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FORM of NOTICE to the High Constable of a Hundred or other like
District, or to the Peace Officer of a County of a City or Town, or of a Liberty, Franchise, City, Town, or Place.
To the High Constable [or to
of, &c. (or to
One of the High Constables ) a Peace Officer of, &c.]
I HEREBY give you Notice, That I intend to claim Compensation from the Inhabitants of ( here specify the Hundred or other like District, or County of a City, &c., or Liberty, Franchise, &c. as the Case may be ], on account of the Damage which I have sustained by means of [here state the Offence, the Time and Place where it was committed, and the Nature and Amount of the Damage ]; and I hereby require you, within Seven Days after your Receipt of this Notice, to exhibit the same to some Two Justices of the Peace of the County (Riding or Division ] of
residing in or acting for the said Hundred, &c. [ or if in a Liberty, Franchise, &c. where the Justices of the County, Riding, or Division have no Jurisdiction, then say, to some Two Justices of the Peace of, naming the Liberty, Franchise, &c.], [or if in a County of a City, &c. then say, to some Two Justices of the Peace of, naming the County of the City, &c. ), in order that they may appoint a Time and Place for holding a Special Petty Session to hear and determine my Claim for Compensation by virtue of an Act passed in the Seventh and Eighth Years of the Reign of King George the Fourth, intituled An Act for consolidating and amending the Laws in England relative to Remedies against the Hundred ; and you are required to give me Notice of the Day, Hour, and Place appointed for holding such Petty Session within Three Days after the Justices shall have appointed the same. Given under my Hand this
Day of in the Year of our Lord
(Signed ) A.B.
FORM of NOTICE to be placed on the Church or Chapel-Door or
other conspicuous Part of the Parish, Township, or Place, (as the Case may be )
I HEREBY give Notice, That I shall apply for Compensation to the Justices of the Peace at a Special Petty Sessions to be holden at
next, at the Hour of
in the Forenoon, on account of the Damage which I have sustained by means of [here state the Offence, the Time and Place where it was 'committed, and the Nature and Amount of the Damage, in the same Manner as in the same preceding Form.] Given under my Hand this
Day of in the Year of our Lord
( Signed ) A.B.
OFFENCES AGAINST THE PERSON,
NINTH GEO. IV. CAP. XXXI.
An Act FOR CONSOLIDATING AND AMENDING THE STATUTES IN ENGLAND RELATIVE TO OffenCES AGAINST THE PERSON.
[Passed 27th June, 1828. ]
[The Clauses of this and the following Act are given verbatim from the public Acts, printed by the King's Printers; but the Side Epitome has been made more conformable to the Text. ]
WHEREAS it is expedient to repeal various Statutes now in force in that Part of the United Kingdom called England, relative to Offences against the Person, in order that the Provisions contained in those Statutes may be amended and consolidated into this Act : Be it therefore enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That (the Act then enumerates various Statutes intended to be wholly or partly repealed, which are contained in the annexed Schedule, No. II. arranged chronologically, together with those repealed or altered by the 7th Geo. 4. c. 64, and the 7th and 8th Geo. 4. c. 27.–And then proceeds as follows : ]-shall continue in force until and throughout the last Day of June in the present Year, and shall, from and after that Day, as to that Part of the United Kingdom called England, and as to Offences committed within the Jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England, be repealed, except so far as any of the said Acts may repeal the Whole or any Part of any other Acts, and except as to Offences committed before or upon the said last Day of June, which shall be dealt with and punished as if this Act had not been passed; and this Act shall commence and take effect (except as is herein-before excepted) on the First Day of July in the of Act, 1st July, present Year.
II. And be it enacted, That every Offence, which before Petit Treason the Commencement of this Act would have amounted to Petit to be treated in Treason, shall be deemed to be Murder only, and no greater all respects as Offence; and all Persons guilty in respect thereof, whether as Murder. Principals or as Accessories, shall be dealt with, indicted, tried, and punished as Principals and Accessories in Murder.
III. And be it enacted, That every person convicted of Punishment of Murder, or of being an Accessory before the Fact to Murder, Principals and shall suffer Death as a Felon; and every Accessory after the fact Accessories in to Murder shall be liable, at the Discretion of the Court, to be Murder. transported beyond the Seas for Life, or to be imprisoned, with or without hard Labour, in the Common Gaol or House of Correction, for any Term not exceeding Four Years. VOL. IV. 3 E
IV. And be it enacted, That every Person convicted of Dissection, 8c. Murder shall be executed according to Law on the Day next but of Murderers. One after that on which the Sentence shall be passed, unless
the same shall happen to be a Sunday, and in that case on the Monday following; and the Body of every Murderer shall, after
Execution, either be dissected or hung in Chains, as to the Court Sentence to be shall seem meet; and. Sentence shall be pronounced immediately pronounced im after the Conviction of every Murderer, unless the Court shall mediately. see reasonable Cause for postponing the same; and such. Sentence
shall express not only the usual Judgment of Death, but also the Time hereby appointed for the Execution thereof, and that the Body of the Offender shall be dissected or hung in Chains, which
soever of the Two the Court shall order : Provided always, that respite.
after such Sentence shall have been pronounced, it shall be lawful
for the Court or Judge to stay the Execution thereof, if such Court or Judge shall so think fit.
Bodies of Mur. V. And be it enacted, That whenever Dissection shall be derers to be de. ordered by such Sentence, the Body of the Murderer, if exelivered to the cuted in the County of Middlesex or City of London, shall be Surgeons' Com- immediately conveyed by the Sheriff or Sheriffs, or his or their pany. .
Officers, to the Hall of the Surgeons' Company, or to such other
Place as the said Company shall appoint, and shall be delivered to such Person as the said Company shall appoint, for the Purpose of being dissected; and the Body of the Murderer, if executed elsewhere, shall in like Manner be delivered to such Surgeon as the Court or Judge shall direct for the same Purpose.
Prison Regu- VI. And be it enacted, That every person convicted of lations as to Murder shall, after Judgment, be confined in some safe Place Murderers within the Prison, apart from all other Prisoners, and shall be under Sentence. fed with Bread and Water only, and with no other Food or
Liquor, except in case of receiving the Sacrament, or in case of any Sickness or Wound, in which case the Surgeon of the Prison may order other Necessaries to be administered ; and no Person but the Gaoler and bis Servants, and the Chaplain and Surgeon of the Prison, shall have Access to any such Convict, without the Permission in Writing of the Court or Judge before whom such Convict shall have been tried, or of the Sheriff or his Deputy : Provided always, that in case the Court or Judge shall think fit to respite the Execution of such Convict, such Court or Judge may, by a Licence in Writing, relax, during the Period of the Respite, all or any of the Restraints or Regulations herein-before directed to be observed.
VII. And be it enacted, That if any of His Majesty's Subjects may be jects shall be charged in Englund with any Murder or Mantried in Eng- slaughter, or with being Accessory before the fact to any Murder, land for Mur
or after the fact to any Murder or Manslaughter, the same being der or Man
respectively committed on Land out of the United Kingdom, slaughter com
whether within the King's Dominions or without, it shall be lawful mitted Abroad,
for any Justice of the Peace of the County or Place where the or being Acces
Person so charged shall be, to take Cognizance of the Offence so
charged, and to proceed therein as if the same had been conmitted within the Limits of his ordinary Jurisdiction; and if any Person so
charged shall be committed for Trial, or admitted to Bail to answer such Charge, a Commission of Oyer and Terminer under A Commission the Great Seal shall be directed to such Persons, and into such to issue for County or Place as shall be appointed by the Lord Chancellor, their Trial. or Lord Keeper or Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, for the speedy Trial of any such Offender; and such Persons shall have full Power to inquire of, hear, and determine all such Offences, within the County or Place limited in their Commission, by such good and lawful Men of the said County or Place as shall be returned before them for that Purpose, in the same Manner as if the Offences had been actually committed in the said County or Place: Provided always, that if any. Peers of the Realm, or Peers to be Persons entitled to the Privilege of Peerage, shall be indicted of
allowed their any such Offences, by virtue of any Commission to be granted
usuul Privilege. as aforesaid, they shall be tried by their peers in the Manner heretofore used : Provided also, that nothing herein contained shall prevent any Person from being tried in any Place out of this Kingdom for any Murder or Manslaughter committed out of this Kingdom, in the same Manner as such Person might have been tried before the passing of this Act.
VIII. And be it enacted, That where any Person, being fe- Death happenloniously stricken, poisoned, or otherwise hurt upon the Sea, or ing in England, at any Place out of England, shall die of such Stroke, Poisoning, caused by Injury or Hurt in England, or being feloniously stricken, poisoned, or inflicted Abroad otherwise hurt at any Place in England, shall die of such Stroke,
or at Sea, may Poisoning, or Hurt, upon the Sea, or any Place out of England, be tried in Eng
land-also if every Offence committed in respect of any such case, whether the same shall amount to the Offence of Murder or of Man
Sea or Abroad, slaughter, or of being Accessory before the fact to Murder, or after the Fact to Murder or Manslaughter, may be dealt with,
in England. inquired of, tried, determined, and punished in the County or Place in England in which such Death, Stroke, Poisoning, or Hurt shall happen, in the same Manner, in all respects, as if such Offence had been wholly committed in that County or Place.
Death ensues at
IX. And be it enacted, That every person convicted of Manslaughter. Manslaughter shall be liable, at the Discretion of the Court, to be transported beyond the Seas for Life, or for any Term not less than Seven Years, or to be imprisoned, with or without hard Labour, in the Common Gaol or House of Correction, for any Term not exceeding Four Years, or to pay such Fine as the Court shall award.
X. Provided always, and be it enacted, That no Punishment Homicide not or Forfeiture shall be incurred by any Person who shall kill felonious. another by Misfortune or in his own Defence, or in any other Manner without Felony,
XI. And be it enacted, That if any Person unlawfully and
Attempts to maliciously shall administer or attempt to administer to any Person, murder, or shall cause to be taken by any Person, any Poison other Capital. destructive Thing, or shall unlawfully and maliciously attempt to drown, suffocate, or strangle any Person, or slall unlawfully and maliciously shoot at any Person, or shall, by drawing a Trigger, or in any other Manner, attempt to discharge any kind of loaded Arms at any Person, or shall unlawfully 3 E 2
and maliciously stab, cut, or wound any Person, with Intent, in any of the
cases aforesaid, to murder such Person, every such Offender, Aiders and and every Person counselling, aiding, or abetting such Offender, Abettors, sume. shall be guilty of Felony, and being convicted thereof, shall suffer
Death as a Felon.
XII. And be it further enacted, That if any Person unwounding or at lawfully and maliciously shall shoot at any Person, or shall, by tempting to drawing a Trigger, or in any other Manner, attempt to discharge wound any Per- any kind of loaded Arms at any Person, or shall unlawfully and sun, Cupitul. maliciously stab, cut, or wound any Person, with Intent, in any
of the cases aforesaid, to maim, disfigure, or disable such Per. son, or to do some other grievous bodily Harm to such Person, or with Intent to resist or prevent the lawful Apprehension or Detainer of the Party so offending, or of any of bis Accomplices, for any Offence for which he or they may re
spectively be liable by Law to be apprehended or detained, every Aiders and
such Offender, and every Person counselling, aiding, or abetting Abettors, same. such Offender, shall be guilty of Felony, and being convicted
thereof, shall suffer Death as a Felon: Provided always, that in case it shall appear, on the Trial of any Person indicted for any of the Offences -above specified, that such Acts of shooting, or of attempting to discharge loaded Arms, or of stabbing, cutting, or wounding as aforesaid, were committed under such circumstances, ihat if Death bad ensued therefrom, the same would not in Law have amounted to the Crime of Murder, in every
such case the Person so indicted shall be acquitted of Felony.
Administering XIII. And be it enacted, That if any Person, with Intent Poison or using
to procure the Miscarriage of any Woman then being quick with Meuns to pro
Child, unlawfully and maliciously shall administer to her, or cure Miscurriage cause to be taken by her, any Poison or other noxious Thing, or of a Woman, shall use any lostrument or other Means whatever with the like Cupital, is quick lntent, every such Offender, and every Person counselling, aiding, with Child.
or abetting such Offender, shall be guilty of Felony, and being
convicted thereof, shall suffer Death as a Felon; and if any PerIf not quick, son, with Intent to procure the Miscarriage of any Woman not Transportulion. being, or not being proved to be, then quick with Child, unlaw
fully and maliciously shall administer to her, or cause to be taken by her, any Medicine or other Thing, or shall use any Instrument or other Means whatever with the like Intent, every such Offender, and every Person counselling, aiding, or abetting such Offender, shall be guilty of Felony, and being convicted thereof, shall be liable, at the Discretion of the Court, to be transported beyond the Seas for any Term not exceeding Fourteen Years nor less than Seven Years, or to be imprisoned, with or without hard Labour, int the Cominon Gaol or House of Correction, for any Term not exceeding Three Years, and, if a Male, to be once, twice, or thrice publicly or privately whipped (if the Court shall so think tit), in addition to such Imprisonment.
A Woman se
XIV. And be it enacted, That if any Woman shall be det creting the deud livered of a Child, and shall, by secret burying or otherwise dis+ Body of her Child, posing of the dead Budy of the said Child, endeavour to conceal
ihe Birth thereuf, every such Offender shall be guilty of a Miss Birth, guilty of demeanor, and being convicted thereof, shall be liable to be Misdemeanor. imprisoned, with or without hard Labour, in the Common Gaol
to conceal its