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STATEMENT

Showing the Area, Population and Railroad Mileage in the several States and their Rela

tion to each other on or near January 1, 1870.

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This represents the area of States and Territories that possess railroads. exclusive of Alaska, is about 3,300,000 square miles.

The total area,

PROGRESS OF RAILROADS

A Tabular Statement of the Mileage of Railroads in each State and groups

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62

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1. Maine....

11 62 62 62 62 62 90' 168' 245 2. N. Hampshire 53 88 92 92 92 92 175 223 386 467 3. Vermont

103 214 290 4. Massachusetts 373 435 485 485 567 626 718 790 918 1035 5. Rhode Island. 50 50 50 50 50

68 68 08 68 6. Connecticut .., 102 176 176 176 202 202 202 202 289402 N. E. States ..... 589 811 865 865 937 103: 1225 1276 2073 2508 7. New York 538 636 648 715 721 727 764 869'1180 1361 8. New Jersey...' 186 186 186 186 186 181 185 206 206 206 9. Pennsylvania., 754 789 789 798 798 840 1006 1018 1120 1210 10. Delaware

39
39 39

39 39 39 39 39 39 11. Md, and D. C. 259 259 259 259 259 259 259 259 259 259 12. W. Virginia .. 61 97 97 97 97 97 97 97

97

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39

327 241

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Grand total.... 3535 4026 4185 4377 4633 4930 5598 5996 7365 9021 10,982 12,908 15,360 16,720

18,374

IN THE UNITED STATES.

of States, at the end of each Year, 1841 to 1869, troenty-nine Years.

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9,595 10,427 11,061 11,320, 11,657 12,221 12,497 12,817 13,621 15, 226 16,889 19,765

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RECAPITULATION.

1856.

1857. | 1858.

1859.

1860.

1861.

1862.

1863.

1864.

1865.

1866.

1867.

1868.

1869.

3,577 3,599 5.195 6.069 7,021 8.186 5.7077 6,627

3,616 3.632 3,660 3,697 3,751 3,793 3,793 3,834 3.868 3,938 4,019 4,301 6,313 6, 113 6,706 6,963 7,263 7,615 7,911 8,539 9.144 9,555 9,765 10,752 9,195. 10,427 11,064 11,320 11,657 12,221 12,197 12.817 13,621 15,226 16,889 19,765 7.386 8,274 9,182 9,283 9,422 9, 168 9,511 9,632 6,567 10,126 10,683 11,272

231 23 23 23 27 73 166 233 327 431 889 1,164

22,016 24,503 26,968 28,789 30,635, 31,256 32,120 33,170 33,908 35,085 36,827 39,276 42,255 47,254

The following table will show the number of miles of railroad in operation in the United States, and in the several States for each year since 1830; also the ratio of such mileage to the area and the population of the several States.

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1830. 1831 1832 1833. 1834. 1835 1836. 1837. 1838. 1839 1840. 1841. 1942. 1843.

23 95 229 380

72 134 151 253 265 175 224 416 389 516 717 491 159

1844.
1845.
1846.
1847
1818.
1849.
1850.
1851.
1852.
1853.
1851.
1855.
1856.

4,377 4,633 4,930 5.599 5,996 7,365 9,021 10,982 12.908 15,360 16.720 18,374 22,017

1857 1858. 1859. 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866. 1867 1868 1869.

24,508 26,968 28,789 30.635 31,256 32,120 33,170 33,908 35,085 36,827 39,276 42,255 47,254

2.491 2,460 1,821 1.846

633 1,098 1,273 1,497 1,913 2,302 2,818 3,535 4.026 4,185

297 669

397 1,369 1,656 1,961 1.926 2,462 1,360 1,654 3,643

621 864 1,050

738 1,177 1,742 2,449 2,979 4,999

RAILROADS OF THE WORLD. Statement, showing the Extent and Population of all the Countries in which Railroads have been con

structed; the Length and Cost of these works, and the extent of Mileage to Area and Population. Compiled from the most recent information. Extent and Population.

Railroads.

Inhabit

Sq.M'l's ants to COUNTRIES AND STATES.

Population. Length Cost in Dollars. to each each Mile
Area in

Mile of of
Sq. Miles.
Absolute.

Miles.
Absolute.

Railr'd. Railroad.

in

p. Mile.

p. Mile.

North America. United Statesof Amer... 3,001,002 38,315,000 12.76 47,254 2,041,225,770 44,255 63.51 810.83 Dominion Ontario 147,632 1,962,067 13.27

1,447

107,815,774 76,314 104.98 1,394.51 Quebec. 209,930 1,354,067 6.45

575 43,416,519 74,811 of

365.20 2,354.90 N. Brunswick 27,037 319,127 11.79 226 Canada.

6,954,232 30,771 119.63 1,411.62 Nova Scotia.. 18,671 382,365 20.47 145 6,955,178 47,969 128.79 2,637.00 United States of Mexico. 772,672 8,259,080 10.69 202 11,093,840 54,920 2,825.14 40,886.53.

West India Islands. Island of Cuba.... 47,278 1,449,264 30.63

431 22,458,548 52, 108 109.69 3,362.59 Island of Jamaica.. 6,250 441,264 70.60

14

391,174 27,941 | 446.43 3,151.85 South America. United States of Columb. 521,912 2,797,473 5.36

48 8,000,000 166,667 10,873.33 58,280.68 Republic of Venezuela... 420,706 1,565,310 3.67

32 2,758,784

86,212 13,334.56 32,589.79 British Guayana. 96,310 155, 26 1.64

60 5,539,140 92,319 1,6: 5.00 2,583.77 Empire of Brazil.. 2,973, 100 10,045,00 3.31 512 102,992,3-4 201,157 5,807.42 19,619.14 Republic of Pa aguay.. 80,206 1,000,000 11.60

46 4,13,340

89,790 1,874.08 21,739.13 Republic of Pera..

490,73 2,513,91 6.04 101 5,697,410 56,410'4,937.65 24,890.19 Republic of Chili

2419,798 1,74,931 6.96 394 24,155,740 61,309 634.01 4,327.23 Argentine Republic... 1,126,434 1,259,355 1.11 231 12, 455,058 53,918 486.32 5,451.75

Europe.
V. K. Gt. Brit. & Ireland. 122,519 29,293,319 239.09 14,247 2,511,314,435 176,269

8.60 2,056.10 Frencb Empire... 211,163 37,382,225 177.03

9,934

1,576,664,-92 150,714 21.26 3,763.06 Kingdom of Spain

182,713 16,031,267

87.74 3,429

367,437,924 1u7,156 53.29 4,675.20 Kingdom of Portugal.. 36,476 3,987,61 109.33

52,-87,474 101,317 69.89 7,639.59 Swiss Republic...

15,272 2,524,24 165.28 897 78,157,925 87,132 17.02 2,814.09 Kingdom of Italy.

109,783 24,-90,801 2:26.78 4,109 38-2,580,772 93,108 26.72 6,059.19 Ropad States.

4,348 692, 606 152.28 216 18,643, 172 86,317 21.06 3,26.51 kingdom of Prussia. 139, 499 23,555,543 169.14

5,926

747,629,346 126,171 23.54 3,981.70 N.German States (other). 21,352 5,657,791 2:27.77 1.311 117,107,697

89,327

18.57 4,315.63 South Griman States.. 44,319 8,524,460 191.47

2,681 234,914,279 87.659 16.53 3,179.59 Austrian Empire

243.232 3:2,573,002 135.53 4,129 327,369,535 73,915 54.24 7,354.39 Kingdom or Belgium.. 11,4 3 4,940,57 442.92 1,703 182, 1: 8,861 1.6,987

6.69 2,901.33 Kingloin of Holland.

13,621 3,735,602 274.26 881 85.634,081 97,201 15.46 4,240.27 Kingiom of Sweden.. 170.5.12 4,114,141 24.12 1,194 74,539,132 62, 138 142.59 3,445,69 Kingdon of Norway. 123,2:18 1,701,478 13.1

4,055,656 92,174 2,840.63 38,169.95 Kingdom of Denmark.. 14,726 1,6,8,195

109.20

401 22,94 2,714 57,114 36.72 4,010.21 Emp. Russia (in Europe). 1,965,734 | 65,9 2,267 33.53 8,700 | 1,418,356,214 166,477 225.94 7,574.92 Ottoman Emp.(in Eur'pe) 230,812 15,725,367 78.31 319 14,936),551 46,729 629,30 49,295.82 Kingdom of Greece..

20,166

1,325,34 65.72 100 5,000,000 50,000 201.66 13,253.40 Asia. Tarkey in Asia.

673,300 16,050,000 23.84 143 6,964,243 48,701 4,708.40 112,237.76 Persia

526,000 10,000,000 19.01 100 6,000,000 61,00 5,260.00 100,000.00 British India. 1,402,200 179.49:2000 128.01 4,092

391,828,791 95,769 342.67 43,864.12 Java

52,000 13,917,000 267.63 102 7,650,000 75,000 509.80 136,441.17 Ceylon.. 24,700 1,791,00 72.51

37 2,280,530 61,636 667.57 48,405.13 Africa. Egypt..

178,000 2,500,000 14.04 468 45,163.879 96,504 380.34 5,341.88 Algeria 214,000 2,500,000 11.68

28

1,825,824 65,208 7,367.31 351,428.55 Cape Colony 120,000 300,000 2.50

85

7,828,792 92 103 1,411.76 3,529.86 Natal..

20,000
150,000 7.50

2

119,422 59,711 10,000.00 75,000.00 Australia. Victoria. 86,800 574,331 6.62

46,549,268 113,812 212.22 1,404.23 New South Wales

323, 4.0 378,935 1.17 174 14,017,522 80,502 | 1.858.62 2,177.79 Queensland..

678,000 59,712 0.89 102 10,161,519 99,622 6,647. 6 585.41 South Australia 383,300 140,416 0.37

87 5,142,427 59,10 4,4 5.75 1,613.97 New Zealand 106,500 175,357 1.64

17 1,491,402 87,729 6,264.7u| 10,315.12

RECAPITULATION. North America.

4,177,204 50,591,6 36 12.11 49,801 | 2,267,061,313 45,523 83.88 1,116.00 West India Islands.

53,528

1,890,528 35,32 445 22,849,722 50,348 120.29 4,248.38 Sonth America

5,979,455 21, 40,997 3.52 1,424 165,728,862 116,382 4,128.83 14,775.98 Europe...

3,651,331 284,212,055 77.83 61,043 8,252,390,863 135,189 59.82 4,655.93 Asia (containing RRs.) 2,978,200 221,250.000 77.98 4,474 414,783,564 92,709

666,67 49,452.39 Africa 532,000 5,450,000 10.24 583 54,937,917

94,233

912.52 10,639.11 Australia.

1,578,000 1,328,751 0.85 789 77,352, 138 98,138 2,000.00 1,684.09 Aggregate in world.... 19,441,013 585,769, 718 30.16 118,559 11,455, 104,379 96,619 163.96 4,940.74

409

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