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(ACT of March 1st, 1817.) Sec. III. For the defence of the ports and harbors of the United States, the president shall be, and he is hereby authorised to cause to be procured the steam engines, and all the imperishable materials necessary for building and equipping three steam batteries, on the most approved plan, and best calculated for the waters in which they are to act: and such materials shall be secured in the best manner, to insure the completing such batteries in the shortest time practicable, when they, or either of them, in the opinion of the president, may be required for the public service; and the president is further authorised to cause to be completed and kept in the best state of preservation, the block ship now on the stocks, near New Orleans.

Sec. Iv. The moneys appropriated by this act shall not be transferred to any other object of expenditure, nor shall any part thereof be carried to the fund denominated “the surplus fund.”

ACT of March 1, 1817. Pamphlet edit. 207, An act making reservation of certain public lands to supply timber for naval

purposes. 39. Sec. I. The secretary of the navy is authorised, and it shall be his duty, under the direction of the president of the United States, to cause such vacant and unappropriated lands of the United States as produce the live oak and red cedar timbers to be explored, and selection to be made of such tracts or portions there. of, where the principal growth is of either of the said timbers, as in his judgment may be necessary to furnish for the navy a sufficient supply of the said timbers. The said secretary shall have power to employ such agent or agents and surveyor as he may deem necessary for the aforesaid purpose, who shall report to him the tracts by them selected, with the boundaries ascertained and accurately designated by actual survey or water courses, which report shall be laid before the president, which he may approve or reject, in whole or in part; and the tracts of lands thus selected with the approbation of the president, shall be reserved, unless otherwise directed by law, from any future sale of the public lands, and be appropriated to the sole purpose of supplying timber for the navy of the United States: Provided, That nothing in this section contained shall be construed to prejudice the rights of any person or persons claiming lands which may be reserved as aforesaid. [Infra, 45.]

Sec. II. If any person or persons shall cut any timber on the lands reserved as aforesaid, or shall remove or be employed in removing timber from the same, unless duly authorised so to do, by order of a competent officer, and for the use of the navy of the United States; or if any person or persons shall cut any live oak or red cedar timber on, or remove or be employed in removing from any other public lands of the United States, with intent to

(ACT of March 30, 1817.) dispose of the same for transportation to any port or place within the United States, or for exportation to any foreign country, such person or persons so offending and being thereof duly convicted before any court having competent jurisdiction, shall pay a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding six months.

Sec. II. If the master, owner, or consignee, of any ship or vessel, shall knowingly take on board any timber cut on lands reseryed as aforesaid, without proper authority and for the use of the navy, or shall take on board any live oak or red cedar timber, cut on any other lands of the United States, with intent to trarsport the same to any port or place within the United States, or to ex. port the same to any foreign country, the ship or vessel on board of which the same shall be seized, shall, with her tackle, apparel, and furniture, be wholly forfeited.

Sec. iv. If any timber as aforesaid, shall, contrary to the prohibitions of this act, be exported to any foreign country, the ship or vessel in which the same shall have been exported shall be liable to forfeiture, and the captain or master of such ship or vessel shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.

Src, v. All penalties and forfeitures incurred for taking on board, transporting, or exporting timber by force of this act, shall be sued for, recovered, and distributed, and accounted for in the manner prescribed by the act, entitled “ An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage," and shall be mitigated or remitted in the manner prescribed by the act, entitled “ An act to provide for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures, penal. ties, and disabilities, accruing in certain cases therein mentioned.”

ACT of March 1, 1817. Pamphlet edit, 210. 40. Sec. 1. Every person now in service, or who may hereafter be appointed, shall, instead of the bond required by the act to which this is a supplement, [Supra, 27.] enter into bond with two or more sufficient securities, in the penalty of twenty-five thousand dollars, conditioned for the faithful discharge of all his duties as purser in the navy of the United States, which said sureties shall be approved by the judge or attorney of the United States, for the district in which such purser shall reside.

Sec. 11. From and after the first day of May next, no person shall act in the character of purser, who shall not enter into bond as aforesaid, excepting pursers on distant service, who shall not remain in service longer than two months after their return to the United States, unless they shall comply with the provisions of the first section of this act.

ACT of March 3, 1817, Pamphlet edit. 244. 41. Sec. 1. If any officer, seaman, or marine, belonging to the navy of the United States, shall die, or shall have died, since the

(ACT of March 3d, 1819.) eighteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twelve, in consequence of disease contracted, or of casualties or injuries received, while in the line of his duty, and which shall be satisfactorily proved to the commissioners of the navy pension fund, leaving a widow, or if no widow, a child, or children under sixteen years of age, such widow, or if no widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to receive half the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, which allowance shall continue for the term of five years; but in case of the death, or intermarriage of such widow, before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay for the remainder of the term shall go to the child or children of the deceased: Provided, That such half pay shall cease on the death of such child or children. And the money required for this purpose shall be paid out of the navy pension fund, under the direction of the commissioners of that fund.

ACT of April 16, 1818. Pamphlet edit. 90. Sec. 1. In every case where a person has been put on the pension list, or granted a certificate of pension by virtue of the first section of an act passed the fourth day of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, entitled “ An act giving pensions to the orphans and widows of persons slain in the public or private armed vessels of the United States,” [Supra, 32.] the secretary of the navy is hereby authorised, at the expiration of the term of five years, for which any pension certificate shall have been granted as aforesaid, to allow the full monthly pension to which the rank of the deceased would have entitled him for the highest rate of disability; and that such pension shall continue to such person for the further term of five years: Provided, That such pension shall cease on the death of such widow, child, or children.

Sec. 11. If any officer, seaman, or marine, shall have died since the eighteenth day of June, in the year eighteen hundred and tu elve, in consequence of an accident or casualty, which occurred while in the line of his duty on board a public or private armed vessel, leaving a widow, or, if no widow, a child or children under sixteen years of age, the secretary of the navy is hereby authorised, to place such widow, child, or children on the pension list, and allow to such widow, child, or children the same monthly pension as if the deceased had died by reason of wounds received in the line of his duty: Provided, That all moneys paid by virtue of this act, be paid out of the privateer pension fund and no other.

ACT of March 3, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 60. Sec. 1. In all cases where provision has been made by law for five years half pay to the widows and children of officers, seamen,

and mainte, or who, dhe said provcommence as making th

(ACT of May 15th, 1820.) and marines, who were killed in battle, or died of wounds received in battle, or who died in the naval service of the United States, during the late war, the said provision shall be continued for the additional term of five years, to commence at the end of the first term of five years, in each case, respectively, making the provi. sion equal to ten years half pay; which shall be paid in the manner, and out of the fund, heretofore designated by law; and the said pensions shall also cease for the reasons mentioned in the said law.

RESOLUTION of March 3, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 112. 42. Sec. i. All the ships of the navy of the United States, now building or hereafter to be built, shall be named by the secretary of the navy, under the direction of the president of the United States, according to the following rule, to wit: Those of the first class shall be called after the states of this union; those of the second class after the rivers; and those of the third class after the principal cities and towns; taking care that no two vessels in the navy shall bear the same name.

ACT of May 15, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 113. An act authorising the building of a certain number of small vessels of war.

43. The president of the United States, is hereby authorized to cause to be built and equipped, any number of small vessels of war, (not exceeding five) which, in his judgment, the public ser. vice may require; the said vessels to be of a force not more than twelve guns each, according to the discretion of the president. And for carrying this act into effect, the sum of sixty thousand dollars is hereby appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the treasury, not otherwise appropriated.

ACT of May 15, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 114. An act to amend the act, entitled “ An act to amend the act authorising the em

ployment of an additional naval force." 44. SEC. 1. The second section of the act, entitled “An act authorising the employment of an additional naval force," passed on the thirty-first day of January, eighteen hundred and nine, is hereby, amended, so far as to authorise the enlistment of able seamen, ordinary seamen, and boys, during the continuance of the service or cruise for which they shall be enlisted; not, however, to exceed the period of three years. [Supra, 24.]

ACT of May 15, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 122. An act to amend “ An act making reservation of certain public lands for naval

purposes,” passed March 1, 1817. 45. So much of the first section of the act of congress, passed

(ACT of May 15th, 1820.) on the first day of March one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, entitled “An act making reservation of certain public lands for naval purposes," as empowers the secretary of the navy to appoint an agent or agents and surveyor, is hereby repealed; and the duties and services required by said section, shall be performed in future by such surveyor of the public lands, as may be designated by the president of the United States.

OFFICES_LIMITED.

Appointments to be for four years,

intments to be for four years. Commissions when to expire,

1 Bonds,
2 | Treasury department,

ACT of May 15, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 95. An act to limit the term of office, of certain officers therein named, and for other

purposes. 1. Sec. i. From and after the passing of this act, all district attorneys, collectors of the customs, naval ofhcers, and surveyors of the customs, navy agents, receivers of public moneys for lands, registers of the land offices, paymasters in the army, the apothecary general, the assistant apothecaries general, and the commissary general of purchases, to be appointed under the laws of the United States, shall be appointed for the term of four years, but shall be removeable from office at pleasure.

Sec. 11. The commission of each and every of the officers named in the first section of this act, now in office, unless vacated by removal from office, or otherwise, shall cease and expire in the manner following: All such commissions bearing date on or before the thirtieth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, shall cease and expire on the day and month, of their respective dates, which shall next ensue after the thirtieth day of September next; all such commissions bearing date after the said thirtieth day of September, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, and before the first day of October, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, shall cease and expire on the day and month of their respective dates, which shall next ensue after the thirtieth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one. And all other such commissions shall cease and expire, at the expiration of the term of four years from their respective dates.

3, Sec. 111. It shall be lawful for the president of the United States, and he is hereby authorised, from time to time, as in his opinion the interest of the United States may require, to regulate and increase the sums for which the bonds required, or which

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