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PREFACE.

The American people are much given to reading, but the character of the matter read is such that with regard to a large proportion of them it may indeed be said that “truth is stranger than fiction." Especially is this the case in respect to those facts of local history belonging to their own immediate country and neighborhood. This, perhaps, is not so much the fault of the people as a neglect on the part of the book publishers. Books, as a rule, are made to sell, and, in order that a book may have a large sale, its matter must be of such general character as to be applicable to general rather than special conditions—to the Nation or State rather than the County or Township. Thus it is that no histories heretofore published pertain to matters relating to county and neighborhood affairs, for such books, in order to have a sale over a large section of country, must necessarily be very voluminous, and contain much matter of no interest to the reader. The publishers, having received a liberal patronage from the people of Boone county, have endeavored to prepare a work containing a full and minute account of the local affairs the county.

The following pages constitute a history of the Northwest and a detailed account of the early settlement, natural resources and subsequent development of Boone county, together with reminiscences, narratives, and biographies of the leading citizens of the county.

The work may not meet the expectations of some; and this is all the more probable, seeing that it falls short of our own standard of perfection: however, in size, quality of material and typographical appearance, it is such a book as we designed to make, and fills the conditions guaranteed by our prospectus.

To the early settler, who braved the dangers, endured the hardships and experienced the enjoyments of pioneer life, it will be the means of recalling some of the most grateful memories of the past; while those who are younger, or who have become citizens of the county in more recent times, will here find collected in a narrow compass an accurate and succinct account of the beginning, progress and changes incident to municipal as well as individual life.

The old pioneer, in reviewing the history of the county, all of which he saw, and part of which he was, will find this work a valuable compendium of facts, arranged in analytical order, and thus will events which are gradually vanishing into the mists and confusion of forgetfulness be rescued from oblivion.

The rising generation, which is just entering upon the goodly heritage bequeathed by a hardy and noble ancestry, will find in this work much to encourage them in days of despondency, and intensify the value of success when contrasted with the trials and compared with the triumphs of those who have gone before.

In the preparation of this work we have been materially aided by numerous persons in sympathy with the enterprise and solicitous for its success: to all such we feel ourselves under great obligations, and take this method of acknowledging the same. To Judge I. J. Mitchell, John A. Hull, to the publishers of the various newspapers and the incumbents of the several county offices, we are under special obligations, and whatever of merit the work may have is largely due to their assistance.

In presenting this work to our many hundred patrons, we have the satisfaction of knowing that they are of sufficient intelligence to appreciate merit when it is found, and errors will be criticised with the understanding that book-making, like all other kinds of labor, has its peculiar vicissitudes.

Whatever of interest, of profit, or of recreation the reader will find in perusing the following pages will be a source of satisfaction, gratitude and happiness to the

PUBLISHERS.

CONTENTS.

HISTORICAL.

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PAGE.

PAGE.

Log Cabin--Agricultural Im- CHAPTER IX.-old Settlers' As.

plements - Household furni- Bociation - Churches-Agricul-

ture-Pioneer Corn Bread

tural Societies -Gold Excite-

Hand Mills and Hominy Blocks ment - Accidents and Crimes

-Going to

Mill — Trading -Mine Statistics........ 434-460

Points-Hunting and Trapping CHAPTER X.--LAND GRANTS

Claim Clubs and Claim Laws WARS OF BOONE COUNTY. The

-A Border Sketch --Surveys Original River Improvement

and Land Sales -- Western Stage Grant- Subsequent Modifica-

Company -- First Records-- tion of the Grant-Extent of

Growth of the County-Table Improvement in the Channel

of Events..

320--348 of the River-Extension of the

CHAPTER VI.-- ORGANIZATION Grant, and its Diversion to

OF THE COUNTY. County and Railroad Purposes--Difficulties
Township Organization-Con- Between the Settlers and the
dition of Territory Before Or- River Land Company-Swamp
ganization--Act of Organiza- Lands--How Disposed of --Ink.
tion--8, B. McCall Commis- pa-du-ta War -- The Pardee
sioned Sheriff--First Election Siege - - The River Land
--Proceedings of Commission- War..

.460-474

erg-The Location of County CHAPTER XI.-WAR HISTORY.

Seat-County Judge System-- Fort Sumter and Lincoln's

First Courts--First Precincts Proclamation -- Recruiting in

-Ferries---First Jail-Organi- Boone county - Account of

zation of Townships — First Companies Recruited in Boone

Court-house- The Township County with Full and Accurate

Board -

- Early Officers and Lists of Names -- Soldiers'

Finances-Public Highways

Record-Sherman's March to

Public Buildings... 348-388 the Sea..

474494
CHAPTER VII. - ADDITIONAL CHAPTER XII. -- TOWNSHIPS,
COUNTY AFFAIRS. Finances-- OITIES AND TOWNS.. .498--554
Defalcations - Official Direct- CHAPTER XIII. - BIOGRAPH-
ory

.....388-406
ICAL....

555

CHAPTER VIII.-RAILROADS-

NEWSPAPERS-SCHOOLS..406 -434 |

ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE.

PAGE.

PAGE.

Westward the Star of Empire Lincoln Monument, Springfield, Old Fort Dearborn, 1830.
takes its Way.
17 Illinois....

72 The "Old Kinzie House"
An Indian Camp..
33 Chicago, in 1820..

97 A Prairie Home

Indians Trying a Prisoner...... 49 Present Site Lake Street Bridge, Breaking Prairie.

A Pioneer Winter..

65

Chicago, 1833..

97

LITHOGRAPHIC PORTRAITS.

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