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parliament in Ireland, will endeavour to procure the faid Roman catholics such further security in that particular, as may preserve them from any further disturbance on account of their religion.
This surrender of Limerick, and the other garrisons, happened at a most favourable conjuncture for King William, who was then engaged in a war with France ; and while his forces were thus divided, by the Irish war, could not proceed in that, which he was carrying on abroad, with the desired success. On the other hand, what indeed shewed a real and laudable intenti. on in the Irish to put an end to the troubles of that kingdom, by this capitulation, was, that previous to the signing of the articles, an'assurance had been sent them of a supply of twenty ships of war, speedily to arrive from France, under the command of Monsieur Chateau Renault, “ which supply" did actually arrive in Dingle-bay a day or two after the articles were signed, consisting, as appears from the minutes of a letter from the lords justices to the king, of eighteen thips of war, fix fire-ships, and twenty great ships of burthen, and brought on board eight or ten thousand arms, two hundred officers, and three thousand men.”
King William was so sensible of the necessity of collecting and uniting his whole force against the formidable power of France, that in order to put a speedy period to the Irish war, “ he had sent instructions to the lords justices,' to issue a proclamation, afsuring the Irish of much more favourable conditions, than they afterwards obtained by the articles of Limerick. The justices formed these instructions into
· Lel. Hift. of Irel. vol. iii. p. 610. 2 Harris's Life of King William, f. 353. 3 Id. ib. f. 372.
“ The opponents of William give him no credit, either for his justice or humanity, upon the present occasion. They afcribe his eagerness to finish the troubles of Ireland to his earneft defire of profecuting with vigour the war on the continent. They allege, that had not an English parliament deprived his creatures of the hopes of Irish forfeitures, he would have been less liberal in the concessions which he made." Macpherf. Hift. Great Britain, vol. i. p. 623,
a proclamation, afterwards stiled the secret proclamation, because though printed, it was never published; for their lordships finding Limerick reduced to the condition of capitulating, smothered the proclamation, and hastened to the camp, that they might hold the Irish to as hard terms as the king's affairs would permit: this they effected. And although, adds my author, they deserved the thankful acknowledgments of every proteltant in the kingdom; yet a party soon sprung up, that inveighed loudly against the articles. The designing men of this party quarrelled with them, only because their expectations were disappointed of raising large fortunes out of the forfeitures ; but they easily drew a majority of the protestants to their side. They thought
c“ We are told that they (lords justices) had already prepared a proclamation, offering terms still more advantageous to the Irish than those granted by the general ; but on the first intelligence of a treaty
they suppressed it. Hence it was called the SECRET PROCLAMATION, because, though printed, it was never published.” See Harris. Writers of Ireland, in the article Cox. Lel. Hist. vol. iii. p. 618.
d «« Though the terms granted at the capitulation of Limerick were, perhaps, necessary in themselves, and highly suitable to humanity, they were soon after, equally disliked by both parties. The English protestants looked with unbounded resentment upon articles, which rendered, in some measures independent a people, whom, on account of ancient prejudices and recent injuries, they abhorred. The Irish having obtained with so much facility such good terms, imbibed an opinion, that they might have extorted conditions still more favourable from an exhauited enemy. The arrival of the French fleet, two days after the capitulation, with arms, stores, provisions, and am nunition, confirmed them in their sentiments on this subject. But that circumitance, in conjunction with many other obvious reafons, justified William for putting an end to the war upon moderate terms. Many millions had already been expended in the reduction of Ireland. Near one thousand men had been lost by fickness and the sword. The army, though victorious in the field, were exhausted with fatigue. Winter was approaching, the siege of Limerick must in all probability have been raised, a second disappointment before that place would have been equal to a defeat. The spirits of the Irish would rise, the French encouraged by their luccess, would aid their allies with more effect.” Macphers. Hist. Great Britain, vol. i. p. 622.
the Irish intitled to no articles, but what would expose them to the severest events of war. They censured the lords justices and the general, as if the kingdom were betrayed, insisting that the articles ought not to be observed.”
* “ This party-war was soon declared from the pulpit. Dr. Dopping, bishop of Meath, preaching, before the justices in Christ-church, Dublin, the Sunday after they had returned from the camp, argued, that the peace ought not to be observed with a people fo perfidious. This ill opinion of the Irish catholics was probably taken
up from the many scandalous libels then industriously propagated, and still occasionally revived by their enemies, on the principles and actions of such of them as had been concerned in any of the different infu:rrections, anterior to, or coincident with this revolution. But besides that it has been often incontestably proved, that these libels contain little else but gross and barefaced misrepresentations of facts, the experience of the time past should have now evinced the integrity of the conduct and principles of these people, beyond all reasonable doubt or suspicion.
“ But in order to obviate this indeed) perfidious doctrine, thus folemnly delivered from the pulpit by the bishop of Meath, doctor Moreton, bishop of Kildare, the following Sunday, shewed the obligation of keeping the public faith. This matter became so much the subject of discourse, that it was necessary to settle people's opinions on the controverted points ; and to ithat end, Dean Synge preached in the same church, on these words, “ keep peace with all men if it be possible ;” and moderated fo judiciously, that no more was heard of the dispute from the pulpit ; but in parliament, and council, the difference subsisted, until the English act of refumption quieted the disputants, who then fizw they lost nothing by the articles.”
* Harris's Life of K. William, f. 353.
5 Id. ib..
Exactly printed from the Letters Patents ; wherein they
are ratified and exemplified by their Majesties, under the Great Seal of England.
GULIELMUS & Maria Dei gratia, Angliæ, Scotiæ, Franciæ & Hiberniæ, rex & regina, fidei defenfores, &c. Omnibus ad quos præsentes literæ nostræ pervenerint falutem : infpeximus irrotulament. quarund. literarum patentium de confirmatione, geren. dat. apud Westmonasterium vicefimo quarto die Februarii, ultimi præteriti in cancellar. noftr. irrotulat. ac ibidem de recordo remanen. in hæc verba. William and Mary, by the grace of God, &c. To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas certain articles, bearing date the third day of October last past, made and agreed on between our justices of our kingdom of Ireland, and our general of our forces there on the one part; and several officers there, commanding within the city of Limerick, in our faid kingdom, on the other part. Whereby our faid justices and general did undertake that we should ratify those articles, within the space of eight months, or sooner ; and use their utmost endeavours that the same should be ratified and confirmed in parliament, The tenour of which said articles is as follows, viz.
The third Day of October, One Thousand Six Hun
dred and Ninety-one.
Between the Right Honourable Sir Charles Porter,
Knight, and Thomas Coningsby, Efq; Lords
in Chief of the English Army; on the one Part. And the Right Honourable Patrick Earl of Lucan,
Piercy Viscount Gallmoy, Colonel Nicholas Purcel, Colonel Nicholas Cusack, Sir Toby Butler, Colonel Garret Dillon, and Colonel John Brown; on
the other Part: In the Behalf of the Irish Inhabitants in the City and
County of Limerick, the Counties of Clare, Kerry,
Cork, Sligo, and Mayo.
Limerick, and other Agreements made between
1. The Roman Catholics of this kingdom fhall enjoy such privileges in the exercise of their religion, as are consistent with the laws of Ireland; or as they did enjoy in the reign of king Charles the Second : and their majesties, as soon as their affairs will permit them to fummon a parliament in this kingdom, will endeavour to procure the said Roman catholics fuch farther security in that particular, as may preserve them from any disturbance upon the account of their said religion.