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Methods of Teaching as Applied to
Vocational Education in Agriculture

The Use of Farm Job Analyses in the Selection and

Organization of Teaching Units in

Agricultural Instruction

JUNE, 1925

Issued by the Federal Board for Vocational Education - Washington, D.C.


FOREWORD The manuscript for this bulletin on “Methods of Teaching as Applied to Vocational Education in Agriculture” was prepared under the direction of C. H. Lane, chief of the agricultural education service, by Arthur P. Williams, agent for agricultural education in the North Atlantic region.

The examples of teaching were secured at Manassas, Va., in cooperation with District Supervisor H. W. Sanders and J. P. Pullen, teacher of agriculture. The material included deals primarily with the group instruction phases of the teaching and only incidentally with the individual instruction of pupils as a part of project work or other supervised practice.

This bulletin is specifically directed to vocational teachers in agricultural schools, to agricultural teacher trainers, and State supervisors of agricultural education for the purpose of illustrating certain effective methods of teaching in the field of vocational education in agriculture on an objective basis and in connection with the use of farm job analyses.

J. C. Wright, Director.



The Use of Farm Job Analyses in the Selection and Organization of

Teaching Units in Agricultural Instruction


It is to be expected that specific methods in any given field of vocational education will vary with different teachers, depending on differences in taste, ability, training, and working equipment; but such variation should, of course, not be expected in objectives or in the content of instruction for given situations. Hence any presentation of method should be evaluated in terms of objectives and content and not in terms of abstract technique.

The conceptions of vocational education in agriculture of less than college grade which have governed the specific studies and interpretations of methods contained in this bulletin are set forth in the following paragraphs. These conceptions include a statement of objectives in terms commonly used in referring to selection and organization of teaching content and to choice of teaching methods and devices.

The ultimate objective of agricultural vocational education of less than college grade is to train persons who have entered upon or who are preparing to enter upon the work of the farm for proficiency in specific farming occupations.

In addition to training in the vocational activities which occur in a farming occupation, a prospective farmer should be taught the ideals which should govern the activities of the occupation. These ideals may be classified as follows: (1) Pride of a skilled worker in his products; (2) regard for his occupation as a calling; (3) consciousness of service to society by means of his occupation; and (4) appreciation and enjoyment of the activities and living conditions encountered in the pursuit of his occupation.

A farming occupation consists of the performance of one or more of the functions of a farming business, namely, ownership, management, and operation. Furthermore, the activities involved in any

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