Manufacturing Militance: Workers' Movements in Brazil and South Africa, 1970-1985

Front Cover
University of California Press, May 5, 1994 - History - 376 pages
Challenging prevailing theories of development and labor, Gay Seidman's controversial study explores how highly politicized labor movements could arise simultaneously in Brazil and South Africa, two starkly different societies. Beginning with the 1960s, Seidman shows how both authoritarian states promoted specific rapid-industrialization strategies, in the process reshaping the working class and altering relationships between business and the state. When economic growth slowed in the 1970s, workers in these countries challenged social and political repression; by the mid-1980s, they had become major voices in the transition from authoritarian rule.

Based in factories and working-class communities, these movements enjoyed broad support as they fought for improved social services, land reform, expanding electoral participation, and racial integration.

In Brazil, Seidman takes us from the shopfloor, where disenfranchized workers organized for better wages and working conditions, to the strikes and protests that spread to local communities. Similar demands for radical change emerged in South Africa, where community groups in black townships joined organized labor in a challenge to minority rule that linked class consciousness to racial oppression. Seidman details the complex dynamics of these militant movements and develops a broad analysis of how newly industrializing countries shape the opportunities for labor to express demands. Her work will be welcomed by those interested in labor studies, social theory, and the politics of newly industrializing regions.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Militant Labor Movements in Brazil and South Africa
11
HISTORICAL DIFFERENCES
16
PATTERNS OF MOBILIZATION
25
A COMPARATIVE PUZZLE
37
Conditions for Industrial Growth 19601973
39
BRAZILIAN INDUSTRIALIZATION STRATEGIES
44
INDUSTRIALIZATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
65
CONCLUSION
85
LABOR MILITANCE IN BRAZIL AND SOUTH AFRICA
189
Community Struggles and the Redefinition of Citizenship
193
O POVO EM MOVIMENTO
199
COMMUNITY RACE AND CLASS
223
CONCLUSION
248
Conclusion
251
EXPLAINING SIMILAR DYNAMICS
254
MILITANT WORKERS MOVEMENTS IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
260

Business Opposition and Its Limits
87
BUSINESS OPPOSITION IN SOUTH AFRICA
110
CONCLUSION
135
The Emergence of New Unionism
139
Máquinas Paradas e Braços Cruzados
146
THE SPIRIT LIVES
167
LABOR MOVEMENTS IN LATE INDUSTRIALIZERS
268
Notes
271
Bibliography
311
Index
347
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1994)

Gay Seidman is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Bibliographic information