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new SPORTING DICTIONARY has been compiled with more than ordinary care, and by a gentleman whose experience and facilities of acquiring information rendered him peculiarly fitted for the task. The Publishers feel confident that, although their volume is inferior in bulk to the ponderous tomes that encumber the shelves of many a country gentleman's library, it yields to none of its predecessors in fulness, accuracy, or perspicuity, and, that as a Sporting Manual it must long continue foremost in the field.
The term Dictionary is doubtless applicable to the alphabetical arrangement, which the Author thought it expedient to adopt, but it by no means conveys an adequate idea of the value or real character of the work; this may be described as a series of condensed Essays upon Shooting, Hunting, Fishing, Hawking, Archery, and every species of manly British sport, or interesting game practised or patronised in the Sporting World; interspersed with explanations of every term found in sporting nomenclature; and accompanied by a most valuable collection
of Rules, Recipes, Remedies, &c. for the purchase and training of animals, and choice and care of objects connected with the sports here treated of. These are amongst the reasons that induce the Publishers to recommend their Sporting Dictionary as a convenient vade mecum to every one who knows the value of a good horse, and a multum in
parvo to every votary of the rod and line.
73, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON,
DICTIONARY OF SPORTS,
a corn measure.
A AARON. A bay colt, foaled in ABLET, or ALBLEN. See BLEAK. 1747, the first produce of his dam, ABORTION. The produce of was got by Lord Portmore's White an untimely birth. This accident nose (a son of the Godolphin Ara- seldom happens to brutes. In mares bian) out of Diana, by Whitefoot. the cause may be generally attributed This extraordinary horse generally to over-work or external violence. measured under fourteen hands. ABORTIVE CORN. A disease See LITTLE DRIVER.
in corn, which shews itself when the ABATE. A horse is said to abate, stalk is about eighteen inches high, or take down, his curvets, when and may be known by a deformity of working upon curvets he puts both the ear, the leaves, the stalk, and hind legs to the ground at once, and even the grain. Corn in this state, observes the same exactness in all if not directly unwholesome, may be the times.
considered as unfit for horses from ABATIS, or ABBATIS, from batum, its deficiency of nutriment. An obsolete term
ABRAMIS. See BREAM. for an officer of the stables who had ABSCESS. A tumour or swelling the charge of the provender. containing purulent matter. Itarises
ABATURES. The foiling of the generally from external violence, and sprigs of grass thrown down by a stag is relieved in horses by the applicain passing, or the sprigs themselves. tion of a poultice-in sheep and
ABDOMEN. A cavity, vulgarly poultry by opening the tumour and called the belly, containing the guts, expressing the pus or matter. hladder, liver, spleen, and stomach;
ABSORBENTS. Medicines supwhen opened the first thing that posed to have the power of drying presents itself is the peritonæum, a up redundant humours, either interihin though firm membrane, capable nally or externally; as magnesia,&c. of considerable extension, and of re
ABSORBENT VESSELS. Vesturning to its former state.
sels which carry any fluid into the ABDOMINALES. An order of blood, and are denominated, accordfishes having ventral fins placed being to the liquids they convey, lachind the pectoral in the abdomen, teals, lymphatics, and inhalent arte
ACCLOYED. Pricked. A horse's foot, when pricked in shoeing, is said to be accloyed. A word now rarely used.
ACHE (in Horses). A pain in any part of the body, occasioning a
numbness in the joints. It proceeds as in the CARP, herring, salmon, &c. from cold, taken upon violent exer.
cise, and there are various remedies | so called at Newmarket, one mile for it.
two furlongs and twenty-four yards ACIDS. The name of a very in length: abbreviated A. F. See powerful class of substances em- RACE COURSES. ployed in veterinary practice: they ACTION, in horsemanship, imare divided into animal, mineral, and plies the motion of the various parts vegetable acids. For some excellent of a horse in doing his paces. remarks on the composition of acids tion,” says a modern writer, “ is and the principle of acidification, the every thing: without it (i. e. free reader is referred to the London and graceful action) the finest form Encyclopædia, articles CHEMISTRY is of no avail.” and PHARMACY.
ACTION OF THE MOUTH. ACOPA, ACOPUM, or Accopum. The agitation of the tongue and the An extremely hot and stimulating jaw of a horse that, by champing medicine used by the ancients both upon the bit, keeps his mouth fresh. externally as an ointment or charge, It is shown by a white ropy foam, and internally as an electuary. In which is a sure indication of health, the preparation of this extraordinary mettle, and vigour, composition no less than thirty dif ACTUAL CAUTERY. See ferent articles were used, among CAUTERY. which “ half a pound of pigeon's ACULEATED. A term applied dung” is ordered. The author of to the fins of fishes that are armed the Dictionarium Rusticum, edit. with prickles, such as the stickle-back. 1717, says, “It is both a medicine ACULER (in the Manége). The and an ointment, helping convul- motion of a horse, when in working sions, stringhalts, colds, &c. in the upon volts, he does not go far enough muscles and sinews, draws forth all forward at every movement, so that noisome humours, and being put up his shoulders embrace too small a into the nostrils of a horse, by means space, and his croupe comes too near of a long goose feather anointed the centre of the volt. Horses have therewith, disburdens the head of a natural inclination to this fault, in all grief. It dissolves the liver making demi-volts. troubled with oppilations or obstruc ACUPUNCTURATION. Some tions, helps siccity and crudity in writers think it has a galvanic influthe body, banishes all weariness ; and, ence on the nerves. See Churchill's lastly, cures all sorts of inward dis- Treatise on Acupuncture. eases if given by way of drench, in ACUPUNCTURE. The operawine, beer, or ale."
tion common among the Japanese ACRIMONY. This term is ap- and Chinese of pricking the diseased plicable to some states of the hu- parts with a gold or silver needle. mours in an animal, as acrimony of It has been recently introduced into the bile, and other secretions which European practice. “ I am not are, by the laws of animal economy, aware,” says a writer in The Veteconstantly thrown out of the ma- rinarian, “ that it has been resorted chine, in order that the humours to by any English veterinarian, exmay be kept in a sound condition : cept that I once used it with consifor, except when in a morbid state, derable effect in a case of chorea they are free from acrimony. When consequent on distemper in a bitch.” in a morbid state we have different The same gentleman adds, “I do species of acrimony, which are de- trust that some zealous veterinarian nominated from the effects produced will put the use of the needle fairly on the habit. Hence, we say, com- to the test in that most dreadful and plaints of this nature originate from untractable disease, tetanus.” Some an acrimonious humour sui generis. French vets have given it an exten
ACROSS THE FLAT. X course sive trial; and experience has shown