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Allowing for a moment this account of king James's officers to be true, which we shall just now prove to be false, how much more shocking and authentic accounts have we of the treachery and cruelty of the principal commanders and adherents of king William on this occasion ?
66 Dr. Sheridan, the deprived Bishop of Kilmore, assured Mr. Carte, that being well acquainted with the old Earl of Peterborough, and often with him, he shewed him at one of his vifits, Sir George Hewit's original confession, with his hand and seal to it (which was afterwards sent to king James in France). In the confession, the said Sir George Hewit, (who had been made a lord by king William,) begged pardon of God and king James, for his disloyalty and rebellion ; and declared in it, that the night before king James went to Salisbury, the Earl of Rochester and Lord Churchill, now Duke of Marlborough, the Bishop of London (Stewart also, who is now a general officer), as he remembers, and himself, with others, met at Mr. Hatton Compton's house in St. Alban's-street'; and there it was debated among them, how they should do the best service to the Prince of Orange; and at length it was resolved, that the Earl of Rochester should attend the king at Salisbury, but in order to betray all his councils to the Prince of Orange ; and
the Macphers. Orig. Pap. vol. i. p. 280. niskilleners and Derry-men, were peasants.” Dalrymple’s Mem. vol. ii. p. 72. part ii. The same Marshal Schomberg mentioning king James's army, says, “ the enemy are not only strong in numbers, but also well disciplined, and the fituation of their camp as well chosen as the ablest generals could contrive." Ib. p. 51. Of his own officers he says,
« I never was in an army where there were so many new and lazy officers. The officers of the artillery are ignorant, lazy, and timorous. I discovered that in the artillery, there has been a great deal of roguery." Ib. p. 60, et paflim.
King James's Irish officers. raised their own regiments, o and maintained them for five months at their own expence; the most of them having laid out all they were worth, and reduced themselves to an impoffibility of doing so any longer." King James's Memoirs. Macpherson's Hift. Great Britain, vol. iii. p. 194-5.
the Lord Churchill should endeavour to seize king James's person, and carry him off to the prince; but if he could not do that, he should pistol him or stab him when he was in the coach with him. This,” adds Mr. Carte, “ the bishop has protested to me, more than once or twice, he saw written in the confeffion of Sir George Hewit.'
Mr. Lesley has justly observed on Dr. King's charge, " that there never was, and perhaps never will be, a war, wherein there were not some disorderly and wicked persons; and that, that army is best conducted and disciplined, wherein such crimes are fewest and least. Now," says he, “ whether the protestant army, then in Ireland, was not much more mischievous and ungovernable than the popish, I appeal to the testimony of an enemy then on the spot."
That enemy was Dr. Gorge, secretary to Marshal Schomberg, who, in a letter to Colonel James Hamilton, (after having told him, “ that the foldiers in the protestant army under king William, robbed and plundered at pleasure ; that some of its leaders « ridiculed, scorned, and condemned all motions for its good
3 See Append. to Lesley's Answer to King. Marshal Schomberg, in a letter to king William, in February, 1690, informs him, that “ the Enniskillen and Londonderry regiments were upon a footing of licence both to rob and steal.” Dalrymple’s Mem, vol. iii. p. 78. In another letter he tells his majesty, that "one must count upon the troops raised in Ireland (for his majesty's service) only as so many cravats. That, in the day of battle, they will always throw themselves upon the first plunder. That Mr. Harbord (pay-master general of his army) ‘had experience of this : for that having gone one night, with his fowling-piece, upon a party with Count Schomberg, and having fallen from his horse, five or fix Ennifkillen-troopers began to strip and rob him, although he cried out that he was pay-master, and that he would give them money to carry him to the camp ; but that a French officer, in passing, having known him, the Enniskilleners brought him back.” Id. ib.
Id. ib. p. 66. “ I don't love to pillage,” adds the Marshal, “ I do what I can to prevent others from doing it, who
government and order, and said, that religion was no-
Ib. p. 59.
think of nothing else." Id. ib. “ Your majesty," says the same,“ had need of officers of justice to repress the disorders among these people (officers) who are lazy, and live only by theft and pillage." Ib.
e “ Can we expect,” says Dr. Gorge in the same letter, speaking of king William's officers, “that Sodom' will destroy Babylon; or that debauchery will destroy popery ? Our enemy fights with the principle of a mistaken conscience against us ; we against the conviction of our own conscience against them.” Lesley's Answ. p. 185;
“ I am told,” says Lesley, “ this author (Dr. King) did express his just indignation against the wild and barefaced debauchery of the (king William’s) army, from his pulpit in Dublin, so far as to say, It was come to that pass, that it was a scandal for any woman of reputation to be seen with a red or a blue coat.
Answ. p. 36. In the Life of Mr. Bonnel, Dr. King's dearly beloved friend, (a book highly commended by the then Bishops of Meath and Clogher) where mention is made of the total defeat of king James's party in Ireland, the author relates that good man's great regret, that “their (late) troubles were succeeded by a torrent of vice; that immorality and profaneness conquered as fast as their victorious arms, and that the same army
that delivered them, did corrupt them too." See Bonnel's Life, p. 69.
“ Colonel Woolseley tells Secretary Southwell, that his own (king William's) men committed such disorders in their march, on all people without distinction, that it was a shame to speak of it." Harris's king William, fol. 289. “ The country still (1691) suffered much under the power of the army (king William’s), who, pretending to want subsistence, which was false, not only way-laid provisions coming to the markets, but plundered the market publicly of whatever they claimed to want." Ib. f. 322. Proposals were made to government to remedy this evil; however no steps were taken to obviate the mischief; the oppressions went on, and nothing but the final settlement of the kingdom was able to remedy the evil.” Id. ib.
French and Danes, in king William's army, were highly oppressive to the poor country people ; whereas," says he, “ their enemies (the Irish) had reduced themselves to that order, that they exercised violence on none, but the properties of such as they knew to be absent, or, as they phrased it, in rebellion against them ; whose stock, goods, and estates were seized, and set by the civil government, and the produce applied towards and for the charge of the war.
Irish rapparees. ALTHOUGH Dr. King confesses,' “ that the hearts of the Irish soldiery were generally sunk, and that they openly declared themselves desirous to lay down their arms, proposing to themselves no other conditions, but to return to the station in which they were in at king James's accession ;” yet he at the same time represents that whole army as a band of furious freebooters and robbers," " plundering the protestants VOL. II. M
· State of the Protest. p. 82.
a « This the doctor asserts without proof; but if we may rely on what Marshal Schomberg says of the officers under his command, we shall find them much worse than those of king James. “ The troops of Londonderry and Enniskillen,” fays he, “ (as well as the French) pillage on their fide. I must, however, tell your majesty, that if our Irish colonels were as able in war, as they are to pillage the country, and not to pay the soldiers, your majesty would be better served by them. Í have worked all this week to regulate what the captains should give their foldiers, to prevent their cheating the men.” Dalrymp. vol. iii. p. 50. In another letter to the king, wherein he cenfures one Major Broadnax, he says, “ there are many other officers whom I could wish in England. I never saw any more wicked, and more interested." Ib. p. 33.
“ Some of king William's regiments (in Munster) lay as heavy on the country as the enemy could do ; of which Fea
in every part of the country; and its new commissioned officers, under the denomination of rapparees, as committing so many depredations and outrages on their protestant neighbours, that they could not be safe in their houses." This conscious untruth, I say, he was not ashamed to publish in the body of his book, though, in his appendix to it, he has inserted a letter of Lord Chief Justice Keating, already cited, which testifies, ? " that the thefts and robberies then committed, were done in many places, by the cottiers and idlers in the country, and often by King William's soldiers, though generally fathered on king James's
And even Burnet has owned, that " many of king William's army were suspected of robbing in their turns, though the rapparees carried the blame of
1 See Append.
3 Hist. of his own Times, vol. ii.
thard, in the county of Tipperary, afforded a melancholy instance, the day before the battle of Aughrim ; which the army being about to leave, swept clean off every thing, not sparing even the parson's books and sermons; and the loss that little town sustained, was computed to amount to 2000l. in
money, plate and goods. But (adds my author) their damage was soon after repaired by a contribution from the several regiments concerned.” Harris's K. William, f. 324.
Dr. King has exaggerated the number of robberies committed by the Irish soldiers to a ridiculous and incredible degree. He tells us that " in the year 1688, in the space of three or four months, hardly one protestant in Ireland had a cow or a sheep left; that the value of what cattle they were robbed of amounted to a million and a half of money; that these sheep, cows, and bullocks fo taken from them, would, if rightly managed, have furnished an army of an hundred thousand men for three years. And that the Irish (instead of turning what they had thus gotten to any benefit of their own) took off the skins of these cattle, and left their carcasses to rot; at all which doings the government was not only not displeased, but did plainly encourage them.” State of the Protestants, &c. p. 105.
b“ They (among the Irish) who received protections from king William's generals, and were yet plundered by his foldiers, ran with particular animosity to swell the number of these ravagers.” Lel. Hift. of Irel. vol. iii. p. 589. “ The people ex