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Robbers reasoning upon contrasting sanguinary laws and slavery, 24, 25.
Robbery not capital in Pennsylvania, 268.

in Denmark, 274.

of the mint, 149.
Russia, 178, 302.

law of, 13, 248.
punishment in, 44.
executions in, 248.

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SACRIFICES, human, 26.
Sanctions intended to be temporary, lasting efficacy given to, 8.
Sanguinary laws, bad symptom of the distemper of a state, 15. 207,

-, distemper of a state, 207.

, number of, proof of the weakness of the legislative or execu-
tive power, 16.
Sanguinary, improper term, 123.
Savages tender of life, 170.
Saxons had scarcely any capital crime, 170.
Scale of punishment, 16, 74.
Scripture, passage i", supposed to justify capital punishments, 288.

, examination of its supposed justification of capital punishment, 298,
Sentence for high tr ason, 198.
Sentences, mitigation f evil attending, 4.
Servants in shiladelphia prison, 48
Severe Jaws, proof of decline of public morale, 36.

and decay of government, ibid.

, caonot be executed, 19, 137.
Severity and certainty, 18, 60
of laws, 9, 62, 125, 133, 203.

its tendency to defeat punishment known by criminals, 6.
doubts whether it ought not to pruce impunity, 5.

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more fit for monarchies than republics, 35.
-> prevents discovery, 7.

prevails in corrupt states, 181.
retards execution, 294.
prevents prosecution, 17,
produces acquittal, ibid.
or mitigation, ibid.
or pardon, ibid.
offenders calculate upon escape, ibid.
in England ma' be safely relaxed, 172.
ought not to be increased, 212
barbarizes public feelings, 18, 32, 41, 135, 200, 231, 297, 254,
, opinion of its efficacy, 3,
increases crime, 5, 6, 7, 14, 18, 37, 41, 42, 50, 52, 67,

71, 85, 86, 103, 134, 147, 148, 170, 179, 182, 203,

204, 230, 232, 254, 261, 271, 277, 293.
of punishment,
consequences of,
destroys the proportion between crime and punishment,

19, 134.
occasions impunity, 19.

effects of, 72
defeats itself by exciting pity, 4.
diminishes abhorrence for crime, 32.
pity for criminal, ibid.
what proper, 22.

no excuse for, 137.'
Shame, 301.

ceases to attend punishment improperly inflicted, 37
its effects, ibid.

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Slavery, 23, 55.
Sloth, 229.
Solitary confinement, 272, 301.
Stealing privately, ought not 10 be punished capitally, 30:
Stoics opinion of the equality of cria es erroneous, 54.
Superiority, love of, cause of punishment of death, ibid.
Sweden, 256,
executions in, 247.

T
TABLE of prisoners tried in one year, at the Old Bailey, 84.

of offenders and offences in England, for different periods, 233, 234, 236,

236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243.
in Scotland, 242.
in Ireland, 243.

of punishments in Pennsylvania, 207.
Tableau de Paris, extract from, 175.
Temporary motives induce persons to enact penalties, %.
Theft ought not to be punished capitally, 54.

not capitally punished by mosaic law, 64.
how punishable by laws of Plato, 151.
in England, 162. 178.
mode of punishing, 54, 56.

domestic, ought not to be punished capitally, 179.
Thirteen persons executed in England for being in company with gypsies, 206.
Times past, experience of, shews the inefficacy of capital punishment, 3.
Torture unknown in England, 9.

used in Hanover, 244.

first abolished in England, 303.
Torments, 20, 184.
Transporta:ion, 31, 178, 189, 226.
Treason, its enormity, 74
Trials in ngland all public, 9.
Truth and justice, criminal law should be conformable to, 8.

will ultimately be prevalent, 26.
Tuscany, law of, 255, 288,
Turner, his opinions, 291.

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Uncertainty of punishment in England, 96, 101, 114.

- causes of, 101, 230.
Utrecht, executions in, 244.

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Violence, increase of, notwithstanding severe punishment, 3.
Violating the law, 147.
Voltaire, his commcntary on Beccaria, 177.

W
Wheel, breaking upon, 37 175.
Witnesses, their reluctance to enforce severe laws, 154.

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