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: Notwithstanding this great and holy' employment of these reverend fathers of the law, they must yet do something more to shew their grandeur ; that was, I by a habeas corpus must be brought into the court before them, where after I had been sufficiently looked at by their lordships and the people, I was remanded back to the place whence I came, without any thing said unto me. This term finished, and the jury-men having well acted their parts, some of the judges are dispatched for England, to shew there, that the pen'in freland had been as active as the fword, and that now, for the destruction of at least all the prisoners, there wanted little, but that old saying, Hangman, do your office.

It is no great wonder that now, how innocent foever I was, my head should begin to ake. Yet a session of parliament.being shortly to follow, I conceived good hope of fair play there: but when I saw the composure of this great tribunal ; that the upper-house consisted of no more than five or fix temporal lords, and some bishops ; "the house of commons (anciently

the representative body of the kingdom) for the major part of clerks and clerks-men, few having any land, and those illegally chosen, as by musketteers, and a rabble of such like freeholders; I began to think that such a kind of parliament might err, and feared nothing more than a trial there. And surely I had reason when nothing would serve their turns, but a cessation of Poyning's act, during that feffion ; by which they were freed from tranfmitting their bills into England, and so might make laws, 'as in their difcretions they thought fit; and I have too great cause to believe, they would have made one for attainting me, and the rest of the prisoners. i All this while, 'no means are untried to make matter against me ; for, as before, witnefles were rewarded, by giving them their lives, being forfeited ; so now to others, rough language must be used. One John Bird being examined before Sir Robert Meredith, concerning me, and not answering as was expected, the said Sir Robert demanded his religion, the honeft man replied, a protestant : Ah! quoth he, by thy answers thou shouldest have a little pope in thy belly.

And now, having by many such indirect ways, furnithed themselves with plenty of evidence, they begin to affront me, by disarming my men, by pulling one mafter Henry Slingsby out of my chamber, coming by accident with a gentlewoman to visit me, saying he was a Romish popish Jesuit, it being well known, he was no such man ; and so carried him to prison.

And lastly, the sheriff's house is now thought too weak for so great a traitor. Hereupon a writ is issued to the sheriff, to bring me with a strong guard to the inns, where the judges were, being near half a mile': from whence I must be sent to the caftle, loathfome prison of itself; but the inhumanity of the gaoler, by



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name Manwaring, after Hell, makes it the second place for misery and affliction. Well, I thought it now high time, as the judges had fummoned my body, I should recollect my wits. And as I stood considering my case, a passage in the Earl of Strafford's trial occurred to my memory. He stood much upon his justification, and demanded the benefit of the law, but malter St. John replied, that to hares, deer, and other innocent creatures, law was afforded ; but to wolves, foxes, and other such like vermin, any means might be sought for their destruction. Now, I findirg myself hitherto dealt with as one of these, although I waved the malice of the wolf, I made some little use of the fox's craft, and for that present feigned myself sick, and on information thereof given, my attendance on the judges was spared till the morrow.

Having thus gained time, I well pondered all which hath been before related, together with, If I were a traitor, to whom it was? The king himself, I found pursued both with men and sword, by an army of his own people; whosoever followed or adhered unto him, declared rebels and traitors; the queen, his royal confort, flying from place to place, like an exiled or banished woman; and, by Mr. Martin's, and divers the like speeches in the house of commons in England, that his facred majesty was not fit to bear the office of a king, and that he might be deposed ; and much more to this effect, as may be seen in divers printed papers : which language in that place going unpunished, I could not conceive that the authors of such infolencies, or the swaying malignant part of the state here, who from time to time took their directions from them, could adjudge any thing against his majesty treason. O, but I remember, that 'in a book of the king's, relating truly all the passages, from the first of this parliament to the twelfth of August, he complains of two great officers, lately set up in England, who usurped the regal power, the one is a general for the land, the other admiral of the sea : but to these I never owed allegiance, and fo consequently could be no traitor to them. I then began to consider the condition of this kingdom, as that the state did chiefly consist of men of mean birth and quality; that most of them steered by the influence and power of those who were in arms against the king : that they had by cruel mafsacring, hanging and torturing, been the slaughter of thousands of innocent men, women, and children, better subjects than themselves; that they, by all their actions shew, looked at nothing but the extirpating of this nation, the destruction of monarchy, and by the utter fuppressing of the ancient catholic religion, to settle and establish puritanism. To these I could be no traitor. Near about the time of this my exigency, I was much cheared by a visit I received from Sir Arthur Loftus, son to Sir Adam Loftus, a leading instrument in all wicked designs against his majesty, telling me (as joyful news) that the parliament had lately given the king a total overthrow; VOL. II.


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and that he was now reduced to soʻlow a condition, that by the next, we should certainly hear the king had submitted to the parliament, and till that were done, things would never do well. Here I took my resolution, with God's help, not tamely to die butchered, and so to have my innocency smothered ; but to preserve my life, I hoped more to the honour of God, and fervice of king Charles, and that by escape. Now forasmuch, as the most immediate way into England was blocked up, I refolved upon a trial, to gain a paffage by Wexford into France, and from thence into England ; conceiving, I should have been forthwith able to have put myself into a sum of money, to have borne my charges, by the sale of such plate, goods, and stock, as I had in the country: but I was not many hours out of Dublin, before I was pursued by some troops of horse, Sir Arthur Loftus leading them, who that night came to house in the county of Kildare, and mising me, killed some of my servants, hurt divers, and, after having rifled the house, they set it, and all about it, on fire : and besides all my servants prisoners, they carried away more than the worth of five thousand pounds in plate, and other goods.

Here my wings being clipt, all that I had to carry me abroad, or keep me at home, being thus taken from me, together with the distractions in England, so that I could make little or no account of my estate there ; in this streight, I thought fit to apply myself to the great afsembly of the kingdom of Ireland, who having given me full satisfaction for their afsembling, and that their taking arms was but natural, as to defend themselves and theirs from those aforesaid barbarous cruelties ; and that they defired (as may appear by many of their instruments in writing) nothing but the free exercise of their ancient religion, their just liberties, and the preservation of this crown unto his majesty, I having some interest both in honour and estate in the country, associated myself with them; and they, after some time that I was amongst them (more out of charity than merit in me) offered me the generalihip of their horse, of the province of Leinster, which I thankfully accepted: and now in my colours bear this device, Sagitta tue acuta in corda inimicorum regis. For the executing whereof, I desire God no longer to prosper my actions, than my heart, hand, sword, and prayers, Thall be readily and chearfully employed therein.

Having, with much trouble to the reader, endeavoured to vindicate myself in this remonftrance, I conceive it both proper and charitable, in this place, to labour to acquit him, who, I understand, hath unjustly suffered for my fake, I mean sheriff Allen. The protestant iheriff Woodcock, to whose custody only I was committed, went unpunished for my escape, as really he knew nothing thereof. But sheriff Allen being a catholick, who had no charge of me, nor acquaintance with me, other


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than that I often saw him, when he came to treat with his brother sheriff about the city affairs, he, poor innocent man, for so I take God to witness he was as to my escape, or as to any word let fall to that effect to my knowledge, or that I can guess, was, with great inhumanity, dragged to prison, most of his goods seized upon and taken away, and a great number of foldiers cessed upon his house. Whereby, and being made uncapable to receive his rents or debts, or to follow any other way he had to gain a living by, his wife and children, from that day forth, were exposed to the charity of their friends, and he condemned to imprisonment for a whole year in misery. How justifiable or conscionable, this proceeding was, I will not argue, much less aggravate, having discharged my conscience thereupon: the matter itself, both to God and the world, crying loud for justice.



[From Desiderata Curiosa Hibernica, vol. ii. p.78.] The heads of the causes which moved the northern Irish, and Catholicks of Ireland to take arms. Anno 1641.

[See Review, vol. i. p. 190, &c.] 1.It was plotted and resolved by the puritans of England, Scotland, and Ireland, to extinguish quite the catholick religion, and the professors and maintainers thereof, out of all those kingdoms; and to put all catholicks of this realm to the sword, that would not conform themselves to the protestant religion.

2. The state of Ireland did publickly declare, that they would root out of this realm all the natives, and make a total second conquest of the land, alledging, that they were not safe with them.

3. All the natives here were deprived of the benefit of the ancient fundamental laws, liberties, and privileges, due by all laws and justice to a free people and a nation, and more particularly due by the municipal laws of Ireland.

4. That the subjects of Ireland, especially the Irish, were thrust out forcibly' from their ancient poflessions, against law, without colour or right; and could not have propriety or security in their estates, goods, or other rights, but were wholly subject to an arbitrary power, and tyrannical government, these forty years past, without hope of relief or redress.

5. Their native youth here, debarred by the practice of state, from all learning and education, in that the one only university here excludes all catholicks thence; neither are they suffered to acquire learning or breeding beyond feas, of purpose to make them rude and ignorant of all letters. B b 2

6. The

6. The catholicks of this realm are not admitted to any dignity, place, or office, either military or civil, spiritual or temporal, but the fame conferred upon unworthy perfons, and men of no quality, who purchase it for money, or favour, and not by merit.

7. All the trading, traffick, shipping, and riches of this whole itle, by the corruption of the state, are engrossed by the Dutch, Scottith, and English, not residing here, who exclude the natives wholly from the fame ; and who return the product, and all their stock and coin back into their native countries.

8. All the staple and rich commodities of the realm are turned to monopolies, and heavy impositions against law laid on all merchandize,

9. The principal native wares of the land exported into foreign parts, unwrought and unmanufactured, thereby depriving the kingdom of all manual trades and occupations; and driving the natives to furnish themselves from head to foot, with manufactures from abroad, at very dear rates.

10. All their heavy and insufferable pressures prosecuted and laboured by the natives of this kingdom, with much fuit, expence, and importunity, both in parliament here, and in England before his majesty, to be redressed, yet could never be brought to any happy conclusion, or as much as hope of contentment, but always eluded with delays.

11. Common justice, and the rights and privileges of parliament, denied to all the natives of the realm ; and the antiene course of parliamentary proceeding wholly declined.

12. His majesty's royal power, honour, prerogative, estate, revenue, and rights, invaded upon, by the puritan faction in England.

13. The government of all his realms, his queen, children, and family, usurped by the parliament of England, and especially by the house of commons; as likewise, the nominating and disposing of his privy council, judges, clergy, officers, navy, forts and castles, arrogated by the faid house of commons, learing his highness nothing, but the bare name of a king.

14. The many affronts and wrongs done by the said houfe, to the ambassadors of foreign princes, confederates of his majesty, residing in England, and to their chaplains and fervants, against the conditions of their league, and the law of nations.

15. The gross injuries and scandal given by the said house of commons to the queen’s majesty, and her chaplains and servants, in breach of the articles made upon her marriage.

16. The many horrid murders, robberies, pillages, wafte, burnings, and other execrable cruelties, perpetrated of late by the protestant armies here, by publick direction of the state of

nis realm, upon his majesty's good subjects of the Englith pale, and other parts of this land, they not offending against the laws


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