitationes Sacræ ad Novum Testamentum. Cantab. 1610. 4to.

31. A. Th. Hoffmann Observationum in Difficiliora Veteris Testamenti Particula prima. Jenæ, 1823. 4to.

32. Jo. Jac. Hottingeri Opuscula, philologica, critica, atque hermeneutica. Lipsiæ, 1817. 8vo.

33. Biblical Criticism on the first fourteen Historical Books of the Old Testament; also on the first nine Prophetical Books. By Samuel Horsley, LL. D. late Lord Bishop of St. Asaph. London, 1820. 4 vols. 8vo.

Besides the critical picces mentioned in the title page, these volumes (which are edited by the author's son, the Rev. Heneage Horsley) contain three valuable disquisitions, published in the Bishop's life-timo, viz. 1. A general view of the first three chapters of Genesis, together with an inquiry into the etymology and import of the Divine Names of Eloah, Elohim, El, Jehovah, and Jah; which originally appeared in the British Critic, for 1802, in a review of the late Dr. Geddes's remarks on the Hebrew Scriptures. 2. A Critical Disquisition on the Eighteenth Chapter of Isaiah ; and, 3. The Translation of the Prophecy of Hosea (noticed p. 777. supra). These are inserted as revised by their author. At the end of the fourth volume are translations of several Sacred Songs, with Critical Notes on them, and on a few other Sacred Pieces, of which the Bishop has not given versions.

34. Conradi Ikenii Dissertationes philologico-theologicæ in diversa Sacri Codicis utriusque Testamenti loco. Lugd. Bat. 1749, 1750. 2 vols. 4to.

35. Car. Aug. Theoph. Keilii Opuscula Academica ad N. T. Interpretationem Grammatico-historicam, et Theologiæ Christianæ origines, pertinentia. Edidit J. D. Goldhorn. Lipsiæ, 1821. 8vo.

36. Remarks on Select Passages in the Old Testament ; to which are added eight sermons. By the late Benjamin Kennicott, D. D. London, 1777. 8vo.

For an account of this work, see Monthly Review, 0. S. vol. Ixxviii. pp. 447-489.

37. Petri Keuchenii Annotata in Novum Testamentum, cum Præfatione Alberti. Ludg. Bat. 1775. 8vo. best edition.

38. Morsels of Criticism, tending to illustrate some few Passages in the Holy Scripture upon Philosophical Principles and an enlarged View of Things. By Edward King, Esq. F. R. S. and F. S. A. 4to. London, part i. 1784, part ii. 1800; also a second edition, 8vo. in 3 vols. London, 1800.

“Mr. King's particular aim is to provide answers to the more subtile opponents of Christianity, and to trace the completion of the sacred oracles."

" We cannot take our leave of this valuable work, without expressing our admiration of the singular union of ingenuity and piety which appears in every page. Few readers perhaps will follow the author's steps with the same alacrity with which he proceeds through the most curious and subtile inquiries; but all must readily grant, that such an application of ingenuity, diligence, learning, and philosophical knowledge, is in a high degree praise-worthy." (British Critic, 0. S. vol. xvi. preface, p. iv. and p. 667.)

39. Geo. Chr. Knappii Scripta varii Argumenti, maximam partem exegeticam. Halæ, 1805. 2 vols. 8vo.

40. Jo. Bern. Koehleri Observationes philologicæ in loca selecta codicis sacri. Lugd. Bat. 1766. 8vo.

41. Küchler (G. C.) De simplicitate Scriptorum Sacrorum in commentariis de Vita Jesu Christi. Lipsiæ, 1821. Svo.

42. C. G. Küttneri Hypomnemata in Novum Testamentum. Lipsiæ, 1780. 8vo.

43. Geo. Dav. Kypke Observationes Sacræ in Novi Fæderis Libros. Vratislavia, 1755. 2 vols. 8vo.

44. The Complete Works of Dr. Lardner. London, 1789. 11 vols. 8vo. London, 1817. 5 vols. 4to.

In the applause Dr. Lardner all parties of Christians are united, regarding him as the champion of their common and holy faith. Archbishop Secker, Bishops Porteus, Watson, and Tomlino, and Doctors Jortin, Hey, and Paley, of the Anglican church; -- Doctors Doddridge, Kippis, and Priestley, amongst the Dissenters, and all foreign Protestant biblical critics, have rendered public homage to his learning, his fairness, and his great merits as a Christian apologist. The candid of the literati of the Roman Catholic communion have extolled his labours : and even Morgan and Gibbon, professed unbelievers, have awarded to him the meed of faithfulness and impartiality. With his name is associated the praise of decp erudition, accurate research, sound and impartial judgment, and unblemished candour. The publication of his works constituted a new æra in the annals of Christianity; for, by collecting a mass of scattered evidences in favour of the authenticity of the evangelical history, he established a bulwark on the side of truth which infidelity has never presumed to attack. His “ Credibility," and his “ Collection of Jewish and Heathen Testimonies," may be said to have given the deistical controversy a new turn, and to have driven the assailants of the Gospel from the field of Christian antiquity, in which they esteemed themselves securely intrenched, into the by-paths of sarcasm and irony. How amply we are indebted to the elaborate researches of the learned and accurate Dr. Lardner, the numerous references to his writings in the course of the present work, will sufficiently attest. The 4to. edition is handsomely executed, and has the additional merit of being a cheap publication.

45. Jo. Dav. Michaelis Syntagma Commentationum. Gottingen, 1759, 1767. 4to. 46. Jo. Georg. Michaelis Observationes Sacræ. 2d edition.

Arnheim, 1752. Ejusdem Exercitationes theologico-philologicæ. Lug. Bat. 1757. 8vo.

47. Observationes selectæ in varia loca Novi Testamenti : sive Laur. Ramiresii de Prado Pentecontarchus, Alexandri Mori in Novum Fædus Notæ, et Possini Societatis Jesu Spicilegium Evangelicum: cum præfatione Jo. Alberti Fabricii et tab. æn. Hamburgi, 1712. 8vo.

One of the rarest little books of sacred criticism. Dr. Harwood calls this a very useful collection, containing many excellent notes on particular passages of the New Testament.

48. Sam. Frid. Nathan Mori Dissertationes Theologicæ et Philo

logicæ, vol. i. Lipsiæ, 1787, vol. ii. ibid. 1794. 2d edition, ibid. 1798. 8vo.

49. Casp. Frid. Munthii Observationes philologicæ in Sacros Nori Testamenti Libros, ex Diodoro Siculo collectæ. Hafniæ et Lipsiæ, 1855. 8vo.

50. H. Muntinghe Sylloge Opusculorum ad doctrinam sacram pertinentium. Lugd. Bat. 1791, 1794. 2 vols. 8vo.

51. Jo. Aug. Noesselti Opusculorum ad interpretationem sacrarum Scripturarum, Fasciculus I. 8vo. Halæ, 1785; Fasciculus II. ibid. 1787. Ejusdem, Exercitationes ad sacræ Scripturæ interpretationem. Halæ, 1808. Svo.

52. Geo. Lud. Ederi Observationum Sacrarum Syntagma, Svo. Weissenberg, 1729. Ejusdem, Conjecturarum de difficilioribus SS. locis centuria, 8vo. Lipsiæ, 1738. Ejusdem, Animadversiones sacræ. Brunswick, 1747. 8vo.

53. Eliæ Palairet Observationes philologico-criticæ in sacros Novi Fæderis Libros. Lugd. Bat. 1752. 8vo. Ejusdem Specimen Exercitationum philologico-criticarum in Sacros Novi Fæderis Libros, 1775. 8vo.

54. Augusti Pfeifferi Opera Omnia, 4to. 2 vols. Amst. 1704. The first volume contains his Dubia Verata Scripturæ, 400 notes on difficult passages of Scripture, Ebraica atque crotica Novi Testamenti e suis fontibus derivata, an explanation of Hebrew and other foreign words occurring in the New Testament,

and ten dissertations on passages of peculiar difficulty in the sacred writings. The second volume consists of treatises on the criticism, interpretation, antiquities, &c. of the Bible.

55. Remarks on several Passages of Scripture, rectifying some errors in the printed Hebrew Text, pointing out several mistakes in the version, &c. By Matthew Pilkington, LL. B. London, 1759. 8vo.

56. Extracts from the Pentateuch compared with similar passages from Greek and Latin authors, with notes. By Edward Popham, D. D. Oxford, 1802. 8vo.

Of this learned and ingenious work, the reader will find an analysis in the British Critic, 0. S. vol. xx. pp. 231-294.

57. Fr. V. Reinhardi Opuscula Academica. Lipsiæ, 1803-9. 2 vols. 8vo.

58. Corrections of various passages in the English version of the Old Testament, upon the authority of antient manuscripts, and antient versions, by the late W. H. Roberts, D. D. Provost of Eton College. Published by his son W. Roberts, M. A. London, 1794. 8vo.

“ The biblical scholar will infallibly receive with pleasure these remarks, from a man of undoubted learning and ingenuity. The chief intention of Dr. Roberts seems to have been that of lessening the number of words supplied in Italic in our public version, as not answering literally to any words in the Hebrew, by showing that in some cases they are necessary, and that in some, the sense may be filled up by other means. There are also many remarks of a more general kind." In these observations, “ candour, modesty, and ingenuity will be found adorning learning.” British Critic, 0. S. vol. iv. p. 648. and pref. p. vi.

59. Discours Historiques, Critiques, Theologiques, et Moraux, sur les Evenemens les plus memorables du vieux et du nouveau Testament. Par M. Saurin. Avec des planches, 6 vols. A la Haye, 1735 -1739. folio.

Mr. Vander Marck formed a design of representing on copperplates the most memorable events in sacred history, and he engaged Mr. Saurin to write an explanation of the plates; this gave rise to the discourses here published. There is an edition of them in 11 vols. 8vo. They are deservedly held in the highest es.


60. Dissertationes Philologico-Exegeticæ Everardi Scheidii. Harderovici, 1769, 1770. 8vo,

61. The Scripture Testimony to the Messiah : an Inquiry with a view to a satisfactory determination of the Doctrine taught in the Holy Scriptures concerning the Person of Christ. By John Pye Smith, D. D. London, 1818–1821. 3 vols. 8vo.

Though this admirable work was published as a reply to Mr. Belsham's Calm Inquiry concerning the person of Jesus Christ (of which it is a most satisfactory refutation), yet it claims a distinct notice in this place, on account of the very numerous philological explanations of difficult passages of Scripture which it con. tains. It is one of those biblical works of which the student will never regret the purchase ; and is unquestionably the most elaborate defence and proof of the deity of Jesus Christ extant in our language.

62. Biblical Fragments. By M. A. Schimmelpenninck. London, 1821, 1822. 2 vols. 8vo.

These fragments are not critical elucidations of particular texts; but they are written with much elegance, and the authoress has introduced some of the finest practical and devotional thoughts of the Jansenist writers, particularly the accomplished and much traduced recluses of Port Royal. But her critical remarks on the authorised English Version are not always correct.

63. Schnurrer (C. F.) Dissertationes Philologico-Criticæ, Gothæ, 1790. 8vo.

These dissertations, fifteen in number, are highly valued on the continent. They treat on the difficulty of determining the age of Hebrew Manuscripts, on the Arabic Pentateuch in Bp. Walton's Polyglott, and illustrate various passages of Scripture.

64. Opuscula Exegetica, Critica, Dogmatica, scripsit, recognovit, variisque additamentis locupletavit H. A. Schott, Theol. Doctor et Prof. Ordin. Academiæ Jenensis. Jena, 1817, 1818. 2 vols. 8vo.

65. Jo. Schulthessii, De Charismatibus spiritûs Sancti. Pars prima De vi et naturâ, ratione et utilitate Dotis Linguarum, in primos Discipulos Christi collatæ, atque in posteros omnes deinceps ad finem usque sec. peren. Lipsiæ, 1818. 8vo.

66. Gottlob Christiani Storr Dissertationes in librorum Novi Testamenti Historicorum aliquot locos, parts i.-iii. Tubingen, 1790-9194. 4to.

67. Gottlob Christiani Storr Opuscula Academica ad interpretationem Librorum Sacrorum pertinentia. Tubingen, 1796, 1799, 1803.3 vols. 8vo.

Besides various critical disquisitions of great merit, this work contains several commentaries on detached books of the New Testament.

68. Observations upon the expediency of revising the present English version of the four Gospels, and of the Acts of the Apostles. By John Symonds, LL. D. Professor of Modern History in the University of Cambridge, 1789. 4to.

69. Observations on the expediency of revising the present English version of the Epistles in the New Testament. By John Symonds, LL. D. 1794. 4to.

The same method of classification is pursued in both these publications. “Of

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