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ibid 1783; 2 Peter and Jude, ibid. 1784; Revelation, Neustadt, 1787; and 1 John, to which is added by Professor Noesselt, a Disquisition, entitled Narratio de Semlero ejusque meritis in interpretatione S. S. 8vo. Riga, 1792. Semler totally rejects those doctrines concerning original sin, &c. which are received as orthodox by the Protestant churches. His works are all scarce and dear in this country, -- so that the student will not sustain any loss, who may not be able to procure them.

56. A Paraphrase on the Eleven First Chapters of Saint Paul's Epistle to the Romans. By Thomas Adam, Rector of Wintringham. London, 1771. 8vo.

“ This appears to be the performance of a sensible man, who desires to deliver the true sense of Scripture as far as he can attain it, and to advance the cause of piety among men. His method is, to lay a small number of verses before the reader at one view, in which are inserted a few words to illustrate and explain them, and then he adds several observations upon the sense of the passage, with some practical remarks. On the whole this paraphrase, not abounding in criticism, as some might expect, appears however to be a candid, well meant, practical, and useful performance.” (Monthly Review, O. S. vol xlv. pp. 400, 401.) What further recommends this useful work, is the low price at which it may frequently be procured, it having been frequently reprinted.

57. A Paraphrase on the Fifteenth Chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians, with Critical Notes and Observations, and a preliminary Dissertation; a Commentary, with critical Remarks, on the Sixth, Seventh, and Part of the Eighth Chapters of the Romans, &c. By John Alexander. London, 1766. 4to.

See an account of this learned and ingenious tract, in the Monthly Review, 0. S. vol. xxxiv. pp. 443–451.

58. Chr. Frid. Schmidii Annotationes in Epistolam Pauli ad Roinanos. Lipsiæ, 1777. Svo.

59. Sam. Frid. Nath. Mori Prælectiones in Epistolam Pauli ad Romanos, cum ejusdem versione Latinâ, locorumque quorundam Novi Testamenti difficiliorum interpretatione. Edidit J. T. T. Holtzapfel. Lipsiae, 1794. Svo.

60. Epistola Pauli ad Romanos, Græce, ex recensione novissima Griesbachii, cum commentario perpetuo. Edidit Chr. Fr. Boehme, Lipsize, 1806. 8vo.

61. Lectures, explanatory and practical, on the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Romans. By the Rev. John Fry, A. B. Rector of Desford, &c. London, 1816. 8vo.

These lectures are exactly what the author professes them to be, esplanatory and practical : in his view of the doctrinal part of the Epistle, the author takes what has been called the Calvinistic ground, particularly in his exposition of the seventh chapter. Although the writer of these remarks can by no means agree with Mr. F. in his doctrinal views, he cheerfully adds, that it is almost impossible to peruse a single lecture without being deeply impressed with the important practical considerations which are earnestly urged upon the reader's attention.

62. Pauli Epistola ad Romanos. Interpretatus est Ern. Godofr. Adf. Bockel. Gryphiswaldiæ, 1821. 8vo.

1 AND 2 CORINTHIANS. 63. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolæ, Græce, perpetua annotatione illustratæ, a Fr. Aug. Guil. Krause, vol. i. complectens Epistolem priorem. Francofurti, 1792. 8vo.

61. Animadversiones ad Cap. III. et XIII. Epistolæ Pauli 1. ad Corinthios. Scripsit Dr. Ant. Georg. Holmann, Eccles. et Schol. Duc. Oldenburg. Antistes Generalis. Lipsie, 1819. 8vo.

This tract elucidates certain words and difficult passages in the third and thir. teenth chapters of St. Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians.

65. Pauli ad Corinthios Epistola secunda, perpetua annotatione illustrata, a Jo. Georg. Frid. Leun. Lemgoviæ, 1804. 8vo.

66. Disputatio de alterâ Pauli ad Corinthios Epistolâ, et observandâ in illâ Apostoli indole et oratione, quam pro summis in theologià honoribus in Academia Rheno-Traject., publico examini submittit Herm. Jo. Royaards. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1818. Svo. This well compiled

academical dissertation consists of three parts, in which the author exanines, 1. The second Epistle to the Corinthians ; 2. The character of Saint Paul ; and 3. The language and style of the apostle. The second division is particularly valuable.

67. Alberti Gerhardi Becker, Conjectanea in Locum Paulinum 2 Corinth. XII. 7-9. Magdeburgi, 1822. Svo.


68. A Commentary on Saint Paul's Epistle to the Galatians, translated from the Latin of Martin Luther. 8vo. and 2 vols. 12mo.

There are also editions extant in folio and 4to., of this valuable work, which completely exposes the doctrine of justification by works alone. We may apply to it in particular what Erasmus is recorded to have said of Luther's commenta ries in general:-“ There is more solid divinity contained in one page, tkan could be found in many prolix treatises of schoolmen and such kind of authors." (Middleton's Biographia Evangelica, vol. i. p. 230.) Walchius states that Protestants and Catholics have both concurred in their commendations of Luther's work. (Theolog. Biblic. vol. iv. p. 607.)

69. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of Saint Paul to the Galatians and Ephesians, with Doctrinal and Practical Observations, together with a Critical and Practical Commentary on the Two Epis. tles of Saint Paul to the Thessalonians. By the late learned Samuel Chandler, D. D. London, 1777. 4to.

“ The paraphrase clearly and fully expresses the meaning of the sacred writer ; the notes are enriched by original quotations from Greek and Latin authors, in order to illustrate and confirm the learned commentator's own criticisms, and many doctrinal and practical observations are interspersed, with a view of farther explaining the tendency of the apostle's reasoning, and improving the moral temper and conduct of the reader.”. “ The commentary on the two Epistles to the Thessalonians is more diffuse : the author has every where introduced references to original writers, with whom none were more conversant, and omitted no opportunity of subjoining practical reflections, adapted to the various passages, which he had previously explained by learned and liberal criticism.” (Month. Review, O.S. vol. Ivi. pp. 161, 162.)

70. Interpretatio Epistolæ Pauli ad Galatas, auctore E. A. Borger. Lugd. Bat. 1807. 8vo.

71. Pauli ad Galatas Epistola. Latinè vertit, et commentario perpetuo illustravit Doctor et Professor G. B. Winer. Lipsiæ, 1821. Svo. EPIIESIANS, PHILIPPIANS, COLOSSIANS, THESSALONIANS, TIMOTHY,

TITUS, &c. 72. Expositio Epistolæ D. Pauli ad Colossenses, per reverendum in Christo Patrem, Joannem [Davenant] Sarisburiensem jam primum edita : olim ab eodem, Dominæ Margaretæ in Academia Cantabrigiensi Professore Theologico dictata. Cantabrigiæ, 1627. folio.

733. Joannis Tarnovii Commentarius in Epistolas Pauli ad Ephesios, ad Philippenses, ad Colossenses, et ad Thessalonicenses. 4to. Rostochü, 1036.

74. Pauli Apostoli Epistola ad Philippenses, Græce, ex recensione Griesbachiana, nova versione Latina et annotatione perpetua illustrata, a J. G. Am-Ende. 8vo. Vitebergæ, 1798.

75. An Exposition upon the Epistle to the Colossians. Wherein not only the text is methodically analysed, but the sense of the words, by the help of writers, both antient and modern, is explained. By N. Byfield. London, 1615. folio.

76. A Familiar Exposition and Application of the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Colossians, in a course of Eigbt Sermons ; including an Examination of the General Nature and Use of the Epistles of the New Testament, &c. By Thomas Gisborne, M. A. London, 1816. 8vo.

For an analysis of this very useful little work see the Christian Observer for 1816, vol. xv. pp. 524—534.

77. An Exposition upon the Two Epistles of the Apostle St. Paul to the Thessalonians. By the Reverend Father John Jewell, Bishop of Salisbury. Reprinted from the original edition. London, 1811. Svo.

This valuable Commentary on the Epistle to the Thessalonians is printed in the folio edition of Bp. Jewell's works, (London, 1609) and also in the seventh volume of the compilation, intitled the “ Fathers of the English Church.”

78. Joannis Alphonsi Turretini Commentarius Theoretico-practicus in Epistolas Divi Pauli ad Thessalonicenses. Basileæ, 1739. 8vo.

79. The Epistles of St. Paul to the Colossians, to the Thessalonians, to Timothy, and to Titus, and the General Epistle of St. James: A new Version from the Greek, and chiefly from the Text of Griesbach. By Philalethes. London, 1820.

Of this translation, which in many instances is made to support the scheme of the modern Socinians, the reader will find an account in the Eclectic Review, (N. 8.) vol. xiv. pp. 277-283.

80. Pauli Epistolæ ad Thessalonicenses: · Recensuit, veterum recentiorumque notas selectas congessit, suasque adjecit, et tamquam specimen novæ editionis Epistolarum Pauli edidit F. Schleiermacher. Berolini, 1823. 8vo.

PHILEMON. 81. Pauli ad Philemonem Epistola, Græce et Latine, illustrata a Lebr. Gottl. Schmidio. Lipsiæ, 1786. Svo.


82. An Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews, with preliminary Exercitations. By John Owen, D. D. folio. 4 vols. London, 1668– 1674. 8vo. 7 vols.

This work is particularly valuable for its illustration of the Epistle to the Hebrews by the aid of Rabbinical learning : a well executed abridgment of it was published in 4 vols. 8vo. 1790, by the late Dr. Edward Williams, of which a new edition was printed in 1915. 4 vols. 8vo.

83. Joannis Braunii Commentarius in Epistolam ad Hebræos, cum indicibus locupletissimis et quibusdam tabulis aneis elegantissimis. Amstel. 1705. 4to.

Professor Braun or Braunius is well known for several valuable pieces, eluci. dating sacred antiquities ; his commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews, in the opinion of J. B. Carpzov, is one of the best ever edited. It is indeed truly valuacle for its illustrations by the aid of Rabbinical learning; and the author is particularly able, in refuting the perverse interpretations of the celebrated Socinian teacher, Schlichtingius. VOL. II.


84. Joannis Benedicti Carpzovii Exercitationes in Pauli Epistolam ad Hebræos ex Philone Alexandrina. Helmstadt, 1750. 8vo.

A work of singular utility in explaining the phraseology of St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews.

85. A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews. To which is pretixed an Inquiry into — the Author of this Epistle ; when it was written ; the manner of citing the Old Testament; and the method of reasoning in it, &c. By Arthur Ashley Sykes, D. D. London, 1755. 4to.

“ This production cannot fail to throw much useful light on that part of divine revelation which it is intended to illustrate." (Monthly Review, 0. S. vol. qu. p. 225.)

86. Joannis Augusti Ernesti Lectiones Academicæ in Epistolam ad Hebræos ad ipso revisæ, cum ejusdem excursibus theologicis edidit ; commentarium, in quo multa ad recentissimorum imprimis interpretum sententias pertinentia uberius illustrantur, adjecit Gotlib Immanuel Dindorf. Lipsiæ, 1815, royal 8vo.

These Academic Lectures of Ernesti were delivered by that eminent scholar and divine while he was professor of Divinity at Leipsic. They have been edited frost his corrected copy, with various important additions by Professor Dindort, who succeeded him in the Hebrow chair at Leipsic. These are included between brack. ets, with the initial letter D. On some of the earlier chapters there are also some marginal observations of an anonymous pupil of Ernesti's, which are distinctly marked. Altogether this may be pronounced the most complete critical commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews that is extant. 87. Adr. Leon. Van der

Mesch, Specimen Hermeneuticum, in locum ad Hebræos ix. 14. Lugd. Bat. 1819. 8vo.

88. A Paraphrase and Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. By Archibald Maclean. London, 1819. 2 vols. 8vo.

We are acquainted with no expository work in our language, which, within so small a compass, contains so much valuable matter, and truly scriptural illustration. It is not a work of imagination, but of judgment. It deals not in conjectures or random interpretations ; but in solid, judicious investigation. It discovers no fondness for novelty, nor any silly attachment to the suffrage of antiquity. It is uniformly calm, serious, and scriptural. The illustrations of the divinity, the sacrifice, the priesthood, and the covenant of our Lord Jesus Christ, are most excellent, though on some points he differs from expositors of established reputation. Some of the subjects on which he rather dissents from very generally received opinions, are taken up in an appendix to the second volume. It contains an essay on the double sense of prophecy; one on the administration of angels, previous to Christ's resurrection and exaltation; and another on the commencement of the exercise of Christ's office as high priest.” (London Christian Instructor, July 1819.)

89. F. A. Seyffarth, De epistolæ, quæ dicitur ad Hebræos, indole maximè peculiari Dissertatio. Lipsiæ, 1821. 8vo.

THE SEVEN CATHOLIC EPISTLES.I 90. Epistolarum Catholicarum Septenarius, Græce, cum nova versione Latina, ac scholiis grammaticis atque criticis, opera Jo. Ben. Carpzovii. Halæ, 1790. 8vo.

SAINT JAMES, AND 1 AND 2 PETAR. 91. Sam. Frid. Nathan Mori Prælectiones in Jacobi et Petri Epistolas. Edidit C. A. Donat. Lipsiæ, 1794. 8vo.

92. A Commentary on the First Epistle of Peter, by Robert Leighton, D. D. Archbishop of Glasgow. 2 vols. 8vo.

1 The Paraphrases of Dr. Benson on these Epistles have already been noticed in p. 797. of this Appendix.

This admirable commentary, which fills the two first volumes of Archbishop Leighton's works, is wholly practical, and has long been admired for its piety. Dr. Doddridge, in his paraphrase on this Epistle, has acknowledged himself deeply in. debted to Archbishop Leighton for many important hints. Dr. Storr, in his “ Opuscula Academica,” has a valuable dissertation on the occasion and design of writing the Catholic Epistles, as they are called. See vol. ii. pp. 367_415.

1, 2, and 3 John. 93. Sam. Frid. Nath. Mori Prælectiones Exegeticæ in tres Johannis Epistolas, cum nova earundem paraphrasi Latinâ. Cura C. A. Hempel. Leipsic, 1797. 8vo.

This work contains a free Latin Version of Saint John's three Epistles, as it was dictated by the late celebrated Professor Morus in his Divinity Lectures, together with his observations on it, and two critical Excursus, one of which relates to the disputed passage in 1 John v. 7, 8.

94. A Commentary upon the First, Second, and Third Epistles of Saint John. By Thomas Hawkins. London, 1808. 8vo.

95. Joh. Jac. Rambonnet, Specimen Academicum de Secunda Epistola Johannea. Trajecti ad Rhenum, 1819. 8vo.

96. Versio Latina Epistolarum et Libri Visorum Joannis Novi Testamenti, perpetua adnotatione illustrata a M. Godofr. Sigismund. Iaspis. Editio altera, novis curis emendata & aucta. Lipsiæ, 1821. Svo.


97. Hermanni Witsii Commentarius in Epistolam Judæ, 4to. Lug. Bat. 1703.

A learned, elegant, and perspicuous illustration of the Epistle of Jude.

98. Epistola Judæ, Græce, commentario critico et annotatione perpetua illustrata, a Henr. Carl. Alex. Haenlein. Erlang, 1799. 8vo.

99. Collectanea, sive Notæ Criticæ et Commentarius in Epistolam Judæ. Accedunt De fonte Doctrinæ, et Dictionis Judæ genere et colore, Dissertationes duæ. Auctore M. T. Laurmann. Groningæ, 1818. 8vo.

100. A. Jessien, de au.devtsia Epistolæ Judæ Commentatio Critica. Lipsiæ, 1820. 8vo.


101. In the second tome or part of Mr. Hugh Broughton's works, (pp. 408_522.) there is an exposition or interpretation of the Revelation of Saint John, entitled “ A Revelation of the Holy Apocalypse." The learned writer expounds it chiefly of the corruptions of the Church of Rome.

102. Clavis Apocalyptica ex innatis et insitis Visionum Characteribus eruta et demonstrata a Josepho Mede. - Ejusdem Commentarius in Apocalypsin, et Appendix ad Clavem Apocalypticam.

These excellent treatises “ of the pious and profoundly learned" Joseph Mede (as he is justly styled in the title-page to the collective edition of his works) were originally published in 4to., but now form, together with some other disquisitions on prophecy, the second volume of the folio edition of his works. Mede is upiversally allowed to have led the way to a correct and rational interpretation of the Apocalypse; the examination of his Clavis occupies the chief part of Bishop Hurd's tenth sermon on the study of the prophecies; and that eminent prelate, after adverting to the numerous and abortive attempts to explain this mysterious book, which were made soon after the Reformation, has the following striking re. mark concerning Mede.-" The issue of much elaborate inquiry was, that the book itself was disgraced by the fruitless efforts of its commentators, and on the point of being given up as utterly impenetrable, when a sublime genius arose in the beginning of the last century, and surprised the learned world with that great de

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