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and barrenness, to which it has been hitherto, perhaps not unjustly, subjected, and converted into a study at once interesting and highly profitable: profitable, not only on account of the valuable knowledge directly acquired, but, also, on account of the thorough training of the powers of thought and the faculty of accurately communicating the products of thought, which the study, pursued in the method here presented, will secure.

All the matter of the larger treatise most important to the youthful student is retained in this abridgment, whilst the arguments by which the author has defended his innovations, and most of the more abstruse speculations in grammar and philology are necessarily suppressed. This is of less importance, as every teacher who adopts the author's system will likely procure the larger treatise, to which reference is made in the abridgment in all cases where farther explanation might be demanded.

Much labor has been expended in adapting the book to the convenience both of instructors and scholars. For this purpose a course of questions is placed at the foot of the page, and the place in the text where the answers are to be found is indicated by numbers corresponding to the numbers of the questions. A course of exercises, such as appears to the author best adapted to improve the pupil, is also suggested at the close of each subject.

The teacher will notice that the treatise is so arranged that, by omitting the questions included in brackets, a compendious course of instruction can be given in the prominent principles of grammatical structure. Such a first course is recommended in the case of those who have not already acquired some knowledge of grammar.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

1

1. Definition and Classification of Propositions,

Assertive Proposition,

2. The parts of an Assertive Proposition,
Manner in which the parts of Propositions—Subject, Predicate, and copula, as

expressed or indicated in language,
Occasional suppression of Subject and Predicate,
8. Analysis of Propositions consisting of two words,

The Assertive word claims the attention first in analysis,

Exercises in Analysis,

4. Division of words into classes, according to their functions,

5. Words which express the subjects of Propositions are called Nouns. Origin ånd

meaning of this name,

Words which indicate assertion are called verbs. 'Origin and meaning of this

name,

Directions as to the manner of exercising the pupil in analysis,

6. Importance of the functions performed by Nouns and Verbs.

ib.

11

ib

CHAPTER II.

OF NOUNS.

7. Definition of Nouns,

8. Classification of Nouns,

Concrete Nouns,

9. Collective Nouns,

10. Abstract Nouns,

11. Verbal Nouns,.

12. Pronouns,

13. Personal Pronouns,

14. Use of the different Persons,

Genders of Nouns and Pronouns,

15. Proper and Common Nouns,

16. Use of Common Nouns,

17. Singular and Plural forms of Nouns,

18. Modifications of words in general,

Modification of the form of words,

19. Digression on the Elementary sounds of Language and on Letters,

20. Vowels,

21. Diphthongs,

22. Consonants. Classification of Consonants,

23. Sharp and Flat, or Hard and Smooth Consonants,

24. Formation of Plurals,

25. Additional Remarks on the Forination of Plurals,

26. Nouns used only in one form,

18

15

ib.

16

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21

23

ib.

24

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30

31

33

ib,

85

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88

89

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177
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181
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186
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199
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190
ib.

OF INTERROGATIVE AND IMPERATIVE PROPOSITIONS.

76. Interrogative Propositions, :

77. Remarks on Interrogative Words,
78. Imperative Propositions and Vocatives,
79. Synoptical Table of the various forms of Modification of Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives

and Adverbs,

Order to be followed in the Analysis of Propositions,

201

208

cessory expressing the real subject,

83. Accessories used for the purpose of Modification,
84. Substantive Accessory employed in Apposition,

Accessory Complementary of the verb To Be,
Accessory used as Objective Modification,
Substantive Accessory expressive of Purpose,

Substantive Accessory Modifying Adjectives,
85. Adjective Accessory Propositions,

Conjunctive, or Relative Pronouns,
86. Functions of Adjective Accessories,

Explicative, or Epithetic Adjective Accessory Propositions,

87. The word What employed as a Conjunctive Pronoun,

209

210

212

213

214

215

216

217

218

220

224

225

PRCT.

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88. Compound Relatives and Accessories formed by their helpi .

Idiomatic use of the word There,

89. Arrangement of the Adjective Accessory in the Compound Proposition,

Arrangoment of the Conjunctive Pronoun in the Accessory Proposition, .

Rule for the Number and Person of the Conjunctive Pronoun,

Antecedents of different Persons,

Promiscuous Examples of Adjective Accessory. Propositions.

90. Adverbial Accessory Propositions. General Remarks,

Adverbial Accessories which modify Adjectives,

Accessory of Equal Intensity,

Accessory of Greater or Lesser Intensity,

Accessory of Equally Varying Intensities,

Accessory indicating Intensity by Effect,

Accessory of Indefinite Intensity,

91. Adverbial Accessories which modify Verbs,

Accessory of Similar Intensity,

Accessory expressing Manner by Comparison,

Accessory expressing Manner by Effect,

92. Adverbial Accessories of Place,

Accessory of Place Where,

Accessory of Direction towards a Place, and from a Place,

98. Adverbial Accessories of Time,

Accessory of Coincident Time,

Accessory of Coincident Duration,

Accessory indicating Time by a subsequent or Preceding Ėvent

Accessory liiniting by reference to an Anticipated event,..

94. Accessory of Causality,

Argumentative Accessory,

Accessory of Effect. Accessory of Inference,

95. Accessory of Purpose. Of Purpose Preventive,

Exceptive Accessory Proposition,

96. Conditional and Hypothetical Propositions,

Concessory Propositions,

Compound Proposition with Accessory of Reference,

97. Contracted Accessories,

Infinitive Absolute,

Infinitive with Accusative before it,

98. Noun and Participle Absolate,

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CHAPTER XI.

OF INTERJECTIONS AND EXCLAMATORY WORDS AND PHRASES

103. Interjections

104. Exclamatory Words and Phrases,

APPENDIX ON PONCTUATION,

APPENDIX ON VERSIFICATION,

274

275

278

289

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