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ILLUSTRATIVE TEACHINGS.

AVOIDING TEMPTATION. - A great king once required a charioteer. Many candidates sought this honour. One by one they were introduced into the royal presence. If you were driving my chariot near a precipice,” inquired the king of the first, "how near could you steer the chariot wheels without falling over ?” The man replied he could drive within two feet of the precipice, and not go over, Another was interrogated likewise, and he replied that he could safely drive the chariot within one foot of the brink. A third was in like manner questioned, and replied that he could come within half a foot, or a few inches, and yet be safe. Whereupon a fourth, being inquired of, at once replied, "How near? If I am engaged as your charioteer, I should consider it my du to keep as far off as possible from the precipice." The last was the best and safest hand, and as such was instantly engaged.-Biblical Treasury.

This is a good rule, and very easy to understand ; and those who practise it cannot be very far out of the way. I was always a quiet, thoughtful boy, and perhaps for that reason was more inclined to think of others than some of these wide-awake little fellows are. But come and sit with me under the shade of this beautiful elm-tree, and I will tell you what happened to me when I was quite a young man, which I think has made a life-long impression upon

me.

THE GOLDEN RULE. Uncle Joseph, Uncle Joseph, please tell us what makes every one like you so well."

This was asked by some half-a-dozen bright-eyed, eager-looking little fellows, who clustered around a white-haired old man with a very pleasant face. Indeed, Father Time had left his marks there deep and strong ; but it was a very legible and true letter of recommendation, that those who ran might read.

Uncle Joseph answered, “ Why, boys, what has come over you to ask me such a question as that? One little boy answered, “ Well, uncle,

We were talking with father about you, and I asked him what made everybody like you so well, and he told us to come to you; he said you would tell us the secret. Now please do.

Then the old man said, “Well, boys, this is the secret: I have always tried to do by others as I would wish others to

me under like circumstances.

“Well, to begin as the story-tellers say, when I was quite a young man I lived far away from here, in a mountainous country; and very near where I lived there was what is called a mountain gorge, which was some ten feet wide. Now, to get on the opposite side, one must travel some four or five miles; so the neighbours concluded to have a bridge built, and make each one that crossed pay toll, and in that way to pay for the bridge and keep it in repair. As I lived nearer the bridge than any one else, they voted that I should be toll-gatherer. This was not a very arduous task, as there was not a great deal of travel in that region, and very seldom any one wished to cross the bridge after ten o'clock at night. Oh, I must not forget to tell you that there was a gate at one end of the bridge, which was kept locked at night, and no one could cross unless they came and roused me up; but I always kept a light in the window to guide the traveller to the house.

“ One day we had a heavy pouring rain all day; and as night came on, instead of abating, it seemed to increase in violence. The wind commenced to blow, and I thought to myself, This is indeed a fearful night; but it isn't probable that there will be any travellers tonight. However, I put my light in the window, and went to bed about ten o'clock. I cannot say how long I had slept, when I was aroused by a heavy knocking at the door. I got up and opened it as soon as possible. There

I'll tell you.

do by

I have told you. Try to do as you would be done by; it is a very easy rule to follow. If you are inclined to do wrong, just stop and think, Would I like to have another do so by me? That will decide it, and then you must do the right thing.

“ Boys, I am an old man now; but let me tell you that I never found anything that would pay better than the practice of the Golden Rule.”—Children's Hour.

must go.

stood a man who seemed to be completely drenched with rain. I asked him to come in; but he said, “Young man, I am sorry to trouble you ; but I am very anxious to cross the bridge to-night, and would like to have you open the gate for me. I tried to persuade him to come in and stay till morning; but he said he could not think of it, as he had a child on the other side who was very sick, and

felt that So I took my lantern and the key, and went out to let him go across; but when we got to where the bridge had been, we found it was swept away. Then the stranger gazed in consternation, and exclaimed, What shall I do? what shall I do? I fear my child will die before I can get to it.'

“ Then I said, “Stranger, there is a place a few rods above here, where I have often waded across in pleasant weather. If you will get upon my back and trust yourself with me, I think I can get you across safely.' He said, “Willingly, willingly, young man, if you are disposed to undertake it.' So I took him upon my back; but as the water was quite deep, I had to use a great deal of caution and care : but at last I got him safely upon the opposite bank. When I put him down he offered me a wellfilled purse. I thanked him, and said I wished for nothing but the regular fee. As I spoke I looked towards him, and a halo of light seemed to surround his head as he repeated these words : Inasmuch as ye have done it unto another, ye have done it unto Me;' and he was gone.

“How I got back and into bed again, I have no recollection. In the morning, when I got up, my light was burning in the window as usual. The rain had ceased, and I looked out to view the devastation caused by the late storm, when, lo and behold! there stood the bridge, apparently as strong and defiant

Then I knew my labour of love had been all a dream. But, boys, it left an indelible impression upon my mind, and after that I was more inclined than ever to do good as I had opportunity.

" I hope you will profit by the secret

PRAYER.—How little is all earthly greatness, how low and impotent the proudest monarch, if compared with the poorest person in the world who leads but a good life ; for their influence, even in their highest prosperity, is only among weak men like themselves, and not seldom their designs are blasted from Heaven, for the insolence of those that formed them. “ Is not this great Babylon that I have built by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty ? "

While the word was in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, saying, “ The kingdom is departed from thee." But the poor man's prayer pierceth the clouds; and weak and contemptible as he seems, he can draw down the host of heaven, and arm the Almighty in his defence, so long as he is able only to utter his wants, or can but turn the thought of his heart to God.-Ogden.

66

SCOLDING.—A little girl not six years of age screamed out to her little brother, who was playing in the mud :

Bob, you good-for-nothing rascal, come right into the house this minute, or I'll kill you."

Why, Angelina, Angelina dear, what do you mean? Where did you learn such talk ?" exclaimed the mortified mother, who stood talking with a friend. Angelina's childish reply was 3 good commentary upon this manner of speaking to children.

Why, mother, you see we are playing, and he's my little boy; and I'm scolding him just as you did me this morning, that's all.”

as

ever.

THE

SUNDAY TEACHERS TREASURY.

SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHING: A CONVERSATION.

BY MISS E. J. WHATELY.

my soul.'

“But you were speaking of illus- to prevent the mechanical style of trations, Lina," said Mrs. Villers; answering ?” asked Lina. “it is quite true that we have to be “By changing your style of very careful, in bringing forward a questioning again and again, till you simile or allegory, not to let it be find the kind of questions which the understood as bearing more resem- pupils will enter into and underblance to the original than it really stand. Then again, be very careful does. Our country children, who to use simple language. This is a are unaccustomed to comparisons, point very much overlooked; half, sometimes are puzzled instead of I might say two-thirds, of the tracts enlightened by them.”

written for uneducated people are “Yes,” said Agnes, “that reminds rendered practically useless by the me of a friend of mine who was hard words employed. Indeed, I trying to explain the words, 'Heal believe few tract writers are aware

She asked one of the what a very small vocabulary the children what she would do if she poor, especially in country places, had cut her hand. The reply was, possess. The words “reflect, conshe would tie it up with rag. Yes,' template,' momentous,' spontanesaid my friend, and so it would get ous, deliberation, and many more, well and would be healed. She then which seem very simple for us, are went on to explain how the soul is to them absolutely unintelligible.” sick from sin, and needs to be cured “ I have found that in reading at or healed, and at last tried to re- mothers' meetings,” said Agnes. capitulate, and said, "Well, now, “If I bring a book or tract with me, what is it to heal a soul?' To tie I am generally obliged to translate a bit of rag round it, ma'am,' said it as I proceed.” the child."

" I remember," said Sophia, “ Well, all this shows how very story of a clergyman who used the careful we must be in using illustra- word 'ostentatious'-in a cottage tions in the way of analogy: we lecture I think it was. A friend told should never use them at all, if there him many of his hearers would not is any doubt of the children's com- know what the word meant; so he prehending them."

tried it on his own servant, and asked “ But how is one to question so as him what he thought it meant. The OCTOBER, 1868.

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man said he thought it was the word “That is an instance of how to describe some one who was quite you may help your pupils by going the gentleman.'”

into very simple details,” said Mrs. Yes," said Mrs. Villers, “short Villers; “but there are some more and simple words should always be rules which I think will help you. preferred, and, in fact, Saxon rather These also I took down from the than words of Latin origin. Another lectures I have mentioned." point to keep in mind is that nu- “Do read them, dear Mrs. Villers," merous Bible words require explana- said Lina. tion. Many expressions which were Certainly, my dear: here they in use when our translation was made are now obsolete, and many "First, avoid asking leading ques words have changed their meaning : tions-questions which show by their if we leave these unexplained, we form what sort of answers are reshall find that our pupils sometimes quired. form wrong ideas, and sometimes "Secondly, do not, if you can help carry away no idea at all from what it, ask questions which may, as a they have read.”

rule, be answered by 'yes' or 'no.'” Yes,” said Agnes; “I remember " Why?" interrupted Sophia. asking a young girl what was meant “ Because they are so easily an. by Hallowed be Thy name ;' did swered by guess," replied Mrs. she know what to hallow' was ? Villers, who continued Oh yes, she replied: it was to bawl " Thirdly, do not supply half a out loud! She conceived it to be the sentence, and then wait for the same as' to halloo.'"

rest; as, 'He said to the

L'Hc “ Any information, too,” added stood by the what ?? "sailed Mrs. Villers, “ you can give about

what ? ' etc. eastern customs, or illustration by "Fourthly, do not be tempted to citing cases in point in the daily ask such questions as "We should life of your pupils, will also help do so and so, shouldn't we?' So and them to enter into the spirit of the so is the case, isn't it?' Of course you Scripture narratives.”

will receive a very energetic 'yes' "A friend of mine," said Agnes, from the whole class ;

but such goes "was reading with a German Roman for nothing. Catholic girl in Switzerland. When “Fifthly, never allow simultaneous they came to the account of the in- answering, except every now and scription on the cross, in Hebrew, then, by way of recapitulation, to fix Greek, and Latin, she pointed out to the answer already given in the the girl how this was to be explained memory. The quick ones lead the by observing what went on in the way, and the others chime in without part of the country they were living thinking. in, where three languages (French, “Sixthly, do not let one or two of German, and Italian) were in con- the quickest pupils monopolize all stant use, and in all of which placards the answering Question all the or notices would often be written. children in turn ; or bid any who My friend said the girl's face quite can answer put out their hands, and brightened up at this little explana- choose from among them. tion, and she seemed to realize the “If one mode of questioning fails whole narrative as she had never to elicit an answer, try and obtain it done before.”

in another, if longer way—let them

on the

SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEACHING: A CONVERSATION.

435

take a run before they leap. The acquainted with Scripture history, I French proverb. Il faut réculer pour should give them a lesson to premieux sauter' is a very good one." pare on some special subject : for

“But that last mode of question- instance, illustrations of meekness, ing,” said Agnes,“ reminds me of a faith, or unbelief, answers to prayer, difficulty which has hindered me a etc. ; and make them look out good deal of late. I have undertaken and compare passages.

Or take the the care of a class of young women, various parables and miracles of our whose only leisure hour is one on Lord; or, say, if the pupils are adSunday afternoons. They are very vanced, the prophecies of Christ in anxious to learn, but dreadfully shy the Old Testament, or types and and timid ; and when I ask them figures, The Irish Church Mission questions I am met by dead silence plan of taking a text, and bringing I try again and again ; no one has other passages to bear on it, works courage to speak ; and at last I have

admirably, as I know.

But, if you to end by making all the observations want suggestions on the mode of myself.”

studying and comparing Scripture “And then your teaching becomes with Scripture, I cannot point to a a lecture instead of a lesson,” said better hand-book than a little volume Mrs. Villers. " That is a very com- entitled, “ Kenneth Forbes; or, Fourmon mistake. A teacher sometimes teen Ways of Studying Scripture.' commits it from other causes. She It is written as if for children, but is full of her subject, has carefully is really more fitted for older readers, studied it, and is eager to give out and especially teachers.” her own thoughts; the pupils of course “ In teaching classes of boys, Mrs. listen quietly, but the teacher often Villers," said Sophia, “I suppose does not perceive that all this time pains should be taken to illustrate she has been doing nothing to draw one's subject by allusions to their out their minds; her lesson has been daily life and calling." a monologue.”

“ Yes, certainly : but with all “Yes, that is very true,” said classes this is a good plan it makes Agnes ; “but, with my young wo- them look on the Bible as a real men, for example, what can I do? aid, a daily guide and reference. I can't force them to speak.”

But we have not yet spoken of the “No; but you can employ the kind of pupils for whom Sunday

If the subject, for instance, schools are applicable. In general, is a narrative, make them reproduce they are filled with the children of it by questioning them on the mere the working classes exclusively. In simple incidents of the story. Do England they are; but in Irish misit as if taking for granted they sion schools adults also are taught must know. They will then get extensively on the text-teaching used to the sound of their own plan, and it has been found a great voices, and gradually will gain blessing. I hope classes for growncourage to answer less obvious

up persons will become more genequestions.”

ral here ; for young girls and lads in “That is an excellent plan,” said service they are particularly imAgnes; “ but can you suggest any portant. I also wish much that more subjects for a class like the one I efforts were made to include the speak of?”

children of the upper classes in "Oh, yes. If they are already well Sunday-school teaching."

means.

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