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PRE F A CE.

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7HOSOEVER thou art to whose hands this

book (hall come, I presume to put thee in mind of the divine command, binding on thy conscije,

ence, Deut. i. 17. ' Ye ihall not respect persons in he

judgment, but you shall bear the small as well as ore

the great.' Reject not the book with contempt, nor en with indignation peither, when thou findest it intia - tuled, The Marrow of Modern Divinity, left thou do Il it to thine own hurt. Remember, that our blessed

Lord himself was accounted a friend of publicans and 10 lopers, Mat. xi. 19.

Many faid of him, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him ? John X. 20.

The apostle Paul was flanderously reported to be an S: Antinomian; one who, by his doctrine, encouraged te men to do evil, Rom. iii. 8. and made void the law, 9 verse 31. And the first martyr, in the days of the

gospel, was stoned for pretended' blasphemous words
against Mofes, and against the law, Acts vi. 11, 13.

The gospel method of sanctification, as well as of
jullification, lies so far out of the ken of natural rea-
fon

, that if all the rationalists in the world, Philofophers and divines had consulted together to lay down a plan, for repairing the loft image of God in man, they had never hit on that which the divine wisdom hath pitched upon, viż. That finners should be fanctified in Christ Jesus, 1 Cor. i. 2. by faith in him, Acts xxvi. 18. Nay, being laid before them, they would have rejected it with disdain as foolishness, 1 Cor. i.

la all views which fallen man hath, towards the means of his own recovery, the natural bent is to the

of the covenant of works. This is evident in the case of the valt multitudes throughout the world embracing Judaism, Paganism, Mahomeranism, and Popery. All these agree in this one principle, " Thac

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The PRE FACE. “ it is by doing men must live,” tho' they hugely differ as to the things to be done for life.

The Jews, in the time of Julian, the apostate, attempted to rebuild their temple, after it had lain mang years in ruins, by the decree of heaven never to be bullt again; and ceafed pot, till, by an earthquake, which shook the old foundation, and turned all down to the ground, they were forced to forbear, as Socrates the historian tells us, lib. 3. cap. 20. But the Jews were never more addicted to that temple, than mankind naturally is to the building on the first coTenant: aod Adam's children will by no meanis quit it, until mount Sinai, where they desire to work what they do work, be all on a fire about them. O that these, who have been frighted from it, were not fo ready to go back towards it.

Howbeit, that can never be the channel of fancti. fication, what way foever men prepare it, and fit it out for that purpose; because it is not, by divine appointment, the miniftration of righteousness and life, 2 Cor. 10.

And hence it is always to be observed, that as the doctrine of the gospel is corrupted, to introduce a more rational sort of religion, the flood of looseness and licentiousness swells proportionably; info much that morality brought in for doctrine, in room and stead of the gospel of the grace of God, never fails to be, in effect, a signal for an inundation of immorality in practice. A plain instance hereof is to be seen in the grand apostaly from the truth and holiness of the gospel, viz. Popery. - And on the other hand, real and thorow reformation in churches is always the effect of gospel-light, breaking forth again, from under the cloud which had gone over it ; and hereof the church of Scotland, among others, hath oftper than once had comfortable experience.

The real friends of true holidess do then exceedirgly mistake their measures, in affording a handle, on any occasion whatsoever, for advancing the priociples of Legalism, for bringing under contempt the

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good old way, in which our fathers found reft to their the fools

, and for removing the ancient land-marks which they fet.

It is now above fourscore years since this book made its first entrance into the world, under the title

of The Marrow of Modern Divinity, at that time, kes

Dot unfitly prefixed to it : but it is too evident, it hath outlived the fitness of that title. The fruth is,

the divinity therein taught is no more the modern, te bat the ancient divinity, as it was recovered from

underneath the Artichristian darkness; and as it 0 food, before the tools of the late refiners on the Prouit

testant doctrine were lifted up upon it ; a doctrine erk which, being from God, must needs be according to 0

godliness

It was to contribute towards the preferving of this

doctrine, and the withstanding of its being run down, 71 .

under the odious name of Antinomianism, in the dil

advantageous situation it hath in this book, whose Dvadeserved lot is to be every where spoken against, and that the following notes were written.

And herein two things chiefly have had weight. One is, Left that doctrine, being put into such an ill. dame, should become the object of the settled aversi. os of fober perfons, and they be thereby betrayed into Legalism. The other is, Lest in these days of

God's indignation, so much appearing in spiritual er judgments, fome taking up the principles of it, from of

the hand of this author and ancient divines, for is

truths ; should take the fenfe, fcope, and design of d

them, from (now) common fame; and so be betrayed unto real Aptinomianism.

Reader, Lay aside prejudices, look and fee with h

thiae own eyes, call things by their own names, and do not reckon Anti-Baxteriapism, or Anti-Neonomi anism to be Actinomjanism; and thou shalt fiod no Actinomjanism taught here ; but thou wilt perhaps be surprised to fiod, that that tale is told of Luther, and other famous Protestant divines, under the borA 3

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rowed name of the despised E. F. author of the Mar row of Modern Divinity.

For thy ease and benefit in this edition, the book is divided into Chapters and Sections, greater and lesser, according to the subject matter, with runding Titles, not used in any edition of it heretofore; Ty pographical errors, not a few, are by comparing of copies of several impressions, here corrected : the pe. riods, which in many places were somewhat indistinct, are thro' the whole more carefully distinguish. ed, to the rendering of the sense of the author more clear : the letters of reference, brought into the Edinburgh edition 1718, for avoiding of the side-margin, which preceding editions had, are here retain. ed for the same reason; and so are the scripture texts, in the body of the book, which were there brought from the fide-margin of fore-going impressions, the proper places being assigned to such of them as were found to be misplaced." The. Appendix is reserved for the second part, where the author himself placed it,

As for the Notes; in them words, phrases, and things are explained; truth cleared, confirmed, and vindicated: the annotator making no bones of de claring his dissent from the author, where he saw just ground for it.

I make. no question but he will be thought by fome to have constructed too favourably of several passages: but, as it is nothing Itrange, that he incline to the charitable fide, the book having been many years ago blessed of God to his own fool; fo, if he hath erred on that side, it is the safest of the two, for thee and me, judging of the words of another man, whose ends, I believe with Mr. Burroughs, to have been very sincere for God, and the reader's good. However, I am fatisfied he has dealt candidly in that matter, according to his light,

Be advised always to read over a lefser section of the book, before reading any of the potes thereupon, that you may have the more clear understanding of the whole.

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The PRE FACE. I conclude this preface, in the words of two eminent professors of theology, deserving our serious regard. "I dread mightily that a rational fort of religion is coming in among us : I mean by it, a religion that " confilts in a bare attendance on outward duties and " ordinances, without the power of godlinefs; and " thence people shall fall into a way of ferving God, " which is mere deism, having no relation to Christ "Jesus and the Spirit of God." Memoirs of Mr. HaIrburton's life, page 199.

" Admoneo igitur vos, &c. i. e. Therefore I wara "you, and each one of you, especially such as are ta " be directors of the conscience, that you exercise your " felves in ftudy, reading, meditation and prayer, so as you may be able to instruct and comfort both your own and others consciences in the time of tempta- tion, and to bring them back from the law to grace, "from the active for working) righteousness to the " paflive for received) righteoufaess;. in a word, s from Moses to Christ." Luth, comment. in epift.

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Yo the R E A D E R.

I thou wilt pleafe to parufe this fiende book thoa

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. There is of a gracious spirit drawn through it, which hath fastened many precious truths together, and presented them to thy view: according to the variety of meos fpirits, the various

ways of presenting known truths are profitable. The grace of God hath helped this author in making his work; ifitio like manner help thee io reading, thou Thale have cause to bless God for these truths thus brought to thee, and for the labours of this good man, whole ends, I believe, are very fiacere for God and thy good.

JER, BURROUHGS,

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