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wealth, and influence. Among them were scholars, divines, and lawyers, well known to their contemporaries. Several received the honors of knighthood. Sir Henry Washington

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FROM THE ORIGINAL. PETRAIT IN THE POSSESSION OF 6.6.P.'LSTIS ESQ!!

ARHINGTON HOUSE.

LIFE

OF

GEORGE WASHINGTON.

CHAPTER I.

Origin of the Washington Family. – John and Lawrence Washington emi.

grate to America. — Birth of George Washington. – His early Education. His Fondness for mathematical Studies and athletic Amusements, and his methodical Habits. — A Project formed for his entering the British Navy as a Midshipman. – He becomes a practical Surveyor.– Engages in the Employment of Lord Fairfax. — Continues the Business of Surveying for three Years. — Appointed Adjutant of one of the Districts in Virginia. - Voyage to Barbadoes with his Brother.

I.

Origin of the

funily.

The name of WASHINGTON, as applied to a family, is CHAPTER proved from authentic records to have been first known about the middle of the thirteenth century. There was Washington previously a manor of that name in the County of Durham, in England, the proprietor of which, according to a custom not unusual in those days, took the name of his estate. From this gentleman, who was originally called William de Hertburn, have descended the branches of the Washington family, which have since spread themselves over various parts of Great Britain and America.

Few individuals of the family have attained to such eminence in the eye of the public, as to give perpetuity to the memory of their deeds or their character; yet, in the local histories of England, the name is frequently mentioned with respect, and as denoting persons of consideration, wealth, and influence. Among them were scholars, divines, and lawyers, well known to their contemporaries. Several received the honors of knighthood. Sir Henry Washington

I.

CHAPTER is renowned for his bravery and address in sustaining the

siege of Worcester against the Parliamentary forces during the civil wars, and is commended by Clarendon for his good conduct at the taking of Bristol. For the most part it would appear, however, from such facts as can now be ascertained, that the heads of families were substantial proprietors of lands, residing on their estates, and holding a reputable station in the higher class of agriculturists. Proofs of their opulence may still be seen in the monuments erected in churches, and the records of the transfer

of property. Washington In the year 1538, the manor of Sulgrave, in Northampof Sulgrave.

tonshire, was granted to Lawrence Washington, of Gray's Inn, and for some time Mayor of Northampton. He was probably born at Warton, in Lancashire, where his father lived. The grandson of this first proprietor of Sulgrave, who was of the same name, had many children, two of whom, that is, John and Lawrence Washington, being the second and fourth sons, emigrated to Virginia about the year 1657, and settled at Bridge's Creek, on the Potomac River, in the County of Westmoreland. The eldest brother, Sir William Washington, married a half-sister of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Lawrence had been a student at Oxford. John had resided on an estate at South Cave in Yorkshire, which gave rise to an erroneous tradition among his descendants, that their ancestor came from the North of England. The two brothers bought lands in Virginia, and became successful planters.

John Washington, not long after coming to America, was ington.

employed in a military command against the Indians, and rose to the rank of Colonel. The parish in which he lived was also named after him. He married Anne Pope, by whom he had two sons, Lawrence and John, and a daughter. The elder son, Lawrence, married Mildred Warner, of Gloucester County, and had three children, John, Augus

tine, and Mildred. Augustine Augustine Washington, the second son, was twice marriWashington.

ed. His first wife was Jane Butler, by whom he had three

John Wash

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George

father.

sons and a daughter ; Butler, who died in infancy, Law- CHAPTER rence, Augustine, and Jane, the last of whom died likewise when a child. By his second wife, Mary Ball, to whom he was married on the 6th of March, 1730, he had six children, George, Betty, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles, and Mildred. GEORGE WASHINGTON was born in West- Birth of moreland County, Virginia, on the 22d of February, 1732, Washington. being the eldest son by the second marriage, great grandson of John Washington, who emigrated to America, and the sixth in descent from the first Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave.*

At the time of George Washington's birth, his father resided near the banks of the Potomac in Westmoreland County ; but he removed not long afterwards to an estate owned by him in Stafford County, on the east side of the Rappahannoc River, opposite Fredericksburg. Here he liv- Death of his ed till his death, which happened, after a sudden and short illness, on the 12th of April, 1743, at the age of fortynine. He was buried at Bridge's Creek, in the tomb of his ancestors. Little is known of his character or his acts. It appears by his will, however, that he possessed a large and valuable property in lands; and, as this had been acquired chiefly by his own industry and enterprise, it may be inferred, that, in the concerns of business, he was methodical, skilful, honorable, and energetic. His occupation was that of a planter, which, from the first settlement of the country, had been the pursuit of nearly all the principal gentlemen of Virginia.

Each of his sons inherited from him a separate plantation. His father's To the eldest, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate near Hunting Creek, afterwards Mount Vernon, which then consisted of twenty-five hundred acres; and also other lands, and shares in iron-works situated in Virginia and Maryland, which were productive. The second son had for his part an estate in Westmoreland. To George were left the lands and mansion where his father lived at the time of his de

will

See an account of the Washington Family in the Appendix, No. I.

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