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and he shall in all other respects comply with the laws in regard to naturalization.

26 May, 1824, c. 186, s. 1, v. 1, 69.

Widow and children of declarants,

4. Sec. 2168. When any alien, who has complied with the first condition specified in section twenty-one hundred and sixty-five, dies before he is actually naturalized, the widow and children of such alien shall be considered as citizens of the United States, and shall be entitled to all rights and privileges as such, upon taking the oaths prescribed by law.

26 Mar., 1804, c. 47, s. 2, v. 2, 293.

Aliens of Af.

5. Sec. 2169. The provisions of this title shall apply to and descent, aliens [being free white persons, and to aliens] of African

nativity and to persons of African descent.

14 July, 1870, c. 254, s. 7, v. 16, 256; 18 Feb., 1875, c. 80, v. 18. 318.

Residence of 6. Sec. 2170. No alien shall be admitted to become a five years in United States.

citizen who has not for the continued term of five years next preceding his admission resided within the United States.

3 Var., 1813, c. 42, s. 12, v. 2, 811.

Alien enemies not ad. mitted.

7. Sec 2171. No alien who is a native citizen or subject, or a denizen of any country, state, or sovereignty with which the United States are at war, at the time of his application, shall be then admitted to become a citizen of the United States; but persons resident within the United States, or the territories thereof, on the eighteenth day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and twelve, who had before that day made a declaration, according to law, of their intention to become citizens of the United States, or who were on that day entitled to become citizens without making such declaration, may be admitted to become citizens thereof, notwithstanding they were alien enemies at the time and in the manner prescribed by the laws heretofore passed on that subject; nor shall anything herein contained be taken or construed to interfere with or prevent the apprehension and removal, agreeably to law, of any alien enemy at any time previous to the actual naturalization of such alien.

14 April, 1802, c. 28, %. 1, v. 2, 153; 30 July, 1813, c. 36, 1.3, 53.

Children of persons natu

8.

Sec. 2172. The children of persons who have been duly ralized under naturalized under any law of the United States, or who, previous to be citizens, to the passing of any law on that subject, by the government

of the United States, may have become citizens of any one of the states, under the laws thereof, being under the age of twenty-one years at the time of the naturalization of their parents, shall, if dwelling in the United States, be considered as citizens thereof; and the children of persons who now are, or have been,

citizens of the United States, shall, though born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, be considered as citizens thereof; but no person heretofore proscribed by any state, or who has been legally convicted of having joined the army of Great Britain during the revolutionary war, shall be admitted to become a citizen without the consent of the legislature of the state in which such person was proscribed.

14 April, 1802, c. 28, 5, 4, v. 2, 155; Campbell v. Gordon, 6 Cr. 176;

U.S. v. Hirshtield, 13 Blatch. 330.

Police court

9. Sec. 2173. The police court of the District of Columbia of District of shall have no power to naturalize foreigners. 17 June, 1870, c. 133, s. 5, v. 16, 154.

foreigners.

Columbia has no power to naturalize

10. Sec. 2174. Every seaman, being a foreigner, who Naturalizadeclares his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States in any competent court, and shall have served three years on board of a merchant-vessel of the United States subsequent to the date of such declaration, may, on his application to any competent court, and the production of his certificate of discharge and good conduct during that time, together with the certificate of his declaration of intention to become a citizen, be admitted a citizen of the United States; and every seaman being a foreigner, shall, after his declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States, and after he shall have served such three years, be deemed a citizen of the United States for the purpose of manning and serving on board any merchunt-vessel of the United States, anything to the contrary in any Act of Congress notwithstanding; but such seaman shall, for all purposes of protection as an American citizen, be deemed such, after the filing of his declaration of intention to become such citizen.-Revised Statutes of the U. S., 1878, 368.

tion of sexmen.

7 June, 1872, c. 322, s. 29, v. 17, 268.

RECORDS.

STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO

THE AUTHENTICATION OF RECORDS.

Authentica

lative Acts

11. SECTION 905. The Acts of the legislature of any state or tion of legis- territory, or of any country subject to the jurisdiction of the and proof of

United States, shall be authenticated by having the seals of such judicial pro-state, territory, or country affixed thereto. The records and ceedings of states, etc. judicial proceedings of the courts of any state or territory, or of

any such country, shall be proved or admitted in any other court within the United States, by the attestation of the clerk, and the seal of the court annexed, if there be a seal, together with a certificate of the judge, chief justice, or presiding mugistrate, that the said attestation is in due form. And the said records and judicial proceedings, so authenticated, shall have such faith and credit given to them in every court within the United States as they have by law or usage in the courts of the state from which they are taken.

26 May, 1790, c. 11, v. 1, 122; 27 Mar., 1804, c. 56, s. 2. v. 2, 299 ;

Ferguson v. Harwood, 7 Cr. 108; Mills v. Duryee, 7 Cr. 481; U. S. v. Amedy, 11 Wh. 392; Buckner v. Finley, 2 Pet. 392; (wings v. Hull, 9 let. (27; l'rtetiqui v. D'Arbel, 9 Pet. 700; McElmoyle v. Cohen, 13 Pet. 312; Stacey v. Thrasher, 6 How. 41; Bank of Alabama v. Dalton, 9 Hlow. 522; D'Arcy v. ketchum, 11 How. 165 ; Railroad v. Howard, 13 How. 307; Booth v. Clark, 17 How. 322; Mason 1. Lawrason, I Cr. C. C. 190; Buford v. Hickman, Hemp. 232; Craig v. Brown, Pet. C. C. 351; Stewart v. Gray, Hemp. 94; Gardner v. Lindo, 1 Cr. C. C. 78; Trigg v. Conway, Hemp. 538; Turner v. Waddington, 3 Wash. C.C. 126 ; Catlin v. Underhill, 4 McLean, 199; Morgan v. Curtenius, 4 McLean. 366; Hale v. Brotherton. 3 Cr. C. C. 394; Mewster v. Spalding, 6 McLean, 24 ; Parrot v. Habersham, 1 Cr.C.C. 14; Talcott v. Delaware Ins. Co. 2 Wash. C. C. 49; James r. Stookey, 1 Wash. (. C. 330; Bennett v. Bennett, District Court, Oregon, 1867.

Proofs of rec

12. SEC. 906.

All records and exemplifications of books,

n any court or office in any other state or territory, or in any such country, by the attestation of the keeper of the said records or books, and the seal of his office annexed, if there be a seal, together with a certificate of the presiding justice of the court of the county, parish, or district in which such office may be kept, or of the Governor, or Secretary of State, the Chancellor or keeper of the great seal, of the state, or territory, or country, that the said attestation is in due form, and by the proper officers. If the said certificate is given by the presiding justice of a court, it shall be further authenticated by the clerk or prothonotary of the said court, who shall certify, under his hand and the seal of his office, that the said presiding justice is duly coinmissioned and qualified; or, if given by such Governor, Secretary, Chancellor or keeper of the great seal, it shall be under the great seal of the state, territory, or country aforesaid in which it is made. And the said records and exemplifications, so authenticated, shall have such faith and credit given to them in every court and office within the United States as they have by law or usage in the courts or offices of the state, territory, or country, as aforesaid, from which they are taken.

27 Mar., 1804, c. 56, ss. 1, 2; v. 2, 298 299; 21 Feb., 1871, c. 62, v.

16, 419.

13. Sec. 907. It shall be lawful for any keeper or person Copies of forhaving the custody of laws, judgments, orders, decrees, journals, etc., relating correspondence, or other public documents of any foreign to land titles government or its agents, relating to the title to lands claimed States. by or under the United States, on the application of the head of one of the departments, the Solicitor of the Treasury, or the Commissioner of the General Land Office, to authenticate copies thereof under his hand and seal, and to certify them to be correct and true copies of such laws, judgments, orders, decrees, journals, correspondence, or other public documents, respectively; and when such copies are certitied by an American minister or con:

onsul, under his hand and seal of office, to be true copies of the originals, they shall be sealed up by him and returned to the Solicitor of the Treasury, who shall file them in his office, and cause them to be recorded in a book to be kept for that purpose. A copy of any such law, judgment, order, decree, journal, correspendence, or other public document, so filed, or of the same so recorded in said book, may be read in evidence in any court, where the title to land claimed by or under the United States may come into question, equally with the originals.

22 Feb., 1819, c. 61, s. 1, v. 9, 349; 2 Mar., 1849, c. 82, v. 9, 350.

an

and public offices of the United States, and of the several states, without any further proof or authentication thereof.

8 Aug., 1816, c. 100, s. 2, v. 9, 76,

Possessory actions for recovery of

13. Sec. 910. No possessory action between persons, in

any court of the United States, for the recovery of any mining mining titles. title, or for damages to any such title, shall be affected by the

fact that the paramount title to the land in which such nines lie is in the United States; but each case shall be adjudged by the law of possession.- Revised Statutes of the U. S., 1878, 171.

27 Feb., 1865, c. 61, s. 9, v. 13, 441.

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