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(ACT of August 7th, 1789.) cause a proper apartment to be immediately selected and prepared for a library room, and to cause the library lately purchased from Thomas Jefferson to be placed therein during the ensuing recess of congress.

[See CONGRESS 23. ante, page 130.]

LIGHT HOUSES,

BEACONS, BUOYS, AND PUBLIC PIERS.

Expenses to be defrayed by the United Cessions with reservation, &c.
States,

Process how to be served, &c. Secretary of the treasury to provide for light Piers in the Delaware, houses, &c.

2 Winslow Lewis, Vide Index, for particular light houses, beacons and buoys.

10 11 34 57

ACT of August 7, 1789. 2 Bioren, 34. 1. Sec. 1. All expenses which shall accrue from and after the fifteenth day of August, one thousand seven hundred and eightynine, in the necessary support, maintenance, and repairs of all light houses, beacons, buoys and public piers, erected, placed or sunk, before the passing of this act, at the entrance of, or within, any bay, inlet, harbour or port, of the United States, for rendering the navigation thereof easy and safe, shall be defrayed out of the treasury of the United States: Provided, nevertheless, That none of the said expenses shall continue to be so defrayed by the United States after the expiration of one year from the day aforesaid, * unless such light houses, beacons, buoys and public piers, shall, in the mean time, be ceded to and vested in the United States by the state or states, respectively, in which the same may be, together with the lands and tenements thereunto belonging, and together with the jurisdiction of the same.

2. Sec. . It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to provide by contracts, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house near the entrance of Chesapeake Bay, and for rebuilding, when necessary, and keeping in good repair, the light houses, beacons, buoys and public piers, in the several states, and for furnishing the same with all necessary supplies; and also to agree for the salaries, wages or

* The time was enlarged by the act of July 22d, 1790, until the first day of July, 1791. Further enlarged by the act of March 3d, 1791, until the first of July, 1792. Again enlarged by act of April 12th, 1792, until July 1st, 1793; and by act of March 20, 1793, until July 1st, 1794; and by the act of May 30th, 1796, for two years further.

(ACT of May 13th, 1794.) hire, of the person or persons appointed by the president for the superintendence and care of the same.

ACT of April 12, 1792. 2 Bioren, 269, 3. Sec. 11. The secretary of the treasury is authorised to cause to be provided, erected and placed, a floating beacon, and as many buoys as may be necessary for the security of navigation at, and near the entrance of the harbour of Charleston, in the state of South Carolina: and also to have affixed three floating beacons in the bay of the Chesapeake; one at the north end of Willoughby's Spit, another at the tail of the Horse Shoe, and the third on the shoalest place of the middle ground.

ACT of March 2, 1793. 2 Bioren, 372. 4. Sec. 11. The secretary of the treasury is authorised and di. rected to cause a floating beacon or buoy to be provided and placed on Smith's Point shoal, in the Chesapeake Bay, and a beacon or floating buoy at the south west straddle on the Royal shoal, near Ocracocke inlet, in North Carolina.

ACT of April 5, 1794. 2 Bioren, 388. 5. Sec. 1. The secretary of the treasury is directed to cause to be placed buoys on the rocks called Black Ledge, or South West Ledge, Goshen Reef, Bartlet's Reef, and Race Rock, off the har. bour of New London, in the state of Connecticut, at an expense, not to exceed the sum of twelve hundred dollars; and to cause to be erected a beacon, and to be placed two buoys, in the harbour of Portsmouth, in the state of New Hampshire, at an expense not to exceed the sum of three hundred dollars: And, likewise, to cause to be p'aced in Providence river, in the state of Rhode Island, and in Savannah river, in the state of Georgia, and at the mouth of the same, buoys, not exceeding ten in number, for each river, and at an expense, not to exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, for each; the same to be placed in such parts of the said rivers as he may judge most advantageous for the navigation thereof, respectively.

ACT of May 13, 1794. 2 Bioren, 406. 6. Sec. 1. As soon as the jurisdiction of so much of the head land of Cape Hatteras, in the state of North Carolina, as the president of the United States shall deem sufficient and most proper for the convenience and accommodation of a light house, shall have been coded to the United States, it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to provide, by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a

(ACT of February 21st, 1795.) light house thereon, of the first rate, and furnishing the same with all necessary supplies, and also to agree for the salaries or wages of the person or persons who may be appointed by the president for the superintendence and care of building said light house: And the president is hereby authorised to make said appointments. That the number and disposition of the lights in the said light house, shall be such as may tend to distinguish it from others, and, as far as practicable, to prevent mistakes in navigators,

Sec. 11. The secretary of the treasury is authorised to provide, by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building, on an island in the harbour of Ocracocke, called Shell Castle, a lighted beacon, of a wooden frame, fifty-five feet high, to be twenty-two feet at the base, and to be reduced gradually to twelve feet at the top, exclusively of the lantern, which shall be made to contain one large lamp, with four wicks, and for furnishing the same with all necessary supplies: Provided, That no such lighted beacon shall be erected, until a cession of a sufficient quantity of land, on the said island, shall be made to the United States, by the consent of the legislature of the state of North Carolina.

ACT of May 19, 1794. 2 Bioren, 407. 7. Sec. I. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to provide, by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house on the island of Seguin, near the entrance of the river Kennebec, in the district of Maine, (the commonwealth of Massachusetts having ceded to the United States ten acres of the said island, for that purpose,) and to furnish the same with all necessary supplies, and also to agree for the salaries or wages, of the person or persons who

persons who may be appointed by the president for the superintendence and care of the same: And the president is hereby authorised to make the said appointments: The number or disposition of the light or lights in the said light house, to be such as may tend to distinguish it from others, as far as is practicable.

8. Sec. iii. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause a beacon to be erected, and three buoys to be placed, at the entrance of Saint Mary's river, in the state of Georgia.

ACT of February 21, 1795. 2 Bioren, 471. 9. Sec. 1. The secretary of the treasury is required to cause to be erected, as soon as may be, a light house near the entrance of the harbour of Georgetown, in the state of South Carolina, at such place, when ceded to the United States, as shall be most convenient for the navigation thereof: And a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars is appropriated for placing buoys on certain shoals

(ACT of May 17th, 1796.) in Cape Fear river, below the town of Wilmington, in the state of North Carolina.

ACT of March 2, 1795. 2 Bioren, 482. 10. Sec. 1. Where cessions have been, or hereafter may be, made, by any state, of the jurisdiction of places, where light houses, beacons, buoys, or public piers, have been erected and fixed, or may, by law, be provided to be erected or fixed, with reservation, that process civil and criminal, issuing under the authority of such state, may be executed and served therein, such cessions shall be deemed sufficient, under the laws of the United States providing for the supporting or erecting of light houses, beacons, buoys, and public piers.

11. Šec. 11. Where any state hath made, or shall make, a cession of jurisdiction for the purposes aforesaid, without reservation, all process civil and criminal, issuing under the authority of such state, or the United States, may be served and executed within the places, the jurisdiction of which has been so ceded, in the same manner as if no such cession had been made.

ACT of April 8, 1796. 2 Bioren, 516. 12. Sec. I. The secretary of the treasury is authorised and directed, to provide by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house on Baker's island, near the entrance into the harbour of Salem and Beverly, in the state of Massachuseits, (as soon as a cession of the jurisdiction to the United States, over the land proper for the purpose, is made by the said state,) and to furnish the same with all necessary supplies: And also, to agree for the salaries, or wages, of the person or persons who may be appointed by the president, for the superintendence and care of the same: And the president is authori. sed to make the said appointments: The number or disposition of the light or lights, in the said light house, shall be such as may tend to distinguish it from others, as far as is practicable.

ACT of May 17, 1796. 2 Bioren, 532. 13. Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury, to provide by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house on Cape Cod, in the state of Massachusetts, (as soon as the necessary cession of land for the purpose shall be made by the said state to the United States,) and to furnish the same with all necessary supplies: And also, to agree for the salaries, or wages, of the person or persons who may be appointed by the president, for the superintendence and care of the same: And the number and disposition of the light or lights, in the said light house, shall be such as may tend (ACT of April 27th, 1798.) to distinguish it from others, as far as is practicable: And the light or lights on Gurnet Head, at the entrance of Plymouth harbour, shall be altered or diminished if necessary.

ACT of March 3, 1797. 2 Bioren, 597. 14. Sec. I. The secretary of the treasury is authorised and directed to cause to be placed in and near the harbour of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts, upon such rocks, ledges or shoals, as the security of navigation there most requires to be distinguish. ed, not exceeding six larger and ten smaller buoys, whereof the whole expense shall not exceed one thousand six hundred dollars.

ACT of March 14, 1798. 3 Bioren, 28. 15. Sec. 1. As soon as the jurisdiction of so much of the head land of Eaton's Neck, on Nassau Island, in the state of New York, as the president of the United States shall deem sufficient and most convenient for the purpose of erecting a light house, and its appurtenances, shall have been ceded to the United States, it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to provide, by contract, which shall be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house thereon, and furnishing the same with all necessary supplies: And also, to agree for the salaries, or wages, of the person or persons who may be appointed by the president for the superintendence and care of building the said light house: And the president is hereby authorised to make the said appointments.

16. Sec. 11. The secretary of the treasury is authorised and di. rected to cause to be placed six buoys on the shoals called the east and west banks, and the middle ground, near Sandy Hook, off the harbour of New York, and two buoys on the north and south points of Goat Island, near the entrance of the harbour of Newport, in the state of Rhode Island: And also, to cause to be placed such number of buoys as may be necessary for the security of the navigation in and near the harbour of Nantucket, in the state of Masbachusetts.

ACT of April 27, 1798. 3 Bioren, 44. 17. Sec. 1. As soon as a cession shall be made by the state of Virginia to the United States, of the jurisdiction over a tract of land proper for the purpose, the secretary of the treasury be, and he is hereby authorized to provide, by contract, to be approved by the president of the United States, for building a light house on Old Point Comfort, in the said state, and to furnish the same with all necessary supplies; and also to agree for the salaries or wages of the person or persons who may be appointed by the president for the superintendence and care of the same; and that

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