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17. Shameful inequality in the administration of its own law against offenders who support it politically and offenders who oppose it;

Vol. I. Nos. 19, 38, 51, 81, 107.
Vol. II. Nos. 18, 68.

18. Charging the Sinn Fein movement with outrages which it knows never to have occurred, or to have been committed by its own agents and supporters;

Vol. I. Nos. 17, 33, 49, 60, 72, 108, 115.
Vol. II. Nos. 6, 10, 14, 17, 22.

19. Using its terrorist weapons against Irish women and children;
Vol. 1. Nos. 30, 33, 58, 59, 74, 79, 82, 88, 92, 97, 100, 101.
Vol. II. Nos. 49, 74, 79.
Vol. III. Nos. 3, 5, 6, 14, 15.

20. Maltreating and murdering its political prisoners;
Vol. I. Nos. 61, 103, 114.
Vol. II. Nos. 4, 7, 48, 59, 69, 74, 75, 84.
Vol. III. Nos. 1, 3.

21. Instructing its armed agents to shoot Irishmen whom they have taken into custody;

Vol. I. Nos. 1, 9, 54, 75, 80.

22. Wilfully endeavoring to stamp out the Irish people's own organization for the preservation of public order and the suppression of crime;

Vol. I. Nos. 40, 55, 61, 63, 109.
Vol. II. Nos. 8, 27, 32, 37, 51, 58, 78, 82.

23. Having used its armed forces in Ireland against the Republican movement when the General Election was in progress in December 1918; when the Municipal Council Elections were in progress in January 1920; and when the County and Rural Council Elections were in progress in June 1920;

Vol. I. Nos. 44, 47, 99.
Vol. II. Nos. 6, 9, 11, 42.

24. Endeavoring to impose by force an authority upon the Irish people which is rejected by all classes of that people and by hundreds of its own officials.

Vol. I. Nos. 20, 29, 34, 51, 97.
Vol. II. Nos. 2, 25, 30, 34, 40, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 54, 56, 64, 65, 76,
Vol. III. No. 11.

CRIMES OF MURDER, ASSAULT AND ROBBERY The Irish BULLETIN, the official record previously referred to, compiled and published in No. 3, Volume 2, the following list of acts of Englis!! aggression in Ireland. The outrages of this period—from January 1, 1919, to April 30, 1920—are typical of those of any period of similar length in the past three years :

1919 Feb. 12. Patrick Gavin shot dead by soldiers at the Curragh Camp. Apr. 6. Robert Byrne shot dead by police in Limerick Hospital. Apr. 28. M. Walsh shot dead by police at Dungarvan, Co. Waterford. Apr. 29. Two men attacked and shot by police at Longford, Co. Longford. June 5. Mathew Murphy, Dundalk, shot dead by soldiers at Dundalk. June 16. Michael Rice (aged 60) and his son Martin attacked in their

house and shot by police. June 29. Patrick Studdert, Kilkee, shot dead by soldiers. Aug. 14. Francis Murphy, Glan, Co. Clare (aged 15) shot dead by

soldiers who fired into his father's house at midnight. Sept. 9. Fermoy, Co. Cork, sacked by soldiers. Oct. 10. Boy shot at Banbridge, Co. Down, by police. Nov. Kinsale, Co. Cork, sacked by soldiers. Nov. 12. Cork City partially sacked by soldiers. Nov. 20. Motorists shot by police at Sligo for refusing to halt. Nov. 24. Civilians shot at Tipperary by police. Dec. 29. Laurence Kennedy murdered by soldiers at Phoenix Park, Dublin,

1920 Jan. 6. Dr. Keane, Ennistymon, Co. Clare, shot by police while on his

medical rounds. Jan. 19. Civilians at Enniscorthy, Co. Wexford, shot by police. Jan. 20. Ml. Darcy, Cooraclare, Co. Clare, drowned while police held off

would-be rescuers. Jan. 22. Whole town of Thurles wrecked by soldiers. Feb. 4. Man and girl shot dead in Limerick by soldiers and police. Feb. 14. James O'Brien shot dead at Rathdrum by police. Feb. 16. John Heaphy shot by police at Ballylongford, Co. Kerry. Feb. 17. Pedestrian held up at the point of the bayonet by soldiers at

Thurles, and the contents of their pockets stolen. Feb. 20. Mrs. M. J. Kelly, shopkeeper,' 10 Wellington Place, Dublin,

savagely assaulted and robbed by soldiers. Feb. 23. J. J. Kinsella shot at on the South Circular Road, Dublin, by a

party of soldiers. Feb. 25. Philip Maher, Turtulle, Co. Tipperary, attacked by police on the

public highway and beaten with the butt-erids of their rifles. Feb. 25. Railway employee named Kennedy shot at by a patrol of soldiers

near Thurles. Kennedy was neither halted nor challenged. Feb. 25. Three men, named Cullanan, Burke and MacCarthy were shot

at by police from cover while on their way to their homes, Leugh,

Co. Tipperary. Feb. 27. Raiding parties of troops forced an entry into the late Head

quarters at 3, 6, and 76, Harcourt Street, Dublin of the Sinn Fein Bank, the Sinn Fein Organization and the Republican Government of Ireland respectively and systematically wrecked every room in these houses. In the Sinn Fein Bank the safe

was forced and £1040 stolen. Mar. 1. The town of Thurles was partially wrecked by soldiers accorn

panied by their officer. Mar. 2. Townspeople of Thurles attacked by police who beat them with the butt-ends of their rifles.

Mar. 3. Spectators of daylight military raids in Dublin were attacked by

the troops who dispersed them with the butt-ends of their rifles. Mar. 5. Three young men passing the police barracks at Holycross, Co.

Tipperary were abused and stoned by police. Mar. 5. The National Monuments at Thurles, Co. Tipperary, were dis

figured by police and soldiers. Mar. 6. Property stolen from Mrs. Lynch, Richmond Road, Dublin by

soldiers who raided her house. Mar. 7. Thurles, Co. Tipperary, again wrecked by soldiers. Mar. 12. Sinn Fein Clubs and the residences of prominent Republicans

broken into and completely wrecked by police at Cork. Volleys fired in the public street after midnight at shop windows and

into private houses. Mar. 13. Miss Cotter, Abbey Street, Cork, shot at by police while hasten

ing at night to call a priest to her dying aunt. Mar. 16. Spectators of military raids upon the residences of Republicans

at Monaghan were attacked by troops. Mar. 19. Attempted murder of Alderman Professor Stockley, Sinn Fein

leader, Cork, Mar. 19. Police fired at crowds who endeavored to enter the Kilkenny,

Theatre to attend a performance of the play, “The Parnellite." Mar. 20. Lord Mayor of Cork murdered by police who broke into his house

at the dead of the night. Mar. 21.· Engine driver named Howe when passing the Thurles Police

Barracks was attacked by police who rushed from the Barracks

and knocking him down robbed him. Mar. 22. Ellen Hendrick, aged 18 years, and Michael Cullen, aged 23,

were shot dead by soldiers who assaulted pedestrians and smashed

shop windows in a riotous parade through the streets of Dublin. Mar. 29. Military raiding the house of S. Byrne, T. C., looted jewelry. Mar. 29. J. MacCarthy, brother of M. MacCarthy, Sinn Fein leader,

Thurles, was murdered by men in the uniforms of police who

broke into his house at the dead of the night. Mar. 30. T. Dwyer, prominent Republican was murdered by police at

The Ragg, Co. Tipperary, who broke into his house at the dead

of the night. Apr. 3. Military raiding the house of T. Longmore, Kingstown, Co.

Dublin, looted it. Apr. 6. Military raiding the Republican Temperance Bar, Dublin, fired

into houses in O'Connell Street and attacked spectators with the

bayonet. Apr. 9. Military raiding the residence of Frank Foy, 33, Carrysfort

Avenue, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, looted it. Apr. 10. Military raiding the residence of Mr. O'Flanagan, 14a Wexford

Street, Dublin, looted it. Apr. 14. Soldiers being brought to reinforce the guards at Mountjoy Jail

in which Sinn Fein prisoners were dying, slashed with their bayonets at the crowd outside the jail as they drove through

them. Apr. 14. Police and Military shot dead three civilians at Miltown-Malbay, Co. Clare, who were celebrating the release of Mountjoy prisoners by singing round a lighted tar-barrel. Nine others were se

riously, wounded. Apr. 14. At Nenagh, Co. Tipperary, a similar demonstration by civilians

was attacked by police who used their rifle butts and bayonets

upon the people. Apr. 16. The residence of P. Ryan, Kilcommon, Co. Tipperary, was

broken into by police who called for the male members of the

police saying “We will shoot every Sinn Feiner we meet. Apr. 16. At Reiska, Co. Tipperary, the houses of several residents were

fired into by police. Eleven bullets entered the residence of J. O'Brien, Irish teacher. An old age pensioner passing along the road at some distance was deliberately fired upon by one of the police. The shot went wide. The policeman was taking a second shot when his rifle was knocked up by a comrade who

said “We have done enough.' Apr. 17. At Holycross, Co. Tipperary, a policeman entered the local

smithy and drawing his revolver ordered the smith to mend his bicycle free of charge. He rode away announcing that he would

murder the first Sinn Feiner who dared to say a word to him. Apr. 17. Thomas Mulholland, a prominent Sinn Feiner, was shot dead by

police in John Street, Dundalk. Apr. 17. Immediately after the Coroner's Jury, inquiring into the death

of Thomas Dwyer, The Ragg, Thurles, Co. Tipperary, had returned a verdict of murder against the police, a body of Royal Irish Constabulary in uniform drove about the townlands adjacent to Thurles shooting at the passers by. At the Ragg they halted outside the house of the Dwyers and fired several shots

into it, wounding John Brouder who was at his tea. Apr. 26. Nine police suddenly appeared in the streets of Kilcommon, Co.

Tipperary, and fired volleys at passers by and into the houses of the inhabitants. After firing for half an hour they broke the windows of the houses with heavy stones, calling at the same

time upon the men to come out to be shot. Apr. 26. Patrick Dowling was shot dead in the streets of Arklow by riot.

ous soldiers. Apr. 27. Shops in Limerick City partially wrecked by riotous soldiers;

shots were fired at pedestrians and passers by were bayoneted. Apr. 29. At Fermoy, Co. Cork, at 12 noon soldiers fired shots down the

streets killing a horse.

INDICTMENT IN CORONER'S VERDICTS The details of the outrages listed in the preceding section of this Appendix, and of the other outrages since May, 1916, extending into many volumes are necessarily not reproduced here. But the recent death of Terence MacSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, suggests the selection of the Coroner's findings on the death of his predecessor in office, Thomas MacCurtain, and on the death of Thomas Ashe, who in a protest similar to that of Mayor MacSwiney, against being treated as a criminal, refused food and died from the effects of forcible feeding by the British prison authorities.

These findings and over ninety others proceeding from juries, summoned by British officials, have clearly indicated the culpability of British officials in these murders, with the result that to avoid the consequent exposures, coroner's juries are no longer summoned by the British, being superseded by secret military inquisition—where verdicts in consonance with the aims of the British Executive are invariably returned.

The following was the verdict of the Coroner's jury upon the death of Thomas MacCurtain, Lord Mayor of Cork, who was assassinated in his own home shortly after he assumed office in March, 1920:

We find that the late Alderman Thomas MacCurtain, Lord Mayor of Cork, died from shock and hemorrhage caused by bullet wounds; that he was wilfully murdered under circumstances of the most callous brutality; that the murder was organized and carried out by the Royal Irish Constabulary, officially directed by the British Government, and we return a verdict of wilful murder against David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of England; Lord French, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; Ian MacPherson, late Chief Secretary for Ireland; Acting InspectorGeneral Smith, of the Royal Irish Constabulary ; Divisional Inspector Clayton, of the Royal Irish Constabulary; District Inspector Swanzy, and some unknown members of the Royal Irish Constabulary."

Thomas Ashe, leader of the first historic group of hunger strikers, died on September 25, 1917. In the post-mortem examination his throat and neck showed bruises and wounds. The coroner's verdict read:

We find that Thomas Ashe according to the medical evidence of Professor McWeeney, Sir Arthur Chance and Sir Thomas Myles, died of heart failure and congestion of the lungs on the 25th of September, 1917, caused by the punishment of taking away from his cell in Mountjoy Jail the bed, bedding and boots and being left to lie on the cold floor for fifty hours, then subjected to forcible feeding in his weak condition after a hunger-strike of five or six days.

That the hunger strike was directed against the inhuman punishment inflicted and as a protest against the men being treated as criminals when demanding to be treated as political prisoners.”

POLICE AND MAGISTRATES IN IRELAND RESIGN As a protest against British policy and the conduct of the British forces in Ireland 515 justices of the peace have resigned. The reason determining their action is typified by that given in the case of the Cavan (Ulster) justices July 11, 1920:

“We wish no longer to be associated with an Executive whose actions are subversive of equity and justice and repugnant to the feelings and sentiments of the vast majority of our fellow-country


Sir Henry Grattan Bellew, in tendering his resignation to the British Lord Chancellor, August 11, 1920, wrote:

“I hope my colleagues will follow my example so that the wrecking of Irish towns and the ruin of Irish industry may be proceeded with without any camouflage or appearance of approval by Irishmen in the sabotage of their own country."

IRISH TOWNS SACKED AND RAVAGED The sacking of Irish towns has been in progress for over a year. For twelve months it has been the policy of the British Government, by encour

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