Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

THE

PENNY CYCLOPÆDIA

OF

THE SOCIETY

FOR THE

DIFFUSION OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE.

VOLUME X.

ERNESTI-FRUSTUM.

LONDON:
CHARLES KNIGHT AND Co., 22, LUDGATE STREET.

[blocks in formation]

COMMITTEE.
Chairman-The Right Hon. LORD BROUGHAM, F.R.S., Member of the National Institute of France.

Vice-Chairman-JOHN WOOD, F.8q.

Treasurer-WILLIAM TOOKE, Esq., F.R.S.
W. Allen,
Esq., F.R. and R.A.S.
B. Gompertz, Esq., F.R. and R.A.S.

Sir William Molesworth, Bart., M.P Captain Beaufort, R.N., F.R. and R.A.S., G. B. Greenough, Esq., F.R. and L.S.

R, I. Murchison, Esq., F.R.S. F.G.S.
Hydrographer to the Admiralty,
M. D. Hill, Esq.

The Right Hon. Lord Nugent.
G. Burrows, M.D.
Rowland Hill, Esq., P.R.A.S.

W. H. Ord, Esq., M.P.
Peter Stafford Carey, Esq., A.M.

Right Hon. Sir J. C. Hobhouse, Bart., M.P. The Right Hon. Sir Henry Parnell, Bt, M.P.
William Coulson, Esq.
David Jardine, Esq., A.M.

Dr. Roget, Sec. R.S., F.R.A.S.
R. D. Craig, Esq.
Henry B. Ker, Esq.

Edward Romilly, Esq., A.M.
J. F. Davis, Esq., F.R.S.
Thomas Hewitt Key, Esq., A.M.

The Right Hon. Lord John Russell, M.P.
H. T. Dela Beche, Esq., F.R.S.
J. T. Leader, Esq., M.P.

Sir M. A. Shee, P.R.A., F.R.S.
The Right Hon. Lord Denman.
George C. Lewis, Esq., A.M.

John Abel Smith, Esq., M.P.
Samuel Duckworth, Esq., M.P.
Thomas Henry Lister, Esq.

The Right Hon. Earl Spencer
R. F. Duppa, Esq.
James Loch, Esq., M.P., P.G.S.

John Taylor, Esq. F.R.S.
The Right Rev. Bishop of Durham, D.D. George Long, Esq., A.M.

Dr. A. T. Thomson, F.L.S.
The Right Hon, Viscount Ebrington, M.P. J.W.Lubbock, Esq..A.M.,F.R., R.A. &L.S.S. Thomas Vardon, Esq.
Sir Henry Ellis, Prin. Lib. Brit. Mus.
Sir Frederick Madden, K.C.H.

H. Waymouth, Esq.
T. F. Ellis, Esq., A.M., F.R.A.8.
H. Malden, Esq.A.M.

J. Whishaw, Esq., A.M., F.R.S.
John Elliotson, M.D., F.R.S.
A. T. Malkin, Esq.. A.M.

John Wrottesley, Esq., A.M., F.R.A.S.
George Evans, Esq.
James Manning, Esq.

Thomas Wyse, Esq., M.P. Thomas Palconer, Esq.

J. Herman Merivale, Esq., A.M., F.A.8.' J. A. Yates, Esq., M.P. I, L. Goldsmid, Esq., F.R, and R.A.S.

LOCAL COMMITTEES.
Alton, Staffordshire-Rev. J. P. Jones,
Derby-Joseph Strutt, Esq.

Newlown, Montgomeryshire-W. Pugh. Esg. Angleseat -- Rev. E. Williams.

Edward Strirt, Esq., M.P.

Norwich-Richard Bacon, Esq. Rev. W. Johnson.

Devonport and Stonehouse-John Cole, Esq. Orsett, Esse.s-Dr. Corbett, M.1). Mr. Miller.

Norman, Esq.

Oxford-Dr. Daubeny, F.K.S. Prof. of Chem, Ashburton-J. F. Kingston, Esq.

Lt. Col. C. Hamilton Smith, F.R.S.

Rev. Prof. Powell.
Barnstaple.-- Bancraft, Esq.
Dublin-T. Drummond, Esq. R.E., F.R.A.S.

Rev. John Jordan, B.A.
William Gribble, Esq.
Edinburgh-Sir C. Bell, F.Å.S.L. and E.

E. W. Head, Esq., M.A.
Belfast-- Dr. Drummond.
Etruria—Jos. Wedgwood, Esq.

Pesth, Hungary-Count Szechenyl.
Bils!on-Rev. W. Leigh.
Exeter-J. Tyrrell, Esq.

Plymouth-Hi Woollcombe, Esq., F.A.S., Ch. Birmingham-J.Corrie, Esq.F.R.S. Chairman. John Milford, Esq. (Coaver.)

Snow Harris, Esq., F.R.S. Paul Moon James, Esq., Treasurer. Glamorganshire- Dr. Malkin, Cowbridge.

E. Moore, M.D., E.L.S., Secretary. Bridpurt-Wm. Forster, Esq.

W. Williams, Esq., Aberpergwm.

G. Wightwick, Esq.
James Williams, Esq.
Alasgou-K. Finlay, Esq.

Presteign-Dr. A. W. Davis, M.D.
Bristol-J. N. Sanders, Esq., Chairman.

Professor Mylne.'

Ripon-Rev. H. P. Hamilton, M.A., F.R.S. J. Reynolds, Esq., Trerisurer.

Alexander McGrigor, Esq.

and G.S. J. B. Éstlin, Esq., F.L.S., Secretary. Charles Tennant, Esq.

Rev. P. Ewart, M.A. Calcutta-Sir B. H. Malkin,

James Cowper, Esq.

Ruthin-Rev. the Wa of
James Young, Esq.
Quernsey-F. C. Lukis, Esq.

Humphreys Jones, Esq.
C. H. Cameron, Esq.
Hull-J. C. Parker, Esq.

Ryde, I. of IVight-Sir Rd. Simeon, Bt. 'ambridge-Rev. James Bowstead, M.A. Keighley, Yorkshire-Rev. T. Dury, M.A. Salisbury- Rev. J. Barfitt. Rev. Prof. Henslow, M.A., F.L.S.& 6.S. Leamington Spa-Dr. Loudon, M.D.

Sheffield-J. H. Abrahams, Esq.
Rev. Leonard Jenyns, M.A., F.L.S.
Leeds-J. Marshall, Esq.

Sheplon Mallet-G. F. Burrouglis. Exq.
Rev. John Lodge, M.A.
Lewes-J. W. Woollgar, Esq.

Shrewsbury-R. A. Slaney, Esq., M.P. Rev. Geo. Peacock, M.A., F.R.S. & G.S. Limerick- Wm. Smith O'Brien, Esq., M.P. South Petherton-John Nicholetts, Esq. Robert W. Rothman, Esq.,M.A.,F.R.A.S. Liverpool Loc. As.-W. W. Currie, Esq. Ch. St. Asaph-Rev. George Strong. & G.S,

J. Mulleneux, Esq., Treasurer.

Stockport-H. Marsland, Esq., Treasurer, Rev. Prof. Sedgwick, M.A., F.R.S. & G.S. Rev. Dr. Shepherd.

Henry Coppock, Esq., Secretary,
Rev. C. Thirlwall, M.A.
Ludlow—T. A. Knight, Esq., P.H.S.

Sydney, New South Wales-
Canterbury-John Brent, Esq., Alderman, Maidenhead-R. Goolden, Esq., F.L.S.

William M. Manning, Esq.
William Masters, Esq.
Maidstone-Clement T. Smyth, Esq.

Tavistock-Rev. W. Evans.
Canton-Wm. Jardine, Esq.. President.

John Case, Esq.

John Rundle, Esq.
Robert Inglis, Esq., Treasurer.
Malmesbury-B. C. Thomas, Esq.

Truru—Richard Taunton, M.D., F.R.S. Rev. C. Bridgman,

Manchester Loc. As.-G.W.Wood, Esq., Ch. Henry Sewell Stokes, Esq. Rev. C. Gutzlaff, Secretaries.

Benjamin Heywood, Esq., Treasurer. Tunbridge Wells—Dr. Yenis, M.D. J. R. Morrison, Esq.,

T. W. Winstanley, Esq., Hon. Sec.

Ulto.reter-Robert Blurton, Esq. Cardigan-Rev. J. Blackwell, M.A.

Sir G. Philips, Bart., M.P.

Warwick-Dr. Conolly. Carlisle-Thomas Barnes, M.D., F.R.S.E.

Benj. Gott, Esq.

The Rev. William Field, (Lenmingtun.) Carnarvon-R. A. Poole, Esq.

Masham-Rev. George Waddington, M.A. Waterford-Sir John Newport, B•
William Roberts, Esq.
Merthyr Tydvil-J. J. Guest, Esq.

Wolverhampton-J. Pearson, Esq.
Chester-Hayes Lyon, Esq.
Minchinhampton-John G. Ball, Esq.

Worcester-Dr. Hastings, M.D.
Henry Potts, Esq.
Monmouth-J. H. Moggridge, Esq.

C. H. Hebb, Esq.
Chichester-John Forbes, M.D., P.R.S.
Neath-Jolin Rowland, Esq.

Wrexham-Thomas Edgworth, Esq.
C.C. Dendy, Esq.
Newcastle-Rev. W. Turner.

J. E. Bowman, Esq., F.L.S., Treasurer Cockermouth--Rev. J. Whitridge.

T. Sopwith, Esq., F.G.S.

Major William Lloyd.
Corfu-John Crawford, Esq.

Newport, Isle of Wight-Ab. Clarke, Esq. Yarmouth-C. E. Rumbold, Esq.
Mr. Plato Petrides
T. Cooke, Jun., Esq.

Dawson Turner, Esq.
Coventry- Arthur Gregory, Esq.

R, G. Kirkpatrick, Esq.

York-Rev. J. Kenrick, N.A.
Denbigh-John Madocks, Esq.
Newport Pagnell-J. Alllar, Esq.

J. Phillips, Esq., F.R.S., F.G.S.
Thomas Evans, Esq.

THOMAS COATES, Esq., Secretary, No. 59, Llocola't Ion Fields.

[graphic][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[blocks in formation]

ERNESTI, JOHN AUGUSTUS, was born at Tenn- was in the press when he died, and was completed by stadt, in the Thüringer Wald, on the 4th August, 1707. Schäfer. He was educated at Wittenberg and Leipzig, and became ERNESTI, JOHN CHRISTIAN THEOPHILUS, conrector of the school of St. Thomas, in the latter city, in also a nephew of John Augustus, was born at Arnstadt, in the year 1731. He succeeded J. M. Gessner as rector in the Thüringer Wald, in 1756. He was professor of philo1734. While engaged in this situation he acquired a great sophy in the University of Leipzig from 1782 to 1801, when reputation as a classical scholar; so much so, that in 1742 he succeeded his cousin, Augustus William, as professor of the University of Leipzig violated its own rule of never eloquence. He died on the 5th June in the following year. electing to any professorship the master of a school, and This scholar published editions of Silius Italicus and Æsop; appointed him professor extraordinary of antient literature. Lexicon Technologiæ Græcæ Rhetoricæ, Lips. 1795; Lex. He was made professor of eloquence in 1756, and professor Techn. Romanorum Rhetoricæ, Lips., 1797 (both very useful of theology, with the degree of Dr., in 1758: he held the works); Hesychii Glossa Sacræ, 1785; Suidæ et Phavorini two last named professorships together till 1770, when he Glosse Sacra, 1786; a translation into German of Dugave up the former to his nephew, Augustus William. He mesnil's Latin Synonyms, and a German version of the died on the 11th September, 1781. Ernesti was a man of principal works of Cicero. (Cicero's Geist and Kern, 1799considerable abilities, and especially of a very methodical 1802.) mind, to which are due the great improvements in the ERPE'NIUS. The celebrated orientalist, Thomas Ersystem of teaching introduced by him, and still, to a certain penius, or Thomas van Erpen, was born at Gorcum, on the extent, adopted in the German universities. He was well 7th of September, 1584. At the age of ten years he was acquainted with the classics, and no mean proficient in sent to Leyden, where he received his education; and in theological learning. His Latin style is very elegant for a 1608 he took the degree of Master of Arts in the university German, little inferior indeed to that of Ruhnken, and of that town. He had studied chietiy theology and oriental fully equal to that of Wyttenbach: a good specimen of his literature, and after the termination of his academic educaLatinity may be seen in A. Matthia's Eloquentia Latina. tion, he undertook a tour to England, France, Italy, and His knowledge of Greek, though less accurate, was still Germany, for the farther prosecution of his favourite purvery respectable. The work for which he is best known suits. At Paris he became acquainted with Isaac Casauis his edition of Cicero, which has been made the basis of bonus, and availed himself of the Arabic instructions of a all subsequent ones. The third and last edition of this learned Maronite, Joseph Barbatus, then a resident in the autlior published by him was printed at Halle in 1775. French capital. Erpenius returned to his native country His Clavis Ciceronianu, or Index of words and subjects in 1612, and was in the following year appointed professor to Cicero's works, is still in general use. Besides his of Oriental languages in the university of Leyden, an office Cicero, Ernesti's Initia Doctrinae Solidioris and Institutio to which was added subsequently that of Arabic interpreter Interpretis Nori Testamenti are much esteemed by students to the Netherlands. On two occasions, in 1620 and 1621, at the present day; the latter has been recently translated he was sent to Paris on business of the university of Leyden. into English. The edition of Homer which Ernesti pub. With these interruptions he seems to have devoted himself lished in 1759-65 is merely an improved reprint of the exclusively to the cultivation of Oriental literature. He hackneyed edition by Dr. Clark. It was republished by established an Arabic press at his own house, and employed Dindorf in 1824. His edition of Callimachus, which ap- himself in editing a number of works, which have been of peared in 1761, is suspected to have owed a good deal of the greatest utility in promoting the cause of Oriental what is valuable in it to the contributions of Ruhnken. learning. He died of a contagious disease at the age of An account of it is given in the ‘Museum Criticum,' vol. ii., forty, November 13th, 1624. The work which has contrip. 151. Ernesti's editions of Polybius, Tacitus, and Sue- buted most to give celebrity to the name of Erpenius is his tonius, have been quite superseded by those of Schweighäu- Grammatica Arabica, quinque libris methodice explicata,' ser, Bekker, and F. A. Wolf.

published at Leyden in 1613, 4to. It has often been reERNESTI, AUGUSTUS WILLIAM, nephew of the edited with additions and alterations, and has become the preceding, was born at Frohndorf, near Tennstadt, the 26th foundation of nearly every subsequent Arabic grammar November, 1733. He was a pupil of his uncle at Leipzig. printed in Europe down to that of Silvestre de Sacy. The was made professor of philosophy there in 1765, and, as most remarkable of Erpenius's other publications are the has been mentioned, succeeded, on his uncle's resignation, following: •Proverbiorum Arabicorum centuriæ duæ,' to the professorship of eloquence (in 1770). He died of Leyden, 1614 and 1623, 8vo.; ‘Locmani Sapientis Fabula apoplexy on the 29th July, 1801. He was principally dis- et selecta quædam Arabum Adagia,' Leyden, 1615, 8vo.; tinguished as a very good Latin scholar. His best known an edition of an Arabic version of the New Testament and work is an edition of Livy, with a very copious glossary, of the Pentateuch, the former published in 1616, the latter which was reprinted twice in his lifetime; the third edition | in 1622; an edition of the chronicle of Elmakin, with a P. C. No. 595.

Vol. X.-B

« PreviousContinue »