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A NEW AND GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL

DICTIONAR Y.

1784.

VOL. IX,

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From the Earliest Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WHEREIN

Their remarkable Actions and SUFFERINGS,

Their VIRTUES, Parts, and LEARNING,

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PRINTED FOR W. STRAHAN, T. PAYNE AND SON, J. RIVING-
TON AND SONS,

OWEN, B. WHITE, T. AND W.
LOWNDES, B. LAW, J. ROBSON, J. JOHNSON, G. ROBINSON,
J. NICHOLS, J. MURRAY, W. GOLDSMITH, G. NICOL, J.
ACCUEEN, W. CHAPMAN, T. BOWLES, AND E, NEWBERY.

MDCCLXXXIV,

AN

UNIVERSAL, HISTORICAL, and LİTERARY

DICTIONARY.

M

AIGNAN (EMANUEL), a religious minim, and one

of the greatest philosophers of his age, was born at Toulouse, of an ancient and noble family; in 1601. While he was a child, he discovered an inclination to letters and the sciences; for nothing, says the writer of his life, had so great an effect in making him forbear squawling and crying, as the putting of some little book into his hands.

He went through his course in the college of Jesuits, ard acquitted himself with great diligence in every part of the province of a good scholars both with respect to literary and religious exercises. He was strongly determined to a religious life, by an affront which he received when he was learning rhetoric. He had written a poem, in order to dispute the prize of eloquence, and he believed the victory was unjustly adjudged to another, This made him resolve to ask the minim's habit, and he had no occafion to ask it long; for, having acquitted himself very well in the trials of his probation-time, he was received upon his taking the vow in 1619, when he was eighteen. He went through his course of philosophy under a profeffor who was very much attached to the doctrine of Aristotle, and he omitted no opportunity of difputing loudly against all the parts of that philosopher's scheme, which tre suspected of heterodoxy. His preceptor considered this as a good presage; and, in a short time, discovered, to his great aftonilhment, that his pupil was very well versed in mathematics, without having had the help of a teacher, In this, Vol. IX.

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